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JDR

Journal of Disaster Research

ISSN : 1881-2473(Print) / 1883-8030(Online)
DOI : 10.20965/jdr.issn.1883-8030
Editors-in-Chief : Suminao Murakami (Laboratory of Urban Safety Planning)
Haruo Hayashi (National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention)

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2016-09-06T07:13:34+0000

Vol.11 (2016)

No.sp

(Sep)

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part V NEW

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part V

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0769
pp. 769
the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part V
Katsuki Takiguchi

Journal of Disaster Research (JDR) published its first issue in August, 2006. Since then, we have published six issues a year on a bimonthly basis. JDR is an academic journal aimed at bringing a broad, comprehensive discussion to the subject of disasters, and thus contributing to the field of disaster prevention and reduction.
Its comprehensive coverage harbors the risk of becoming unfocussed or fostering unsubstantiated conclusions. At JDR, we have dealt with this risk by making most issues special feature issues, and inviting specialists in the relevant fields as guest editors.
The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on March, 2011, five years after our first issue was published. It was a Mw9.0 earthquake that occurred off the Pacific coast of the Tohoku region. The earthquake triggered a tsunami which produced huge casualties, amounting to over 18,000 dead or missing persons. The disaster was accompanied by a nuclear plant accident, an unprecedented event in mankind’s history. The catastrophic accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, operated by Tokyo Electric Company, resulted in core meltdown and the release of radioactive material.
At JDR, we considered it our responsibility to publish, apart from our regular issues, special issues on the Great East Japan Earthquake consisting of five yearly issues beginning with the first issue in 2012. This issue, Part 5, is the final issue. We would like to thank all of the authors who submitted articles for the five special issues, the reviewers, and many others who contributed. The special issues project on the Great East Japan Earthquake will be passed down to a special issue on the 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes occurred on April, 2016 in Kumamoto, Japan.

Co-Editors:
Suminao Murakami (Editor-in-Chief; Representative, Laboratory of Urban Safety Planning, Japan)
Haruo Hayashi (Editor-in-Chief; President, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Japan)
Hideaki Karaki (President, Foundation of Food Safety and Security, Japan)

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0770
pp. 770-779
A Philosophical Inquiry into the Confusion over the Radiation Exposure Problem
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Masaki Ichinose
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0780
pp. 780-788
Building Reconstruction After Large-Scale Disasters A Case Study of Ishinomaki City After the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Michio Ubaura, Junpei Nieda, and Masashi Miyakawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0789
pp. 789-797
Risk Perceptions of Resuming Nuclear Power Plant Operations After Fukushima: A Student Survey
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Kami Seo, Tadahiro Motoyoshi, and Yasunobu Maeda
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0798
pp. 798-810
Performance of Countermeasures Against Massive Slope Failures in Sendai City During the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake
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Nozomu Yoshida and Kazue Wakamatsu

No.4

(Aug)

Special Issue on Uncertainties in Tsunami Effects

Special Issue on Uncertainties in Tsunami Effects

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0613
pp. 613-614
Uncertainties in Tsunami Effects
Harry Yeh and Shinji Sato

The 2011 Heisei tsunami far exceeded the level previously anticipated, resulting in devastating impacts in Japan. This event made it clear that preparation for tsunami hazards, based on past historical data alone, is inadequate. It is because tsunami hazards are characterized by a lack of historical data – due to the fact tsunamis are rare, high impact phenomena. Hence, it is important to populate a dataset with more data by including events that might have occurred outside the recorded historical timeframe, such as those inferred from geologic evidence. The dataset can also be expanded with “imaginary” experiments performed numerically using proper models. Unlike historical data that directly represent actual tsunami events as fact, geologic evidence (for example, sediment deposits) remains a conjecture for tsunami occurrences, and tsunami runup conditions evaluated using geologic data are uncertain. Theoretical approaches require making hypotheses, assumptions, and approximations. Numerical simulations require not only the accurate initial and boundary conditions but also adequate modeling techniques and computational capacity. Therefore, it is crucial to quantify the uncertainties involved in geologic, theoretical, and modeling approaches. Approximately 30 years ago, research on paleo-tsunamis based on geologic evidence was initiated and has been significantly advanced in the intervening years. During the same period, substantial advances in computational modeling used to predict tsunami propagation and runup processes were made. Understanding tsunami behavior, characteristics, and physics have resulted primarily from the well-organized international effort of field surveys initiated by the 1992 Nicaragua Tsunami event. Such rapidly advancing knowledge and technologies were unfortunately not sufficiently implemented in practice in a timely manner. Had this been the case, the disaster of the 2011 event would have been reduced, possibly avoiding the infamous nuclear meltdown at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. Having learned lessons from the 2011 Heisei Tsunami, Japan is now attempting to develop a robust tsunami-mitigation strategy that consists of two-tier criteria: Level 1 Tsunami for structure-based tsunami protection and Level 2 Tsunami for evacuation-based disaster reduction. Tsunami intensities of Levels 1 and 2 are determined by experts’ analysis and judgments. In the United States, a probabilistic tsunami hazard analysis is now widely adopted: for example, the latest ASCE-7 inundation maps are based on the hazard level of a 2,500-year return period. But again, due to the lack of data, the probabilistic analysis must rely mainly on imaginary experiments and experts’ judgments. The topic of this special issue focuses on the theme of uncertainty involved in tsunami hazard prediction. We review and examine uncertainties associated with tsunami simulations, near-shore effects, flow velocities, tsunami effects on buildings, coastal infrastructure, and sediment transport and deposits. Substantial uncertainty regarding tsunami hazards is likely the result of tsunami generation processes. This component, however, is not discussed here because it is closely related to the topic of probabilistic ‘seismic’ hazard analysis. This special issue is a compilation of seven papers addressing the current status of predictabilities, and will hopefully stimulate continual research that will lead to further improvements. Presenting numerically simulated examples, the paper by Lynett shows that the accurate prediction of tsunami-induced currents are much more difficult to achieve than the prediction of inundation depths. A small difference in an input parameter in the numerical model results in a very large difference in currents, especially the currents associated with the eddy formations. Keon, Yeh, Pancake and Steinberg demonstrate that significant temporal and spatial variations in tsunami effects are exhibited in the GIS-based IT tool called the Data Explorer. The Data Explorer provides the means to explore and extract pre-computed numerical time-series data at any grid point specified by the user. The concept is simple, but it has the unique ability to retrieve the data extremely quickly from massive datasets. This capability allows us to directly analyze the time-series data and to perform comprehensive sensitivity analysis. In order to generate realistic tsunami waveforms in the laboratory, Hiraishi describes a novel laboratory apparatus equipped with a hybrid wavemaker system capable of producing a combination of currents, a large heave of water, and waves. With the use of this apparatus, the tsunami waveform observed off Japan’s Kamaishi coast is modeled in the laboratory tank. To attempt to numerically simulate the local effects, Arikawa and Tominta present their hybrid numerical model, combining a depth-averaged 2D model and a fully 3D hydrodynamic model with the use of a multi-grid numerical scheme. This approach is crucial because tsunamis are multi-scale phenomena. A typical tsunami wavelength in deep water is on the order of several tens to hundreds of kilometers. When a tsunami approaches the shore, it may break, so refinement of the grid size is necessary, and three-dimensional flows become important when evaluating the local effects. Jaffe, Goto, Sugawara, Gelfenbaum, and LaSelle provide a comprehensive review of the models used to estimate tsunami sediment/boulder transport and deposits, thereby inferring the tsunami runup conditions (inundation depths and flow speeds) based on the tsunami deposits. They suggest that techniques for uncertainty quantification are crucial to advance the science of tsunami sediment transport modeling. Yeh and Sato analyze the failure mechanisms of buildings and coastal protective structures observed following the 2011 tsunami. Revealing the mechanisms, some engineering considerations to achieve resiliency are proposed to cope with the so-called “beyond-the-design-basis” tsunami hazards, in which its uncertainty is uncertain. Manawasekara, Mizutani, and Aoki investigate the effects of buildings’ openings and orientations on tsunami loading by performing laboratory experiments. This paper is complementary with the one by Yeh and Sato in demonstrating that the detailed changes in structure design could make a significant difference in tsunami loading on the buildings. We express our sincere appreciation to the authors for their contributions, and to the reviewers for their time-consuming efforts. We hope you find the papers in this special issue interesting and useful.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0615
pp. 615-623
Precise Prediction of Coastal and Overland Flow Dynamics: A Grand Challenge or a Fool’s Errand
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Patrick J. Lynett
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0624
pp. 624-633
Performance-Based Tsunami Engineering via a Web-Based GIS Data Explorer
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Dylan Keon, Cherri M. Pancake, Ben Steinberg, and Harry Yeh
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0634
pp. 634-638
Development of a New Tsunami Generator for Multiple Sources
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Tetsuya Hiraishi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0639
pp. 639-646
Development of High Precision Tsunami Runup Calculation Method Based on a Hierarchical Simulation
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Taro Arikawa and Takashi Tomita
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0647
pp. 647-661
Uncertainty in Tsunami Sediment Transport Modeling
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Bruce Jaffe, Kazuhisa Goto, Daisuke Sugawara, Guy Gelfenbaum, and SeanPaul La Selle
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0662
pp. 662-669
Tsunami Effects on Buildings and Coastal Structures
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Harry Yeh and Shinji Sato
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0670
pp. 670-679
Influence of Openings and Orientation on Tsunami Generated Forces on Buildings
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Chathura Manawasekara, Norimi Mizutani, and Satoru Aoki

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0681
pp. 681-690
Dynamic Response Differences Between Bedding and Counter-Tilt Rock Slopes with Intercalated Weak Layers
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Song Zhi and Liu Yang
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0691
pp. 691-698
Modifying Business Continuity Plan (BCP) Towards an Effective Auto-Mobile Business Continuity Management (BCM): A Quantitative Approach
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Abednico Lopang Montshiwa, Akio Nagahira, and Shuichi Ishida
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0699
pp. 699-706
Flood Vulnerability Assessment in Northwestern Areas of Tehran
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Manijeh Ghahroudi Tali, Jamileh Tavakolinia, and Anita Majidi Heravi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0707
pp. 707-719
Science Communication of Hazards with Scientific Uncertainty: In the Cases of Volcanic Activity
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Miwa Kuri
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0720
pp. 720-731
Spatial-Temporal Assessment of Debris Flow Risk in the Ms8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake-Disturbed Area
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Xin Yao and Lingjing Li
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0732
pp. 732-741
A Case Study on the Health Risks Related to Flood Disasters in South Africa
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Roman Tandlich, Mbonisi Ncube, S. M. M. Khamanga, and Bongumusa M. Zuma
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0742
pp. 742-753
A Systematic Review of the Factors Affecting the Cyclone Evacuation Decision Process in Bangladesh
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Md. Nasif Ahsan, Kuniyoshi Takeuchi, Karina Vink, and Miho Ohara

No.3

(Jun)

Special Issue on the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) – Public Forum

Special Issue on the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) – Public Forum

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0385
pp. 385-386
the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) – Public Forum
Yasuhito Jibiki, Yuichi Ono, Fumihiko Imamura

  Participants in the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) in Sendai, Japan, March 14–18, 2015, discussed the successor framework of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) adopted at the 2005 Second World Conference on Disaster Reduction. These two frameworks were based on the Yokohama Strategy for a Safer World adopted at the First World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction.
  According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, 187 United Nations member states attended the WCDRR, together with over 6,500 participants and over 100 minister-level officials, including the heads of state of seven countries, prime ministers of five countries (including Japan), vice-presidential officials from six countries, and deputy prime ministers from seven countries. Related events included 150,000 attendees from Japan and abroad.
  The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 (SFDRR) and the Sendai Declaration were adopted by consensus as the outcome documents.   One feature of the WCDRR was the large number of citizens taking part. These included governments, international organizations, NGOs, private-sectors groups and universities. They took part in 398 symposiums and seminars, plus over 200 exhibitions and other events.
  WCDRR discussions continued even after the conference, activating the Miyagi Roundtable for Disaster Risk Reduction, whose collaborators were from industry, government, academia, regular citizens, and the media. The Sendai Future Forum on Disaster Risk Reduction was held in March 2016, one year later. Information sharing and discussions on disaster risk reduction and reconstruction are now in progress.   The most remarkable aspect of the SFDRR as a WCDRR outcome document is the identification of seven global targets on disaster risk reduction. These targets were not included in either the Yokohama Strategy or the HFA. Two reasons why the target setting is significant are as follows:

1. Targets were determined considering the arguments on sustainable development goals. Although disasters have been major obstacles hampering economic growth, millennium development goals did not mention disaster risk reduction goals. Disaster risk reduction projects were thus not prioritized in many developing countries, where disaster risk is high. Disasters have continuously caused huge human and economic loss and required huge amounts of humanitarian assistance – an ongoing negative spiral.

2. Setting global targets are clearly different from the HFA. Voices from Japanese academia have suggested, for the first time, setting numerical targets in the HFA’s preparatory process. It was too early, however, to put it on the negotiation table because it lacked majority support. Western countries did not positively support the idea because it lacked a clear procedure for achieving such targets. It was reasonably pointed out that these targets could not be monitored without a yardstick, but member states reached the consensus to set seven targets at the SFDRR, although specific numbers were not clearly described. SFDRR targets were described as “substantial.” This “substantiality” has been negotiated continuously following the WCDRR.

