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JDR

Journal of Disaster Research

ISSN : 1881-2473(Print) / 1883-8030(Online)
Editors-in-Chief : Suminao Murakami (Laboratory of Urban Safety Planning)
Katsuki Takiguchi (Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Indexed in Scopus, Compendex (Ei)

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2016-02-04T04:20:05+0000

Vol.11 (2016)

No.1

Special Issue on Integrated Study on Mitigation of Multimodal Disasters Caused by Ejection of Volcanic Products NEW

Special Issue on Integrated Study on Mitigation of Multimodal Disasters Caused by Ejection of Volcanic Products

: pp. 3
Integrated Study on Mitigation of Multimodal Disasters Caused by Ejection of Volcanic Products
Masato Iguchi

Volcanic eruptions induce often widely dispersed, multimodal flows such as volcanic ash, pyroclastics, layers, and lava. Lahars triggered by heavy rain may extend far beyond ash deposits. Indonesia, which has 127 volcanoes along its archipelago, is at high risk for such disasters. The 2010 Merapi volcano eruption, for example, generated pyroclastic flows up to 17 km from the summit along the Gendol River, killing over 300 residents. The February 13, 2014, eruption of the Kelud volcano produced a gigantic ash plume over 17 km high, dispersing tehpra widely over Java Island. Ash falls and dispersion closed 7 airports and caused many flights to be cancelled.
Volcanoes in Japan have recently become active, with the 2014 phreatic eruption at the Ontake volcano leaving 63 hikers dead or missing. The eruption of the Kuchinoerabujima volcano on May 29, 2015, forced all island residents to be evacuated.
All of these events undeerscore how underedeveloped Japan’s early warning alert levels remain. The Sakurajima volcano, currently Japan’s most active, maintained high activity in the first half of 2015. Ash from Janaury 2015, for example, was moved down the volcano’s slopes by extremely heavy rain in June and July, accumulating as thick sediment near villages.
Regarding such situations of volcano countries, we will develop an integrated system to mitigate many kinds of disasters which are generated by volcanic eruptions and extended by rain fall and wind, based on scientific knowledge. We are developing an integrated warning system to be used by local and national governments to mitigate volcanic and sediment disasters. We are also creating measure against volcanic ash for airlines.
This special issue summarizes basic scientific knowledge and technology on the present warning system to be used in the integrated system for decision-making.

: pp. 4-14
Method for Real-Time Evaluation of Discharge Rate of Volcanic Ash – Case Study on Intermittent Eruptions at the Sakurajima Volcano, Japan –
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Masato Iguchi

: pp. 15-30
Preliminary Results of Weather Radar Observations of Sakurajima Volcanic Smoke
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Masayuki Maki, Masato Iguchi, Takeshi Maesaka, Takahiro Miwa, Toshikazu Tanada, Tomofumi Kozono, Tatsuya Momotani, Akihiko Yamaji, and Ikuya Kakimoto

: pp. 31-42
Numerical Simulations of Volcanic Ash Plume Dispersal from Kelud Volcano in Indonesia on February 13, 2014
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Hiroshi L. Tanaka, Masato Iguchi, and Setsuya Nakada

: pp. 43-52
Mechanism of Volcanic Tephra Falling Detected by X-Band Multi-Parameter Radar
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Satoru Oishi, Masahiro Iida, Masahide Muranishi, Mariko Ogawa, Ratih Indri Hapsari and Masato Iguchi

: pp. 53-59
Credibility of Volcanic Ash Thicknesses Reported by the Media and Local Residents Following the 2014 Eruption of Kelud Volcano, Indonesia
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Setsuya Nakada, Akhmad Zaennudin, Fukashi Maeno, Mitsuhiro Yoshimoto, and Natsumi Hokanishi

: pp. 60-71
Modeling of Information Flow for Early Warning in Mount Merapi Area, Indonesia
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Leslie Jamie Cobar, Djoko Legono, and Kuniaki Miyamoto

: pp. 72-84
Investigation and Separation of Turbulent Fluctuations in Airborne Measurements of Volcanic Ash with Optical Particle Counters
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Jonas Elíasson, Konradin Weber, Andreas Vogel Thorgeir Pálsson, Junichi Yoshitani and Daisuke Miki

