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JDR

Journal of Disaster Research

ISSN : 1881-2473(Print) / 1883-8030(Online)
DOI : 10.20965/jdr.issn.1883-8030
Editors-in-Chief : Suminao Murakami (Laboratory of Urban Safety Planning)
Haruo Hayashi (National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience)

Indexed in ESCI, Scopus, Compendex (Ei)

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2017-06-20T03:58:44+0000

Vol.12 (2017)

No.3

(Jun)

Message from Editors-in-Chief
Special Issue on Infrastructure Maintenance, Renovation and Management NEW

Message from Editors-in-Chief

: p. 393
Message from Editors-in-Chief
Haruo Hayashi

Journal of Disaster Research (JDR) is a comprehensive, peer-reviewed professional journal published in Japan for studies on disaster reduction with all-hazard approach and has published more than 1,000 papers since 2006. I took over the chief editor from Dr. Takiguchi last September to help Dr. Murakami. I would like to keep working on publishing high-quality study achievements from JDR, as a clearinghouse site of disaster risk reduction and resilience information in Asia. I very much hope for your continued cooperation.

Special Issue on Infrastructure Maintenance, Renovation and Management

: pp. 394-395
Infrastructure Maintenance, Renovation and Management
Kazuo Kyuma, Yozo Fujino, and Kohei Nagai

Building a sustainable economy is one of Japan’s most pressing issues today, and the only path forward is through innovations in science and technology. Under the leadership of the Prime Minister and the Minister of State for Science and Technology Policy, the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CSTI) has taken a high-altitude look across Japan’s ministries, proposing a comprehensive policy for science, technology, and innovation. As part of this policy, the SIP program has been designed as a fast-track research and development project, encompassing basic research, practical adoption, and commercialization. This nationally-sponsored program for science and technology innovation crosses the traditional framework of Japan’s ministries and agencies, as well as the traditional boundaries of scientific disciplines. The SIP has identified 11 issues from the field of energy, next-generation infrastructure and regional resources in order to address social issues, revitalize the Japanese economy, and bolstering Japan’s industrial posture in the world. As one of eleven themes, a new R&D program named “Infrastructure maintenance, renovation and management” was launched in 2014. The new R&D program is a 5-years program covering various subjects with key technologies such as non-destructive testing, monitoring, robotics, long-term performance prediction, development of high-quality durable material for repair and replacement, and infrastructure management using advanced information and communication technologies (ICT). The program consists of 60 research projects involving universities, research institutes and industries. This initiative is expected to prevent further accidents and setting an example for efficient infrastructure maintenance by reducing the burden of maintenance works and costs. This special issue aims at introducing some of the activities of the ongoing SIP “Infrastructure maintenance, renovation and management.” We are delighted to see publication of twenty-one technical papers/reports on this theme. We hope that readers would find this special issue interesting and valuable; and we greatly appreciate the authors for their contributions.

: pp. 396-405
Long-Term Monitoring for ASR-Deteriorated PC Rigid-Frame Bridge
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Saiji Fukada, Minh Tuan Ha, Kazuyuki Torii, Makoto Tsuda, Shuzo Ura, and Teruhiko Sasatani
: pp. 406-414
Verification of Structural Performance of a Main Tower Inclined Suspension Bridge by Simple Monitoring and FE Analysis
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Carlos Arturo Liñan Panting, Kohei Nagai, Eiji Iwasaki, and Thein Nu
: pp. 415-421
Bridge Slab Damage Detection by Signal Processing of UHF-Band Ground Penetrating Radar Data
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Tsukasa Mizutani, Nagisa Nakamura, Takahiro Yamaguchi, Minoru Tarumi, Yusuke Ando, and Ikuo Hara
: pp. 422-431
Data Assimilation for Fatigue Life Assessment of RC Bridge Decks Coupled with Path-Integral-Mechanistic Model and Non-Destructive Inspection
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Yasushi Tanaka, Koichi Maekawa, Takuya Maeshima, Ichiro Iwaki, Takahiro Nishida, and Tomoki Shiotani
: pp. 432-445
Development of a Remotely Controlled Semi-Underwater Heavy Carrier Robot for Unmanned Construction Works
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Shin’ichi Yuta
: pp. 446-455
Vehicle Model Calibration in the Frequency Domain and its Application to Large-Scale IRI Estimation
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Boyu Zhao, Tomonori Nagayama, Masashi Toyoda, Noritoshi Makihata, Muneaki Takahashi, and Masataka Ieiri
: pp. 456-469
Improvement of Durability of Precast Concrete Member by Granulated Blast Furnace Slag Sand
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Toshiki Ayano, Takashi Fujii, Kyoji Niitani, Katsunori Takahashi, and Kazuyoshi Hosotani
: pp. 470-477
Wave-Guided Acoustic Emission Signals of Concrete Slab Obtained by Fatigue Testing on Wheel-Load Machine
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Mitsuharu Shiwa, Zhengwang Li, Takuya Maeshima, Yasuhiro Koda, and Yasushi Tanaka
: pp. 478-486
Influence of Corrosion Distribution on Estimation of Flexural Loading Capacity of Corroded RC Beams
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Takashi Yamamoto, Satoshi Takaya, and Toyo Miyagawa
: pp. 487-495
Evolution of Fatigue Damage in Wheel-Loading Tests Evaluated by 3D Elastic-Wave Tomography
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Tomoki Shiotani Hisafumi Asaue, Takahiro Nishida, Takuya Maeshima, and Yasushi Tanaka
: pp. 496-505
Application of Elastic-Wave Tomography to Repair Inspection in Deteriorated Concrete Structures
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Katsufumi Hashimoto, Tomoki Shiotani, Takahiro Nishida, and Toyoaki Miyagawa
: pp. 506-514
Mechanoluminescent Testing as an Efficient Inspection Technique for the Management of Infrastructures
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Akihito Yoshida, Linsheng Liu, Dong Tu, Shigenobu Kainuma, and Chao-Nan Xu
: pp. 515-525
Basic Investigation of Displacement Monitoring of Dams Following Earthquakes Based on SAR Satellite Data
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Hiroyuki Sato, Takashi Sasaki, Masafumi Kondo, Toshihide Kobori, Aoi Onodera, Kazuo Yoshikawa, Daisuke Sango, and Yasunari Morita
: pp. 526-535
Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry for Disaster Monitoring of Harbor Facilities
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Ryo Natsuaki, Takuma Anahara, Tsuyoshi Kotoura, Yuudai Iwatsuka, Naoya Tomii, Hiroyuki Katayama, and Takeshi Nishihata
: pp. 536-545
Highly-Sensitive Near-Infrared Spectroscopy System for Remote Monitoring of Concrete Structures
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Kazuhiro Tsuno, Yutaka Akahori, Toshiya Yui, Hiromitsu Furukawa, Anri Watanabe, Makoto Fujimaki, Masanori Oto, Tsukuru Katsuyama, Yasuhiro Iguchi, Hiroshi Inada, and Hiroshi Minagawa
: pp. 546-556
High Spatial Resolution Survey Using Frequency-Shifted Feedback Laser for Transport Infrastructure Maintenance
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Takeharu Murakami, Norihito Saito, Yuichi Komachi, Kotaro Okamura, Takashi Michikawa, Michio Sakashita, Shigeru Kogure, Kiwamu Kase, Satoshi Wada, and Katsumi Midorikawa
: pp. 557-568
Water Leakage Detection System for Underground Pipes by Using Wireless Sensors and Machine Learning
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Shigeru Teruhi, Yo Yamaguchi, and Junichi Akahani
: pp. 569-577
A Planning Model for Optimal Deployment of Leak Sensors in a Water Pipeline Network
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Yasuhiro Arai, Akira Koizumi, Toyono Inakazu, and Wako Kawamura
: pp. 578-584
On-Site Non-Destructive Inspection of Bridges Using the 950 keV X-Band Electron Linac X-ray Source
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Mitsuru Uesaka, Yuki Mitsuya, Eiko Hashimoto, Katsuhiro Dobashi, Ryota Yano, Hiroaki Takeuchi, Jean-Michel Bereder, Joichi Kusano, Eiji Tanabe, Natsuyo Maruyama, Yukiya Hattori, Masahiro Tatewaka, Hironobu Ono, Kentaro Murata, Atsushi Koishikawa, Futoshi Kaibuki, Hideo Sakurai, Yoshichika Seki , Yoshinobu Oshima, and Masahiro Ishida
: pp. 585-592
Research and Development of a Non-Destructive Inspection Technique with a Compact Neutron Source
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Yoshie Otake, Yoshichika Seki, Yasuo Wakabayashi, Yoshimasa Ikeda, Takao Hashiguchi, Yuichi Yoshimura, Hideyuki Sunaga, Atsushi Taketani, Maki Mizuta, Yoshinobu Oshima, and Masahiro Ishida
: pp. 593-606
Development of a Bridge Inspection Support System Using Two-Wheeled Multicopter and 3D Modeling Technology
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Yoshiro Hada, Manabu Nakao, Moyuru Yamada, Hiroki Kobayashi, Naoyuki Sawasaki, Katsunori Yokoji, Satoshi Kanai, Fumiki Tanaka, Hiroaki Date, Sarthak Pathak, Atsushi Yamashita, Manabu Yamada, and Toshiya Sugawara

Regular Papers

: pp. 607-616
Sensitivity Analysis of Depth-Integrated Numerical Models for Estimating Landslide Movement
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Teuku Faisal Fathani, Djoko Legono, and Muhammad Ahnaf Alfath
: pp. 617-630
Assessment of Sedimentation in Wlingi and Lodoyo Reservoirs: A Secondary Disaster Following the 2014 Eruption of Mt. Kelud, Indonesia
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Fahmi Hidayat, Pitojo T. Juwono, Agus Suharyanto, Alwafi Pujiraharjo, Djoko Legono, Dian Sisinggih, David Neil, Masaharu Fujita, and Tetsuya Sumi
: pp. 631-638
Exploring Elements of Disaster Prevention Consciousness: Based on Interviews with Anti-disaster Professionals
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Miki Ozeki, Kan Shimazaki, and Taiyoung Yi

No.2

(Mar)

The Second JDR Award
Special Issue on Disaster and Big Data Part 2

The Second JDR Award

: p. 222
Congratulations! The Second JDR Award
Abstract
Editors-in-Chief, Haruo Hayashi
: p. 223
Presenting the Second JDR Award
Abstract
Tomoyuki Takahashi
: p. 224
Message from the Winner
Abstract
Harry Yeh

Special Issue on Disaster and Big Data Part 2

: p. 225
Disaster and Big Data Part 2
Shunichi Koshimura

6 years have passed since the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake. Many new findings, insights and suggestions have been made and were implemented in disaster observation, sensing, simulation, and damage determination. The challenges for disaster mitigation against future catastrophic natural disasters, such as the Tokyo metropolitan earthquake and Nankai Trough earthquake, are how we share the visions of the possible impacts and prepare for mitigating the losses and damages, and how we enhance society’s disaster resilience. A huge amount of information called “disaster big data” obtained, which are related to the dynamic flow of a large number of people, vehicles and goods inside and outside the affected areas. This has dramatically facilitated our understanding of how our society has responded to the unprecedented catastrophes. The key question is how we use big data in establishing the social systems that respond promptly, sensibly and effectively to natural disasters, and in withstanding the adversities with resilience. Researchers with various expertise are working together under the collaborative project called JST CREST “Establishing the most advanced disaster reduction management system by fusion of real-time disaster simulation and big data assimilation.” The project aims to identify possible disaster scenarios caused by earthquake and tsunami that occur and progress in a chained or compound manner and to create new technologies to lead responses and disaster mitigation measures that encourages the society to get over the disaster. This special issue titled “Disaster and Big Data Part 2,” including 13 papers, aims to share the recent progress of the project as the sequel of Part 1 published in March 2016. As an editor of this issue, I would like to express our deep gratitude for the insightful comments and suggestions made by the reviewers and the members of the editorial committee.

: pp. 226-232
Fusion of Real-Time Disaster Simulation and Big Data Assimilation – Recent Progress
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Shunichi Koshimura
: pp. 233-240
Seismic Hazard Visualization from Big Simulation Data: Cluster Analysis of Long-Period Ground-Motion Simulation Data
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Takahiro Maeda and Hiroyuki Fujiwara
: pp. 241-250
Extraction of Collapsed Buildings in the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake Using Multi-Temporal PALSAR-2 Data
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Wen Liu and Fumio Yamazaki
: pp. 251-258
Verification of a Method for Estimating Building Damage in Extensive Tsunami Affected Areas Using L-Band SAR Data
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Hideomi Gokon, Shunichi Koshimura, and Kimiro Meguro
: pp. 259-271
Object-Based Building Damage Assessment Methodology Using Only Post Event ALOS-2/PALSAR-2 Dual Polarimetric SAR Intensity Images
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Yanbing Bai, Bruno Adriano, Erick Mas, Hideomi Gokon, and Shunichi Koshimura
: pp. 272-286
Investigation of Traffic and Evacuation Aspects at Kumamoto Earthquake and the Future Issues
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Yosuke Kawasaki, Masao Kuwahara, Yusuke Hara, Takuma Mitani, Atsushi Takenouchi, Takamasa Iryo, and Junji Urata
: pp. 287-295
Predicting Delay of Commuting Activities Following Frequently Occurring Disasters Using Location Data from Smartphones
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Takahiro Yabe, Yoshihide Sekimoto, Akihito Sudo, and Kota Tsubouchi
: pp. 296-310
Wide-Area Evacuation Simulation Incorporating Rescue and Firefighting by Local Residents
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Toshihiro Osaragi and Takuya Oki
: pp. 311-319
Simulation Analysis of Fire Brigade Action Strategies During Multiple Simultaneous Fires
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Toshihiro Osaragi and Noriaki Hirokawa
: pp. 320-328
Early Fire Alert System During an Evacuation with Mobile Sensing Technology
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Hideki Mori, Masaki Ito, and Kaoru Sezaki
: pp. 329-334
Text-Data Reduction Method to Grasp the Sequence of a Disaster Situation: Case Study of Web News Analysis of the 2015 Typhoons 17 and 18
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Shosuke Sato, Toru Okamoto, and Shunichi Koshimura
: pp. 335-346
Online Information as Real-Time Big Data About Heavy Rain Disasters and its Limitations: Case Study of Miyagi Prefecture, Japan, During Typhoons 17 and 18 in 2015
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Shosuke Sato, Shuichi Kure, Shuji Moriguchi, Keiko Udo, and Fumihiko Imamura
: pp. 347-354
Difference Operators in Simulation Data Warehouses
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Jing Zhao, Yoshiharu Ishikawa, Yukiko Wakita, and Kento Sugiura

Regular Papers

: pp. 355-367
Global Water-Related Risk Indicators: Meta-Analysis of Indicator Requirements
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Karina Vink, Md. Nasif Ahsan, Hisaya Sawano, and Miho Ohara
: pp. 368-377
Basic Study on Appropriate Ways to Hold Reserves to Continue Domestic Life After Large-Scale Earthquakes
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Kimiro Meguro

No.1

(Feb)

Special Issue on “Urban Resilience” for Mega Earthquake Disasters Part 2

Special Issue on “Urban Resilience” for Mega Earthquake Disasters Part 2

: p. 5
“Urban Resilience” for Mega Earthquake Disasters Part 2
Haruo Hayashi, Kimiro Meguro, and Keiko Tamura

Based on the lessons from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology has launched “Special Project for Reducing Vulnerability for Urban Mega Earthquake Disasters (2012–2016)” with the aim of reducing the damages caused by the urban earthquake disasters such as the projected earthquake that directly hits Tokyo area and the Tokai, Tonankai and Nankai Earthquakes as much as possible. This project is divided into the following three subprojects: namely, 1) “Research and Study on Evaluation of Risk and Hazard of Earthquake that Directly Hits Tokyo Area” represented by Professor Naoshi Hirata, Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo; 2) “Research and Study on Maintenance and Recovery of Functionality in Urban Infrastructures” represented by Professor Masayoshi Nakashima, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University; and 3) “Research and Study on Measures to Improve Urban Resilience to Earthquake Disaster” represented by Dr. Haruo Hayashi, President of the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience. This special issue focuses on the findings of the subproject 3). The subproject 3) aims to develop the information communication system for supporting efficient management of emergency responses and restoration efforts and promotion of the capabilities for solution of the problems in terms of disaster, i.e. disaster management literacy, to contribute to high resilience to disaster in our society.