  The member states meaningfully agreed to encourage investment in global disaster risk reduction and to demonstrate performance numerically, which is why target setting is considered the SFDRR’s core component.   Note that articles in this special issue are categorized and briefly introduced corresponding to SFDRR priorities for action (Table 1).
  Many of these articles deal with “educational” aspects. Priority 1 includes educational issues, and SFDRR target C mentions education. Educational matters are thus clearly one of the most important topics in the disaster risk reduction context. The SFDRR explicitly describes the ‘build back better’ concept, and two articles examine the concept (Iwasawa and Onoda, and Iuchi and Maly).
  This special issue also contains studies on the business continuity plan (BCP) relating to investment in disaster risk reduction (Maruya, Haraguchi et al.). An article contributed by Ito et al. states the need to develop disaster databases in order to evaluate achievements of targets.
  This issue contains articles on all of the SFDRR’s priorities for action, and issue contents are well-balanced in reviewing the SFDRR and better understanding WCDRR’s significance.
  The editors thank the reviewers for their hard work and incisive suggestions.

figure

Table 1. SFDRR Priorities for Action and articles.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0387
pp. 387-393
Bridging Multi-Stakeholders for Disaster Risk Reduction Through Education for Sustainable Development into the Post-2015 Framework
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Takashi Oda
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0394
pp. 394-401
Review of Recent Water-Related Disasters and Scientific Activities in Southeast Asia: Lessons Learned and Future Challenges for Disaster Risk Reduction
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Shuichi Kure, Taichi Tebakari, and Mamoru Miyamoto
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0402
pp. 402-412
Promoting Education for Disaster Resilience and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
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Aiko Sakurai and Takeshi Sato
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0413
pp. 413-420
Collaborative, Science-Based, Public Disaster Communication – The NHK Media Technology 3D Documentary Movie on Japan’s 2011 Tsunami Event
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Natsuko Chubachi, Michihiro Chikata, Kiyoshi Ito, and Fumihiko Imamura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0421
pp. 421-424
Preliminary Analysis on Science for Global Safety with Reference to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
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Yasuhito Jibiki
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0425
pp. 425-436
Report of “Geopark on Stricken Areas: Disasters and Gifts of Geo”
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Miwa Kuri, Ikuko Miyahara, Shosuke Sato, Mahito Watanabe, and Kazuyuki Nakagawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0437
pp. 437-442
Archiving and Memorializing Disasters Report of a UN International Workshop
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Sébastien Penmellen Boret and Akihiro Shibayama
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0443
pp. 443-453
Developments of Tools to Survive the Disasters – Civil Empowerment of “Zest for Living in Disaster” –
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Shosuke Sato, Fumihiko Imamura, Mari Yasuda, Motoaki Sugiura, and Rui Nouchi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0454
pp. 454-458
Science and Practical Disaster Risk Reduction: Role of Universities and Academia in Disaster Risk Reduction – From the Discussions at the UNWCDRR Public Forum by APRU and IRIDeS –
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Takako Izumi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0459
pp. 459-469
Quantitative Text Analysis of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030
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Osamu Murao and Hiroko Sakaba
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0470
pp. 470-475
Strengthening Governance on Disaster Risk Reduction Through Improved Disaster Damage Statistics
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Takuya Ito, Masaaki Miyamoto, and Yuichi Ono
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0476
pp. 476-485
Practical Efforts for Post-Disaster Reconstruction in the City of Ishinomaki, Miyagi
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Teppei Kobayashi, Yasuaki Onoda, Katsuya Hirano, and Michio Ubaura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0486
pp. 486-495
Planning Processes for Reconstruction with Citizen Participation After Large-Scale Disasters: A Case Study of Reconstruction Study Meetings in Miyako City After the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Michio Ubaura and Sei Akiyama
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0496
pp. 496-503
Public Forum Progress and Future of Business Continuity Management in Japan – Based on the Lessons Learnt After the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Hiroaki Maruya
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0504
pp. 504-511
The Importance of Local Oriented Dissemination of Reconstruction: The Design of Tohoku Reconstruction & DRR Pavilion
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Takumi Iwasawa and Yasuaki Onoda
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0512
pp. 512-516
Roles of People, Community and Planning in Recovery After Mega-Disasters: A Symposium Synopsis
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Kanako Iuchi and Elizabeth Maly
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0517
pp. 517-534
Perception, Participation, and Effect of Nuclear Emergency Response Drills
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Michimasa Matsumoto
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0535
pp. 535-543
Building Private Sector Resilience: Directions After the 2015 Sendai Framework
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Masahiko Haraguchi, Upmanu Lall, and Kenji Watanabe

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0545
pp. 545-551
Identification of Minimum Standards in Emergency Goods for Earthquake Relief in Indonesia
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Rienna Oktarina, Senator Nur Bahagia, Lucia Diawati, and Krishna S. Pribadi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0552
pp. 552-558
Exploring Community Attitudes Towards Sharing of Bushfire Information Online
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Paul Haimes, Stuart Medley, Danielle Brady, and Tetsuaki Baba
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0559
pp. 559-565
Structural Repair Prioritization of Buildings Damaged After Earthquake Using Fuzzy Logic Model
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Koraphon Saicheur and Chayanon Hansapinyo
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0566
pp. 566-576
Study on Risk Reduction of Electric Power Supply Restriction by Reinforcement of Interconnection Lines Between Areas for the Nankai Trough Earthquake
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Tetsuya Torayashiki and Hiroaki Maruya
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0577
pp. 577-592
Multi-Temporal Correlation Method for Damage Assessment of Buildings from High-Resolution SAR Images of the 2013 Typhoon Haiyan
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Pisut Nakmuenwai, Fumio Yamazaki, and Wen Liu
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0593
pp. 593-598
Development and Performance of a Battery-Free Disaster Prevention Radio “HOOPRA” Using the Energy Harvested from Radio Waves
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Eiichi Shoji

No.2

(Mar)

Special Issue on Disaster and Big Data
Special Issue on Comprehensive Disaster Prevention Measures for Underground Spaces

Special Issue on Disaster and Big Data

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0163
pp. 163
Disaster and Big Data
Shunichi Koshimura

In the years that have passed since the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake, many new findings, insights and suggestions have been made in disaster observation, sensing, simulation, and damage determination on the damage scene. Based on the lessons, challenges for disaster mitigation against future catastrophic natural disasters such as the anticipated Tokyo metropolitan and Nankai Trough earthquakes are made on how we will share visions of potential impact and how we will maximize society’s disaster resilience. Much of the “disaster big data” obtained is related to the dynamic flow of large populations, vehicles and goods inside and outside affected areas. This has dramatically facilitated our understanding of how society has responded to unprecedented catastrophes. The key question is how we will use big data in establishing social systems that respond promptly, sensibly and effectively to natural disasters how this understanding will affect adversity and resilience. Researchers from a wide variety of fields are now working together under the collaborative JST CREST project entitled “Establishing the most advanced disaster reduction management system by fusion of real-time disaster simulation and big data assimilation.” One objective of this project is to identify potential disaster scenarios related to earthquake and tsunami progress in a chained or compound manner and to create new techniques for responsive disaster mitigation measures enabling society to recover. This special issue on disaster and big data consists of 11 papers detailing the recent progress of this project. As an editor of this issue, I would like to express our deep gratitude for the insightful comments and suggestions made by the reviewers and the members of the editorial committee.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0164
pp. 164-174
Establishing the Advanced Disaster Reduction Management System by Fusion of Real-Time Disaster Simulation and Big Data Assimilation
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Shunichi Koshimura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0175
pp. 175-187
Earthquake Disaster Simulation System: Integration of Models for Building Collapse, Road Blockage, and Fire Spread
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Noriaki Hirokawa and Toshihiro Osaragi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0188
pp. 188-197
Modeling Human Behavior of Local Residents in the Aftermath of a Large Earthquake – Wide-Area Evacuation, Rescue and Firefighting in Densely Built-Up Wooden Residential Areas
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Takuya Oki and Toshihiro Osaragi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0198
pp. 198-206
Grasp of Disaster Situation and Support Need Inside Affected Area with Social Sensing – An Analysis of Twitter Data Before and After the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster Occurring –
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Shosuke Sato, Kazumasa Hanaoka, Makoto Okumura, and Shunichi Koshimura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0207
pp. 207-216
User Participatory Sensing for Disaster Detection and Mitigation
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Kaoru Sezaki, Shin'ichi Konomi, and Masaki Ito
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0217
pp. 217-224
Human Mobility Estimation Following Massive Disaster Using Filtering Approach
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Akihito Sudo, Takehiro Kashiyama, Takahiro Yabe, Hiroshi Kanasugi, and Yoshihide Sekimoto
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0225
pp. 225-235
Object-Based Method for Estimating Tsunami-Induced Damage Using TerraSAR-X Data
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Hideomi Gokon, Shunichi Koshimura, and Masashi Matsuoka
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0236
pp. 236-245
Monitoring of the Recovery Process of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant from VHR SAR Images
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Wen Liu, Fumio Yamazaki, and Tadashi Sasagawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0246
pp. 246-254
Real-Time Simulation of Dynamic Traffic Flow with Traffic Data Assimilation Approach
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Yosuke Kawasaki, Yusuke Hara, Takuma Mitani, and Masao Kuwahara
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0255
pp. 255-264
Simulation Data Warehouse for Integration and Analysis of Disaster Information
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Jing Zhao, Kento Sugiura, Yuanyuan Wang, and Yoshiharu Ishikawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0265
pp. 265-271
Seismic Hazard Visualization from Big Simulation Data: Construction of a Parallel Distributed Processing System for Ground Motion Simulation Data
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Takahiro Maeda and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

Special Issue on Comprehensive Disaster Prevention Measures for Underground Spaces

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0273
pp. 273
Comprehensive Disaster Prevention Measures for Underground Spaces (Underground Malls, etc.)
Ichiro Matsuo

Underground spaces have been variously used. Excluding underground floors of individual buildings, underground space in Japan is mainly used for streets, railways, and parking. Stores are often grouped along underground passages to underground railways and parking near main urban terminals. An accidental underground gas explosion at Shizuoka Station in 1980 led to disaster prevention measures in such spaces, forcing stricter safety standards. Following this was the 1999 Hakata underground mall inundation by the Mikawa River, which has further broadened the attention to the underground space and its inundation risk. Inundation damages in underground malls and spaces had occurred repeatedly since then, however, we believe that the 2012 inundation damage to underground spaces in New York city caused by Hurricane Sandy triggered further reviews of disaster prevention measures against underground spaces in Japan. Recently, small inundation damages often occurred in underground malls in Japan. With our praying these would not be prior events for possible large disasters, we publish this special issue considering that publishing disaster prevention measures and researches for underground spaces is increasingly important worldwide. This special issue features inundation damage caused by Hurricane Sandy, Japan’s law systems on antiflood measures in underground spaces, antiflood measures of the subway in Tokyo Metropolitan Area, current situations of antiflood measures in underground spaces. We would like to express our sincere thanks to those who contributed reports and research papers to this issue.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0274
pp. 274-284
Storm Surge Impact to Subterranean Areas by Hurricane Sandy, and Lessons for Japan’s Storm Surge Countermeasures
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Joel Challender
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0285
pp. 285-288
Revision of Flood Control Act and Measures for Underground Shopping Complexes
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Yasuaki Asahori
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0289
pp. 289-297
Natural Disaster Measures on Tokyo Metro
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Toshiaki Kogure
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0298
pp. 298-305
Vulnerability to Underground Inundation and Evacuation in Densely Urbanized Area
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Taisuke Ishigaki, Ryuji Kawanaka, Taira Ozaki, and Keiichi Toda
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0306
pp. 306-314
Panic and Crowd Disaster in Underground Space
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Naoya Sekiya
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0315
pp. 315-321
Study About the Effect of the Signposting for Evacuation in the Underground Space
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U Hiroi and Jyunya Aoyama
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0322
pp. 322-333
Disaster Reduction Measures Against Inundation in Underground Area and Development of Disaster Prevention Action Plan Using TimeLine
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Ichiro Matsuo, Takanori Kuribayashi, and Kunishige Kamura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0334
pp. 334-339
Environmental Sensor Network of NTT DOCOMO
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Hisakazu Tsuboya, Ken Kumagai, Yasuko Furuta, and Akiko Miyajima

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0341
pp. 341-353
Proposal for Development Cooperation to Enhance the Capacity on Disaster Emergency Response in Developing Countries : A Case Study of Curriculum Development in the People’s Republic of China
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Toshiyuki Shimano, Reo Kimura, Haruo Hayashi, Noriaki Nagatomo, and Yukihisa Sakurada
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0354
pp. 354-361
Experimental Study Characterizing Retrofitting Method for Shear Walls at Nuclear Plant
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Shin-ichi Takezaki, Hideo Ono, Yoko Yasutomi, and Seiya Katayama
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0362
pp. 362-368
Shear Characteristics of Seismic Retrofitting Cylindrical Walls in Nuclear Power Plants
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Hideyoshi Watanabe, Hideo Ono, Yoko Yasutomi, and Takeshi Okamura

No.1

(Feb)

Special Issue on Integrated Study on Mitigation of Multimodal Disasters Caused by Ejection of Volcanic Products

Special Issue on Integrated Study on Mitigation of Multimodal Disasters Caused by Ejection of Volcanic Products

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0003
pp. 3
Integrated Study on Mitigation of Multimodal Disasters Caused by Ejection of Volcanic Products
Masato Iguchi

Volcanic eruptions induce often widely dispersed, multimodal flows such as volcanic ash, pyroclastics, layers, and lava. Lahars triggered by heavy rain may extend far beyond ash deposits. Indonesia, which has 127 volcanoes along its archipelago, is at high risk for such disasters. The 2010 Merapi volcano eruption, for example, generated pyroclastic flows up to 17 km from the summit along the Gendol River, killing over 300 residents. The February 13, 2014, eruption of the Kelud volcano produced a gigantic ash plume over 17 km high, dispersing tehpra widely over Java Island. Ash falls and dispersion closed 7 airports and caused many flights to be cancelled.
Volcanoes in Japan have recently become active, with the 2014 phreatic eruption at the Ontake volcano leaving 63 hikers dead or missing. The eruption of the Kuchinoerabujima volcano on May 29, 2015, forced all island residents to be evacuated.
All of these events undeerscore how underedeveloped Japan’s early warning alert levels remain. The Sakurajima volcano, currently Japan’s most active, maintained high activity in the first half of 2015. Ash from Janaury 2015, for example, was moved down the volcano’s slopes by extremely heavy rain in June and July, accumulating as thick sediment near villages.
Regarding such situations of volcano countries, we will develop an integrated system to mitigate many kinds of disasters which are generated by volcanic eruptions and extended by rain fall and wind, based on scientific knowledge. We are developing an integrated warning system to be used by local and national governments to mitigate volcanic and sediment disasters. We are also creating measure against volcanic ash for airlines.
This special issue summarizes basic scientific knowledge and technology on the present warning system to be used in the integrated system for decision-making.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0004
pp. 4-14
Method for Real-Time Evaluation of Discharge Rate of Volcanic Ash – Case Study on Intermittent Eruptions at the Sakurajima Volcano, Japan –
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Masato Iguchi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0015
pp. 15-30
Preliminary Results of Weather Radar Observations of Sakurajima Volcanic Smoke
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Masayuki Maki, Masato Iguchi, Takeshi Maesaka, Takahiro Miwa, Toshikazu Tanada, Tomofumi Kozono, Tatsuya Momotani, Akihiko Yamaji, and Ikuya Kakimoto
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0031
pp. 31-42
Numerical Simulations of Volcanic Ash Plume Dispersal from Kelud Volcano in Indonesia on February 13, 2014
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Hiroshi L. Tanaka, Masato Iguchi, and Setsuya Nakada
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0043
pp. 43-52
Mechanism of Volcanic Tephra Falling Detected by X-Band Multi-Parameter Radar
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Satoru Oishi, Masahiro Iida, Masahide Muranishi, Mariko Ogawa, Ratih Indri Hapsari and Masato Iguchi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0053
pp. 53-59
Credibility of Volcanic Ash Thicknesses Reported by the Media and Local Residents Following the 2014 Eruption of Kelud Volcano, Indonesia
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Setsuya Nakada, Akhmad Zaennudin, Fukashi Maeno, Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto, and Natsumi Hokanishi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0060
pp. 60-71
Modeling of Information Flow for Early Warning in Mount Merapi Area, Indonesia
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Leslie Jamie Cobar, Djoko Legono, and Kuniaki Miyamoto
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0072
pp. 72-84
Investigation and Separation of Turbulent Fluctuations in Airborne Measurements of Volcanic Ash with Optical Particle Counters
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Jonas Elíasson, Konradin Weber, Andreas Vogel Thorgeir Pálsson, Junichi Yoshitani and Daisuke Miki
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0085
pp. 85-95
Measurements of Particle Distribution and Ash Fluxes in the Plume of Sakurajima Volcano with Optical Particle Counter
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Jonas Elíasson, Junichi Yoshitani, Daisuke Miki, Konradin Weber, Christoph Bölke, and Emad Scharifi