: pp. 85-95
Measurements of Particle Distribution and Ash Fluxes in the Plume of Sakurajima Volcano with &Optical Particle Counter
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Jonas Elíasson, Junichi Yoshitani, Daisuke Miki, Konradin Weber, Christoph Bölke, and Emad Scharifi

Regular Papers

: pp. 97-105
Shaking Table Test of Quarter Scale 20 Story RC Moment Frame Building Subjected to Long Period Ground Motions
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Kuniyoshi Sugimoto, Kenji Yonezawa, Hideo Katsumata, and Hiroshi Fukuyama

: pp. 106-117
Proposal for an Efficient Damping System for High-Rise Buildings in Major Earthquakes
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Katsuhide Murakami, Masato Ishii, Kentaroh Miyazaki, and Yasuhiro Tsuneki

: pp. 118-124
Recent Design Approaches for Passively Controlled Structures
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Toru Takeuchi

: pp. 125-135
Deformation Capacity of Steel Shear Panel Damper and its Reflection to AIJ Design Requirements
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Hiroyuki Tamai and Kazuhiko Kasai

: pp. 136-146
Empirical Data Analysis and Simulation Modeling for Evacuation Movement with the Presence of Irregular Non-Continuous Exterior Stairs
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Hugo H. Poveda Gironda, Satoru Sadohara, Satoshi Yoshida, and Keiko Inagaki

Vol.10 (2015)

No.6

Mini Special Issue on Space Microbiology: Microbial Monitoring in the International Space Station – “Kibo”

Mini Special Issue on Space Microbiology: Microbial Monitoring in the International Space Station – “Kibo”

: pp. 1022-1024
Microbes and Crewed Space Habitat
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Nobuyasu Yamaguchi and Masao Nasu

: pp. 1025-1030
Microbial Observatory Research in the International Space Station and Japanese Experiment Module “Kibo”
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Masaki Shirakawa, Fumiaki Tanigaki, and Takashi Yamazaki

: pp. 1031-1034
Significance of Changes in the Skin Fungal Microbiomes of Astronauts Staying on the International Space Station
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Takashi Sugita and Otomi Cho

: pp. 1035-1039
Bacterial Monitoring in the International Space Station – “Kibo”
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Tomoaki Ichijo, Nobuyasu Yamaguchi, and Masao Nasu

Regular Papers

: pp. 1041-1050
Disaster Warning System in the Philippines Through Enterprise Engineering Perspective: A Study on the 2013 Super Typhoon Haiyan
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Natt Leelawat, Anawat Suppasri, Shuichi Kure, Carine J. Yi, Cherry May R. Mateo, and Fumihiko Imamura

: pp. 1051-1066
Organizational Structure and Institutions for Disaster Prevention: Research on the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in Kobe City
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Masahiro Matsuyama, Reo Kimura, and Haruo Hayashi

: pp. 1067-1080
The 1755 Lisbon Tsunami at Vila do Bispo Municipality, Portugal
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Angela Santos and Shunichi Koshimura

: pp. 1081-1090
A Distributed Autonomous Approach to Developing a Disaster Evacuation Assist System
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Yasuki Iizuka, Katsuya Kinoshita, and Kayo Iizuka

: pp. 1091-1098
Impacts of Business Continuity Management (BCM) on Automobile Parts Makers Against Natural Disaster Events
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Abednico Lopang Montshiwa and Akio Nagahira

: pp. 1099-1109
Flood Inundation Analysis and Mitigation with a Coupled 1D-2D Hydraulic Model: A Case Study in Kochi, Japan
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M. A. C. Niroshinie, Yasuo Nihei, Kazuaki Ohtsuki, and Shoji Okada

: pp. 1110-1116
Pricing Earthquake Catastrophe Options Based on the Mixed-Multinomial Tree Model
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Feixing Wang and Xiaoling Gu

: pp. 1117-1125
Disaster Education for Elementary School Students Using Disaster Prevention Pocket Notebooks and Quizzes
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Rui Nouchi, Shosuke Sato, and Fumihiko Imamura