: pp. 6-16
Developing a Web-Based Supporting Application for Individual Evacuation Plans Through Hazard Risk and Geographical Analyses
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Munenari Inoguchi, Takahiro Sekikawa, and Keiko Tamura
: pp. 17-41
Proposing A Multi-Hazard Approach to Disaster Management Education to Enhance Children’s “Zest for Life”: Development of Disaster Management Education Programs to Be Practiced by Teachers
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Toshimitsu Nagata and Reo Kimura
: pp. 42-56
Development of a “Disaster Management Literacy Hub” for Collecting, Creating, and Transmitting Disaster Management Content to Increase Disaster Management Literacy
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Reo Kimura, Haruo Hayashi, Kosuke Kobayashi, Takahiro Nishino, Kenshin Urabe, and Satoshi Inoue
: pp. 57-66
Efficiency Evaluation of Standard Operating Procedures in a Disaster Information System
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Tomohiro Kokogawa, Yuji Maeda, Fumiaki Ichinose, Masahiro Sugiyama, Tomomi Yamamoto, and Haruo Hayashi
: pp. 67-78
Disaster Information System Using Natural Language Processing
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Naoko Kosaka, Akira Koyama, Tomohiro Kokogawa, Yuji Maeda, Hiroko Koumoto, Shingo Suzuki, Kenshi Yamaguchi, and Kentaro Inui
: pp. 79-89
Damage Assessment of Road Bridges Subjected to the 2011 Tohoku Pacific Earthquake Tsunami
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Gaku Shoji and Tomoharu Nakamura
: pp. 90-105
Verification of Information Sharing System on Shelter, COCOA, at Comprehensive Disaster Drill in Ishinomaki City
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Muneyoshi Numada, Satoshi Takatsu, Yasuhide Yamauchi, Kimiro Meguro, and Tetsuo Ito
: pp. 106-117
Exposure of Population and Energy-Related Base Facilities to Shaking Intensity Predicted for Nankai Megathrust Earthquakes
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Nobuoto Nojima and Hiroki Kato
: pp. 118-130
Development of the Wide-Area Earthquake Damage Estimation System and Mashup of Disaster Prevention Information
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Masafumi Hosokawa, Ken-ichi Takanashi, Shoji Doshida, Makoto Endo, and Byeong-pyo Jeong
: pp. 131-136
Development of Tsunami Fragility Functions for Ground-Level Roads
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Yoshihisa Maruyama and Osamu Itagaki
: pp. 137-146
People Who Cannot Move During a Disaster – Initiatives and Examples in Japan Disaster Victim Support
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Eiichi Yamasaki and Haruo Hayashi

Regular Papers

: pp. 147-157
The Impact of the Thai Flood of 2011 on the Rural Poor Population Living on the Flood Plain
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Yukiko Tahira and Akiyuki Kawasaki
: pp. 158-162
A Primary Assessment of Society-Based Earthquake Disaster Mitigation in Kabul City, Afghanistan
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Mohammad Kazem Naseri and Dongshik Kang
: pp. 163-175
Analysis of Pressure and Acceleration Signals from the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake Observed by the DONET Seafloor Network
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Hiroyuki Matsumoto, Mikhail A. Nosov, Sergey V. Kolesov, and Yoshiyuki Kaneda
: pp. 176-186
Study on the Characteristics of Rainfall Runoff in the Kinugawa River Basin and the Evacuation Behavior of the Residents at the Time of Kanto and Tohoku Flood Disaster in September, 2015
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Yoshimasa Morooka and Tadashi Yamada
: pp. 187-197
Agrometeorological Disaster Grading in Guangdong Province Based on Data Mining
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Danni Wang, Shitai Bao, Chunlin Wang, and Chongyang Wang
: pp. 198-207
Experimental Study on Dam-Break Hydrodynamic Characteristics Under Different Conditions
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Hui Liu and Haijiang Liu

Vol.11 (2016)

No.6

(Dec)

Special issue on An Approach to Next-Generation Water Disaster Study – In Commemoration of the 10th Anniversary of the Establishment of ICHARM –
Special issue on the International Symposium on River Technologies for Innovations and Social Systems at the WECC2015 and the Special Session on Disaster Risk Management at the 11th I3R2

Special issue on An Approach to Next-Generation Water Disaster Study – In Commemoration of the 10th Anniversary of the Establishment of ICHARM –

: p. 1031
An Approach to Next-Generation Water Disaster Study – In Commemoration of the 10th Anniversary of the Establishment of ICHARM –
Toshio Koike, Kuniyoshi Takeuchi, and Shinji Egashira

In March 2015, the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction adopted the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction with a two-part goal: to prevent new and reduce existing disaster risks through the implementation of integrated and inclusive measures that prevent and reduce hazard exposure and vulnerability to disaster, and to increase preparedness for response and recovery, thus strengthening resilience. The first priority for action was given to ”understanding disaster risk,” including focusing on the collection and use of data, risk assessment, disaster prevention education, and awareness raising. The stance of emphasizing science and technology was clearly expressed.
In September 2015, the UN Summit meeting adopted the 17 goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Four of the 17 goals include targets related to disaster prevention and mitigation, which has given rise to active discussions over measurement methods and indicators for the targets. The Paris Conference of the UN Climate Change Conference (COP21), held from the end of November to early December 2015, placed an emphasis on the importance of science and technology in both mitigation and adaptation.
In light of these international discussions and their outcomes, we called for papers on the following three topics for this special edition featuring water disasters.

  • (1) Prevention of new water disaster risks: rainfall prediction, flood and drought prediction, river bed change prediction, climate change, land use plans, etc.
  • (2) Reduction of existing water disaster risks: disaster data and statistics, risk monitoring, risk assessment, etc.
  • (3) Resilience reinforcement and inclusive measures: disaster recovery, risk communication, competence development, etc.

Nineteen papers were applied to this special issue. All papers were peer reviewed, and sixteen papers are included herein. We received invaluable comments and suggestions for all applications from the points of view of various fields from many experts in Japan and overseas. We would like to express our gratitude for these.

: pp. 1032-1039
Ensemble Flood Forecasting of Typhoons Talas and Roke at Hiyoshi Dam Basin
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Tomoki Ushiyama, Takahiro Sayama, and Yoichi Iwami
: pp. 1040-1051
Glacier Mass Balance and Catchment-Scale Water Balance in Bolivian Andes
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Tong Liu, Tsuyoshi Kinouchi, Javier Mendoza, and Yoichi Iwami
: pp. 1052-1061
Implementation of Real-Time Flood Prediction and its Application to Dam Operations by Data Integration Analysis System
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Yoshihiro Shibuo, Eiji Ikoma, Oliver Saavedra Valeriano, Lei Wang, Peter Lawford, Masaru Kitsuregawa, and Toshio Koike
: pp. 1062-1072
Inundation Process in the Lower Mekong River Basin
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Shun Kudo, Atsuhiro Yorozuya, Hiroshi Koseki, Yoichi Iwami, and Makoto Nakatsugawa
: pp. 1073-1081
Numerical Model for Bank Erosion in the Brahmaputra River
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Robin K. Biswas, Atsuhiro Yorozuya, and Shinji Egashira
: pp. 1082-1090
Meteorological Drought and Flood Assessment Using the Comparative SPI Approach in Asia Under Climate Change
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Akira Hasegawa, Maksym Gusyev, and Yoichi Iwami
: pp. 1091-1102
Evaluation of Water Cycle Components with Standardized Indices Under Climate Change in the Pampanga, Solo and Chao Phraya Basins
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Maksym Gusyev, Akira Hasegawa, Jun Magome, Patricia Sanchez, Ai Sugiura, Hitoshi Umino, Hisaya Sawano, and Yoshio Tokunaga
: pp. 1103-1111
Method to Develop Critical Rainfall Conditions for Occurrences of Sediment-Induced Disasters and to Identify Areas Prone to Landslides
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Yusuke Yamazaki, Shinji Egashira, and Yoichi Iwami
: pp. 1112-1127
The 2015 Flood Impact due to the Overflow and Dike Breach of Kinu River in Joso City, Japan
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Naoko Nagumo, Miho Ohara, Daisuke Kuribayashi, and Hisaya Sawano
: pp. 1128-1136
Rapid Global Exposure Assessment for Extreme River Flood Risk Under Climate Change
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Youngjoo Kwak and Yoichi Iwami
: pp. 1137-1149
Improvement in Flood Disaster Damage Assessment Using Highly Accurate IfSAR DEM
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Badri Bhakta Shrestha, Hisaya Sawano, Miho Ohara, and Naoko Nagumo
: pp. 1150-1160
Flood Risk Assessment in Asian Flood Prone Area with Limited Local Data – Case Study in Pampanga River Basin, Philippines –
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Miho Ohara, Naoko Nagumo, Badri Bhakta Shrestha, and Hisaya Sawano
: pp. 1161-1175
Utilization of the Flood Simulation Model for Disaster Management of Local Government
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Daisuke Kuribayashi, Miho Ohara, Takahiro Sayama, Atsuhiko Konja, and Hisaya Sawano
: pp. 1176-1189
Enhancement of Flood Countermeasures of Japanese-Affiliated Firms Based on the Lessons Learned from the 2011 Thai Flood
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Yoko Hagiwara, Daisuke Kuribayashi, and Hisaya Sawano
: pp. 1190-1201
Recovery from Catastrophe and Building Back Better
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Kuniyoshi Takeuchi and Shigenobu Tanaka
: pp. 1202-1210
International Efforts Toward Robustness of Flood Management
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Masahiko Murase

Special issue on the International Symposium on River Technologies for Innovations and Social Systems at the WECC2015 and the Special Session on Disaster Risk Management at the 11th I3R2

: p. 1211
the International Symposium on River Technologies for Innovations and Social Systems at the WECC2015 and the Special Session on Disaster Risk Management at the 11th I3R2
Kenichi Tsukahara and Toshimitsu Komatsu

The Standing Technical Committees on Disaster Risk Management (CDRM) of the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO) play an important role in collecting and disseminating DRM-related information and knowledge that will conceivably help engineering society members take effective disaster mitigation measures. As part of achieving this mission, the CDRM conducted two important 2015 events – the WFEO-CDRM Special Session on Disaster Risk Management at the 11th International Conference of the International Institute for Infrastructure Resilience and Reconstruction (I3R2) (I3R2 session) held in Seoul, Korea, and the 9th Joint International Symposium on Disaster Risk Management conducted in conjunction with the International Symposium on River Technologies for Innovations and Social Systems held in the 2015 World Engineering Conference and Convention (WECC2015) in Kyoto, Japan (WECC2015 symposium).

The I3R2 session featured seven presentations. During the first half, disaster-cause papers covered high typhoon tides, earthquakes, and rain-induced soil erosion. The second half focused on mitigation-measure presentations such as recovery/reconstruction and regional support for mothers and children in the event of disasters.

The WECC2015 symposium featured ten presentations by ten speakers with widely varied backgrounds in disaster mitigation, river engineering, international cooperation, UNESCO regional centers, NPO management, science and technology sections at embassies, and ferry and resort complex management. These informative, meaningful presentations close with active and informative Q&A sessions.

In this special issue, five presentations that were revised as a form of academic paper were selected and published. I hope that these papers will be utilized for further advancement of disaster mitigation measures.