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0097
pp. 97-105
Shaking Table Test of Quarter Scale 20 Story RC Moment Frame Building Subjected to Long Period Ground Motions
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Kuniyoshi Sugimoto, Kenji Yonezawa, Hideo Katsumata, and Hiroshi Fukuyama
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0106
pp. 106-117
Proposal for an Efficient Damping System for High-Rise Buildings in Major Earthquakes
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Katsuhide Murakami, Masato Ishii, Kentaroh Miyazaki, and Yasuhiro Tsuneki
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0118
pp. 118-124
Recent Design Approaches for Passively Controlled Structures
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Toru Takeuchi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0125
pp. 125-135
Deformation Capacity of Steel Shear Panel Damper and its Reflection to AIJ Design Requirements
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Hiroyuki Tamai and Kazuhiko Kasai
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0136
pp. 136-146
Empirical Data Analysis and Simulation Modeling for Evacuation Movement with the Presence of Irregular Non-Continuous Exterior Stairs
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Hugo H. Poveda Gironda, Satoru Sadohara, Satoshi Yoshida, and Keiko Inagaki

Vol.10 (2015)

No.6

(Dec)

Mini Special Issue on Space Microbiology: Microbial Monitoring in the International Space Station – “Kibo”

Mini Special Issue on Space Microbiology: Microbial Monitoring in the International Space Station – “Kibo”

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1022
pp. 1022-1024
Microbes and Crewed Space Habitat
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Nobuyasu Yamaguchi and Masao Nasu
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1025
pp. 1025-1030
Microbial Observatory Research in the International Space Station and Japanese Experiment Module “Kibo”
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Masaki Shirakawa, Fumiaki Tanigaki, and Takashi Yamazaki
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1031
pp. 1031-1034
Significance of Changes in the Skin Fungal Microbiomes of Astronauts Staying on the International Space Station
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Takashi Sugita and Otomi Cho
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1035
pp. 1035-1039
Bacterial Monitoring in the International Space Station – “Kibo”
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Tomoaki Ichijo, Nobuyasu Yamaguchi, and Masao Nasu

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1041
pp. 1041-1050
Disaster Warning System in the Philippines Through Enterprise Engineering Perspective: A Study on the 2013 Super Typhoon Haiyan
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Natt Leelawat, Anawat Suppasri, Shuichi Kure, Carine J. Yi, Cherry May R. Mateo, and Fumihiko Imamura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1051
pp. 1051-1066
Organizational Structure and Institutions for Disaster Prevention: Research on the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in Kobe City
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Masahiro Matsuyama, Reo Kimura, and Haruo Hayashi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1067
pp. 1067-1080
The 1755 Lisbon Tsunami at Vila do Bispo Municipality, Portugal
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Angela Santos and Shunichi Koshimura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1081
pp. 1081-1090
A Distributed Autonomous Approach to Developing a Disaster Evacuation Assist System
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Yasuki Iizuka, Katsuya Kinoshita, and Kayo Iizuka
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1091
pp. 1091-1098
Impacts of Business Continuity Management (BCM) on Automobile Parts Makers Against Natural Disaster Events
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Abednico Lopang Montshiwa and Akio Nagahira
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1099
pp. 1099-1109
Flood Inundation Analysis and Mitigation with a Coupled 1D-2D Hydraulic Model: A Case Study in Kochi, Japan
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M. A. C. Niroshinie, Yasuo Nihei, Kazuaki Ohtsuki, and Shoji Okada
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1110
pp. 1110-1116
Pricing Earthquake Catastrophe Options Based on the Mixed-Multinomial Tree Model
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Feixing Wang and Xiaoling Gu
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p1117
pp. 1117-1125
Disaster Education for Elementary School Students Using Disaster Prevention Pocket Notebooks and Quizzes
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Rui Nouchi, Shosuke Sato, and Fumihiko Imamura

No.5

(Oct)

Special Issue on Creating Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society

Special Issue on Creating Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0791
pp. 791-793
Creating Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society
Takashi Furuya, Haruo Hayashi

The grisk societyh has become a key 21st century theme due to the economic expansionand population explosion spurred by science and technology development during the 20th century. We must create societies resilient against risk to preserve well-being and continue sustainable development. Although the ideal would be to create a society free from disaster and crisis, resources are limited. To achieve a moreresilient society using these resources, we must become wise enough to identify the risks threatening society and clarify how we are to prepare against them. The traditional engineering approach is limited by its aim to reduce damage reductionas functional system of hazard, exposure, and vulnerability by focusing on mitigative action. We must instead add two factors – human activity and time dependency after a disaster – to make society more risk-resilient. The Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society (RISTEX) of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) seeks to create new social, public, and economic value by solving obvious problems in society. In promoting science and technology R&D for society, RISTEX supports the building of networks enabling researchers and stakeholders to cooperate in solving societal problems. Our initiatives use R&D employing knowledge in the field of the humanities and social sciences, combined with natural sciences and technologies. Based on these existing accumulated knowledge and skills, scientifically verifying issues and lessons learned from these disasters, RISTEX launched a new R&D focus area, entitled gCreating a Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society,h in 2012. This R&D focus is to develop disaster risk reduction systems making society robust and resilient in the face of large-scale disasters. Two crucial key words in this focus area are ”community” and “links.” Specifically, we must reexamine community frameworks to facilitate how diverse elements of society ? industry, academia, government, and citizens ? can be linked and activated in overcoming complex widespread disasters. Our R&D focus is grounded in the reality of urban and regional areas, and fosters mutual multilayered cooperation. In this issue, which mark the half-way point in the six-year RISTEX R&D focus program, we present 13 papers of reports on R&D studies selected by RISTEX in fiscal years 1 and 2, reviews appraising the academic significance of these reports, and studies that introduce new findings obtained through experimental studies. Seven papers resulted from four projects in the first year, three dealing with postdisaster reconstruction. The first, the Land Conservation and Resilience after Flooding Disaster project, deals with assisting in farmland restoration following heavy rainfall. Based on a detailed activity survey and geographical analysis, the report discusses significant roles played by community and incorporated non-profit organizations collaborating with groups outside affected areas. Of the two reports on the Redevelopment of Tsunami Impacted Coastal Regions, one analyzes the reconstruction planning process of a district completing its group relocation relatively early among communities in coastal regions devastated by the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami. The other describes the computer reconstruction of village swept away by the tsunami, workshops conducted to improve reconstruction accuracy and the process by which community identity is strengthened by sharing common memories. Reports on the Disaster Mitigation Project of Traditional Buildings discuss current and future prospects for comprehensive disaster mitigation efforts in preservation districts based on a questionnaire focusing on the social capital in preservation districts for groups of traditional buildings. They also present results of action research aimed at community building based on connecting the historic townscape with people and organizations. The last first-year project deals with Computer-Assisted Structuring of Disaster Information. Related papers propose the design of a database schema for effectively processing disaster management information and use of natural-language processing to assist in this process. They also discuss issues related to the construction of an online information processing system for facilitating information coordination at disaster response headquarters that must process vast amounts of information in disaster response efforts. Six papers resulted from four projects among those selected in the second year. A paper on Resilient Metropolitan Areas Creation proposes multiscale community-based disaster mitigation planning preparing for a Nankai megathrust earthquake based on the need for a diverse region-wide discussion. They also report on workshops conducted based on this approach. One of two reports on Edutainment Disaster Relief Training proposes a sustainable training model based on scientific analysis of disaster medicine training ? the first such attempt in medical relief. It describes implementation of an actual drill. The other report points out the need to classify disaster medicine learners into several hierarchical levels and discusses elements necessary for developing training programs as medutainment based on a comprehensive review of domestic sources on educational approaches and disaster medicine. The report on Structuring an Autonomous Regional Disaster Prevention Community describes how safety measures adopted since the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake by fire companies suffering many casualties from the disaster are effective in regions at risk of disasters other than tsunamis such as landslides. The report the Life Recovery of Public Rented Temporary Housing Dwellers presents ethnography and interview survey results with residents of public rented temporary housing regarding elements of life recovery such the housing situation, income and livelihood. Many field specialists agree it is essential to integrate science and technology in promoting R&D helping reduce disaster risks while achieving a resilient society. We must now put this concept into practice to ensure that research results are implemented. In effective risk and crisis communication, we focus on key prerequisites of people and society. We also address social issues using accumulated knowledge and technologies in individual fields as a starting point and linking these to the launch of new social implementations for achieving a resilient society. We express our sincere thanks and appreciation to all of the authors and reviewers involved in this special issue for their invaluable contributions and support.

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0794
pp. 794-806
Support for Farmland Restoration Through Mutual Assistance After Flood Disasters in Hilly and Mountainous Areas – Cases of the Cities of Yame and Ukiha Affected by the Torrential Rainfall in Northern Kyushu in July 2012 –
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Kazuo Asahiro, Masakazu Tani, and Hiroyuki Kanekiyo
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0807
pp. 807-817
A Study on Community-Based Reconstruction from Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster – A Case Study of Iwanuma City in Miyagi-Pref.
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Mikiko Ishikawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0818
pp. 818-829
Reconstruction of Coastal Villages Swept Away by Tsunami by 3D Digital Model
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Akinobu Murakami, Eiko Kumakura, and Mikiko Ishikawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0830
pp. 830-844
Computer-Assisted Databasing of Disaster Management Information Through Natural Language Processing
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Kentaro Inui, Yotaro Watanabe, Kenshi Yamaguchi, Shingo Suzuki, Hiroko Koumoto, Naoko Kosaka, Akira Koyama, Tomohiro Kokogawa, and Yuji Maeda
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0845
pp. 845-856
Study on an Online Communication and Task Management System for Disaster Response Utilizing Natural Language Processing
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Shingo Suzuki, Kentaro Inui, Kenshi Yamaguchi, Hiroko Koumoto, Naoko Kosaka, Akira Koyama, and Yuji Maeda
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0857
pp. 857-873
Proposal and Practice of Comprehensive Disaster Mitigation Depending on Communities in Preservation Districts for Traditional Buildings
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Hajime Yokouchi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0874
pp. 874-886
Challenges for Safe and Secure Community Development in Traditional Architectures Preservation Districts – A Case Study on Tochigi District
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Saori Kawazoe, Saikaku Toyokawa, Fumiko Imai, and Masaki Urano
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0887
pp. 887-899
A Proposal of Multi-Scale Urban Disaster Mitigation Planning that Takes Regional Issues into Consideration
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U Hiroi, Akito Murayama, Yoshihiro Chiba, Hisashi Komatsu, Masafumi Mori, Keiichi Yamada, Masato Yamazaki, and Nobuo Fukuwa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0900
pp. 900-918
Sustainable Training-Model Development Based on Analysis of Disaster Medicine Training
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Shoichi Ohta, Munekazu Takeda, Ryo Sasaki, Hirotaka Uesugi, Hironobu Kamagata, Kentaro Kawai, Satomi Kuroshima, Michie Kawashima, Masaki Onishi, and Ikushi Yoda
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0919
pp. 919-928
Critical Review of Japanese Disaster Medical Education for Citizens: Exploring the Method of Medutainment
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Ikushi Yoda, Momo Shiroyama, Hirotaka Uesugi, Hironobu Kamagata, and Shoichi Ohta
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0929
pp. 929-938
Disaster Prevention Activities of Japanese Fire Companies
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Atsushi Sakuma, Ichiro Matsuo, Shin Ito, Shigeyoshi Tanaka, and Tsugio Nakaseko
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0939
pp. 939-947
Optimal Life Recovery Assistance for Those Who Are Residing in Designated Temporary Housing in Widely Dispersed Locations: Interim Findings on Different Household Groups and on Life Recovery Promotion Parameters
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Shigeo Tatsuki
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0948
pp. 948-955
Grasp of Utilization of Social Networking Services in Restoration Process – Interview Survey for N City-Related Citizens of the Great East Japan Earthquake –
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Shosuke Sato, Hiroko Koumoto, and Shigeo Tatsuki

Regular Papers

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0957
pp. 957-965
Model of Tsunami Preparedness for Indonesian Tsunami Prone Areas Communities
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Any Nurhayaty, Supra Wimbarti, Radianta Triatmadja, and Thomas D. Hastjarjo
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0966
pp. 966-972
Analysis of Factors Triggering Shallow Failure and Deep-Seated Landslides Induced by Single Rainfall Events
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Teng-To Yu, Ting-Shiuan Wang, and Youg-Sin Cheng
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0973
pp. 973-980
Understanding Household Mobilization Time During Natech Accident Evacuation
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Junlei Yu and Akihiko Hokugo
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0981
pp. 981-990
A Case Study on Estimation of Business Interruption Losses to Industrial Sectors Due to Flood Disasters
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Lijiao Yang, Hirokazu Tatano, Yoshio Kajitani, and Xinyu Jiang
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0991
pp. 991-1000
Climate Change Impact on the Manageability of Floods and Droughts of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Basins Using Flood Duration Curves and Drought Duration Curves
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Muhammad Masood and Kuniyoshi Takeuchi

No.sp

(Sep)

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part IV

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part IV

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0709
pp. 709
the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part IV
Katsuki Takiguchi