No.5

Special Issue on Creating Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society

Special Issue on Creating Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society

: pp. 791-793
Creating Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society
Takashi Furuya, Haruo Hayashi

The grisk societyh has become a key 21st century theme due to the economic expansionand population explosion spurred by science and technology development during the 20th century. We must create societies resilient against risk to preserve well-being and continue sustainable development. Although the ideal would be to create a society free from disaster and crisis, resources are limited. To achieve a moreresilient society using these resources, we must become wise enough to identify the risks threatening society and clarify how we are to prepare against them. The traditional engineering approach is limited by its aim to reduce damage reductionas functional system of hazard, exposure, and vulnerability by focusing on mitigative action. We must instead add two factors – human activity and time dependency after a disaster – to make society more risk-resilient. The Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society (RISTEX) of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) seeks to create new social, public, and economic value by solving obvious problems in society. In promoting science and technology R&D for society, RISTEX supports the building of networks enabling researchers and stakeholders to cooperate in solving societal problems. Our initiatives use R&D employing knowledge in the field of the humanities and social sciences, combined with natural sciences and technologies. Based on these existing accumulated knowledge and skills, scientifically verifying issues and lessons learned from these disasters, RISTEX launched a new R&D focus area, entitled gCreating a Community-Based Robust and Resilient Society,h in 2012. This R&D focus is to develop disaster risk reduction systems making society robust and resilient in the face of large-scale disasters. Two crucial key words in this focus area are ”community” and “links.” Specifically, we must reexamine community frameworks to facilitate how diverse elements of society ? industry, academia, government, and citizens ? can be linked and activated in overcoming complex widespread disasters. Our R&D focus is grounded in the reality of urban and regional areas, and fosters mutual multilayered cooperation. In this issue, which mark the half-way point in the six-year RISTEX R&D focus program, we present 13 papers of reports on R&D studies selected by RISTEX in fiscal years 1 and 2, reviews appraising the academic significance of these reports, and studies that introduce new findings obtained through experimental studies. Seven papers resulted from four projects in the first year, three dealing with postdisaster reconstruction. The first, the Land Conservation and Resilience after Flooding Disaster project, deals with assisting in farmland restoration following heavy rainfall. Based on a detailed activity survey and geographical analysis, the report discusses significant roles played by community and incorporated non-profit organizations collaborating with groups outside affected areas. Of the two reports on the Redevelopment of Tsunami Impacted Coastal Regions, one analyzes the reconstruction planning process of a district completing its group relocation relatively early among communities in coastal regions devastated by the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami. The other describes the computer reconstruction of village swept away by the tsunami, workshops conducted to improve reconstruction accuracy and the process by which community identity is strengthened by sharing common memories. Reports on the Disaster Mitigation Project of Traditional Buildings discuss current and future prospects for comprehensive disaster mitigation efforts in preservation districts based on a questionnaire focusing on the social capital in preservation districts for groups of traditional buildings. They also present results of action research aimed at community building based on connecting the historic townscape with people and organizations. The last first-year project deals with Computer-Assisted Structuring of Disaster Information. Related papers propose the design of a database schema for effectively processing disaster management information and use of natural-language processing to assist in this process. They also discuss issues related to the construction of an online information processing system for facilitating information coordination at disaster response headquarters that must process vast amounts of information in disaster response efforts. Six papers resulted from four projects among those selected in the second year. A paper on Resilient Metropolitan Areas Creation proposes multiscale community-based disaster mitigation planning preparing for a Nankai megathrust earthquake based on the need for a diverse region-wide discussion. They also report on workshops conducted based on this approach. One of two reports on Edutainment Disaster Relief Training proposes a sustainable training model based on scientific analysis of disaster medicine training ? the first such attempt in medical relief. It describes implementation of an actual drill. The other report points out the need to classify disaster medicine learners into several hierarchical levels and discusses elements necessary for developing training programs as medutainment based on a comprehensive review of domestic sources on educational approaches and disaster medicine. The report on Structuring an Autonomous Regional Disaster Prevention Community describes how safety measures adopted since the 2011 Great East Japan earthquake by fire companies suffering many casualties from the disaster are effective in regions at risk of disasters other than tsunamis such as landslides. The report the Life Recovery of Public Rented Temporary Housing Dwellers presents ethnography and interview survey results with residents of public rented temporary housing regarding elements of life recovery such the housing situation, income and livelihood. Many field specialists agree it is essential to integrate science and technology in promoting R&D helping reduce disaster risks while achieving a resilient society. We must now put this concept into practice to ensure that research results are implemented. In effective risk and crisis communication, we focus on key prerequisites of people and society. We also address social issues using accumulated knowledge and technologies in individual fields as a starting point and linking these to the launch of new social implementations for achieving a resilient society. We express our sincere thanks and appreciation to all of the authors and reviewers involved in this special issue for their invaluable contributions and support.