: pp. 1212-1220
Innovation for Resilient Coastal Structures to Reduce Tsunami Disaster
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Masahiko Isobe
: pp. 1221-1227
Numerical Simulations of Storm-Surge Inundation Along Innermost Coast of Ariake Sea Based on Past Violent Typhoons
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Noriaki Hashimoto, Masaki Yokota, Masaru Yamashiro, Yukihiro Kinashi, Yoshihiko Ide, and Mitsuyoshi Kodama
: pp. 1228-1237
Mitigating Rainfall-Induced Sediment Hazard and Soil Erosion Using Organic Amended Soil Improvement
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Khonesavanh Vilayvong, Noriyuki Yasufuku, and Kiyoshi Omine
: pp. 1238-1243
Using Data and Statistics to Explain Investment Effectiveness on Flood Protection
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Kenichi Tsukahara and Noriyasu Kachi
: pp. 1244-1251
Financial Feasibility of Neighborhood-Level Relocation from Landslide Danger Zone
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Noriyasu Kachi and Kenichi Tsukahara

Regular Papers

: pp. 1253-1270
Empirical Fragility Curves of Buildings in Northern Miyagi Prefecture During the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake
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Hao Wu, Kazuaki Masaki, Kojiro Irikura, and Susumu Kurahashi
: pp. 1271-1279
Seismic Responses of Zoned Earth-Fill Dam by Instrumentation and Finite Element Simulation
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Sirikanya Laosuwan and Tawatchai Tanchaisawat

No.5

(Oct)

Special Issue on the Worst Disaster Damage Scenarios Resulting National Crisis and Reduction
Special Issue on the 8th South China Sea Tsunami Workshop (SCSTW-8)

Special Issue on the Worst Disaster Damage Scenarios Resulting National Crisis and Reduction

: p. 815
the Worst Disaster Damage Scenarios Resulting National Crisis and Reduction
Yoshiaki Kawata

The 2011 Great East Japan earthquake has shown all too clearly that disaster management and mitigation measures seen from the viewpoint of protecting society are not sufficient for addressing a national crisis such as the projected Nankai Trough earthquake or Tokyo inland earthquake whose damage is expected to exceed the present estimated damage. Our study explores the weakness against disasters in how modern Japanese society uses “reverse thinking” in which investigates studying how large-scale disasters may adversely affect society and increase damage effectively. This process profiles the worst disaster scenarios that could conceivably lead to a national crisis. Classifying these worst scenarios, we suggest policies to the problems that are common to many scenarios, and we present action plans for individual problems.
First, we conduct workshops for identifying damage magnification factors and evaluating their importance under the categories of human damage, property damage, and damage to social functions, unifying the awareness of research organization.
Second, we have researchers on 1) mortality, 2) tsunami inundation, 3) liquefaction, 4) capital function, 5) evacuation, 6) required assistance, 7) lifelines, 8) high buildings, 9) information networks, 10) government systems, and 11) economic systems analyze damage magnification conditions due to hazard, vulnerability and measure aspects.
Third, we sort potential final consequences and separate them based on commonality, and propose new policies and concrete action plans for preventing the occurrence of worst-case scenarios. This research is expected to give new paradigms in disaster management science and new ways of policy making and action planning that will minimize the undesirable consequences of catastrophic earthquake and tsunami and yield new knowledge on disaster processes and damage magnification scenarios.
Most importantly, we conclude that it is necessary to have a new Japanese governmental organization, such as a Ministry of Disaster Resilience or a Disaster Resilience Management Agency, handle these national crises.

: pp. 816-829
An Attempt at Quantifying Disaster Damage Based on the Use of Collective Intelligence
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Yoshiaki Kawata
: pp. 830-844
Liquefaction Analyses of Reclaimed Ground and Levee Considering the Damage by the 2011 Great Tohoku Earthquake and Lessons
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Fusao Oka, Sayuri Kimoto, Hirokazu Yui, Hiroshi Matsuoka, and Peter Song Yeu Tsai
: pp. 845-856
The School Education to Improve the Disaster Response Capacity : A Case of “Kamaishi Miracle”
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Toshitaka Katada and Masanobu Kanai
: pp. 857-869
Dynamic Response of Tall Buildings on Sedimentary Basin to Long-Period Seismic Ground Motion
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Nobuo Fukuwa, Takashi Hirai, Jun Tobita, and Kazumi Kurata
: pp. 870-880
Proposal of Elements for Creating Scenarios for Those Needing Support During National Disasters
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Keiko Tamura and Munenari Inoguchi
: pp. 881-888
An Attempt of Extracting and Sharing Lessons Learned from Experiences of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster Based on the Viewpoints of Experts on Disaster Science: The “Database of Lessons from March 11, 2011”
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Shosuke Sato and Fumihiko Imamura
: pp. 889-896
How will we Manage Recovery from a Catastrophic Disaster? Organization Structure for Recovery Management in the World
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Norio Maki and Laurie A. Johnson
: pp. 897-910
Building a GIS-Based Information System with Seamless Interaction Between Operations and Disaster Management – New Challenges of Kitakyushu, Fukuoka in Using Spatial Information newline for Regional Disaster Resilient Societies
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Go Urakawa
: pp. 911-925
National Crisis and Resilience Planning – How to Measure Huge and Compound Disaster that Causes National Crisis –
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Itsuki Nakabayashi
: pp. 926-934
Targeting Vulnerable People with a Social Safety Net: Lessons from the CFW Program for the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster
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Shingo Nagamatsu
: pp. 935-946
Impact Analysis of Various Earthquake Scenarios Using a Simplified Web Application for Earthquake Damage Estimation
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Shingo Suzuki

Special Issue on the 8th South China Sea Tsunami Workshop (SCSTW-8)

: p. 947
the 8th South China Sea Tsunami Workshop (SCSTW-8)
Haijiang Liu

The South China Sea Tsunami Workshop (SCSTW), initiated in 2007 by internationally recognized tsunami expert Prof. Philip L.-F. Liu at Cornell University, has been conducted eight times in the Asia-Pacific region. The SCSTW’s objective is to set up an international academic platform through which strong interactions and collaborations can be established among coastal physical oceanographers, geophysicists and engineers from the South China Sea region can meet and address tsunami generation mechanisms, propagation characteristics and the corresponding coastal effects. This workshop supports approaches to tsunami disaster protection and hazard mitigation. The 8th South China Sea Tsunami Workshop (SCSTW-8), held in Changsha, China, from Nov. 9 to 13, 2015, was hosted by the Changsha University of Science and Technology.
Typhoon-induced storm surges and significant waves are predominant coastal disaster features of China’s east coast. One example is the latest Typhoon Meranti in Sept. 2016, which significantly damaged the infrastructure and resulted in the loss of dozens of lives in China’s coastal regions, especially in Fujian province. The study of typhoon-induced storm surges is thus highly important in coastal disaster prevention and mitigation.
This special issue consists of 7 papers focusing on the recent research progress in tsunami and storm surge presented in the SCSTW-8. Results are analyzed and discussed using different research approaches, including laboratory experiments, analytical analysis, data assessment and numerical simulation. As the editor of this special issue, I would like to express my sincere appreciation to the authors for their invaluable contributions and to the reviewers for their insightful comments and suggestions. Special thanks go to Dr. Yu Yao of the Changsha University of Science and Technology for his generous assistance in preparing this special issue. I hope readers will find the papers in this special collection both interesting and useful.

: pp. 948-956
A Semi-Analytical Model on Wave-Induced Setup over Fringing Reefs with a Shallow Reef Crest
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Yu Yao, Zhengjiang Tang, Ruichao Du, and Changbo Jiang
: pp. 957-963
Non-Hydrostatic Model for Solitary Waves Passing Through a Porous Structure
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Ikha Magdalena
: pp. 964-972
Wave Effects on the Storm Surge Simulation: A Case Study of Typhoon Khanun
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Fuchun Lai, Luying Liu, and Haijiang Liu
: pp. 973-981
An Experimental Study of Beach Evolution with an Artificial Seepage
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Changbo Jiang, Yizhuang Liu, Bin Deng, Yu Yao, and Qiong Huang
: pp. 982-988
Experimental Study on the Fluid Mud Transportation Under Currents with Fluctuating Water Surface
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Chunrong Liu, Wenyu Yang, Bo Wu, and Huhe Aode
: pp. 989-994
Experimental Study on 3D Scour Around an Embedded Submarine Pipeline Under Oblique Waves
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Dianqi Li, Yongzhou Cheng, Yu Yao, Xunxiao Li, and Xianhe Lu
: pp. 995-1002
Long-Term Geomorphic Changes in the Coastal Profile of Lingding Bay in the Pearl River Estuary and the Response to Tides Since 1906
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Qing Zhou, Qinghua Gong, Zhongyu Sun, and Xulong Liu

Regular Papers

: pp. 1003-1016
Accuracy of Quantitative Precipitation Estimation Using Operational Weather Radars: A Case Study of Heavy Rainfall on 9–10 September 2015 in the East Kanto Region, Japan
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Shakti P. C., Ryohei Misumi, Tsuyoshi Nakatani, Koyuru Iwanami, Masayuki Maki, Takeshi Maesaka, and Kohin Hirano

No.sp

(Sep)

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part V

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part V

: p. 769
the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part V
Katsuki Takiguchi

Journal of Disaster Research (JDR) published its first issue in August, 2006. Since then, we have published six issues a year on a bimonthly basis. JDR is an academic journal aimed at bringing a broad, comprehensive discussion to the subject of disasters, and thus contributing to the field of disaster prevention and reduction.
Its comprehensive coverage harbors the risk of becoming unfocussed or fostering unsubstantiated conclusions. At JDR, we have dealt with this risk by making most issues special feature issues, and inviting specialists in the relevant fields as guest editors.
The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on March, 2011, five years after our first issue was published. It was a Mw9.0 earthquake that occurred off the Pacific coast of the Tohoku region. The earthquake triggered a tsunami which produced huge casualties, amounting to over 18,000 dead or missing persons. The disaster was accompanied by a nuclear plant accident, an unprecedented event in mankind’s history. The catastrophic accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, operated by Tokyo Electric Company, resulted in core meltdown and the release of radioactive material.
At JDR, we considered it our responsibility to publish, apart from our regular issues, special issues on the Great East Japan Earthquake consisting of five yearly issues beginning with the first issue in 2012. This issue, Part 5, is the final issue. We would like to thank all of the authors who submitted articles for the five special issues, the reviewers, and many others who contributed. The special issues project on the Great East Japan Earthquake will be passed down to a special issue on the 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes occurred on April, 2016 in Kumamoto, Japan.

Co-Editors:
Suminao Murakami (Editor-in-Chief; Representative, Laboratory of Urban Safety Planning, Japan)
Haruo Hayashi (Editor-in-Chief; President, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Japan)
Hideaki Karaki (President, Foundation of Food Safety and Security, Japan)

: pp. 770-779
A Philosophical Inquiry into the Confusion over the Radiation Exposure Problem
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Masaki Ichinose
: pp. 780-788
Building Reconstruction After Large-Scale Disasters A Case Study of Ishinomaki City After the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Michio Ubaura, Junpei Nieda, and Masashi Miyakawa
: pp. 789-797
Risk Perceptions of Resuming Nuclear Power Plant Operations After Fukushima: A Student Survey
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Kami Seo, Tadahiro Motoyoshi, and Yasunobu Maeda
: pp. 798-810
Performance of Countermeasures Against Massive Slope Failures in Sendai City During the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake
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Nozomu Yoshida and Kazue Wakamatsu

No.4

(Aug)

Special Issue on Uncertainties in Tsunami Effects

Special Issue on Uncertainties in Tsunami Effects

: pp. 613-614
Uncertainties in Tsunami Effects
Harry Yeh and Shinji Sato

The 2011 Heisei tsunami far exceeded the level previously anticipated, resulting in devastating impacts in Japan. This event made it clear that preparation for tsunami hazards, based on past historical data alone, is inadequate. It is because tsunami hazards are characterized by a lack of historical data – due to the fact tsunamis are rare, high impact phenomena. Hence, it is important to populate a dataset with more data by including events that might have occurred outside the recorded historical timeframe, such as those inferred from geologic evidence. The dataset can also be expanded with “imaginary” experiments performed numerically using proper models. Unlike historical data that directly represent actual tsunami events as fact, geologic evidence (for example, sediment deposits) remains a conjecture for tsunami occurrences, and tsunami runup conditions evaluated using geologic data are uncertain. Theoretical approaches require making hypotheses, assumptions, and approximations. Numerical simulations require not only the accurate initial and boundary conditions but also adequate modeling techniques and computational capacity. Therefore, it is crucial to quantify the uncertainties involved in geologic, theoretical, and modeling approaches.

Approximately 30 years ago, research on paleo-tsunamis based on geologic evidence was initiated and has been significantly advanced in the intervening years. During the same period, substantial advances in computational modeling used to predict tsunami propagation and runup processes were made. Understanding tsunami behavior, characteristics, and physics have resulted primarily from the well-organized international effort of field surveys initiated by the 1992 Nicaragua Tsunami event. Such rapidly advancing knowledge and technologies were unfortunately not sufficiently implemented in practice in a timely manner. Had this been the case, the disaster of the 2011 event would have been reduced, possibly avoiding the infamous nuclear meltdown at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant.

Having learned lessons from the 2011 Heisei Tsunami, Japan is now attempting to develop a robust tsunami-mitigation strategy that consists of two-tier criteria: Level 1 Tsunami for structure-based tsunami protection and Level 2 Tsunami for evacuation-based disaster reduction. Tsunami intensities of Levels 1 and 2 are determined by experts’ analysis and judgments. In the United States, a probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis is now widely adopted: for example, the latest ASCE-7 inundation maps are based on the hazard level of a 2,500-year return period. But again, due to the lack of data, the probabilistic analysis must rely mainly on imaginary experiments and experts’ judgments.

The topic of this special issue focuses on the theme of uncertainty involved in tsunami hazard prediction. We review and examine uncertainties associated with tsunami simulations, near-shore effects, flow velocities, tsunami effects on buildings, coastal infrastructure, and sediment transport and deposits. Substantial uncertainty regarding tsunami hazards is likely the result of tsunami generation processes. This component, however, is not discussed here because it is closely related to the topic of probabilistic ‘seismic’ hazard analysis.