The basic policy of the Journal of Disaster Research (JDR), as a multidisciplinary academicjournal, is to cover all types of disasters ? except for war ? through a broad comprehensive perspective. Since its inaugural issue in August 2006, the JDR has been published bimonthly,with six issues a year. 2015 marks the tenth year since the JDRfs first issue. Among the many events happening during this decade is the March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster which was induced by the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake.This event had two major features ? that the tsunami accompanying the earthquake caused the main damage and that it triggered a nuclear hazard accident at a nuclear power plant. The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster was a unprecedented earthquake disaster called catastrophic hazard following two others ? the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake Disasterthat leveled Tokyo and the 1995 Hanshin Awaji Earthquake Disaster that destroyed parts of Osaka and Kobe. In view of this catastrophic hazardfs scale, the JDR decided to publish special annual issues on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster for five years since 2012 in addition to its regularissues. No publication fee was charged to contributors and support was asked from corporations. Papers on the special issues are published mainly online as an e-journal though printed editions are published for archival purposes. The current issue is the fourth of these special issues, and contributors have covered the 2011 disaster from many a wide range of perspectives. 21 papers were submitted and 8 papers are accepted for publication after peer review. The editors are confident that, like the previous three issues, this issue fully measure up to the quality that was expected for the special issue. I wish to express my gratitude to the contributors and reviewers and to thank corporations for their invaluable support.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0711
pp. 711-715
Safety of Food Produced in Japan: Past and Present Status of Radioactive Contamination
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Hideaki Karaki
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0716
pp. 716-727
Public Health Concerns on Radiation Exposure After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident
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Reiko Kanda, Satsuki Tsuji, Hidenori Yonehara, and Masami Torikoshi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0728
pp. 728-735
Initial Responses of the Government of Japan to the Great East Japan Earthquake (Earthquake and Tsunami) and Lessons Learned from Them
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Akira Kotaki
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0736
pp. 736-754
Research on Planning Process of Community Disaster Management Plan at Tsunami-Hit Area
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Tadahiro Yoshikawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0755
pp. 755-769
Issues Facing Voluntary Evacuees from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident Based on the Collection and Analysis of Cases of Voluntary Evacuation
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Kota Tomoyasu, Reo Kimura, Hitomi Mashima, and Ikuno Kazama
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0770
pp. 770-776
Proposal for Robust Monitoring of Catastrophic Tsunami Using Onshore Strain and Tilt Geodetic Sensors
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Hiroaki Takahashi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0777
pp. 777-782
Business Continuity Management (BCM) for Regional Financial Functionalities in Wide-Area Disasters
Importance and Challenges in Cooperation
Among Regional Financial Institutions and PPP (Public-Private Partnership)
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Kenji Watanabe
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0783
pp. 783-786
Application of Natural Disaster Information for Supply Chain Resilience
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Takahiro Ono and Kenji Watanabe

No.4

(Aug)

Special Issue on Fire and Disaster Prevention Technologies

Special Issue on Fire and Disaster Prevention Technologies

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0583
pp. 583
Fire and Disaster Prevention Technologies
Tomonori Kawano, Kazuya Uezu, and Takaaki Kato

Itfs a great pleasure and honor to publish the special issue on gFire and Disaster Prevention Technologiesh in the Journal of Disaster Research. All of its 7 papers have been peerreviewed. We would like to extend our sincere thanks to the contributors and reviewers involved in producing these articles, especially to Dr. Masafumi Hosokawa, Chief, Planning for Community-Based Cooperation National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster, Fire and Disaster Management Agency Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications for his great support. The Research and Development center of Fire and Environmental Safety (RDFES) was established in April 2008 as a research institute within the Faculty of Environmental Engineering, the University of Kitakyushu. The RDFES is the first academic institute in Japan to contribute to environmental engineering and firefighting technology for social safety, and focuses on the environmental researches to overcome the worldwide serious firefighting problem, for example huge forest fires, and consequently contributes to create the epoch-making products for the environmental conservation and the safety of citizens. RDFES has become well known among firefighting professionals for its development of an gEnvironmentally friendly soap-based firefighting agent,h as well as new equipment that maximizes the effectiveness of the agent. This is just one example of successful collaboration between RDFES, the Kitakyushu City Fire and Disaster Management Department, a local soap company, and major firefighting enterprises in Japan. Today, RDFES is entering a new research area involving local communities and governments, which aims tomitigate and minimize the risk of fire and natural disasters. Researchers are engaged not only in the development of hardware but also in the creation of an organized social movement that could ensure more effective use of the hardware. We hope that the collaboration among industry, academia, and government will be more useful and powerful towards solving serious problems on gfire and environmental safetyh through the mediation of this special issue. And reaching out to local communities reflects the centerfs position to always welcome new partners to join our important and exciting research activities.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0584
pp. 584-585
Research and Development Efforts in Fire Safety and Disaster Preparedness
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Masafumi Hosokawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0586
pp. 586-594
Fire Protection Analysis and Potential Improvements for Wooden Cultural Heritage Sites in Japan
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Kwang-Il Kim, Tadashi Konishi, Tomek Ziemba, Hirofumi Nonaka, Ki-Hun Nam, and Takeyoshi Tanaka
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0595
pp. 595-603
A New Concept for Development of Quartz Crystal Microbalance Fire Prevention Sensors Modified with Nano-Assembled Thin Films
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Seung-Woo Lee
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0604
pp. 604-612
Learning from the Eco-Toxicology of Fire-Fighting Foams in Aquatic Organisms: Altered Eco-Toxicity of Sodium Alkyl Sulfonates on Green Paramecia and Medaka Fish Maintained in Different Waters
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Kaishi Goto, Hiroshi Takaichi, and Tomonori Kawano
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0613
pp. 613-619
Development of Firefighting Equipment for Efficient Firefighting Strategy (Development of New Hose)
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Yoshiaki Miyazato, Takumi Sasaki, Masaki Sakaguchi, and Atsushi Nakamura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0620
pp. 620-626
Development of Firefighting Equipment for Efficient Firefighting Strategy (Development of New Nozzle)
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Takumi Sasaki, Yoshiaki Miyazato, Junji Inamoto, Takahiro Yamamoto, and Atsushi Nakamura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0627
pp. 627-634
Investigating the Gap Between Actual and Perceived Distance from a Nuclear Power Plant: A Case Study in Japan
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Takaaki Kato, Shogo Takahara, and Toshimitsu Homma
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0635
pp. 635-640
The Rise and Fall of the Kobe Economy from the 1995 Earthquake
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Yasuhide Okuyama

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0641
pp. 641-646
Compared Modeling Study of Primary Water Stress Corrosion Cracking at Dissimilar Weld of Alloy 182 of Pressurized Water Nuclear Reactor According to Hydrogen Concentration
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Omar F. Aly, Miguel M. Neto, Mônica M. A. M. Schvartzman, and Luciana I. L. Lima
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0647
pp. 647-654
Performance Evaluation of Base-Isolated Structures
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Sarun Chimamphant and Kazuhiko Kasai
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0655
pp. 655-666
Analysis of Radio Wave Propagation in an Urban Environment and its Application to Initial Disaster Response Support
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Youhei Kawamura, Hyongdoo Jang, Markus Wagner, Hajime Nobuhara, Ashraf M. Dewan, Bert Veenendaal, and Itaru Kitahara
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0667
pp. 667-677
Ground Motion Estimation Using Front Site Wave Form Data Based on RVM for Earthquake Early Warning
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Yincheng Yang and Masato Motosaka
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0678
pp. 678-686
Hazard Perception and Anchoring: A Comparison of the Three Models Explaining the Anchoring Effect
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Kazuhisa Nagaya and Kazuya Nakayachi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0687
pp. 687-692
Voluntary Isolation After the Disaster: The Loss of Community and Family in the Super Aged Society in Japan
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Kanako Sasaki and Miyako Sakurai

No.3

(Jun)

Special Issue on Adaptation Measures for Disasters due to Climate Change

Special Issue on Adaptation Measures for Disasters due to Climate Change

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0403
pp. 403-402
Adaptation Measures for Disasters due to Climate Change
Toshimitsu Komatsu

An increase in natural hazards due to global warming has broadened the gap between natural hazards and disaster prevention. This gap has raised the possibility that unexpected major disasters occur. As chances of a natural hazard grow, appropriate and efficient adaptation is considered as a last resort for lessening disaster. In water-related disasters such as floods and debris flows, individual disaster sites have specific thresholds (limits). When a natural hazard exceeds this threshold, a serious disaster strikes us. On the contrary when it is under the limit, disaster damage is kept to be small. Flood disasters and landslides have the side of gall or nothing.h This is a characteristic of water-related disasters. Climate change is causing natural hazards to exceed this threshold easily. This makes resilient proactive adaptation very important in disaster prevention. Specific adaptation measures developed hereafter must cope with serious water and sediment disasters throughout mountainous regions, rivers, urban areas, and coastal areas that are assumed to be influenced by global warming. The Journal of Disaster Research has planned a special issue on the adaptation measures for disasters due to climate change. Having taken part in field surveys, computer simulations, and laboratory experiments and finding adaptation measures worth studying more deeply, I decided to contribute to this special issue as a Guest Editor. All of its 11 papers have been peer-reviewed. The broad topics covered range from floods, landslides, and storm surges to adaptation to the human being society. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to the contributors and reviewers involved in producing these articles, especially to Dr. Hideo Oshikawa, Assistant Professor of the Department of Urban and Environment Engineering, Kyushu University, Japan, for his great support. I look forward with great anticipation to feedback from readers regarding these articles.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0404
pp. 404-419
Challenges of Implementing Climate Change Adaptation Policy for Disaster Risk Reduction – Implications from Framing Gap Among Stakeholders and the General Public –
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Kenshi Baba and Mitsuru Tanaka
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0420
pp. 420-428
Analysis of Ideal Directions of Climate Change Adaptation and Problems in Implementing Them for Local Japanese Governments
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Nobuo Shirai and Mitsuru Tanaka
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0429
pp. 429-435
Meteorological Characteristics of Local Heavy Rainfall in the Fukuoka Plain
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Yukiko Hisada, Yuji Sugihara, and Nobuhiro Matsunaga
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0436
pp. 436-447
Numerical Experiments on Spatially Averaged Precipitation in Heavy Rainfall Event Using the WRF Model
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Yuji Sugihara, Sho Imagama, Nobuhiro Matsunaga, and Yukiko Hisada
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0448
pp. 448-456
Bias Correction in Typhoon and Storm Surge Projection Considering Characteristics of Global Climate Model MRI-AGCM3.2S
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Noriaki Hashimoto, Yukihiro Kinashi, Tomoko Kawashima, Masaki Yokota, Masaru Yamashiro, and Mitsuyoshi Kodama
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0457
pp. 457-466
Evaluation of Inhibitory Effect by Adaptation Measures for Red Soil Runoff from Farmland due to Heavy Rainfall
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Noriyuki Yasufuku, Kohei Araki, Kiyoshi Omine, Kenichiro Okumura, and Kohei Iwami
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0467
pp. 467-474
An Experimental Study on Flood Control Capability of Dry Dams Constructed in a Series
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Hideo Oshikawa, Yuka Mito, and Toshimitsu Komatsu
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0475
pp. 475-485
Flood Control Mechanism of Multiple Dams Constructed in a Series Based on Cascade Method
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Hideo Oshikawa and Toshimitsu Komatsu
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0486
pp. 486-494
Growth of Mangrove Forests and the Influence on Flood Disaster at Amami Oshima Island, Japan
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Akira Tai, Akihiro Hashimoto, Takuya Oba, Kazuki Kawai, Kazuaki Otsuki, Hiromitsu Nagasaka, and Tomonori Saita
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0495
pp. 495-502
Clarification and Application of Inundation Processes in Basins with Insufficient Observation Devices Installed
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Akihiro Hashimoto, Akira Tai, and Toshimitsu Komatsu
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0503
pp. 503-511
Compound Strategy Forward to Compound Disaster Mitigation: Lessons from Hsiaolin Village, Typhoon Morakot 2009
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Wen-Chi Lai, Yuan-Jung Tsai, and Chjeng-Lun Shieh

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0513
pp. 513-526
Applying Risk Analysis to the Disaster Impact of Extreme Typhoon Events Under Climate Change
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Hsin-Chi Li, Shiao-Ping Wei, Chao-Tzuen Cheng, Jun-Jih Liou, Yung-Ming Chen, and Keh-Chia Yeh
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0527
pp. 527-534
Finite Element Reliability Analysis of Steel Containment Vessels with Corrosion Damage
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Xiaolei Wang and Dagang Lu
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0535
pp. 535-550
Development of Science-Based Decision Support System for Evaluating the Safety of Evacuation Facilities in Case of Torrential Rains
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Hidetomo Miyake, Haruo Hayashi, Shingo Suzuki, and Takahiro Nishino
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0551
pp. 551-557
Brief Report of Shaking Table Test on Masonry Building Strengthened with Ferrocement Layers
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Teddy Boen, Hiroshi Imai, Febrin Ismail, Toshikazu Hanazato, and Lenny

No.2

(Apr)

Selected Papers from TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata

Selected Papers from TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0187
pp. 187-188
Selected Papers from TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata
Keiko Tamura and Haruo Hayashi

TIEMS – The International Emergency Society founded in 1993 – is a global forum for education, training, certification and policy in emergency and disaster management. TIEMS is dedicated to developing a safer world by bringing the benefits of modern emergency management tools, techniques and good industry practice. The Japan Chapter of TIEMS was established in 2011 when Japan members agreed on the great worth of the Society’s mission.

The Japan Chapter organized the Oct. 20-23, 2014, TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata. Niigata was chosen because the year 2014 had a special meaning in the history of disasters in Japan. That is, the memorials of four major disasters had memorial anniversaries in that year – the 50th anniversary of the 1964 Niigata Earthquake, the 40th anniversary of the 1974 Niigata Yakeyama Volcano eruption, and the 10th anniversaries of the 2004 Niigata-Fukushima flood and Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake. The event brought over 1,000 domestic and international participants together to discuss risk management and resilience against disasters. The event also provided many opportunities for participants to share their scientific knowledge learn about the lessons from past experience of practitioners in the disaster management field and view the industry exhibition emerging to a wide variety of experience in disaster response.