: pp. 794-806
Support for Farmland Restoration Through Mutual Assistance After Flood Disasters in Hilly and Mountainous Areas – Cases of the Cities of Yame and Ukiha Affected by the Torrential Rainfall in Northern Kyushu in July 2012 –
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Kazuo Asahiro, Masakazu Tani, and Hiroyuki Kanekiyo

: pp. 807-817
A Study on Community-Based Reconstruction from Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster – A Case Study of Iwanuma City in Miyagi-Pref.
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Mikiko Ishikawa

: pp. 818-829
Reconstruction of Coastal Villages Swept Away by Tsunami by 3D Digital Model
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Akinobu Murakami, Eiko Kumakura, and Mikiko Ishikawa

: pp. 830-844
Computer-Assisted Databasing of Disaster Management Information Through Natural Language Processing
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Kentaro Inui, Yotaro Watanabe, Kenshi Yamaguchi, Shingo Suzuki, Hiroko Koumoto, Naoko Kosaka, Akira Koyama, Tomohiro Kokogawa, and Yuji Maeda

: pp. 845-856
Study on an Online Communication and Task Management System for Disaster Response Utilizing Natural Language Processing
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Shingo Suzuki, Kentaro Inui, Kenshi Yamaguchi, Hiroko Koumoto, Naoko Kosaka, Akira Koyama, and Yuji Maeda

: pp. 857-873
Proposal and Practice of Comprehensive Disaster Mitigation Depending on Communities in Preservation Districts for Traditional Buildings
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Hajime Yokouchi

: pp. 874-886
Challenges for Safe and Secure Community Development in Traditional Architectures Preservation Districts – A Case Study on Tochigi District
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Saori Kawazoe, Saikaku Toyokawa, Fumiko Imai, and Masaki Urano

: pp. 887-899
A Proposal of Multi-Scale Urban Disaster Mitigation Planning that Takes Regional Issues into Consideration
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U Hiroi, Akito Murayama, Yoshihiro Chiba, Hisashi Komatsu, Masafumi Mori, Keiichi Yamada, Masato Yamazaki, and Nobuo Fukuwa

: pp. 900-918
Sustainable Training-Model Development Based on Analysis of Disaster Medicine Training
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Shoichi Ohta, Munekazu Takeda, Ryo Sasaki, Hirotaka Uesugi, Hironobu Kamagata, Kentaro Kawai, Satomi Kuroshima, Michie Kawashima, Masaki Onishi, and Ikushi Yoda

: pp. 919-928
Critical Review of Japanese Disaster Medical Education for Citizens: Exploring the Method of Medutainment
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Ikushi Yoda, Momo Shiroyama, Hirotaka Uesugi, Hironobu Kamagata, and Shoichi Ohta

: pp. 929-938
Disaster Prevention Activities of Japanese Fire Companies
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Atsushi Sakuma, Ichiro Matsuo, Shin Ito, Shigeyoshi Tanaka, and Tsugio Nakaseko

: pp. 939-947
Optimal Life Recovery Assistance for Those Who Are Residing in Designated Temporary Housing in Widely Dispersed Locations: Interim Findings on Different Household Groups and on Life Recovery Promotion Parameters
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Shigeo Tatsuki

: pp. 948-955
Grasp of Utilization of Social Networking Services in Restoration Process – Interview Survey for N City-Related Citizens of the Great East Japan Earthquake –
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Shosuke Sato, Hiroko Koumoto, and Shigeo Tatsuki