This special issue is a compilation of seven papers addressing the current status of predictabilities, and will hopefully stimulate continual research that will lead to further improvements.
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: pp. 615-623
Precise Prediction of Coastal and Overland Flow Dynamics: A Grand Challenge or a Fool’s Errand
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Patrick J. Lynett
: pp. 624-633
Performance-Based Tsunami Engineering via a Web-Based GIS Data Explorer
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Dylan Keon, Cherri M. Pancake, Ben Steinberg, and Harry Yeh
: pp. 634-638
Development of a New Tsunami Generator for Multiple Sources
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Tetsuya Hiraishi
: pp. 639-646
Development of High Precision Tsunami Runup Calculation Method Based on a Hierarchical Simulation
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Taro Arikawa and Takashi Tomita
: pp. 647-661
Uncertainty in Tsunami Sediment Transport Modeling
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Bruce Jaffe, Kazuhisa Goto, Daisuke Sugawara, Guy Gelfenbaum, and SeanPaul La Selle
: pp. 662-669
Tsunami Effects on Buildings and Coastal Structures
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Harry Yeh and Shinji Sato
: pp. 670-679
Influence of Openings and Orientation on Tsunami Generated Forces on Buildings
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Chathura Manawasekara, Norimi Mizutani, and Satoru Aoki

Regular Papers

: pp. 681-690
Dynamic Response Differences Between Bedding and Counter-Tilt Rock Slopes with Intercalated Weak Layers
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Song Zhi and Liu Yang
: pp. 691-698
Modifying Business Continuity Plan (BCP) Towards an Effective Auto-Mobile Business Continuity Management (BCM): A Quantitative Approach
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Abednico Lopang Montshiwa, Akio Nagahira, and Shuichi Ishida
: pp. 699-706
Flood Vulnerability Assessment in Northwestern Areas of Tehran
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Manijeh Ghahroudi Tali, Jamileh Tavakolinia, and Anita Majidi Heravi
: pp. 707-719
Science Communication of Hazards with Scientific Uncertainty: In the Cases of Volcanic Activity
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Miwa Kuri
: pp. 720-731
Spatial-Temporal Assessment of Debris Flow Risk in the Ms8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake-Disturbed Area
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Xin Yao and Lingjing Li
: pp. 732-741
A Case Study on the Health Risks Related to Flood Disasters in South Africa
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Roman Tandlich, Mbonisi Ncube, S. M. M. Khamanga, and Bongumusa M. Zuma
: pp. 742-753
A Systematic Review of the Factors Affecting the Cyclone Evacuation Decision Process in Bangladesh
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Md. Nasif Ahsan, Kuniyoshi Takeuchi, Karina Vink, and Miho Ohara

No.3

(Jun)

Special Issue on the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) – Public Forum

Special Issue on the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) – Public Forum

: pp. 385-386
the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) – Public Forum
Yasuhito Jibiki, Yuichi Ono, Fumihiko Imamura

  Participants in the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) in Sendai, Japan, March 14–18, 2015, discussed the successor framework of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) adopted at the 2005 Second World Conference on Disaster Reduction. These two frameworks were based on the Yokohama Strategy for a Safer World adopted at the First World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction.
  According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, 187 United Nations member states attended the WCDRR, together with over 6,500 participants and over 100 minister-level officials, including the heads of state of seven countries, prime ministers of five countries (including Japan), vice-presidential officials from six countries, and deputy prime ministers from seven countries. Related events included 150,000 attendees from Japan and abroad.
  The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 (SFDRR) and the Sendai Declaration were adopted by consensus as the outcome documents.   One feature of the WCDRR was the large number of citizens taking part. These included governments, international organizations, NGOs, private-sectors groups and universities. They took part in 398 symposiums and seminars, plus over 200 exhibitions and other events.
  WCDRR discussions continued even after the conference, activating the Miyagi Roundtable for Disaster Risk Reduction, whose collaborators were from industry, government, academia, regular citizens, and the media. The Sendai Future Forum on Disaster Risk Reduction was held in March 2016, one year later. Information sharing and discussions on disaster risk reduction and reconstruction are now in progress.   The most remarkable aspect of the SFDRR as a WCDRR outcome document is the identification of seven global targets on disaster risk reduction. These targets were not included in either the Yokohama Strategy or the HFA. Two reasons why the target setting is significant are as follows:
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: pp. 387-393
Bridging Multi-Stakeholders for Disaster Risk Reduction Through Education for Sustainable Development into the Post-2015 Framework
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Takashi Oda
: pp. 394-401
Review of Recent Water-Related Disasters and Scientific Activities in Southeast Asia: Lessons Learned and Future Challenges for Disaster Risk Reduction
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Shuichi Kure, Taichi Tebakari, and Mamoru Miyamoto
: pp. 402-412
Promoting Education for Disaster Resilience and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
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Aiko Sakurai and Takeshi Sato
: pp. 413-420
Collaborative, Science-Based, Public Disaster Communication – The NHK Media Technology 3D Documentary Movie on Japan’s 2011 Tsunami Event
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Natsuko Chubachi, Michihiro Chikata, Kiyoshi Ito, and Fumihiko Imamura
: pp. 421-424
Preliminary Analysis on Science for Global Safety with Reference to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
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Yasuhito Jibiki
: pp. 425-436
Report of “Geopark on Stricken Areas: Disasters and Gifts of Geo”
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Miwa Kuri, Ikuko Miyahara, Shosuke Sato, Mahito Watanabe, and Kazuyuki Nakagawa
: pp. 437-442
Archiving and Memorializing Disasters Report of a UN International Workshop
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Sébastien Penmellen Boret and Akihiro Shibayama
: pp. 443-453
Developments of Tools to Survive the Disasters – Civil Empowerment of “Zest for Living in Disaster” –
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Shosuke Sato, Fumihiko Imamura, Mari Yasuda, Motoaki Sugiura, and Rui Nouchi
: pp. 454-458
Science and Practical Disaster Risk Reduction: Role of Universities and Academia in Disaster Risk Reduction – From the Discussions at the UNWCDRR Public Forum by APRU and IRIDeS –
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Takako Izumi
: pp. 459-469
Quantitative Text Analysis of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030
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Osamu Murao and Hiroko Sakaba
: pp. 470-475
Strengthening Governance on Disaster Risk Reduction Through Improved Disaster Damage Statistics
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Takuya Ito, Masaaki Miyamoto, and Yuichi Ono
: pp. 476-485
Practical Efforts for Post-Disaster Reconstruction in the City of Ishinomaki, Miyagi
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Teppei Kobayashi, Yasuaki Onoda, Katsuya Hirano, and Michio Ubaura
: pp. 486-495
Planning Processes for Reconstruction with Citizen Participation After Large-Scale Disasters: A Case Study of Reconstruction Study Meetings in Miyako City After the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Michio Ubaura and Sei Akiyama
: pp. 496-503
Public Forum Progress and Future of Business Continuity Management in Japan – Based on the Lessons Learnt After the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Hiroaki Maruya
: pp. 504-511
The Importance of Local Oriented Dissemination of Reconstruction: The Design of Tohoku Reconstruction & DRR Pavilion
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Takumi Iwasawa and Yasuaki Onoda
: pp. 512-516
Roles of People, Community and Planning in Recovery After Mega-Disasters: A Symposium Synopsis
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Kanako Iuchi and Elizabeth Maly
: pp. 517-534
Perception, Participation, and Effect of Nuclear Emergency Response Drills
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Michimasa Matsumoto
: pp. 535-543
Building Private Sector Resilience: Directions After the 2015 Sendai Framework
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Masahiko Haraguchi, Upmanu Lall, and Kenji Watanabe

Regular Papers

: pp. 545-551
Identification of Minimum Standards in Emergency Goods for Earthquake Relief in Indonesia
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Rienna Oktarina, Senator Nur Bahagia, Lucia Diawati, and Krishna S. Pribadi
: pp. 552-558
Exploring Community Attitudes Towards Sharing of Bushfire Information Online
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Paul Haimes, Stuart Medley, Danielle Brady, and Tetsuaki Baba
: pp. 559-565
Structural Repair Prioritization of Buildings Damaged After Earthquake Using Fuzzy Logic Model
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Koraphon Saicheur and Chayanon Hansapinyo
: pp. 566-576
Study on Risk Reduction of Electric Power Supply Restriction by Reinforcement of Interconnection Lines Between Areas for the Nankai Trough Earthquake
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Tetsuya Torayashiki and Hiroaki Maruya
: pp. 577-592
Multi-Temporal Correlation Method for Damage Assessment of Buildings from High-Resolution SAR Images of the 2013 Typhoon Haiyan
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Pisut Nakmuenwai, Fumio Yamazaki, and Wen Liu
: pp. 593-598
Development and Performance of a Battery-Free Disaster Prevention Radio “HOOPRA” Using the Energy Harvested from Radio Waves
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Eiichi Shoji

No.2

(Mar)

Special Issue on Disaster and Big Data
Special Issue on Comprehensive Disaster Prevention Measures for Underground Spaces

Special Issue on Disaster and Big Data

: p. 163
Disaster and Big Data
Shunichi Koshimura

In the years that have passed since the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake, many new findings, insights and suggestions have been made in disaster observation, sensing, simulation, and damage determination on the damage scene. Based on the lessons, challenges for disaster mitigation against future catastrophic natural disasters such as the anticipated Tokyo metropolitan and Nankai Trough earthquakes are made on how we will share visions of potential impact and how we will maximize society’s disaster resilience. Much of the “disaster big data” obtained is related to the dynamic flow of large populations, vehicles and goods inside and outside affected areas. This has dramatically facilitated our understanding of how society has responded to unprecedented catastrophes. The key question is how we will use big data in establishing social systems that respond promptly, sensibly and effectively to natural disasters how this understanding will affect adversity and resilience. Researchers from a wide variety of fields are now working together under the collaborative JST CREST project entitled “Establishing the most advanced disaster reduction management system by fusion of real-time disaster simulation and big data assimilation.” One objective of this project is to identify potential disaster scenarios related to earthquake and tsunami progress in a chained or compound manner and to create new techniques for responsive disaster mitigation measures enabling society to recover. This special issue on disaster and big data consists of 11 papers detailing the recent progress of this project. As an editor of this issue, I would like to express our deep gratitude for the insightful comments and suggestions made by the reviewers and the members of the editorial committee.

: pp. 164-174
Establishing the Advanced Disaster Reduction Management System by Fusion of Real-Time Disaster Simulation and Big Data Assimilation
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Shunichi Koshimura
: pp. 175-187
Earthquake Disaster Simulation System: Integration of Models for Building Collapse, Road Blockage, and Fire Spread
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Noriaki Hirokawa and Toshihiro Osaragi
: pp. 188-197
Modeling Human Behavior of Local Residents in the Aftermath of a Large Earthquake – Wide-Area Evacuation, Rescue and Firefighting in Densely Built-Up Wooden Residential Areas
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Takuya Oki and Toshihiro Osaragi
: pp. 198-206
Grasp of Disaster Situation and Support Need Inside Affected Area with Social Sensing – An Analysis of Twitter Data Before and After the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster Occurring –
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Shosuke Sato, Kazumasa Hanaoka, Makoto Okumura, and Shunichi Koshimura
: pp. 207-216
User Participatory Sensing for Disaster Detection and Mitigation
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Kaoru Sezaki, Shin'ichi Konomi, and Masaki Ito
: pp. 217-224
Human Mobility Estimation Following Massive Disaster Using Filtering Approach
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Akihito Sudo, Takehiro Kashiyama, Takahiro Yabe, Hiroshi Kanasugi, and Yoshihide Sekimoto
: pp. 225-235
Object-Based Method for Estimating Tsunami-Induced Damage Using TerraSAR-X Data
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Hideomi Gokon, Shunichi Koshimura, and Masashi Matsuoka
: pp. 236-245
Monitoring of the Recovery Process of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant from VHR SAR Images
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Wen Liu, Fumio Yamazaki, and Tadashi Sasagawa
: pp. 246-254
Real-Time Simulation of Dynamic Traffic Flow with Traffic Data Assimilation Approach
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Yosuke Kawasaki, Yusuke Hara, Takuma Mitani, and Masao Kuwahara
: pp. 255-264
Simulation Data Warehouse for Integration and Analysis of Disaster Information
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Jing Zhao, Kento Sugiura, Yuanyuan Wang, and Yoshiharu Ishikawa
: pp. 265-271
Seismic Hazard Visualization from Big Simulation Data: Construction of a Parallel Distributed Processing System for Ground Motion Simulation Data
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Takahiro Maeda and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

Special Issue on Comprehensive Disaster Prevention Measures for Underground Spaces

: p. 273
Comprehensive Disaster Prevention Measures for Underground Spaces (Underground Malls, etc.)
Ichiro Matsuo

Underground spaces have been variously used. Excluding underground floors of individual buildings, underground space in Japan is mainly used for streets, railways, and parking. Stores are often grouped along underground passages to underground railways and parking near main urban terminals. An accidental underground gas explosion at Shizuoka Station in 1980 led to disaster prevention measures in such spaces, forcing stricter safety standards. Following this was the 1999 Hakata underground mall inundation by the Mikawa River, which has further broadened the attention to the underground space and its inundation risk. Inundation damages in underground malls and spaces had occurred repeatedly since then, however, we believe that the 2012 inundation damage to underground spaces in New York city caused by Hurricane Sandy triggered further reviews of disaster prevention measures against underground spaces in Japan. Recently, small inundation damages often occurred in underground malls in Japan. With our praying these would not be prior events for possible large disasters, we publish this special issue considering that publishing disaster prevention measures and researches for underground spaces is increasingly important worldwide. This special issue features inundation damage caused by Hurricane Sandy, Japan’s law systems on antiflood measures in underground spaces, antiflood measures of the subway in Tokyo Metropolitan Area, current situations of antiflood measures in underground spaces. We would like to express our sincere thanks to those who contributed reports and research papers to this issue.

: pp. 274-284
Storm Surge Impact to Subterranean Areas by Hurricane Sandy, and Lessons for Japan’s Storm Surge Countermeasures
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Joel Challender
: pp. 285-288
Revision of Flood Control Act and Measures for Underground Shopping Complexes
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Yasuaki Asahori
: pp. 289-297
Natural Disaster Measures on Tokyo Metro
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Toshiaki Kogure
: pp. 298-305
Vulnerability to Underground Inundation and Evacuation in Densely Urbanized Area
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Taisuke Ishigaki, Ryuji Kawanaka, Taira Ozaki, and Keiichi Toda
: pp. 306-314
Panic and Crowd Disaster in Underground Space
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Naoya Sekiya
: pp. 315-321
Study About the Effect of the Signposting for Evacuation in the Underground Space
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U Hiroi and Jyunya Aoyama
: pp. 322-333
Disaster Reduction Measures Against Inundation in Underground Area and Development of Disaster Prevention Action Plan Using TimeLine
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Ichiro Matsuo, Takanori Kuribayashi, and Kunishige Kamura
: pp. 334-339
Environmental Sensor Network of NTT DOCOMO
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Hisakazu Tsuboya, Ken Kumagai, Yasuko Furuta, and Akiko Miyajima

Regular Papers

: pp. 341-353
Proposal for Development Cooperation to Enhance the Capacity on Disaster Emergency Response in Developing Countries : A Case Study of Curriculum Development in the People’s Republic of China
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Toshiyuki Shimano, Reo Kimura, Haruo Hayashi, Noriaki Nagatomo, and Yukihisa Sakurada
: pp. 354-361
Experimental Study Characterizing Retrofitting Method for Shear Walls at Nuclear Plant
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Shin-ichi Takezaki, Hideo Ono, Yoko Yasutomi, and Seiya Katayama
: pp. 362-368
Shear Characteristics of Seismic Retrofitting Cylindrical Walls in Nuclear Power Plants
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Hideyoshi Watanabe, Hideo Ono, Yoko Yasutomi, and Takeshi Okamura

No.1

(Feb)

Special Issue on Integrated Study on Mitigation of Multimodal Disasters Caused by Ejection of Volcanic Products

Special Issue on Integrated Study on Mitigation of Multimodal Disasters Caused by Ejection of Volcanic Products

: p. 3
Integrated Study on Mitigation of Multimodal Disasters Caused by Ejection of Volcanic Products
Masato Iguchi

Volcanic eruptions induce often widely dispersed, multimodal flows such as volcanic ash, pyroclastics, layers, and lava. Lahars triggered by heavy rain may extend far beyond ash deposits. Indonesia, which has 127 volcanoes along its archipelago, is at high risk for such disasters. The 2010 Merapi volcano eruption, for example, generated pyroclastic flows up to 17 km from the summit along the Gendol River, killing over 300 residents. The February 13, 2014, eruption of the Kelud volcano produced a gigantic ash plume over 17 km high, dispersing tehpra widely over Java Island. Ash falls and dispersion closed 7 airports and caused many flights to be cancelled.
Volcanoes in Japan have recently become active, with the 2014 phreatic eruption at the Ontake volcano leaving 63 hikers dead or missing. The eruption of the Kuchinoerabujima volcano on May 29, 2015, forced all island residents to be evacuated.
All of these events undeerscore how underedeveloped Japan’s early warning alert levels remain. The Sakurajima volcano, currently Japan’s most active, maintained high activity in the first half of 2015. Ash from Janaury 2015, for example, was moved down the volcano’s slopes by extremely heavy rain in June and July, accumulating as thick sediment near villages.
Regarding such situations of volcano countries, we will develop an integrated system to mitigate many kinds of disasters which are generated by volcanic eruptions and extended by rain fall and wind, based on scientific knowledge. We are developing an integrated warning system to be used by local and national governments to mitigate volcanic and sediment disasters. We are also creating measure against volcanic ash for airlines.
This special issue summarizes basic scientific knowledge and technology on the present warning system to be used in the integrated system for decision-making.