With so many experts and practitioners willing to make presentations at the Conference, the JDR has brought together selected 17 papers and other output from them. My colleagues and I am honored to make these TIEMS 2014 achievements known to the broadest possible audience, and we are assured that this will create many fruitful outcomes for our reading audience.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0189
pp. 189-195
Developing a Web-Based Platform to Share Disaster Risk Reduction Technology
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Young-Jai Lee
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0196
pp. 196-203
Comparison Between the Life Recovery Processes After the Mid-Niigata Earthquake and the Chuetsu-Oki Earthquake – Results of a Random Sampled Social Survey Using the Life Recovery Calendar and GIS-Based Spatiotemporal Analysis
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Reo Kimura, Munenari Inoguchi, Keiko Tamura, and Haruo Hayashi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0204
pp. 204-209
Area Business Continuity Management, A New Approach to Sustainable Local Economy
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H. Baba, T. Watanabe, K. Miyata, and H. Matsumoto
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0210
pp. 210-216
Attempt to Typify Disaster Educational Programs – Case Study of the Disaster Management Education Challenge Plan
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Kota Tomoyasu, Reo Kimura, and Haruo Hayashi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0217
pp. 217-224
Development of Web-Based Tabletop Emergency Earthquake Exercise System
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Bojia Zhou, Gang Sun, Xiaoyong Zhang, Jianhua Xu, Junyan Lai, Xiaoxia Du, Masafumi Hosokawa, Haruo Hayashi, Reo Kimura, and Yukihisa Sakurada
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0225
pp. 225-230
Integration of GIS with Remote Sensing and GPS for Disaster Mitigation
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Sikander Nawaz Khan
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0231
pp. 231-237
Dynamic Simulation Research of Overburden Strata Failure Characteristics and Stress Dependence of Metal Mine
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Kang Zhao, Zhongqun Guo, and Youzhi Zhang
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0238
pp. 238-245
Current Issues Regarding the Incident Command System in the Philippines
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Miho Ohara and Hisaya Sawano
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0246
pp. 246-251
Manage Everything or Anything? Possible Ways Towards Generic Emergency Management Capabilities
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Jonas Borell
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0252
pp. 252-262
A Study on the Practical Ways of Implementing a Street-Wide BCP Exercise in the Banking Industry
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Yasutake Sayanagi and Kenji Watanabe
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0263
pp. 263-269
Development of NERSS Training Program for Earthquake Emergency Response Capacity Building of Local Governments
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Junyan Lai, Lu Ding, Yuan Zhang, Weimin Wu, Haruo Hayashi, Reo Kimura, Masafumi Hosokawa, and Yukihisa Sakurada
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0270
pp. 270-275
Blackout 2014 Exercise – Prague, the Capital of the Czech Republic
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Tomas Hudecek, Josef Juránek, and Jaroslav Pejcoch
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0276
pp. 276-287
Comparative Analysis of Earthquake Emergency Response in China and Japan Based on Timeline: 311 Earthquake vs 512 Earthquake
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Xiaoxia Du, Jun Zhang, Jianhua Xu, Zhuan He, Junyan Lai, Yigang Li, Reo Kimura, Haruo Hayashi, Masafumi Hosokawa, and Yukihisa Sakurada
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0288
pp. 288-298
Local People’s Responses to Flood Disasters in Flood Prone Areas of Northeast Bangladesh
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Naoki Yamashita and Terunori Ohmoto
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0299
pp. 299-307
Current Relocation Practices Targeting Disaster Prone Communities in Developing Countries: Case Study San Francisco Libre, Nicaragua
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Judith Cuadra, Janet Dilling, Ralph Brower, and Malaika Samples
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0308
pp. 308-318
Understanding Flood Risks for Better Planning and Resilience: Novel Stochastic Models and Methods for South-East Asia
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Julien Oliver, Ole Larsen, Mads Rasmussen, Erickson Lanuza, and Avinash Chakravarthy
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0319
pp. 319-325
The Resilient Smart City (An Proposal)
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Yukio Fujinawa, Ryoichi Kouda, and Yoichi Noda

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0363
pp. 363-372
Cross-Organizational Information Sharing and Coordination in Disaster Response: The Case of the 2008 Wenchuan China Earthquake
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Enyan Wang, Dequan Zheng, and Xiangyang Li
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0373
pp. 373-385
Improvement of Reception and Transmission Performance on Early Warning System for Multi Country with QZSS Augmentation Signal
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Daisuke Iwaizumi, Shota Iino, Hiroki Satoh, Mitsuaki Takaishi, Naoki Iso, and Naohiko Kohtake

No.1

(Feb)

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0005
pp. 5-7
Enhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines
Hiroshi Inoue and Renato U. Solidum, Jr.

This special issue of JDR features 18 papers and reports on an international 2010 to 2015 cooperative project entitled gEnhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines.h This project is being conducted under the SATREPS program (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development), cosponsored by the JST (Japan Science and Technology Agency) and JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency). The Philippines is one of the worldfs most earthquake and volcano disaster-prone countries because it is located along the active boundary between the Philippine Sea Plate and Eurasian Plate. Collisions by the two plates generate plate subductions and crustal stress that generates earthquakes and volcanic activities on the archipelago. The Philippines has experienced numerous disastrous earthquakes, the most recent being the 1990 M7.8 Luzon earthquake, which killed over 1,000 local residents. A damaging earthquake also occurred during this 5-year project, in October 2013, on Bohol Island, causing about 200 deaths when houses and other buildings collapsed. Volcanoes are another major killer in the Philippines. The largest in the last century was when the Taal volcano erupted in 1911, killing 1,300 by a base surge. The 1991 Mt. Pinatubo eruption is known as the largest volcanic event in the 20th century. The Mayon volcano is also known to be a beautiful but dangerous volcano that frequently erupts, causing lahars ? steaming moving fluid masses of volcanic debris and water ? that damaged villages at the foot of the mountain. The PHIVOLCS (Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology), a governmental agency mandated to monitor earthquakes and volcanoes, provides earthquake and volcano information and alerts to the public. It also conducts research on the mechanisms behind such natural phenomena and on evaluating such hazards and risks. The PHIVOLCSfs other mission is educating people and society on being prepared for disasters. Earthquake and volcano bulletins and alerts, research output, and educational materials and training provided by PHIVOLCS have enriched knowledge and enhanced measures against disaster. The primary target of this SATREPS project is to enhance existing monitoring networks, whose equipment has been provided by Japanese ODA (Official Development Aid). Through the SATREPS project, we have introduced the latest technology to provide the public with more accurate information more quickly. This project also promotes research for deepening the understanding of earthquakes and volcano activities in better assessing hazard and risk. Project components, tasks, and main Japanese organizations are as follows: 1) Earthquake and tsunami monitoring, NIED 1-1) Advanced real-time earthquake source information, Nagoya University 1-2) Real-time seismic intensity network, NIED 1-3) Tsunami monitoring and forecasting, NIED, JMA 2) Evaluation of earthquake generation potential, Kyoto University 2-1) Campaign and continuous GPS observation, Kyoto University, GSI 2-2) Geological and geomorphological studies of earthquake faults, Kyoto University 3) Integrated real-time monitoring of the Taal and Mayon volcanoes, Nagoya University 3-1) Seismic and infrasonic observation, Nagoya University 3-2) Continuous GPS monitoring, Kyoto University 3-3) Electromagnetic monitoring, Tokai University 4) Provision of disaster mitigation information and promotion of utilization, NIED 4-1) Simple seismic diagnosis, NIED 4-2) Tsunami victims interview manga (comic book form) and DVD, NIED 4-3) Disaster information portal site, NIED *NIED: National Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention; JMA: Japan Meteorological Agency; GSI: Geospatial Information Authority of Japan This issuefs first article by Melosantos et al., reports on results of installing a broadband seismometer network to provide seismic data used in the next two articles. Papers by Bonita and Punongbayan detail the results of SWIFT, a new earthquake source analysis system that automatically determines the location, size, and source mechanisms of moderate to large earthquakes. The report by Inoue et al. describes the development of the first instrumental intensity network system in the Philippines, followed by a report on its deployment and observation by Lasala et al. The article by Igarashi et al. describes the development of a tsunami simulation database for a local tsunami warning system in the Philippines. The next five papers represent the 2) Earthquake Generation Potential project component. Ohkura et al. detail the results of campaign GPS observations on Mindanao Island, which first delineated the detailed plate movement and internal deformation of Mindanao. Tobita et al. report the results of the first continuous GPS observations across the Philippine Fault. The next three papers describe the results of geological and geomorphological studies of the Philippine Fault on Mindanao Island by Perez et al., the 1973 Ragay Gulf Earthquake by Tsutsumi, and submarine mapping of the Philippine Fault by Yasuda et al.. These results provide insights on the recurrence and sizes of large damaging earthquakes in different areas. An electromagnetic study of the Taal volcano reported by Alanis et al. and the GPS monitoring of the Mayon volcano detailed by Takagi et al. are a part of intensive studies of these two volcanoes. Scientific research results were published in advance in other international journals by the research group concerning 3) Integrated Real-Time Volcano Monitoring of the Taal and Mayon Volcanoes. Real-time information on these volcanoes are telemetered to Manila and checked regularly as a part of standard operational procedures. Real-time earthquake and tsunami information by 1) Earthquake and Tsunami Monitoring has already been implemented in the monitoring system. The last five papers and reports cover results for 4) Provision of Disaster Mitigation Information and Promotion of Utilization. Imai et al. report on a full-scale shaking table test of typical residential Philippines houses made of hollow concrete blocks. They demonstrate the importance of following building codes. A paper by Imai et al. introduces simple seismic diagnosis for masonry houses as a practical tool for raising peoplefs awareness of housing vulnerability to earthquakes. Salcedo et al. report a dissemination strategy for the practical tools. The last two papers, by Villegas, report on video interviews made with Philippino tsunami survivors in the Tohoku area following the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. The results are compiled and selected stories published in comic-book form as easy-to-understand educational materials on tsunami disaster awareness. Information on earthquakes and volcanoes provided by the enhanced monitoring system, research output, and educational materials obtained through the SATREPS project are provided to stakeholders to enhance measures against disasters at various levels and in different timeframes. Readers of this special issue can reference information through a newly established SATREPS project portal site, the PHIVOLCS Disaster Information Portal, at http://satreps.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/. It can also be accessed from the PHIVOLCS web page at http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/. Finally, I extend my sincere thanks to all authors and reviewers involved in this special issue.  

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0008
pp. 8-17
Performance of Broadband Seismic Network of the Philippines
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Arnaldo A. Melosantos, Karl Vincent C. Soriano, Ponzch Colleen M. Alcones, Jose U. Pantig, Jun D. Bonita, Ishmael C. Narag, Hiroyuki Kumagai, and Hiroshi Inoue
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0018
pp. 18-24
Regional Moment Tensor Analysis in the Philippines: CMT Solutions in 2012–2013
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Jun D. Bonita, Hiroyuki Kumagai, and Masaru Nakano
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0025
pp. 25-34
Development and Operation of a Regional Moment Tensor Analysis System in the Philippines: Contributions to the Understanding of Recent Damaging Earthquakes
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Baby Jane T. Punongbayan, Hiroyuki Kumagai, Nelson Pulido, Jun D. Bonita, Masaru Nakano, Tadashi Yamashina, Yuta Maeda, Hiroshi Inoue, Arnaldo A. Melosantos, Melquiades F. Figueroa, Ponczh Colleen M. Alcones, Karl Vincent C. Soriano, Ishmael C. Narag, and Renato U. Solidum, Jr.
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0035
pp. 35-42
Development of Seismic Intensity Meter for the Philippines
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Hiroshi Inoue, Zhengying Fan, Melchor Lasala, Robert Tiglao, Bartolome Bautista, Debbie Rivera, and Ishmael Narag
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0043
pp. 43-50
Establishment of Earthquake Intensity Meter Network in the Philippines
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Melchor Lasala, Hiroshi Inoue, Roberto Tiglao, Zhengying Fan, Bartolome Bautista, and Ishmael Narag
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0051
pp. 51-58
Building a Tsunami Simulation Database for the Tsunami Warning System in the Philippines
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Yohko Igarashi, Toshihiro Ueno, Kenji Nakata, Vilma C. Hernandez-Grennan, Joan L. Cruz-Salcedo, Ishmael C. Narag, Bartolome C. Bautista, and Takeshi Koizumi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0059
pp. 59-66
Plate Convergence and Block Motions in Mindanao Island, Philippine as Derived from Campaign GPS Observations
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Takahiro Ohkura, Takao Tabei, Fumiaki Kimata, Teresito C. Bacolcol, Yasuhiko Nakamura, Artemio C. Luis, Jr., Alfie Pelicano, Robinson Jorgio, Milo Tabigue, Magdalino Abrahan, Eleazar Jorgio, and Endra Gunawan
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0067
pp. 67-73
Continuous GPS Observations on Mindanao
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Mikio Tobita, Hisashi Suito, Tomokazu Kobayashi, Satoshi Kawamoto, Masayuki Yamanaka, Akira Suzuki, Toshiharu Enya, Masaki Honda, Tetsuro Imakiire, Artemio Luis, Alfie Pelicano, Teresito Bacolcol, and Takahiro Ohkura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0074
pp. 74-82
Fault Distribution, Segmentation and Earthquake Generation Potential of the Philippine Fault in Eastern Mindanao, Philippines
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Jeffrey S. Perez, Hiroyuki Tsutsumi, Mabelline T. Cahulogan, Desiderio P. Cabanlit, Ma. Isabel T. Abigania, and Takashi Nakata
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0083
pp. 83-90
Coseismic Displacement and Recurrence Interval of the 1973 Ragay Gulf Earthquake, Southern Luzon, Philippines
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Hiroyuki Tsutsumi, Jeffrey S. Perez, Jaime U. Marjes, Kathleen L. Papiona, and Noelynna T. Ramos
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0091
pp. 91-98
Geometry and Structure of the Philippine Fault in Ragay Gulf, Southern Luzon
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Hirotake Yasuda, Teresito Bacolcol, Arturo Daag, Ericson Bariso, Emmanuelle Mitiam, Jaime Marjes, and Takashi Nakata
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0099
pp. 99-105
Electromagnetic Observations at Taal Volcano
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Paul Karson Alanis, Yoichi Sasai, and Toshiyasu Nagao
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0106
pp. 106-112
Ground Deformation of Mayon Volcano Revealed by GPS Campaign Survey
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Akimichi Takagi, Kenji Fujiwara, Takahiro Ohkura, Artemio C. Luis, Jr., Alejo V. Baloloy, Shinobu Ando, Eduardo Laguerta, and Ma. Antonia V. Bornas
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0113
pp. 113-120
A Full-Scale Shaking Table Test on Philippine Concrete Hollow Blocks (CHB) Masonry Houses
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Hiroshi Imai, Chikahiro Minowa, Angelito G. Lanuza, Henremagne C. Penarubia, Ishmael C. Narag, Renato U. Soridum, Jr., Kenji Okazaki, Tatsuo Narafu, Toshikazu Hanazato, and Hiroshi Inoue
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0121
pp. 121-128
Development of Practical Tools for Vulnerability and Safety Evaluation of Houses in the Philippines
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Hiroshi Imai, Akitoshi Nishimura, Angelito G. Lanuza, Henremagne C. Penarubia, Ronald S. Ison, Miriam L. Tamayo, Ishmael C. Narag, Renato U. Soridum, Jr., Hiroshi Inoue, Junzo Sakuma, and Kenji Okazaki
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0129
pp. 129-134
Strategy for Dissemination of Practical Tools for Evaluation of Vulnerability and Safety of Houses in the Philippines
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Joan L. Cruz-Salcedo, Ma. Mylene L. Martinez-Villegas, Ester B. Garrido, Angelito G. Lanuza, Hiroshi Imai, Henremagne C. Penarubia, Hiroshi Inoue, and Renato U. Solidum, Jr.
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0135
pp. 135-144
Filipinos in Japan: Narratives of Experience from the March 11, 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami
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Ma. Mylene Martinez-Villegas, Renato U. Solidum, Jr., Hiroshi Inoue, Hiroshi Imai, Angelito G. Lanuza, Henremagne C. Penarubia, Melcario Pagtalunan, Ma. Lynn P. Melosantos, Joan L. Cruz-Salcedo, Ishmael C. Narag, Melchor Lasala, Ma. Antonia V. Bornas, Perla J. Delos Reyes, and Bartolome Bautista
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0145
pp. 145-149
Developing Manga-Style Tsunami Information Materials Based on the March 11, 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
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Ma. Mylene Martinez-Villegas, Lucille Rose Del Monte, Renato U. Solidum, Jr., John Paul Fallarme, Monique Realis, Melcario Pagtalunan, and Eumelia Belo

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0151
pp. 151-162
Analysis of the Banks’ Initial Reactions with the 9/11 and 3/11
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Yasutake Sayanagi and Kenji Watanabe
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2015.p0163
pp. 163-170
Organizational Promoting Factors for SME BCP (2)
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Shinichi Okabe and Akio Nagahira

Vol.9 (2014)

No.6

(Dec)

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru (II)

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru (II)

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0915
pp. 915
Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru (II)
Fumio Yamazaki, Carlos Zavala, and Miguel Estrada

With the greatest pleasure, we present the second special issue of the Journal of Disaster Research (JDR), entitled Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru. This follows the first special issue on the same theme. These special issues contain 36 articles, 15 in the first and 21 in the second. They summarize research output from the SATREPS Peru project. SATREPS is an international research program sponsored by the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). As a SATREPS project on natural disaster mitigation, our 5-year Peru project began in March 2010 with the purpose of enhancing and implementing earthquake and tsunami disaster-mitigation technology in Peru.

The joint research project provides good opportunities for Peruvian and Japanese researchers and engineers to work together exchanging opinions on their common goal of reducing loss from earthquakes and tsunamis. Within the project period, CISMID was designated as a government agency in charge of disaster-mitigation activities. Project outcomes have been introduced in national design codes and in guidelines on earthquake and tsunami risk evaluation in Peru. Our project has drawn great attention among members of Peruvian society. It has attracted hundreds of participants and scores of mass media through public seminars and symposia. We expect the project to be sustained through public awareness and dissemination activities by Peruvian organizations.

We hope this special issue will provide useful information to seismic-prone Asia-Pacific countries, especially Latin America. In closing, we sincerely thank the contributors and reviewers who have done so much to make the articles in this special issue both interesting and valuable.

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0916
pp. 916-924
Summary Report of the SATREPS Project on Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru
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Fumio Yamazaki, Carlos Zavala, Shoichi Nakai, Shunichi Koshimura, Taiki Saito, Saburoh Midorikawa, Zenon Aguilar, Miguel Estrada, and Alberto Bisbal
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0925
pp. 925-930
Estimation of a Source Model and Strong Motion Simulation for Tacna City, South Peru
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Nelson Pulido, Shoichi Nakai, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, and Toru Sekiguchi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0931
pp. 931-938
Estimation of S-Wave Velocity Profiles at Lima City, Peru Using Microtremor Arrays
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Selene Quispe, Kosuke Chimoto, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Hernando Tavera, Fernando Lazares, and Zenon Aguilar
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0939
pp. 939-945
Development of a Seismic Microzoning Map for Lima City and Callao, Peru
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Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, Fernando Lazares, Silvia Alarcon, and Selene Quispe
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0946
pp. 946-953
Analysis of Topographic Effects in Dynamic Response of a Typical Rocky Populated Slope in Lima, Peru
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Carlos Gonzales, Shoichi Nakai, Toru Sekiguchi, Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, and Fernando Lazares
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0954
pp. 954-960
Tsunami Waveform Inversion of the 2007 Peru (Mw8.1) Earthquake
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Cesar Jimenez, Nabilt Moggiano, Erick Mas, Bruno Adriano, Yushiro Fujii, and Shunichi Koshimura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0961
pp. 961-967
Simulation of Tsunami Inundation in Central Peru from Future Megathrust Earthquake Scenarios
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Erick Mas, Bruno Adriano, Nelson Pulido, Cesar Jimenez, and Shunichi Koshimura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0968
pp. 968-975
Scenarios of Earthquake and Tsunami Damage Probability in Callao Region, Peru Using Tsunami Fragility Functions
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Bruno Adriano, Erick Mas, Shunichi Koshimura, Miguel Estrada, and Cesar Jimenez
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0976
pp. 976-983
Evaluation of Tsunami Wave Loads Acting on Walls of Confined-Masonry-Brick and Concrete-Block Houses
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Gaku Shoji, Hirofumi Shimizu, Shunichi Koshimura, Miguel Estrada, and Cesar Jimenez
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0984
pp. 984-992
Strength and Deformation of Confined Brick Masonry Walls Subjected to Lateral Forces – Review of Existing Test Data in Japan and Peru –
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Shunsuke Sugano, Taiki Saito, Carlos Zavala, and Lourdes Cardenas
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0993
pp. 993-1000
Implementation of Database of Masonry Walls Test – Review of Existing Test Data in Peru
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Lourdes Cardenas, Roy Reyna, Lucio Estacio, and Carlos Zavala
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1001
pp. 1001-1007
Implementation of Building Monitoring Network in Peru Under SATREPS Project
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Miguel Diaz, Patricia Gibu, Lucio Estacio, and Ricardo Proano
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1008
pp. 1008-1014
Basic Study on Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls Without Boundary Columns Retrofitted by Carbon Fiber Sheets
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Tomoya Matsui, Taiki Saito, and Roy Reyna
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1015
pp. 1015-1020
Current State of Masonry Properties Material on Emerging Zones in Lima City
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Luis Lavado, Jenny Taira, and Jorge Gallardo
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1021
pp. 1021-1025
Comparison of Behaviors of Non-Engineered Masonry Tubular Block Walls and Solid Engineered Walls
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Carlos Zavala, Luis Lavado, Jenny Taira, Lourdes Cardenas, and Miguel Diaz
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1026
pp. 1026-1031
Assessment of Seismic Performance of High-Rise Thin RC Wall Buildings in Lima, Peru Using Fragility Functions
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Luis G. Quiroz and Yoshihisa Maruyama
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1032
pp. 1032-1041
Development of Building Inventory Data and Earthquake Damage Estimation in Lima, Peru for Future Earthquakes
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Masashi Matsuoka, Shun Mito, Saburoh Midorikawa, Hiroyuki Miura, Luis G. Quiroz, Yoshihisa Maruyama, and Miguel Estrada
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1042
pp. 1042-1049
Development of Building Height Data in Peru from High-Resolution SAR Imagery
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Wen Liu, Fumio Yamazaki, Bruno Adriano, Erick Mas, and Shunichi Koshimura

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1050
pp. 1050-1058
Evaluation of Seismic Vulnerability of Buildings Based on Damage Survey Data from the 2007 Pisco, Peru Earthquake
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Shizuko Matsuzaki, Nelson Pulido, Yoshihisa Maruyama, Miguel Estrada, Carlos Zavala, and Fumio Yamazaki
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1059
pp. 1059-1068
Post-Disaster Urban Recovery Monitoring in Pisco After the 2007 Peru Earthquake Using Satellite Image
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Tomoyo Hoshi, Osamu Murao, Kunihiko Yoshino, Fumio Yamazaki, and Miguel Estrada
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1069
pp. 1069-1077
A Simulation Model for Forecasting Urban Vulnerability to Earthquake Disasters in Lima, Peru: “LIMA-UVEQ”
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Hideki Kaji, Osamu Murao, Masaki Fujioka, Hidehiko Kanegae, Fumio Yamazaki, Miguel Estrada, and Alberto Bisbal
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1079
pp. 1079-1087
Beneficial Effects of Learning with Game-Book on Education for Disaster Prevention in Children
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Rui Nouchi and Motoaki Sugiura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p1088
pp. 1088-1100
Flood Disaster in the Yura River in 2004 and 2013
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Shigeru Kawai and Kazuo Ashida

No.5

(Oct)

Special Issue on J-GRID (Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Disease)

Special Issue on J-GRID (Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Disease)

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0765
pp. 765-767
J-GRID (Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Disease)
Sumio Shinoda

In the developed countries including Japan, malignant tumor (cancer), heart disease and cerebral apoplexy are major causes of death, but infectious diseases still responsible for high mortality in the developing countries, especially for children less than 5 years of age. World Health Statistics published byWHO indicates a high percentage of mortality from infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, measles, malaria and pneumonia in children of South and Southeast Asian and African countries (World Health Statistics 2014,World Health Organization). Many of these infectious diseases have the potential for borderless transmission and invasion to Japan.

Given this situation, Japan’s Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) introduced Phase I of a program “Founding Research Centers for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases,” running from fiscal 2005 to 2009 and involving 8 Japanese universities and 2 Japanese research centers. The program was established to:

1) Create of a domestic research structure to promote the accumulation of fundamental knowledge about infectious diseases,

2) Set up 13 overseas research collaboration centers in 8 countries at high risk of emerging and reemerging infections, Japanese researchers are stationed at these centers, where they conduct research in partnership with overseas instructors,

3) Develop a network among domestic and overseas research centers,

4) Develop human resources.

The program, supervised by MEXT, and managed by the RIKEN Center of the Research Network for Infectious Diseases (Riken CRNID). Dr. Yoshiyuki Nagai, Program Director (PD), heads CRNID and is organizing the program.

Phase II of the program was set up as the Japan Initiative for the Global Research Network on Infectious Diseases (J-GRID) and was established for fiscal 2010-2014.

Participating universities, institutes and countries in J-GRID are as follows:

Hokkaido University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Zambia
Tohoku University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Philippines
The University of Tokyo : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~China
Tokyo Medical and Dental University : ~~~~~~~~~~~Ghana
Osaka University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Thailand
Kobe University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Indonesia
Okayama University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~India
Nagasaki University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Vietnam
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Kenya (Associate*)
Niigata University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Myanmar (Associate*)
National Center for Global Health and Medicine : ~~~Vietnam
National Institute of Animal Health : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~Thailand
*Two associate members were involved in 2011.

Each university and institute set up its collaborative research center in a country and conducts research on infectious diseases, especially typical regional diseases. The program’s outcome of each collaborative center is announced by the publication of various research papers or outreach programs, such as open lectures for citizens, and so on. The Asian-African Research Forum (AARF) on Infectious Disease organized by J-GRID is dedicated to reporting and discussing the research results of the collaborative research centers.

Details and activities of J-GRID can be seen at http://www.crnid.riken.jp/jgrid/. The Figs. 1 and 2 show examples of the home page indicating the countries and the collaborative research institutes involved.

J-GRID publishes the magazine entitled “Monthly CRNID,” which is available by mail upon request to “https://krs.bz/crnid/m?f=2&m=1110&t=8cdk&v=076691d2.” This publication contains various topical information on infectious diseases, such as research papers, newly announced news from WHO, overseas trip news, domestic infections, new drug developments, explanations, events, etc.

Phase II will terminate on March 2015 (the end of FY 2014), and Phase III will begin in April 2015 at the start of the new FY.

This special issue on J-GRID is being edited on the occasion of the final year of Phase II. The outlines of J-GRID and those of all the collaborative research centers are reviewed by Dr. Nagai, PD of CRNID, and the representatives of each respective collaborative center in this issue.

Finally, I extend my sincere thanks to all authors and reviewers involved in this special issue.

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0768
pp. 768-773
About the Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Diseases (J-GRID) – An Overview
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Yoshiyuki Nagai
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0774
pp. 774-783
Activity of Collaborative Research Center of Okayama University for Infectious Disease in India
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Sumio Shinoda, Daisuke Imamura, Tamaki Mizuno, and Shin-ichi Miyoshi
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0784
pp. 784-792
Japan-Thailand Collaboration Research on Infectious Diseases: Promotion and Hurdles
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Shigeyuki Hamada, Naokazu Takeda, and Taroh Kinoshita
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0793
pp. 793-800
Collaboration with China
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Aikichi Iwamoto, Zene Matsuda, Yoshihiro Kitamura, Takaomi Ishida, Kiyoko Iwatsuki-Horimoto, and Yoshihiro Kawaoka
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0801
pp. 801-806
The Outline of the “Collaborative Study on Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases in Vietnam, Enhancement of Research Capacity”
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Tetsu Yamashiro
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0807
pp. 807-812
Kenya Research Station and its Research Activities
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Yoshio Ichinose
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0813
pp. 813-817
Joint Research Project on Infectious Diseases in West-African Subregion
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Eiji Ido, Takashi Suzuki, William K. Ampofo, Irene Ayi, Shoji Yamaoka, Kwadwo A. Koram, and Nobuo Ohta
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0818
pp. 818-822
Research Activities of Hokudai Center for Zoonosis Control in Zambia
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Hideaki Higashi and Hiroshi Kida
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0823
pp. 823-827
Research Activities and Responding to Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda): Tohoku-RITM Collaborating Research Center in the Philippines
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Mariko Saito, Mayuko Saito, Tadatsugu Imamura, Taro Kamigaki, Socorro P. Lupisan, and Hitoshi Oshitani
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0828
pp. 828-835
Indonesia-Kobe University Collaborative Research Center for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases (CRC-ERID) J-GRID (Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Diseases)
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Toshiro Shirakawa, Kazufumi Shimizu, Takako Utsumi, Masanori Kameoka, Hak Hotta, and Yoshitake Hayashi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0836
pp. 836-838
Efforts Against Drug-Resistant Bacteria and Bacteremia in Vietnam
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Nozomi Takeshita, Norio Ohmagari, Teruo Kirikae, and Shinichi Oka
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0839
pp. 839-841
Swine Influenza Surveillance in the Southeast Asia
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Takehiko Saito, Nobuhiro Takemae, Haruka Abe, and Yuko Uchida
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0842
pp. 842-847
Influenza Project in Myanmar
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Reiko Saito, Yadanar Kyaw, Yi Yi Myint, Clyde Dapat,Go Hasegawa, and Makoto Naito
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0849
pp. 849-857
Organizational Promoting Factors for SME BCP
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Shinichi Okabe and Akio Nagahira
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0858
pp. 858-869
Fundamental Analysis for Flood Risk Management in the Selected River Basins of Southeast Asia
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Badri Bhakta Shrestha, Toshio Okazumi, Mamoru Miyamoto, Seishi Nabesaka, Shigenobu Tanaka, and Ai Sugiura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0870
pp. 870-878
Educational Merits of Lecturing and Discussion Methods in Teaching Disaster Prevention: Toward Improvement of Students’ Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior in Merapi Volcano Area Primary Schools
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Tuswadi and Takehiro Hayashi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0879
pp. 879-886
Lessons Learnt from Communication for Disaster Preparedness: A Study on Six Survivors from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami 2011
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Md. Faiz Shah and Parves Sultan
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0887
pp. 887-900
A Quantitative Estimate of Vulnerable People and Evaluation of Flood Evacuation Policy
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Karina Vink, Kuniyoshi Takeuchi, and Kelly M. Kibler

No.sp

(Sep)

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part III – Risk Communication –

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part III – Risk Communication –

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0589
pp. 589
the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part III – Risk Communication –
Hideaki Karaki

Following its two special issues on the March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster, the Journal of Disaster Research is now publishing this third issue focusing on risk communication.

The earthquake and tsunami killed over 20,000 people, destroyed houses, farmlands, and communities, and led to a large amount of radioactive materials being released from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. These materials contaminated the environment and foods and forced almost 160,000 people to be evacuated from the highly contaminated district.

Ruined buildings are now being reconstructed and adversely affected farmland is being decontaminated. The victims remained concerned, however, about their future, especially those exposed to even very low-level radiation.