: pp. 4-14
Method for Real-Time Evaluation of Discharge Rate of Volcanic Ash – Case Study on Intermittent Eruptions at the Sakurajima Volcano, Japan –
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Masato Iguchi
: pp. 15-30
Preliminary Results of Weather Radar Observations of Sakurajima Volcanic Smoke
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Masayuki Maki, Masato Iguchi, Takeshi Maesaka, Takahiro Miwa, Toshikazu Tanada, Tomofumi Kozono, Tatsuya Momotani, Akihiko Yamaji, and Ikuya Kakimoto
: pp. 31-42
Numerical Simulations of Volcanic Ash Plume Dispersal from Kelud Volcano in Indonesia on February 13, 2014
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Hiroshi L. Tanaka, Masato Iguchi, and Setsuya Nakada
: pp. 43-52
Mechanism of Volcanic Tephra Falling Detected by X-Band Multi-Parameter Radar
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Satoru Oishi, Masahiro Iida, Masahide Muranishi, Mariko Ogawa, Ratih Indri Hapsari and Masato Iguchi
: pp. 53-59
Credibility of Volcanic Ash Thicknesses Reported by the Media and Local Residents Following the 2014 Eruption of Kelud Volcano, Indonesia
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Setsuya Nakada, Akhmad Zaennudin, Fukashi Maeno, Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto, and Natsumi Hokanishi
: pp. 60-71
Modeling of Information Flow for Early Warning in Mount Merapi Area, Indonesia
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Leslie Jamie Cobar, Djoko Legono, and Kuniaki Miyamoto
: pp. 72-84
Investigation and Separation of Turbulent Fluctuations in Airborne Measurements of Volcanic Ash with Optical Particle Counters
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Jonas Elíasson, Konradin Weber, Andreas Vogel Thorgeir Pálsson, Junichi Yoshitani and Daisuke Miki
: pp. 85-95
Measurements of Particle Distribution and Ash Fluxes in the Plume of Sakurajima Volcano with Optical Particle Counter
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Jonas Elíasson, Junichi Yoshitani, Daisuke Miki, Konradin Weber, Christoph Bölke, and Emad Scharifi

Regular Papers

: pp. 97-105
Shaking Table Test of Quarter Scale 20 Story RC Moment Frame Building Subjected to Long Period Ground Motions
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Kuniyoshi Sugimoto, Kenji Yonezawa, Hideo Katsumata, and Hiroshi Fukuyama
: pp. 106-117
Proposal for an Efficient Damping System for High-Rise Buildings in Major Earthquakes
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Katsuhide Murakami, Masato Ishii, Kentaroh Miyazaki, and Yasuhiro Tsuneki
: pp. 118-124
Recent Design Approaches for Passively Controlled Structures
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Toru Takeuchi
: pp. 125-135
Deformation Capacity of Steel Shear Panel Damper and its Reflection to AIJ Design Requirements
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Hiroyuki Tamai and Kazuhiko Kasai
: pp. 136-146
Empirical Data Analysis and Simulation Modeling for Evacuation Movement with the Presence of Irregular Non-Continuous Exterior Stairs
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Hugo H. Poveda Gironda, Satoru Sadohara, Satoshi Yoshida, and Keiko Inagaki

Vol.10 (2015)

No.6

(Dec)

The First JDR Award
Mini Special Issue on Space Microbiology: Microbial Monitoring in the International Space Station – “Kibo”

The First JDR Award

: p. 1017
Congratulations! The First JDR Award
Abstract
Dr. Murakami and Dr. Takiguchi
: p. 1018
Presenting the First JDR Award
Abstract
Katsuki Takiguchi
: p. 1019
Message from the Winners
Abstract
Fumio Yamazaki and Carlos Zavala

Mini Special Issue on Space Microbiology: Microbial Monitoring in the International Space Station – “Kibo”

: pp. 1022-1024
Microbes and Crewed Space Habitat
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Nobuyasu Yamaguchi and Masao Nasu
: pp. 1025-1030
Microbial Observatory Research in the International Space Station and Japanese Experiment Module “Kibo”
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Masaki Shirakawa, Fumiaki Tanigaki, and Takashi Yamazaki
: pp. 1031-1034
Significance of Changes in the Skin Fungal Microbiomes of Astronauts Staying on the International Space Station
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Takashi Sugita and Otomi Cho
: pp. 1035-1039
Bacterial Monitoring in the International Space Station – “Kibo”
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Tomoaki Ichijo, Nobuyasu Yamaguchi, and Masao Nasu

Regular Papers

: pp. 1041-1050
Disaster Warning System in the Philippines Through Enterprise Engineering Perspective: A Study on the 2013 Super Typhoon Haiyan
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Natt Leelawat, Anawat Suppasri, Shuichi Kure, Carine J. Yi, Cherry May R. Mateo, and Fumihiko Imamura
: pp. 1051-1066
Organizational Structure and Institutions for Disaster Prevention: Research on the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in Kobe City
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Masahiro Matsuyama, Reo Kimura, and Haruo Hayashi
: pp. 1067-1080
The 1755 Lisbon Tsunami at Vila do Bispo Municipality, Portugal
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Angela Santos and Shunichi Koshimura
: pp. 1081-1090
A Distributed Autonomous Approach to Developing a Disaster Evacuation Assist System
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Yasuki Iizuka, Katsuya Kinoshita, and Kayo Iizuka
: pp. 1091-1098
Impacts of Business Continuity Management (BCM) on Automobile Parts Makers Against Natural Disaster Events
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Abednico Lopang Montshiwa and Akio Nagahira
: pp. 1099-1109
Flood Inundation Analysis and Mitigation with a Coupled 1D-2D Hydraulic Model: A Case Study in Kochi, Japan
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M. A. C. Niroshinie, Yasuo Nihei, Kazuaki Ohtsuki, and Shoji Okada
: pp. 1110-1116
Pricing Earthquake Catastrophe Options Based on the Mixed-Multinomial Tree Model
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Feixing Wang and Xiaoling Gu
: pp. 1117-1125
Disaster Education for Elementary School Students Using Disaster Prevention Pocket Notebooks and Quizzes
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Rui Nouchi, Shosuke Sato, and Fumihiko Imamura

No.5

(Oct)

Special Issue on Creating Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society

Special Issue on Creating Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society

: pp. 791-793
Creating Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society
Takashi Furuya, Haruo Hayashi

The “risk society” has become a key 21st century theme due to the economic expansion and population explosion spurred by science and technology development during the 20th century. We must create societies resilient against risk to preserve well-being and continue sustainable development. Although the ideal would be to create a society free from disaster and crisis, resources are limited. To achieve a more resilient society using these resources, we must become wise enough to identify the risks threatening society and clarify how we are to prepare against them.

The traditional engineering approach is limited by its aim to reduce damage reduction as functional system of hazard, exposure, and vulnerability by focusing on mitigative action. We must instead add two factors – human activity and time dependency after a disaster – to make society more risk-resilient.

The Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society (RISTEX) of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) seeks to create new social, public, and economic value by solving obvious problems in society. In promoting science and technology R&D for society, RISTEX supports the building of networks enabling researchers and stakeholders to cooperate in solving societal problems. Our initiatives use R&D employing knowledge in the field of the humanities and social sciences, combined with natural sciences and technologies. Based on these existing accumulated knowledge and skills, scientifically verifying issues and lessons learned from these disasters, RISTEX launched a new R&D focus area, entitled “Creating a Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society,” in 2012. This R&D focus is to develop disaster risk reduction systems making society robust and resilient in the face of large-scale disasters.
(more…)

: pp. 794-806
Support for Farmland Restoration Through Mutual Assistance After Flood Disasters in Hilly and Mountainous Areas – Cases of the Cities of Yame and Ukiha Affected by the Torrential Rainfall in Northern Kyushu in July 2012 –
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Kazuo Asahiro, Masakazu Tani, and Hiroyuki Kanekiyo
: pp. 807-817
A Study on Community-Based Reconstruction from Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster – A Case Study of Iwanuma City in Miyagi-Pref.
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Mikiko Ishikawa
: pp. 818-829
Reconstruction of Coastal Villages Swept Away by Tsunami by 3D Digital Model
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Akinobu Murakami, Eiko Kumakura, and Mikiko Ishikawa
: pp. 830-844
Computer-Assisted Databasing of Disaster Management Information Through Natural Language Processing
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Kentaro Inui, Yotaro Watanabe, Kenshi Yamaguchi, Shingo Suzuki, Hiroko Koumoto, Naoko Kosaka, Akira Koyama, Tomohiro Kokogawa, and Yuji Maeda
: pp. 845-856
Study on an Online Communication and Task Management System for Disaster Response Utilizing Natural Language Processing
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Shingo Suzuki, Kentaro Inui, Kenshi Yamaguchi, Hiroko Koumoto, Naoko Kosaka, Akira Koyama, and Yuji Maeda
: pp. 857-873
Proposal and Practice of Comprehensive Disaster Mitigation Depending on Communities in Preservation Districts for Traditional Buildings
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Hajime Yokouchi
: pp. 874-886
Challenges for Safe and Secure Community Development in Traditional Architectures Preservation Districts – A Case Study on Tochigi District
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Saori Kawazoe, Saikaku Toyokawa, Fumiko Imai, and Masaki Urano
: pp. 887-899
A Proposal of Multi-Scale Urban Disaster Mitigation Planning that Takes Regional Issues into Consideration
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U Hiroi, Akito Murayama, Yoshihiro Chiba, Hisashi Komatsu, Masafumi Mori, Keiichi Yamada, Masato Yamazaki, and Nobuo Fukuwa
: pp. 900-918
Sustainable Training-Model Development Based on Analysis of Disaster Medicine Training
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Shoichi Ohta, Munekazu Takeda, Ryo Sasaki, Hirotaka Uesugi, Hironobu Kamagata, Kentaro Kawai, Satomi Kuroshima, Michie Kawashima, Masaki Onishi, and Ikushi Yoda
: pp. 919-928
Critical Review of Japanese Disaster Medical Education for Citizens: Exploring the Method of Medutainment
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Ikushi Yoda, Momo Shiroyama, Hirotaka Uesugi, Hironobu Kamagata, and Shoichi Ohta
: pp. 929-938
Disaster Prevention Activities of Japanese Fire Companies
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Atsushi Sakuma, Ichiro Matsuo, Shin Ito, Shigeyoshi Tanaka, and Tsugio Nakaseko
: pp. 939-947
Optimal Life Recovery Assistance for Those Who Are Residing in Designated Temporary Housing in Widely Dispersed Locations: Interim Findings on Different Household Groups and on Life Recovery Promotion Parameters
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Shigeo Tatsuki
: pp. 948-955
Grasp of Utilization of Social Networking Services in Restoration Process – Interview Survey for N City-Related Citizens of the Great East Japan Earthquake –
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Shosuke Sato, Hiroko Koumoto, and Shigeo Tatsuki

Regular Papers

: pp. 957-965
Model of Tsunami Preparedness for Indonesian Tsunami Prone Areas Communities
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Any Nurhayaty, Supra Wimbarti, Radianta Triatmadja, and Thomas D. Hastjarjo
: pp. 966-972
Analysis of Factors Triggering Shallow Failure and Deep-Seated Landslides Induced by Single Rainfall Events
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Teng-To Yu, Ting-Shiuan Wang, and Youg-Sin Cheng
: pp. 973-980
Understanding Household Mobilization Time During Natech Accident Evacuation
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Junlei Yu and Akihiko Hokugo
: pp. 981-990
A Case Study on Estimation of Business Interruption Losses to Industrial Sectors Due to Flood Disasters
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Lijiao Yang, Hirokazu Tatano, Yoshio Kajitani, and Xinyu Jiang
: pp. 991-1000
Climate Change Impact on the Manageability of Floods and Droughts of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Basins Using Flood Duration Curves and Drought Duration Curves
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Muhammad Masood and Kuniyoshi Takeuchi

No.sp

(Sep)

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part IV

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part IV

: p. 709
the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part IV
Katsuki Takiguchi

The basic policy of the Journal of Disaster Research (JDR), as a multidisciplinary academicjournal, is to cover all types of disasters ? except for war ? through a broad comprehensive perspective. Since its inaugural issue in August 2006, the JDR has been published bimonthly,with six issues a year. 2015 marks the tenth year since the JDRfs first issue. Among the many events happening during this decade is the March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster which was induced by the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake.This event had two major features ? that the tsunami accompanying the earthquake caused the main damage and that it triggered a nuclear hazard accident at a nuclear power plant. The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster was a unprecedented earthquake disaster called catastrophic hazard following two others ? the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake Disasterthat leveled Tokyo and the 1995 Hanshin Awaji Earthquake Disaster that destroyed parts of Osaka and Kobe. In view of this catastrophic hazardfs scale, the JDR decided to publish special annual issues on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster for five years since 2012 in addition to its regularissues. No publication fee was charged to contributors and support was asked from corporations. Papers on the special issues are published mainly online as an e-journal though printed editions are published for archival purposes. The current issue is the fourth of these special issues, and contributors have covered the 2011 disaster from many a wide range of perspectives. 21 papers were submitted and 8 papers are accepted for publication after peer review. The editors are confident that, like the previous three issues, this issue fully measure up to the quality that was expected for the special issue. I wish to express my gratitude to the contributors and reviewers and to thank corporations for their invaluable support.