Chernobyl’s Legacy: Health, Environmental and Socio-Economic Impacts, a landmark report released by the Chernobyl Forum in 2005, assessed the 20-year impact of the nuclear explosion at the Chernobyl power plant in 1986. One of its important findings was that 4,000 cases of thyroid cancer, mainly in children, had occurred but that except for nine deaths, all of the children recovered and that there was no evidence of any increase in the incidence of leukemia or cancer among affected residents.
Such facts as these are not generally known, however, many health conditions have been erroneously attributed to radiation exposure and myths and misperceptions have persisted about the threat of radiation, resulting in a “paralyzing fatalism” among residents of affected areas.

The Chernobyl report recommends developing new and innovative ways of risk communication to increase knowledge about the actual health effects of radiation and providing accurate information on the incident’s physical and mental health consequences.

Over the last three years, experts in risk communication in Japan have continued working to disseminate scientifically accurate information about radiation. This issue discusses the current status and questions related to the incident.

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0592
pp. 592-597
Short History of Risk Communication in Japan
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Tomio Kinoshita
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0598
pp. 598-602
Risk Communication in the Food Field
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Hideaki Karaki
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0603
pp. 603-607
Risk Communication in Chemical Sector in Connection to the Role of Risk Assessment
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Akihiro Tokai and Naoya Kojima
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0608
pp. 608-618
Risk Communication in the Field of Radiation
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Reiko Kanda
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0619
pp. 619-627
Risk Communication in Japan Concerning Future of Nuclear Technology
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Masaharu Kitamura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0628
pp. 628-637
Interdisciplinary Framework of Risk Communication as an Integral Part of Environmental Risk Analysis in Postindustrial Risk Society: Three Case Studies of the 1999 Amendment of Air Pollution Control Law, Dioxins, and the EMF Risks
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Saburo Ikeda
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0638
pp. 638-643
Toward Mitigating Actions: Risk Communication Regarding Natural Disaster
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Kazuya Nakayachi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0644
pp. 644-652
Verbal Expressions of Risk Communication: A Case Study After the 3.11 Crisis
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Shinichiro Okamoto and Toshiko Kikkawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0653
pp. 653-664
An Analysis of International Assistance Based on Lessons from the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Atsushi Koresawa
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0665
pp. 665-672
Disaster Experience and Participatory Energy Governance in Post-Disaster Japan: A Survey of Citizen Willingness to Participate in Nuclear and Energy Deliberations
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Hidenori Nakamura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0673
pp. 673-689
Current Status and Issues of Life Recovery Process Three Years After the Great East Japan Earthquake Questionnaire Based on Subjective Estimate of Victims Using Life Recovery Calendar Method
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Reo Kimura, Kota Tomoyasu, Yutaka Yajima, Hitomi Mashima, Kensaku Furukawa, Yuki Toda, Kazuaki Watanabe, and Takeo Kawahara
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0690
pp. 690-698
Text Mining Analysis of Radiological Information from Newspapers as Compared with Social Media on the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident
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Reiko Kanda, Satsuki Tsuji, and Hidenori Yonehara
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0699
pp. 699-708
The Impact of Disasters on Japan’s Inbound Tourism Demand
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Lihui Wu and Haruo Hayashi
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0709
pp. 709-718
Near-Surface Geophysical Profiling Near Former Location of K-NET Tsukidate Strong Motion Station in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan
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Mohamed Amrouche, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Kosuke Chimoto, and Yadab P. Dhakal
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0719
pp. 719-729
Tsunami Safe Town Planning with Evacuation Simulation
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Yoshiyuki Yoshida, Takeshi Kimura, Yoshikazu Minegishi, and Tomonori Sano
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0730
pp. 730-742
Index to Evaluate Tsunami Evacuation Potential and its Validation at Yamada, Iwate Prefecture
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Yozo Goto

Regular Papers

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0743
pp. 743-751
Comparative Study of the Post-Tsunami Recovery Plans After the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
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Osamu Murao and Tomoyo Hoshi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0752
pp. 752-756
Consideration of Public Support to Enhance Private Sector’s Business Continuity Management
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Takahiro Ono

No.4

(Aug)

Special Issue on Enhancing Resilience to Climate and Ecosystem Changes in Semi-Arid Africa

Special Issue on Enhancing Resilience to Climate and Ecosystem Changes in Semi-Arid Africa

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0411
pp. 411
Enhancing Resilience to Climate and Ecosystem Changes in Semi-Arid Africa
Kazuhiko Takeuchi and Edwin Akonno Gyasi

In 2011, a collaborative project focused on climate and ecosystem change adaptation and resilience studies in Africa (CECAR-Africa) with Ghana as the focal country, was initiated. The goal was to combine climate change and ecosystem change research, and to use that combination as a basis for building an integrated resilience enhancement strategy as a potential model for semi-arid regions across Sub-Saharan Africa.

The Project is being financially supported by the Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development (SATREPS), a collaborative programme of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). CECAR-Africa involves the following leading climate and ecosystems research organizations in Ghana and Japan: The University of Tokyo; Kyoto University; United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS); University of Ghana; Ghana Meteorological Agency; University for Development Studies; and United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa (UNUINRA).

CECAR-Africa has been operating fully since 2012, with a focus on three thematic areas, namely: Forecast and assessment of climate change impact on agro-ecosystems (Agro-ecosystem resilience); Risk assessment of extreme weather hazards and development of adaptive resource management methods (Engineering resilience); and Implementing capacity development programs for local communities and professionals (social institutions-technical capacity development) using the assessment results derived from work on the first two themes.

This special issue presents major outcomes of the Project so far. The articles featured used various techniques and methods such as field surveys, questionnaires, focal group discussions, land use and cover change analysis, and climate downscaled modelling to investigate the impacts of climate and ecosystem changes on river flows and agriculture, and to assess the local capacity for coping with floods, droughts and disasters, and for enhancing the resilience of farming communities.

We are happy to be able to publish this special issue just in time for an international conference on CECAR-Africa in Tamale, Ghana, on 6-7 August, 2014. It is hoped that the shared research outcomes will facilitate discussions on the project research themes and interactions and exchange of ideas among academics, professionals, and government officials on the way forward for the CECARAfrica Project.

We find it only appropriate to conclude by thanking the authors and reviewers of the articles, and by acknowledging, with gratitude, the local knowledge and other bits and pieces of information contributed by the many anonymous farmers and other people of northern Ghana.

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0412
pp. 412-421
Dynamical Downscaling for Assessment of the Climate in Ghana
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Masaru Inatsu, Tsubasa Nakayama, Yoshie Maeda, and Hirotaka Matsuda
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0422
pp. 422-431
Downscaled Climate Change Projections for Wa District in the Savanna Zone of Ghana
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Emmanuel Tachie-Obeng, Bruce Hewitson, Edwin Akonno Gyasi, Mark Kofi Abekoe, and George Owusu
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0432
pp. 432-442
Impact of Climate Change on River Flows in the Black Volta River
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Nobuhiko Sawai, Kenichiro Kobayashi, Apip, Kaoru Takara, Hirohiko Ishikawa, Muneta Yokomatsu, Subhajyoti Samaddar, Ayilari-Naa Juati, and Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0443
pp. 443-451
Effects of Research and Development Expenditure and Climate Variability on Agricultural Productivity Growth in Ghana
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Geetha Mohan, Hirotaka Matsuda, Samuel A. Donkoh, Victor Lolig, and Gideon Danso Abbeam
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0452
pp. 452-467
Land Use and Landscape Structural Changes in the Ecoregions of Ghana
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Effah Kwabena Antwi, John Boakye-Danquah, Stephen Boahen Asabere, Gerald A. B. Yiran, Seyram Kofi Loh, Kwabena Gyekye Awere, Felix K. Abagale, Kwabena Owusu Asubonteng, Emmanuel Morgan Attua, and Alex Barimah Owusu
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0468
pp. 468-474
Dry Spells Occurrence in Tamale, Northern Ghana – Review of Available Information
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Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Shayibu Abdul-Ghanyu, Bizoola Zinzoola Gandaa, and Felix K. Abagale
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0475
pp. 475-483
Cropping Systems in Some Drought-Prone Communities of the Northern Region of Ghana: Factors Affecting the Introduction of Rice
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Vincent Kodjo Avornyo, Osamu Ito, Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Osamu Saito, and Kazuhiko Takeuchi
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0484
pp. 484-500
Impact of Farm Management Practices and Agricultural Land Use on Soil Organic Carbon Storage Potential in the Savannah Ecological Zone of Northern Ghana
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John Boakye-Danquah, Effah Kwabena Antwi, Osamu Saito, Mark Kofi Abekoe, and Kazuhiko Takeuchi
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0501
pp. 501-515
Provisioning Ecosystem Services in Rural Savanna Landscapes of Northern Ghana: An Assessment of Supply, Utilization, and Drivers of Change
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Yaw Agyeman Boafo, Osamu Saito, and Kazuhiko Takeuchi
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0516
pp. 516-528
Farmer-Perceived Effects of Climate Change on Livelihoods in Wa West District, Upper West Region of Ghana
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Yasuko Kusakari, Kwabena Owusu Asubonteng, Godfred Seidu Jasaw, Frederick Dayour, Togbiga Dzivenu, Victor Lolig, Samuel A. Donkoh, Francis Kwabena Obeng, Bizoola Gandaa, and Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0529
pp. 529-541
Assessing Rural Communities Concerns for Improved Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in Northern Ghana
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Subhajyoti Samaddar, Muneta Yokomatsu, Togbiga Dzivenu, Martin Oteng-Ababio, Mujeeb Rahaman Adams, Frederick Dayour, and Hirohiko Ishikawa
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0542
pp. 542-553
Households’ Coping Strategies in Drought- and Flood-Prone Communities in Northern Ghana
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Victor Lolig, Samuel A. Donkoh, Francis Kwabena Obeng, Isaac Gershon Kodwo Ansah, Godfred Seidu Jasaw, Yasuko Kusakari, Kwabena Owusu Asubonteng, Bizoola Gandaa, Frederick Dayour, Togbiga Dzivenu, and Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0554
pp. 554-562
Framing Community Resilience Through Mobility and Gender
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Kei Otsuki, Godfred Seidu Jasaw, and Victor Lolig

Regular Papers

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0563
pp. 563-570
Housing Renovation After the 2011 Thailand Flood in Ayutthaya
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Titaya Sararit and Tamiyo Kondo
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0571
pp. 571-578
Differences in Subjective Estimation of Risks and Assessment for the Modified Tsunami Warning System by the Japan Meteorological Agency Among University Students Located in Damaged and Non-Damaged Prefectures Around the Period of the 2011 off Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake
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Erina Gyoba

No.3

(Jun)

Special Issue on Challenges of Earthquake Forecast Research Illuminated by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake

Special Issue on Challenges of Earthquake Forecast Research Illuminated by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0247
pp. 247
Challenges of Earthquake Forecast Research Illuminated by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake
Naoshi Hirata and Aitaro Kato

The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, hereafter referred to as Tohoku-Oki earthquake, occurring off northeastern Japan’s Pacific coast on March 11, 2011 had a moment magnitude of 9.0 and generated a tsunami responsible for most of the deaths of the event’s 19,000 victims. Identifying scientifically what happened before, on, and after March 11 is one starting point for a discussion on how to reduce casualties and mitigate the impact of such natural disasters. The 14 papers in this special issue cover incidents related to pre-, co- and post-seismic phenomena, including volcanoes. Three papers discuss why and how such a large quake occurred. Three more papers go into the implications of short- and long-term crustal deformations seen in northeastern Japan. Four papers detail short- and long-term phenomena leading to the Tohoku-Oki quake. Two papers discuss real-time tsunami forecasting based on off-shore and on-shore geodetic, seismic and tsunami observation data. The last two papers explore the effects of the 2011 temblor on volcanic phenomena.

The magnitude 9.0 produced in the 2011 event is the largest historically recorded in Japan and may not necessarily have been anticipated beforehand, and the generation mechanism behind such a gigantic occurrence is not yet completely understood. Even so, preparations should be made for such earthquakes in other parts of Japan and in other countries. The Nankai trough is an example of areas that require our attention.

A national project for observation and study for earthquake prediction is now being integrated into a new program, Earthquake and Volcano Hazards Observation and Research Program (2014-2019). Studies presented in this special issue are also being supported in part by this program.

We are certain that readers will find that this special issue will contribute much to our understanding of gigantic earthquakes and at least some of the measure to be taken in preparation for such natural phenomena. Finally, we extend our sincere thanks to all of the contributors and reviewers involved with these articles.

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0248
pp. 248-251
The Largest Earthquakes We Should Prepare for
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Toru Matsuzawa
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0252
pp. 252-263
What Caused the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake? : Effects of Dynamic Weakening
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Bunichiro Shibazaki and Hiroyuki Noda
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0264
pp. 264-271
Modeling Earthquakes Using Fractal Circular Patch Models with Lessons from the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake
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Satoshi Ide and Hideo Aochi
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0272
pp. 272-280
Review: Source Models of the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Long-Term Forecast of Large Earthquakes
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Kenji Satake and Yushiro Fujii
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0281
pp. 281-293
Radiation and Generation of Short- and Long-Period Ground Motions from the 2011 Off Tohoku, Japan, Mw9.0 Earthquake
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Takashi Furumura
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0294
pp. 294-302
Pre-, Co-, and Post-Seismic Deformation of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake and its Implication to a Paradox in Short-Term and Long-Term Deformation
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Takuya Nishimura
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0303
pp. 303-310
Precursory Phenomena Possibly Related to the 2011 M9.0 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake
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Toshiyasu Nagao, Yoshiaki Orihara, and Masashi Kamogawa
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0311
pp. 311-316
Slow Slip Transients Before the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake
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Aitaro Kato
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0317
pp. 317-329
Contribution of Slow Earthquake Study for Assessing the Occurrence Potential of Megathrust Earthquakes
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Kazushige Obara
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0330
pp. 330-338
Recent Issues Affecting Forecast of Subduction Zone Great Earthquakes in Japan Through Paleoseismological Study
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Masanobu Shishikura
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0339
pp. 339-357
Review on Near-Field Tsunami Forecasting from Offshore Tsunami Data and Onshore GNSS Data for Tsunami Early Warning
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Hiroaki Tsushima and Yusaku Ohta
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0358
pp. 358-364
Real-Time Tsunami Inundation Forecast for a Recurrence of 17th Century Great Hokkaido Earthquake in Japan
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Yuichiro Tanioka, Aditya Riadi Gusman, Kei Ioki, and Yugo Nakamura
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0365
pp. 365-372
Quasi-Static Stress Change Around Mount Fuji Region Due to Tohoku Mega-Thrust Earthquake
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Eisuke Fujita, Tomofumi Kozono, Norio Toda, Aiko Kikuchi, and Yoshiaki Ida
:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0373
pp. 373-380
Volcanic Subsidence Triggered by Megathrust Earthquakes
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Youichiro Takada and Yo Fukushima

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0381
pp. 381-399
Data Model of the Strategic Action Planning and Scheduling Problem in a Disaster Response Team
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Reza Nourjou, Pedro Szekely, Michinori Hatayama, Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany, and Stephen F. Smith

No.2

(Mar)

Special Issue on “Urban Resilience” for Mega Earthquake Disasters

Special Issue on “Urban Resilience” for Mega Earthquake Disasters

:
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0107
pp. 107
“Urban Resilience” for Mega Earthquake Disasters
Haruo Hayashi and Shingo Suzuki

Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake and Nankai Trough Earthquakes predicted to hit Japan in the near future makes it urgent that the impact of urban earthquake disasters be reduced by every means possible.