: pp. 711-715
Safety of Food Produced in Japan: Past and Present Status of Radioactive Contamination
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Hideaki Karaki
: pp. 716-727
Public Health Concerns on Radiation Exposure After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident
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Reiko Kanda, Satsuki Tsuji, Hidenori Yonehara, and Masami Torikoshi
: pp. 728-735
Initial Responses of the Government of Japan to the Great East Japan Earthquake (Earthquake and Tsunami) and Lessons Learned from Them
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Akira Kotaki
: pp. 736-754
Research on Planning Process of Community Disaster Management Plan at Tsunami-Hit Area
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Tadahiro Yoshikawa
: pp. 755-769
Issues Facing Voluntary Evacuees from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident Based on the Collection and Analysis of Cases of Voluntary Evacuation
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Kota Tomoyasu, Reo Kimura, Hitomi Mashima, and Ikuno Kazama
: pp. 770-776
Proposal for Robust Monitoring of Catastrophic Tsunami Using Onshore Strain and Tilt Geodetic Sensors
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Hiroaki Takahashi
: pp. 777-782
Business Continuity Management (BCM) for Regional Financial Functionalities in Wide-Area Disasters
Importance and Challenges in Cooperation
Among Regional Financial Institutions and PPP (Public-Private Partnership)
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Kenji Watanabe
: pp. 783-786
Application of Natural Disaster Information for Supply Chain Resilience
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Takahiro Ono and Kenji Watanabe

No.4

(Aug)

Celebrating 10th anniversary
Special Issue on Fire and Disaster Prevention Technologies

Celebrating 10th anniversary

: p. 575
Message from Editors-in-Chief
Suminao Murakami and Katsuki Takiguchi

It is our great pleasure to congratulate the Journal of Disaster Research (JDR) on its 10th anniversary. Its first edition, Vol.1 No.1, was published in August 2006 and now it reached Vol.10.

The JDR is published in bimonthly, six issues a year and as the name expresses its basic policy is to cover all types of disaster from a broad, comprehensive perspective except for a war. Starting in 2012, the JDR began a special annual edition on the Great East Japan Earthquake disaster in addition to regular issues, now at Part 4.

Reflecting its editorial policy, the journal’s themes have ranged widely from earthquake engineering to dual use, making the JDR unique and distinguishing it from other journals. The journal is currently included and indexed in nine bibliographic databases and citation indexes.

The traditional Chinese sexagenary cycle consists of 60 years. With two cycles, 120 years represents the maximum span of a human life and a half cycle, 30 years represents a span of a human generation. The JDR is on the way of such spans and we strongly hope that the journal will prove its true worth after its 30 years’ publication.

As Editors-in-Chief, we are most grateful to all who have worked with the JDR and helped reach its 10th anniversary. We thank the editorial board members for editing this journal with their high discernment and the guest editors for arranging special issues with their high profession. We would also like to thank the peer reviewers for their accurate evaluations in a short time and the companies who have helped fund special editions on the Great East Japan Earthquake disaster.

We look forward to seeing the JDR’s papers, reviews, reports, and news continue to give readers valuable information and insightful ideas while contributing to the development of disaster research. The JDR welcomes many people’s participation.

: p. 576
Congratulatory Message
Takashi Onishi

First, let me express my heartfelt congratulations to the Journalof Disaster Research (JDR) on its tenth anniversary. TheThird UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, heldthis year in Sendai, Japan, is the third of three UN conferencesin the last three decades all held in Japan. This is partlybecause Japan is one country often subject to natural disasterswith man-made disasters following them. It is also becauseJapan has historically attempted to reduce and prevent disasterdamage.

Lessons in tsunami disasters mainly learned from the 1933Showa Sanriku Earthquake Tsunami and 1960 Chile EarthquakeTsunami were tested in the 2011 Great East Japan EarthquakeDisaster. Concurrent tsunami damage and man-madeproblems arising in the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plantaccident were greatly exceeding anything predicted or imaginedand showed how Japan’s disaster reduction and preparednessefforts failed.

In an ordeal on such an unprecedented scale, further lessonsmust be learned so that we may prepare better for impendinglarger disasters. Objectives of disaster research is to learn whatdisasters have to teach us scientifically and to find and proposemeasures that may help reduce disaster damage and help usimplement these measures. I believe that many researchers –particularly younger ones – now diligently and rapidly studyingin preparation for future disasters in view of what past researchmay have lacked. The results of their research should be channeledglobally into disaster reduction in Japan and elsewhere.

As an international open-access journal, the JDR provides animportant forum for international research exchange in practicalways. It is my hope that the JDR will, on this occasion ofits tenth anniversary, continue to provide such a platform forwide-ranging leading-edge research, and that it will therebycontribute to building a society supremely resilient against disaster.

: pp. 577-578
Congratulatory Message
Hongey Chen

The tenth anniversary of the Journal of Disaster Research presents a worthy occasion for noting the Journal’s ongoing contributions to progressively reducing disaster risk while improving emergency preparedness. The Journal’s 58 issues have offered an efficient and enlightened venue for researchers, NGOs, NPOs, and officials to report findings, new methodologies, risk problems, and calls for collaborations related to disasters. Through mutual interactive learning processes, the Journal effectively encourages greater international opportunities for coworking and codesigning new agendas for research topics related to disaster.

Every new disaster happens challenges us to work toward a greater understanding of natural hazards, physical and social vulnerability, human behavior, and the coping capabilities of our society. The fact that gaps are always to be found in our understanding requires that we make joint efforts to fill these gaps through the cross-boundary sharing of knowledge and experience.

Within the last ten years, increasingly frequent and devastating catastrophes have pushed ever onward to identify areas of interdisciplinary collaboration for developing integrated, broadspectrum solutions for reducing disaster risk and enhancing resilience. The advocacy of cross-cutting synergy among the social sciences, natural sciences, traditional engineering and information technology is one of the keys focused on and implemented by the authors and editors of the Journal of Disaster Research in exploring new approaches to understanding disaster risk.

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) in March endorsed moving forward based on the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA). The SFDRR emphasizes increasingly active global participation of science and technology in fulfill the priorities pointing in key directions for our work. The first among the four top issues is “understanding risk,” followed by “Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk,” “Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience,” and “Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to ‘Build Back Better’ in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.” No matter whether you are a scientist, engineer, social worker, volunteer or government official, you will be taking part in creating and sharing illustrative and effective measures motivating and supplementing efforts in disaster risk reduction.

The adverse, cascading impact wrought by disasters are evolving with the swift pace of population growth, urbanization, economic development, environmental degradation, and climate change. Their expanding impact requires ever more diverse and tailor-made solutions. Knowledge transformation changing mindsets must be based on solid research output such as that published in the Journal of Disaster Research.

To solve problems, we must work hard to foster teamwork with decision makers who hold the keys to disaster risk management. Ensuring the best communication in disaster risk depends on how we work to change the landscape of disaster risk reduction. A demand-based approach to answering the inquiries of decision makers should be designed and developed to leverage policies and evidence-based knowledge.

The concept of the common operating picture, for example, is an ideal tool for raising comprehensive situational awareness in emergency operations. Because scientific output is well organized and systemically displayed on geospatial platforms, disaster response efficiency and effectiveness have made great strides in modern science and technology. Likewise, collaboration with grassroots-level residents and stakeholders includes the obligation by the scientific community to build up and support these efforts.

I expect the Journal of Disaster Research to continue leading the disaster research community in synergizing efforts and crystallizing wisdom making our world ever safer and more resilient.

: p. 579
Congratulatory Message
Pierre Y. Julien

Disasters impact the lives and property of millions of people around the globe. Every month, and sometimes every week, newspapers describe the latest disaster on our planet. We all remember the 2004 Banda Aceh tsunami (~185,000 deaths), the 2005 Hurricane Katrina (the costliest disaster in US history at $108 billions USD), and the magnitude 9.0 Tohoku Earthquake leading to the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. On an international scale, the economic losses due to disasters are comparable to the annual budget of all countries except perhaps the 30 richest nations. There still is too little scientific knowledge available on disaster prevention and management.

The Journal of Disaster Research should be praised for offering an international platform for the dissemination of scientific knowledge and technological expertise on natural disasters at the global scale. The journal welcomes articles on geological, meteorological, hydrological and viral disasters. The journal publishes papers, reviews, survey reports, letters, notes, news, discussions materials and tutorials, and is devoid of political and religious opinions. Many people nurture the attitude that nothing can be done when confronted with an “act of God.” I do not share this view and the scientific and engineering communities have already made tremendous progress towards the mitigation of natural disasters.

For instance, Tropical Storm Sandy hit the US Atlantic Coast in 2012 and left $68 billions in damage. This caused tremendous hardship to resilient communities in New York and New Jersey. But clearly, the damages would have been so much worse without the technology to track and predict the hurricane path far ahead of time. Timely warnings and advanced preparation work significantly reduced casualties and damages.

Major scientific questions remain unanswered and without any doubt, we still have a long way to go. It is almost impossible to think that major disasters will ever be completely contained. Earthly forces are so large that engineers have to design structures understanding that there will always be a risk of failure. Living communities have to become resilient to the fact that hardship will be expected once in a while. However, the standards of engineering practice improved tremendously since the Stone Age. It is through adaptation to a nonstationary climatic environment that better engineering design secures lower risks of failure. For instance, better understanding of the new concepts like paleo-hydrology and recent advances in the analysis of probable maximum floods can lead to reduced hazards through adaptive engineering design.

A lot more research and developments await us, but our joint efforts and ability to share our experience is the prescribed path to a better future. The international scientific and engineering community can only be better prepared to mitigate the devastating consequences of natural disasters by sharing information in scientific journals like the Journal of Disaster Research.

: p. 580
Disseminating Knowledge for Reducing Disaster Damage
Nobuo Shuto

Natural disasters occur where natural phenomena and human society meet. Disaster impact differs in form and scale – even when the natural external forces are the same – depending on the way of society. Our knowledge of natural forces is also limited, making it much difficult to interpret disasters.

In areas of frequent disasters, knowledge about highly vulnerable areas is passed as wisdom for the generations, and local residents know how to live safest. Living in disaster-prone areas puts residents at risk, but such areas often bring notable benefits to residents, so they have learned and devised wisdom to adapt to nature’s force.

With disaster-resistant structures being more widely constructed and disaster experience decreasing, however, the local population has grown as new residents arrive, and local generational wisdom has often been lost.

Simeulue Island, Indonesia, is a good example of how the transmission of local wisdom has minimized disaster damage. In the great 1907 tsunami, for example, several thousand of the island’s residents died and this experience of “a tsunami following an earthquake” has been handed down in lullabies, stories, and epics. Thanks to this wisdom, the death toll from the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami was just one out of a population of 78,000. This wisdom has been limited to this island geographically, however, rather than shared with neighboring islands.

One basic principle for mitigating disaster damage is to share local wisdom world-wide – not limit it to local geographical areas. This requires stable nucleus to collect and disseminate such knowledge widely. The Journal of Disaster Research (JDR) has served this role for the last decade as it has grown.

Human beings are forgetful creatures, so however much they may want to avoid major disasters after they happen – up to eight years or so, this wisdom rarely lasts longer than a decade. Fifteen years later, disasters are largely forgotten and preparation is no longer seen as urgent.

How can we prevent this? It is my great hope that the JDR will continue to help prevent such oblivion and continue as a nucleus for disaster reduction in the decades ahead and further in the future.

Nobuo Shuto May 22, 2015

: pp. 581-582
Promoting Disaster Resilience Around the World
Kenneth C. Topping

Congratulatory Message Congratulations to the Journal of Disaster Research on successfully completing 10 years of publishing scientific, technical, and policy articles and studies examining and refining issues related to disaster management. Among the Journal’s many contributions to scientific knowledge is its progressive development of the disaster resilience concept benefitting societies and communities worldwide.

With social, environmental, economic, and technological conditions changing continuously and with new uncertainties discussed daily in the media, we must question how well we can plan to safely and productively develop our societies and communities. How well can we embrace and respond effectively to new information about natural and human-based hazards that increase uncertainty and interfere with orderly, beneficial societal and community development?

The number and intensity of disasters appear to be increasing around the globe due to a combination of factors such as natural hazards, technological accidents, urban growth, inadequate planning, and most recently climate change. Some societies and communities may be more vulnerable than others to specific hazard events, but it must be realized that none are immune. Key questions that must be answered include how to minimize potential future loss from natural and human hazards through timely mitigation and preparedness and how to safely and expeditiously respond and recover after disasters strike.

The JDR and other scientific publications have demonstrated how prominent the concept of disaster resilience has become in the last decade alone. The concept of resilience is broadly defined as the capacity of a community to

1) Survive a major disaster or other damaging crisis,

2) Retain essential community structure and functions, and

3) Adapt during post-disaster recovery to conditions for transforming community structures and functions and meeting new challenges (Topping et al., “Toward Disaster Resilient Communities” in Journal of Disaster Research Vol.5, No.2, April 2010).

Operating alongside resilience is the concept of sustainability. Sustainability emerged initially from the environmental movement. The Bruntland Commission (World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987) has defined sustainable development as that “… meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

Sustainability has broadened in meaning to include preserving and maintaining resources – environmental, physical, social, economic, and cultural. Together with this arises the realization that disasters destroy resources of all kinds.

Disaster resilience and sustainable development are intertwined. A society or community that is not disaster-resilient risks suffering irreversible losses of resources – something that cannot be considered sustainable.

A disaster-resilient society or community, in contrast, minimizes the risk of losses due to natural or technological hazards by executing mitigation and preparedness efforts in a timely way – thus protecting resources for use by future generations.

Congratulations again to the many JDR authors, reviewers, and editors who have so carefully and thoughtfully contributed to the evolution of the important concepts above – concepts that, implemented over time, will help protect and preserve societies and communities around the world.

Ken Topping

504 Warwick Street, Cambria, CA 93428, USA

June 15, 2015

Special Issue on Fire and Disaster Prevention Technologies

: p. 583
Fire and Disaster Prevention Technologies
Tomonori Kawano, Kazuya Uezu, and Takaaki Kato

Itfs a great pleasure and honor to publish the special issue on gFire and Disaster Prevention Technologiesh in the Journal of Disaster Research. All of its 7 papers have been peerreviewed. We would like to extend our sincere thanks to the contributors and reviewers involved in producing these articles, especially to Dr. Masafumi Hosokawa, Chief, Planning for Community-Based Cooperation National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster, Fire and Disaster Management Agency Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications for his great support. The Research and Development center of Fire and Environmental Safety (RDFES) was established in April 2008 as a research institute within the Faculty of Environmental Engineering, the University of Kitakyushu. The RDFES is the first academic institute in Japan to contribute to environmental engineering and firefighting technology for social safety, and focuses on the environmental researches to overcome the worldwide serious firefighting problem, for example huge forest fires, and consequently contributes to create the epoch-making products for the environmental conservation and the safety of citizens. RDFES has become well known among firefighting professionals for its development of an gEnvironmentally friendly soap-based firefighting agent,h as well as new equipment that maximizes the effectiveness of the agent. This is just one example of successful collaboration between RDFES, the Kitakyushu City Fire and Disaster Management Department, a local soap company, and major firefighting enterprises in Japan. Today, RDFES is entering a new research area involving local communities and governments, which aims tomitigate and minimize the risk of fire and natural disasters. Researchers are engaged not only in the development of hardware but also in the creation of an organized social movement that could ensure more effective use of the hardware. We hope that the collaboration among industry, academia, and government will be more useful and powerful towards solving serious problems on gfire and environmental safetyh through the mediation of this special issue. And reaching out to local communities reflects the centerfs position to always welcome new partners to join our important and exciting research activities.

: pp. 584-585
Research and Development Efforts in Fire Safety and Disaster Preparedness
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Masafumi Hosokawa
: pp. 586-594
Fire Protection Analysis and Potential Improvements for Wooden Cultural Heritage Sites in Japan
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Kwang-Il Kim, Tadashi Konishi, Tomek Ziemba, Hirofumi Nonaka, Ki-Hun Nam, and Takeyoshi Tanaka
: pp. 595-603
A New Concept for Development of Quartz Crystal Microbalance Fire Prevention Sensors Modified with Nano-Assembled Thin Films
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Seung-Woo Lee
: pp. 604-612
Learning from the Eco-Toxicology of Fire-Fighting Foams in Aquatic Organisms: Altered Eco-Toxicity of Sodium Alkyl Sulfonates on Green Paramecia and Medaka Fish Maintained in Different Waters
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Kaishi Goto, Hiroshi Takaichi, and Tomonori Kawano
: pp. 613-619
Development of Firefighting Equipment for Efficient Firefighting Strategy (Development of New Hose)
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Yoshiaki Miyazato, Takumi Sasaki, Masaki Sakaguchi, and Atsushi Nakamura
: pp. 620-626
Development of Firefighting Equipment for Efficient Firefighting Strategy (Development of New Nozzle)
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Takumi Sasaki, Yoshiaki Miyazato, Junji Inamoto, Takahiro Yamamoto, and Atsushi Nakamura
: pp. 627-634
Investigating the Gap Between Actual and Perceived Distance from a Nuclear Power Plant: A Case Study in Japan
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Takaaki Kato, Shogo Takahara, and Toshimitsu Homma
: pp. 635-640
The Rise and Fall of the Kobe Economy from the 1995 Earthquake
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Yasuhide Okuyama

Regular Papers

: pp. 641-646
Compared Modeling Study of Primary Water Stress Corrosion Cracking at Dissimilar Weld of Alloy 182 of Pressurized Water Nuclear Reactor According to Hydrogen Concentration
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Omar F. Aly, Miguel M. Neto, Mônica M. A. M. Schvartzman, and Luciana I. L. Lima
: pp. 647-654
Performance Evaluation of Base-Isolated Structures
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Sarun Chimamphant and Kazuhiko Kasai
: pp. 655-666
Analysis of Radio Wave Propagation in an Urban Environment and its Application to Initial Disaster Response Support
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Youhei Kawamura, Hyongdoo Jang, Markus Wagner, Hajime Nobuhara, Ashraf M. Dewan, Bert Veenendaal, and Itaru Kitahara
: pp. 667-677
Ground Motion Estimation Using Front Site Wave Form Data Based on RVM for Earthquake Early Warning
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Yincheng Yang and Masato Motosaka
: pp. 678-686
Hazard Perception and Anchoring: A Comparison of the Three Models Explaining the Anchoring Effect
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Kazuhisa Nagaya and Kazuya Nakayachi
: pp. 687-692
Voluntary Isolation After the Disaster: The Loss of Community and Family in the Super Aged Society in Japan
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Kanako Sasaki and Miyako Sakurai

No.3

(Jun)

Special Issue on Adaptation Measures for Disasters due to Climate Change

Special Issue on Adaptation Measures for Disasters due to Climate Change

: pp. 403-402
Adaptation Measures for Disasters due to Climate Change
Toshimitsu Komatsu

An increase in natural hazards due to global warming has broadened the gap between natural hazards and disaster prevention. This gap has raised the possibility that unexpected major disasters occur. As chances of a natural hazard grow, appropriate and efficient adaptation is considered as a last resort for lessening disaster. In water-related disasters such as floods and debris flows, individual disaster sites have specific thresholds (limits). When a natural hazard exceeds this threshold, a serious disaster strikes us. On the contrary when it is under the limit, disaster damage is kept to be small. Flood disasters and landslides have the side of gall or nothing.h This is a characteristic of water-related disasters. Climate change is causing natural hazards to exceed this threshold easily. This makes resilient proactive adaptation very important in disaster prevention. Specific adaptation measures developed hereafter must cope with serious water and sediment disasters throughout mountainous regions, rivers, urban areas, and coastal areas that are assumed to be influenced by global warming. The Journal of Disaster Research has planned a special issue on the adaptation measures for disasters due to climate change. Having taken part in field surveys, computer simulations, and laboratory experiments and finding adaptation measures worth studying more deeply, I decided to contribute to this special issue as a Guest Editor. All of its 11 papers have been peer-reviewed. The broad topics covered range from floods, landslides, and storm surges to adaptation to the human being society. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to the contributors and reviewers involved in producing these articles, especially to Dr. Hideo Oshikawa, Assistant Professor of the Department of Urban and Environment Engineering, Kyushu University, Japan, for his great support. I look forward with great anticipation to feedback from readers regarding these articles.

: pp. 404-419
Challenges of Implementing Climate Change Adaptation Policy for Disaster Risk Reduction – Implications from Framing Gap Among Stakeholders and the General Public –
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Kenshi Baba and Mitsuru Tanaka
: pp. 420-428
Analysis of Ideal Directions of Climate Change Adaptation and Problems in Implementing Them for Local Japanese Governments
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Nobuo Shirai and Mitsuru Tanaka
: pp. 429-435
Meteorological Characteristics of Local Heavy Rainfall in the Fukuoka Plain
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Yukiko Hisada, Yuji Sugihara, and Nobuhiro Matsunaga
: pp. 436-447
Numerical Experiments on Spatially Averaged Precipitation in Heavy Rainfall Event Using the WRF Model
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Yuji Sugihara, Sho Imagama, Nobuhiro Matsunaga, and Yukiko Hisada
: pp. 448-456
Bias Correction in Typhoon and Storm Surge Projection Considering Characteristics of Global Climate Model MRI-AGCM3.2S
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Noriaki Hashimoto, Yukihiro Kinashi, Tomoko Kawashima, Masaki Yokota, Masaru Yamashiro, and Mitsuyoshi Kodama
: pp. 457-466
Evaluation of Inhibitory Effect by Adaptation Measures for Red Soil Runoff from Farmland due to Heavy Rainfall
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Noriyuki Yasufuku, Kohei Araki, Kiyoshi Omine, Kenichiro Okumura, and Kohei Iwami
: pp. 467-474
An Experimental Study on Flood Control Capability of Dry Dams Constructed in a Series
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Hideo Oshikawa, Yuka Mito, and Toshimitsu Komatsu
: pp. 475-485
Flood Control Mechanism of Multiple Dams Constructed in a Series Based on Cascade Method
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Hideo Oshikawa and Toshimitsu Komatsu
: pp. 486-494
Growth of Mangrove Forests and the Influence on Flood Disaster at Amami Oshima Island, Japan
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Akira Tai, Akihiro Hashimoto, Takuya Oba, Kazuki Kawai, Kazuaki Otsuki, Hiromitsu Nagasaka, and Tomonori Saita
: pp. 495-502
Clarification and Application of Inundation Processes in Basins with Insufficient Observation Devices Installed
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Akihiro Hashimoto, Akira Tai, and Toshimitsu Komatsu
: pp. 503-511
Compound Strategy Forward to Compound Disaster Mitigation: Lessons from Hsiaolin Village, Typhoon Morakot 2009
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Wen-Chi Lai, Yuan-Jung Tsai, and Chjeng-Lun Shieh

Regular Papers

: pp. 513-526
Applying Risk Analysis to the Disaster Impact of Extreme Typhoon Events Under Climate Change
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Hsin-Chi Li, Shiao-Ping Wei, Chao-Tzuen Cheng, Jun-Jih Liou, Yung-Ming Chen, and Keh-Chia Yeh
: pp. 527-534
Finite Element Reliability Analysis of Steel Containment Vessels with Corrosion Damage
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Xiaolei Wang and Dagang Lu
: pp. 535-550
Development of Science-Based Decision Support System for Evaluating the Safety of Evacuation Facilities in Case of Torrential Rains
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Hidetomo Miyake, Haruo Hayashi, Shingo Suzuki, and Takahiro Nishino
: pp. 551-557
Brief Report of Shaking Table Test on Masonry Building Strengthened with Ferrocement Layers
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Teddy Boen, Hiroshi Imai, Febrin Ismail, Toshikazu Hanazato, and Lenny

No.2

(Apr)

Selected Papers from TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata
Abstracts of presentations at TIEMS 2014

Selected Papers from TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata

: pp. 187-188
Selected Papers from TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata
Keiko Tamura and Haruo Hayashi

TIEMS – The International Emergency Society founded in 1993 – is a global forum for education, training, certification and policy in emergency and disaster management. TIEMS is dedicated to developing a safer world by bringing the benefits of modern emergency management tools, techniques and good industry practice. The Japan Chapter of TIEMS was established in 2011 when Japan members agreed on the great worth of the Society’s mission.

The Japan Chapter organized the Oct. 20-23, 2014, TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata. Niigata was chosen because the year 2014 had a special meaning in the history of disasters in Japan. That is, the memorials of four major disasters had memorial anniversaries in that year – the 50th anniversary of the 1964 Niigata Earthquake, the 40th anniversary of the 1974 Niigata Yakeyama Volcano eruption, and the 10th anniversaries of the 2004 Niigata-Fukushima flood and Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake. The event brought over 1,000 domestic and international participants together to discuss risk management and resilience against disasters. The event also provided many opportunities for participants to share their scientific knowledge learn about the lessons from past experience of practitioners in the disaster management field and view the industry exhibition emerging to a wide variety of experience in disaster response.

With so many experts and practitioners willing to make presentations at the Conference, the JDR has brought together selected 17 papers and other output from them. My colleagues and I am honored to make these TIEMS 2014 achievements known to the broadest possible audience, and we are assured that this will create many fruitful outcomes for our reading audience.

: pp. 189-195
Developing a Web-Based Platform to Share Disaster Risk Reduction Technology
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Young-Jai Lee
: pp. 196-203
Comparison Between the Life Recovery Processes After the Mid-Niigata Earthquake and the Chuetsu-Oki Earthquake – Results of a Random Sampled Social Survey Using the Life Recovery Calendar and GIS-Based Spatiotemporal Analysis
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Reo Kimura, Munenari Inoguchi, Keiko Tamura, and Haruo Hayashi
: pp. 204-209
Area Business Continuity Management, A New Approach to Sustainable Local Economy
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H. Baba, T. Watanabe, K. Miyata, and H. Matsumoto
: pp. 210-216
Attempt to Typify Disaster Educational Programs – Case Study of the Disaster Management Education Challenge Plan
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Kota Tomoyasu, Reo Kimura, and Haruo Hayashi
: pp. 217-224
Development of Web-Based Tabletop Emergency Earthquake Exercise System
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Bojia Zhou, Gang Sun, Xiaoyong Zhang, Jianhua Xu, Junyan Lai, Xiaoxia Du, Masafumi Hosokawa, Haruo Hayashi, Reo Kimura, and Yukihisa Sakurada
: pp. 225-230
Integration of GIS with Remote Sensing and GPS for Disaster Mitigation
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Sikander Nawaz Khan
: pp. 231-237
Dynamic Simulation Research of Overburden Strata Failure Characteristics and Stress Dependence of Metal Mine
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Kang Zhao, Zhongqun Guo, and Youzhi Zhang
: pp. 238-245
Current Issues Regarding the Incident Command System in the Philippines
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Miho Ohara and Hisaya Sawano
: pp. 246-251
Manage Everything or Anything? Possible Ways Towards Generic Emergency Management Capabilities
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Jonas Borell
: pp. 252-262
A Study on the Practical Ways of Implementing a Street-Wide BCP Exercise in the Banking Industry
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Yasutake Sayanagi and Kenji Watanabe
: pp. 263-269
Development of NERSS Training Program for Earthquake Emergency Response Capacity Building of Local Governments
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Junyan Lai, Lu Ding, Yuan Zhang, Weimin Wu, Haruo Hayashi, Reo Kimura, Masafumi Hosokawa, and Yukihisa Sakurada
: pp. 270-275
Blackout 2014 Exercise – Prague, the Capital of the Czech Republic
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Tomas Hudecek, Josef Juránek, and Jaroslav Pejcoch
: pp. 276-287
Comparative Analysis of Earthquake Emergency Response in China and Japan Based on Timeline: 311 Earthquake vs 512 Earthquake
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Xiaoxia Du, Jun Zhang, Jianhua Xu, Zhuan He, Junyan Lai, Yigang Li, Reo Kimura, Haruo Hayashi, Masafumi Hosokawa, and Yukihisa Sakurada
: pp. 288-298
Local People’s Responses to Flood Disasters in Flood Prone Areas of Northeast Bangladesh
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Naoki Yamashita and Terunori Ohmoto
: pp. 299-307
Current Relocation Practices Targeting Disaster Prone Communities in Developing Countries: Case Study San Francisco Libre, Nicaragua
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Judith Cuadra, Janet Dilling, Ralph Brower, and Malaika Samples
: pp. 308-318
Understanding Flood Risks for Better Planning and Resilience: Novel Stochastic Models and Methods for South-East Asia
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Julien Oliver, Ole Larsen, Mads Rasmussen, Erickson Lanuza, and Avinash Chakravarthy
: pp. 319-325
The Resilient Smart City (An Proposal)
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Yukio Fujinawa, Ryoichi Kouda, and Yoichi Noda

Abstracts of presentations at TIEMS 2014

: pp. 327-362
Abstracts of presentations at TIEMS 2014 Annual Conference
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Regular Papers

: pp. 363-372
Cross-Organizational Information Sharing and Coordination in Disaster Response: The Case of the 2008 Wenchuan China Earthquake
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Enyan Wang, Dequan Zheng, and Xiangyang Li
: pp. 373-385
Improvement of Reception and Transmission Performance on Early Warning System for Multi Country with QZSS Augmentation Signal
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Daisuke Iwaizumi, Shota Iino, Hiroki Satoh, Mitsuaki Takaishi, Naoki Iso, and Naohiko Kohtake

No.1

(Feb)

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines

: pp. 5-7
Enhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines
Hiroshi Inoue and Renato U. Solidum, Jr.