To promote research to this end, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan launched a Special Project for Reducing Vulnerability for UrbanMega Earthquake Disasters in 2012 as a five-year R&D effort embracing three academic disciplines – earth and physical sciences, structural engineering, and social sciences. This project in turn consists of three subprojects – Subproject on the earthquake hazard mechanism and risk evaluation of southern Kanto region, Subproject to develop rapid damage assessment and recovery technology of urban function, and Subproject to develop resilient society improving disaster management competence.

This special issue features findings and achievements from this last subproject, whose goal is to enhance society’s resilience based on the experiences and lessons of the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Disaster that crippled Kobe, the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster that prostrated Japan’s northeastern Pacific coast and other such disasters.

Concretely speaking, by integrating the wisdom of disaster management researchers nationwide and collaborating with other subprojects, this subproject proposes disseminating disaster information technologies and training methodologies to build up disaster preparedness. This, in turn, is aided by improving disaster literacy and competence among both the general public and disaster management personnel.

Focusing on the three major metropolitan areas of Tokyo, Nagoya, and Osaka, where two-thirds of Japan’s population and three-fourths of the nation’s total assets are concentrated, Web-based disaster information management and dissemination services are being proposed and examined for effectiveness through demonstration experiments and social implementation.

In this issue of JDR, we are introducing 11 papers and reports from researchers involved in this subproject to present initial interim findings and progress during the first half of this five-year effort. In doing so, the authors and editors of this issue gratefully acknowledge the generous financial support of MEXT in these studies.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0108
pp. 108-120
Modification and Validation of an Assessment Model of Post-Earthquake Lifeline Serviceability Based on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster
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Nobuoto Nojima and Hiroki Kato
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0121
pp. 121-127
Development of Damage Functions on Road Infrastructures Subjected to Extreme Ground Excitations by Analyzing Damage in the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake
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Gaku Shoji and Tomoharu Nakamura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0128
pp. 128-138
Development of Urban Resilience GeoPortal Online for the Better Understanding of Disaster Scenarios
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Shingo Suzuki, Haruo Hayashi, and Masafumi Hosokawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0139
pp. 139-148
Implementation of Prototype Mobile Application Operated on Smartphones for Micromedia Service
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Munenari Inoguchi, Keiko Tamura, Satomi Sudo, and Haruo Hayashi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0149
pp. 149-160
Macro Analysis of Initial Responses from Yabuki Municipal Government After the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake
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Muneyoshi Numada and Kimiro Meguro
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0161
pp. 161-175
Are Cash for Work (CFW) Programs Effective to Promote Disaster Recovery? Evidence from the Case of Fukushima Prefecture
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Shingo Nagamatsu
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0176
pp. 176-187
Systematization and Sharing of Disaster Management Literacy by DMLH
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Reo Kimura, Haruo Hayashi, Shingo Suzuki, Kosuke Kobayashi, Kenshin Urabe, Satoshi Inoue, and Takahiro Nishino
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0188
pp. 188-197
Development of Training System for Building Damage Assessment Using Actual Buildings
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Satoshi Tanaka and Kishie Shigekawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0198
pp. 198-205
How Can We Collect and Summarize Information About Emergency Response Operations?
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Norio Maki
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0206
pp. 206-215
A Fundamental Study of Efficiency of Information Processing in Emergency Operations Center
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Fumiaki Ichinose, Yuji Maeda, Naoko Kosaka, Mitsuhiro Higashida, Masahiro Sugiyama, Hideki Takeda, Tomomi Yamamoto, and Haruo Hayashi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0216
pp. 216-236
Practice on an Education and Training Program to Development of Response Literacy to Earthquake Disaster in a Central Business District in Japan
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Yoe Masuzawa, Yoshiaki Hisada, Masahiro Murakami, Jun Shindo, Masamitsu Miyamura, Hitoshi Suwa, Satoshi Tanaka, Kaoru Mizukoshi, and Yosuke Nakajima

No.1

(Feb)

Regular papers

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0003
pp. 3-16
Next Generation of Soil-Structure Interaction Models for Design of Nuclear Power Plants
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Alexander G. Tyapin
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0017
pp. 17-26
Estimation of the Dynamic Properties and Seismic Response of a Populated Slope in Lima, Peru
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Carlos Gonzales, Shoichi Nakai, Toru Sekiguchi, Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, and Fernando Lazares
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0027
pp. 27-34
Post-Disaster Local Collaboration on Residential Power Saving in Japan: Citizen Networks and Linkage with Local Government and the Workplace
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Hidenori Nakamura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0035
pp. 35-41
Risk Measuring Model on Public Liability Fire and Empirical Study in China
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Guo-Xue Gu and Shang-Mei Zhao
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0042
pp. 42-47
Typhoon Economic Loss Prediction in China by Applying General Regression Neural Network and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis
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Bo Cheng, Ling Cheng, and Lingmin Jiang
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0048
pp. 48-54
Secular Changes in the Tidal Amplitude and Influence of Sea-Level Rise in the East China Sea
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Akira Tai and Kaori Tanaka
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0055
pp. 55-68
Development of an Integrated Decision-Making Method for Effective Flood Early Warning System
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Mamoru Miyamoto, Rabindra Osti, and Toshio Okazumi
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0069
pp. 69-77
Uncertainty Estimation During the Process of Flood Risk Assessment in Developing Countries – Case Study in the Pampanga River Basin –
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Toshio Okazumi, Mamoru Miyamoto, Badri Bhakta Shrestha, and Maksym Gusyev
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0078
pp. 78-85
New Development of Functions of a Dry Dam for an Adaptation to Climate Change
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Akira Tai, Hideo Oshikawa, and Toshimitsu Komatsu
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2014.p0086
pp. 86-91
Local Dialysis Disaster Relief During Two Torrential Downpours on Amami-Ohshima Island
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Hiroaki Nishimura, Ichiro Kagara, Satoru Inokuchi, Hideki Enokida, Hiroshi Hayami, and Masayuki Nakagawa

Vol.8 (2013)

No.6

(Dec)

Special Issue on Wind Disasters

Special Issue on Wind Disasters

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1033
pp. 1033
Wind Disasters
Yukio Tamura

Increasing numbers of devastating weather events such as Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines and tornadoes in the US and Japan are suggesting that nature’s destructive power is having a growing worldwide impact.

These events follow the occurrence of such disasters as Cyclone Sidr in 2007 in Bangladesh and Cyclone Nargis in 2008 in Myanmar, especially in the alarming numbers of deaths and injuries and concomitant property loss.

The wind engineering community has taken the initiative in globally promoting wind hazard research and education over the last several decades and is continuing to devote its efforts and energy to producing and providing techniques in advanced wind hazard mitigation to developing countries prone to typhoons and cyclones.

Mitigating the effects of wind hazards on a global plane has thus become a top priority because most of the economic and other loss due globally to natural disasters is caused by extreme wind and water events. Calamitous tropical cyclones generally bring with them high waves, storm surges, heavy rain, flooding, landslides and lightning.

This ongoing process underscores the pressing need to pool expertise and cooperation in reducing such loss. The loss of lives and related financial loss and waste due to such disasters is continuing to increase significantly. It has therefore been hypothesized that global warming and climate change are potentially exacerbating such scenarios as the intensity of weather-related disasters grows.

This special issue of the Journal of Disaster Research focusing on wind-induced disasters is thus both meaningful and timely. As the Guest Editor, I am most pleased to have this opportunity to present and share the latest in knowledge, information and resources on wind damage mitigation to all those working in mitigation efforts and to society as a whole.

Finally, I extend our sincere thanks to all of the contributors and reviewers involved with these articles.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1034
pp. 1034-1041
Development of the EF-Scale for Tornado Intensity
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Kishor C. Mehta
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1042
pp. 1042-1051
Structural Damage Under Multiple Hazards in Coastal Environments
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Megan C. McCullough, Ahsan Kareem, Aaron S. Donahue, and Joannes J. Westerink
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1052
pp. 1052-1060
Characteristics of Damages of Severe Local Storms Based on Field Surveys in Bangladesh
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Yusuke Yamane, Masashi Kiguchi, Taiichi Hayashi, Ashraf M. Dewan, and Toru Terao
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1061
pp. 1061-1067
Residential Damage Patterns Following the 2011 Tuscaloosa, AL and Joplin, MO Tornadoes
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David B. Roueche and David O. Prevatt
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1068
pp. 1068-1070
Investigation of the Ferry Disaster Incident of Assam (India) on April 30, 2012
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Kalyan Kumar Das
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1071
pp. 1071-1077
Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Features of Tornadic Storms Occurred in Kanto, Japan, on May 6, 2012
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Fumiaki Kobayashi and Mika Yamaji
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1078
pp. 1078-1083
Tornado Disaster 2012 in Northern Kanto and the Features of Tornado Disasters in Japan
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Junji Maeda and Eriko Tomokiyo
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1084
pp. 1084-1089
Critical Equivalent Wind Speeds for Overturning and Roof Blow-off of 2-StoryWooden Houses
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Rei Okada, Yukio Tamura, Masahiro Matsui, and Akihito Yoshida
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1090
pp. 1090-1095
Wind Speed of Tornado to Make a Road Damage
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Minoru Noda and Fumiaki Nagao
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1096
pp. 1096-1102
Statistical Summary and Case Studies of Strong Wind Damage in China
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Shuyang Cao and Jin Wang

Regular Papers

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1103
pp. 1103-1113
Wind Resistance of Vented Vinyl and Aluminum Soffit Panel Systems
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C. L. Alexander, F. J. Masters, M. J. Morrison, and S. Bolton
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p1114
pp. 1114-1119
Missile Impact Resistant Test of Glasses According to ISO 16932
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Takashi Maruyama, Hiromasa Kawai, Hiroaki Nishimura, and Mayuko Hanatani

No.5

(Oct)

Special Issue on Strong Ground Motion Prediction and Seismic Hazard Assessment

Special Issue on Strong Ground Motion Prediction and Seismic Hazard Assessment

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0847
pp. 847
Strong Ground Motion Prediction and Seismic Hazard Assessment
Hiroyuki Fujiwara

We have been conducting seismic hazard assessment for Japan under the guidance of the Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion of Japan since the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake, and have made National Seismic Hazard Maps for Japan for use in estimating strong ground motion caused by future earthquakes.

This special issue reviews the results of these efforts. Such work includes the development of seismic hazard assessment methodology for Japan, highly accurate prediction techniques for strong seismic ground motion and modeling underground structures for evaluating strong ground motion. Related research on utilization initiatives and risk assessment based on hazard information has also been conducted. An open Web system – the Japan Seismic Hazard Information Station (J-SHIS) – has even been developed to provide information interactively.

The 2011 Mw9.0 Great East Japan Earthquake was the largest such event recorded in the history of Japan. This megathrust earthquake was not considered in National Seismic Hazard Maps for Japan. But efforts toward revising seismic hazard assessment in Japan are progressing based on lessons learned from this earthquake.

Hazard assessment is currently being reviewed in relation to the large earthquakes anticipated to occur in the near future based in the Sagami Trough and the Nankai Trough in the waters of offshore Japan. This assessment, which considers earthquakes larger than those assumed to have occurred in the past, is being reviewed as of this writing.

In light of these pressing circumstances, studies are now being implemented to evaluate the long-period ground motion accompanying these large earthquakes.

The knowledge that has been cultivated in Japan in terms of seismic hazard assessment has reached a high level, and it is important to expand such knowledge both internationally and domestically. This is just one of the reasons that efforts here in Japan are being made to help improve the level of seismic hazard assessment in the Asian region and throughout the entire world.

It is expected that this special issue will help contribute to the further development of strong ground motion prediction and seismic hazard assessment now and in the future.

Finally, I extend our sincere thanks to all of the contributors and reviewers involved with these articles.

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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0848
pp. 848-860
Seismic Hazard Assessment for Japan: Reconsiderations After the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake
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Hiroyuki Fujiwara, Nobuyuki Morikawa, and Toshihiko Okumura
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0861
pp. 861-868
Exposure Analysis Using the Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Maps for Japan
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Nobuoto Nojima, Satoshi Fujikawa, Yutaka Ishikawa, Toshihiko Okumura, Hiroyuki Fujiwara, and Nobuyuki Morikawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0869
pp. 869-877
Development of J-SHIS and Applications Using API
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Hiroki Azuma, Shinichi Kawai, and Hiroyuki Fujiwara
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0878
pp. 878-888
A New Ground Motion Prediction Equation for Japan Applicable up to M9 Mega-Earthquake
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Nobuyuki Morikawa and Hiroyuki Fujiwara
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0889
pp. 889-903
Modeling of the Subsurface Structure from the Seismic Bedrock to the Ground Surface for a Broadband Strong Motion Evaluation
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Shigeki Senna, Takahiro Maeda, Yoshiaki Inagaki, Haruhiko Suzuki, Hisanori Matsuyama, and Hiroyuki Fujiwara
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0904
pp. 904-911
Nationwide 7.5-Arc-Second Japan Engineering Geomorphologic Classification Map and Vs30 Zoning
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Kazue Wakamatsu and Masashi Matsuoka
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0912
pp. 912-925
Finite-Difference Simulation of Long-Period Ground Motion for the Nankai Trough Megathrust Earthquakes
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Takahiro Maeda, Nobuyuki Morikawa, Asako Iwaki, Shin Aoi, and Hiroyuki Fujiwara
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0926
pp. 926-940
Finite-Difference Simulation of Long-Period Ground Motion for the Sagami Trough Megathrust Earthquakes
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Asako Iwaki, Nobuyuki Morikawa, Takahiro Maeda, Shin Aoi, and Hiroyuki Fujiwara
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0941
pp. 941-961
Seismic Risk Evaluation on Building Damage of Municipalities Based on the Seismic Activity Model in National Seismic Hazard Maps for Japan
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Masatsugu Wakaura, Yasushi Komaru, Satoshi Shimizu, Hiroyuki Fujiwara, and Nobuyuki Morikawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0962
pp. 962-973
Development of Earthquake Risk Evaluation Method for Individual Buildings Intended for Utilization in Local Communities
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Ippei Kondo, Ryo Wakabayashi, Kaoru Mizukoshi, Akihiro Kusaka, Hiroyuki Fujiwara, and Nobusuke Hasegawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0974
pp. 974-980
Case Study for Local Municipal Program for Seismic Risk Assessment
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Nobusuke Hasegawa
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doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0981
pp. 981-989