This special issue of JDR features 18 papers and reports on an international 2010 to 2015 cooperative project entitled gEnhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines.h This project is being conducted under the SATREPS program (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development), cosponsored by the JST (Japan Science and Technology Agency) and JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency).

The Philippines is one of the worldfs most earthquake and volcano disaster-prone countries because it is located along the active boundary between the Philippine Sea Plate and Eurasian Plate. Collisions by the two plates generate plate subductions and crustal stress that generates earthquakes and volcanic activities on the archipelago.

The Philippines has experienced numerous disastrous earthquakes, the most recent being the 1990 M7.8 Luzon earthquake, which killed over 1,000 local residents. A damaging earthquake also occurred during this 5-year project, in October 2013, on Bohol Island, causing about 200 deaths when houses and other buildings collapsed.

Volcanoes are another major killer in the Philippines. The largest in the last century was when the Taal volcano erupted in 1911, killing 1,300 by a base surge. The 1991 Mt. Pinatubo eruption is known as the largest volcanic event in the 20th century. The Mayon volcano is also known to be a beautiful but dangerous volcano that frequently erupts, causing lahars ? steaming moving fluid masses of volcanic debris and water ? that damaged villages at the foot of the mountain.

The PHIVOLCS (Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology), a governmental agency mandated to monitor earthquakes and volcanoes, provides earthquake and volcano information and alerts to the public. It also conducts research on the mechanisms behind such natural phenomena and on evaluating such hazards and risks. The PHIVOLCSfs other mission is educating people and society on being prepared for disasters. Earthquake and volcano bulletins and alerts, research output, and educational materials and training provided by PHIVOLCS have enriched knowledge and enhanced measures against disaster.
(more…)

: pp. 8-17
Performance of Broadband Seismic Network of the Philippines
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Arnaldo A. Melosantos, Karl Vincent C. Soriano,
Ponzch Colleen M. Alcones, Jose U. Pantig,
Jun D. Bonita, Ishmael C. Narag, Hiroyuki Kumagai,
and Hiroshi Inoue
: pp. 18-24
Regional Moment Tensor Analysis in the Philippines: CMT Solutions in 2012–2013
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Jun D. Bonita, Hiroyuki Kumagai, and Masaru Nakano
: pp. 25-34
Development and Operation of a Regional Moment Tensor Analysis System in the Philippines: Contributions to the Understanding of Recent Damaging Earthquakes
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Baby Jane T. Punongbayan, Hiroyuki Kumagai,
Nelson Pulido, Jun D. Bonita, Masaru Nakano,
Tadashi Yamashina, Yuta Maeda, Hiroshi Inoue,
Arnaldo A. Melosantos, Melquiades F. Figueroa,
Ponczh Colleen M. Alcones, Karl Vincent C. Soriano,
Ishmael C. Narag, and Renato U. Solidum, Jr.
: pp. 35-42
Development of Seismic Intensity Meter for the Philippines
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Hiroshi Inoue, Zhengying Fan, Melchor Lasala,
Robert Tiglao, Bartolome Bautista, Debbie Rivera,
and Ishmael Narag
: pp. 43-50
Establishment of Earthquake Intensity Meter Network in the Philippines
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Melchor Lasala, Hiroshi Inoue, Roberto Tiglao,
Zhengying Fan, Bartolome Bautista, and Ishmael Narag
: pp. 51-58
Building a Tsunami Simulation Database for the Tsunami Warning System in the Philippines
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Yohko Igarashi, Toshihiro Ueno, Kenji Nakata,
Vilma C. Hernandez-Grennan, Joan L. Cruz-Salcedo,
Ishmael C. Narag, Bartolome C. Bautista,
and Takeshi Koizumi
: pp. 59-66
Plate Convergence and Block Motions in Mindanao Island, Philippine as Derived from Campaign GPS Observations
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Takahiro Ohkura, Takao Tabei, Fumiaki Kimata,
Teresito C. Bacolcol, Yasuhiko Nakamura, Artemio C. Luis, Jr.,
Alfie Pelicano, Robinson Jorgio, Milo Tabigue,
Magdalino Abrahan, Eleazar Jorgio, and Endra Gunawan
: pp. 67-73
Continuous GPS Observations on Mindanao
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Mikio Tobita, Hisashi Suito, Tomokazu Kobayashi,
Satoshi Kawamoto, Masayuki Yamanaka, Akira Suzuki,
Toshiharu Enya, Masaki Honda, Tetsuro Imakiire,
Artemio Luis, Alfie Pelicano, Teresito Bacolcol,
and Takahiro Ohkura
: pp. 74-82
Fault Distribution, Segmentation and Earthquake Generation Potential of the Philippine Fault in Eastern Mindanao, Philippines
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Jeffrey S. Perez, Hiroyuki Tsutsumi, Mabelline T. Cahulogan,
Desiderio P. Cabanlit, Ma. Isabel T. Abigania, and Takashi Nakata
: pp. 83-90
Coseismic Displacement and Recurrence Interval of the 1973 Ragay Gulf Earthquake, Southern Luzon, Philippines
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Hiroyuki Tsutsumi, Jeffrey S. Perez, Jaime U. Marjes,
Kathleen L. Papiona, and Noelynna T. Ramos
: pp. 91-98
Geometry and Structure of the Philippine Fault in Ragay Gulf, Southern Luzon
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Hirotake Yasuda, Teresito Bacolcol, Arturo Daag,
Ericson Bariso, Emmanuelle Mitiam, Jaime Marjes,
and Takashi Nakata
: pp. 99-105
Electromagnetic Observations at Taal Volcano
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Paul Karson Alanis, Yoichi Sasai, and Toshiyasu Nagao
: pp. 106-112
Ground Deformation of Mayon Volcano Revealed by GPS Campaign Survey
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Akimichi Takagi, Kenji Fujiwara, Takahiro Ohkura,
Artemio C. Luis, Jr., Alejo V. Baloloy, Shinobu Ando,
Eduardo Laguerta, and Ma. Antonia V. Bornas
: pp. 113-120
A Full-Scale Shaking Table Test on Philippine Concrete Hollow Blocks (CHB) Masonry Houses
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Hiroshi Imai, Chikahiro Minowa, Angelito G. Lanuza,
Henremagne C. Penarubia, Ishmael C. Narag,
Renato U. Soridum, Jr., Kenji Okazaki, Tatsuo Narafu,
Toshikazu Hanazato, and Hiroshi Inoue
: pp. 121-128
Development of Practical Tools for Vulnerability and Safety Evaluation of Houses in the Philippines
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Hiroshi Imai, Akitoshi Nishimura, Angelito G. Lanuza,
Henremagne C. Penarubia, Ronald S. Ison,
Miriam L. Tamayo, Ishmael C. Narag,
Renato U. Soridum, Jr., Hiroshi Inoue, Junzo Sakuma,
and Kenji Okazaki
: pp. 129-134
Strategy for Dissemination of Practical Tools for Evaluation of Vulnerability and Safety of Houses in the Philippines
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Joan L. Cruz-Salcedo, Ma. Mylene L. Martinez-Villegas,
Ester B. Garrido, Angelito G. Lanuza, Hiroshi Imai,
Henremagne C. Penarubia, Hiroshi Inoue,
and Renato U. Solidum, Jr.
: pp. 135-144
Filipinos in Japan: Narratives of Experience from the March 11, 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami
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Ma. Mylene Martinez-Villegas, Renato U. Solidum, Jr.,
Hiroshi Inoue, Hiroshi Imai, Angelito G. Lanuza,
Henremagne C. Penarubia, Melcario Pagtalunan,
Ma. Lynn P. Melosantos, Joan L. Cruz-Salcedo,
Ishmael C. Narag, Melchor Lasala, Ma. Antonia V. Bornas,
Perla J. Delos Reyes, and Bartolome Bautista
: pp. 145-149
Developing Manga-Style Tsunami Information Materials Based on the March 11, 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
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Ma. Mylene Martinez-Villegas, Lucille Rose Del Monte,
Renato U. Solidum, Jr., John Paul Fallarme,
Monique Realis, Melcario Pagtalunan, and Eumelia Belo

Regular Papers

: pp. 151-162
Analysis of the Banks’ Initial Reactions with the 9/11 and 3/11
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Yasutake Sayanagi and Kenji Watanabe
: pp. 163-170
Organizational Promoting Factors for SME BCP (2)
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Shinichi Okabe and Akio Nagahira

Vol.9 (2014)

No.6

(Dec)

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru (II)

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru (II)

: p. 915
Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru (II)
Fumio Yamazaki, Carlos Zavala, and Miguel Estrada

With the greatest pleasure, we present the second special issue of the Journal of Disaster Research (JDR), entitled Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru. This follows the first special issue on the same theme. These special issues contain 36 articles, 15 in the first and 21 in the second. They summarize research output from the SATREPS Peru project. SATREPS is an international research program sponsored by the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). As a SATREPS project on natural disaster mitigation, our 5-year Peru project began in March 2010 with the purpose of enhancing and implementing earthquake and tsunami disaster-mitigation technology in Peru.

The joint research project provides good opportunities for Peruvian and Japanese researchers and engineers to work together exchanging opinions on their common goal of reducing loss from earthquakes and tsunamis. Within the project period, CISMID was designated as a government agency in charge of disaster-mitigation activities. Project outcomes have been introduced in national design codes and in guidelines on earthquake and tsunami risk evaluation in Peru. Our project has drawn great attention among members of Peruvian society. It has attracted hundreds of participants and scores of mass media through public seminars and symposia. We expect the project to be sustained through public awareness and dissemination activities by Peruvian organizations.

We hope this special issue will provide useful information to seismic-prone Asia-Pacific countries, especially Latin America. In closing, we sincerely thank the contributors and reviewers who have done so much to make the articles in this special issue both interesting and valuable.

: pp. 916-924
Summary Report of the SATREPS Project on Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru
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Fumio Yamazaki, Carlos Zavala, Shoichi Nakai,
Shunichi Koshimura, Taiki Saito, Saburoh Midorikawa,
Zenon Aguilar, Miguel Estrada, and Alberto Bisbal
: pp. 925-930
Estimation of a Source Model and Strong Motion Simulation for Tacna City, South Peru
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Nelson Pulido, Shoichi Nakai, Hiroaki Yamanaka,
Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, and Toru Sekiguchi
: pp. 931-938
Estimation of S-Wave Velocity Profiles at Lima City, Peru Using Microtremor Arrays
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Selene Quispe, Kosuke Chimoto, Hiroaki Yamanaka,
Hernando Tavera, Fernando Lazares, and Zenon Aguilar
: pp. 939-945
Development of a Seismic Microzoning Map for Lima City and Callao, Peru
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Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, Fernando Lazares,
Silvia Alarcon, and Selene Quispe
: pp. 946-953
Analysis of Topographic Effects in Dynamic Response of a Typical Rocky Populated Slope in Lima, Peru
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Carlos Gonzales, Shoichi Nakai, Toru Sekiguchi,
Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, and Fernando Lazares
: pp. 954-960
Tsunami Waveform Inversion of the 2007 Peru (Mw8.1) Earthquake
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Cesar Jimenez, Nabilt Moggiano, Erick Mas,
Bruno Adriano, Yushiro Fujii, and Shunichi Koshimura
: pp. 961-967
Simulation of Tsunami Inundation in Central Peru from Future Megathrust Earthquake Scenarios
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Erick Mas, Bruno Adriano, Nelson Pulido,
Cesar Jimenez, and Shunichi Koshimura
: pp. 968-975
Scenarios of Earthquake and Tsunami Damage Probability in Callao Region, Peru Using Tsunami Fragility Functions
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Bruno Adriano, Erick Mas, Shunichi Koshimura,
Miguel Estrada, and Cesar Jimenez
: pp. 976-983
Evaluation of Tsunami Wave Loads Acting on Walls of Confined-Masonry-Brick and Concrete-Block Houses
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Gaku Shoji, Hirofumi Shimizu, Shunichi Koshimura,
Miguel Estrada, and Cesar Jimenez
: pp. 984-992
Strength and Deformation of Confined Brick Masonry Walls Subjected to Lateral Forces – Review of Existing Test Data in Japan and Peru –
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Shunsuke Sugano, Taiki Saito, Carlos Zavala,
and Lourdes Cardenas
: pp. 993-1000
Implementation of Database of Masonry Walls Test – Review of Existing Test Data in Peru
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Lourdes Cardenas, Roy Reyna, Lucio Estacio,
and Carlos Zavala
: pp. 1001-1007
Implementation of Building Monitoring Network in Peru Under SATREPS Project
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Miguel Diaz, Patricia Gibu, Lucio Estacio,
and Ricardo Proano
: pp. 1008-1014
Basic Study on Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls Without Boundary Columns Retrofitted by Carbon Fiber Sheets
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Tomoya Matsui, Taiki Saito, and Roy Reyna
: pp. 1015-1020
Current State of Masonry Properties Material on Emerging Zones in Lima City
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Luis Lavado, Jenny Taira, and Jorge Gallardo
: pp. 1021-1025
Comparison of Behaviors of Non-Engineered Masonry Tubular Block Walls and Solid Engineered Walls
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Carlos Zavala, Luis Lavado, Jenny Taira,
Lourdes Cardenas, and Miguel Diaz
: pp. 1026-1031
Assessment of Seismic Performance of High-Rise Thin RC Wall Buildings in Lima, Peru Using Fragility Functions
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Luis G. Quiroz and Yoshihisa Maruyama
: pp. 1032-1041
Development of Building Inventory Data and Earthquake Damage Estimation in Lima, Peru for Future Earthquakes
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Masashi Matsuoka, Shun Mito, Saburoh Midorikawa,
Hiroyuki Miura, Luis G. Quiroz, Yoshihisa Maruyama,
and Miguel Estrada
: pp. 1042-1049
Development of Building Height Data in Peru from High-Resolution SAR Imagery
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Wen Liu, Fumio Yamazaki, Bruno Adriano,
Erick Mas, and Shunichi Koshimura
: pp. 1050-1058
Evaluation of Seismic Vulnerability of Buildings Based on Damage Survey Data from the 2007 Pisco, Peru Earthquake
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Shizuko Matsuzaki, Nelson Pulido, Yoshihisa Maruyama,
Miguel Estrada, Carlos Zavala, and Fumio Yamazaki
: pp. 1059-1068
Post-Disaster Urban Recovery Monitoring in Pisco After the 2007 Peru Earthquake Using Satellite Image
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Tomoyo Hoshi, Osamu Murao, Kunihiko Yoshino,
Fumio Yamazaki, and Miguel Estrada
: pp. 1069-1077
A Simulation Model for Forecasting Urban Vulnerability to Earthquake Disasters in Lima, Peru: “LIMA-UVEQ”
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