Regular Papers

: pp. 957-965
Model of Tsunami Preparedness for Indonesian Tsunami Prone Areas Communities
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Any Nurhayaty, Supra Wimbarti, Radianta Triatmadja, and Thomas D. Hastjarjo

: pp. 966-972
Analysis of Factors Triggering Shallow Failure and Deep-Seated Landslides Induced by Single Rainfall Events
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Teng-To Yu, Ting-Shiuan Wang, and Youg-Sin Cheng

: pp. 973-980
Understanding Household Mobilization Time During Natech Accident Evacuation
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Junlei Yu and Akihiko Hokugo

: pp. 981-990
A Case Study on Estimation of Business Interruption Losses to Industrial Sectors Due to Flood Disasters
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Lijiao Yang, Hirokazu Tatano, Yoshio Kajitani, and Xinyu Jiang

: pp. 991-1000
Climate Change Impact on the Manageability of Floods and Droughts of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Basins Using Flood Duration Curves and Drought Duration Curves
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Muhammad Masood and Kuniyoshi Takeuchi

No.sp

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part IV

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part IV

: pp. 709
the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part IV
Katsuki Takiguchi

The basic policy of the Journal of Disaster Research (JDR), as a multidisciplinary academicjournal, is to cover all types of disasters ? except for war ? through a broad comprehensive perspective. Since its inaugural issue in August 2006, the JDR has been published bimonthly,with six issues a year. 2015 marks the tenth year since the JDRfs first issue. Among the many events happening during this decade is the March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster which was induced by the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake.This event had two major features ? that the tsunami accompanying the earthquake caused the main damage and that it triggered a nuclear hazard accident at a nuclear power plant. The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster was a unprecedented earthquake disaster called catastrophic hazard following two others ? the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake Disasterthat leveled Tokyo and the 1995 Hanshin Awaji Earthquake Disaster that destroyed parts of Osaka and Kobe. In view of this catastrophic hazardfs scale, the JDR decided to publish special annual issues on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster for five years since 2012 in addition to its regularissues. No publication fee was charged to contributors and support was asked from corporations. Papers on the special issues are published mainly online as an e-journal though printed editions are published for archival purposes. The current issue is the fourth of these special issues, and contributors have covered the 2011 disaster from many a wide range of perspectives. 21 papers were submitted and 8 papers are accepted for publication after peer review. The editors are confident that, like the previous three issues, this issue fully measure up to the quality that was expected for the special issue. I wish to express my gratitude to the contributors and reviewers and to thank corporations for their invaluable support.

: pp. 711-715
Safety of Food Produced in Japan: Past and Present Status of Radioactive Contamination
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Hideaki Karaki

: pp. 716-727
Public Health Concerns on Radiation Exposure After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident
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Reiko Kanda, Satsuki Tsuji, Hidenori Yonehara, and Masami Torikoshi

: pp. 728-735
Initial Responses of the Government of Japan to the Great East Japan Earthquake (Earthquake and Tsunami) and Lessons Learned from Them
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Akira Kotaki

: pp. 736-754
Research on Planning Process of Community Disaster Management Plan at Tsunami-Hit Area
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Tadahiro Yoshikawa

: pp. 755-769
Issues Facing Voluntary Evacuees from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident Based on the Collection and Analysis of Cases of Voluntary Evacuation
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Kota Tomoyasu, Reo Kimura, Hitomi Mashima, and Ikuno Kazama

: pp. 770-776
Proposal for Robust Monitoring of Catastrophic Tsunami Using Onshore Strain and Tilt Geodetic Sensors
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Hiroaki Takahashi

: pp. 777-782
Business Continuity Management (BCM) for Regional Financial Functionalities in Wide-Area Disasters
Importance and Challenges in Cooperation
Among Regional Financial Institutions and PPP (Public-Private Partnership)
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Kenji Watanabe

: pp. 783-786
Application of Natural Disaster Information for Supply Chain Resilience
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Takahiro Ono and Kenji Watanabe

No.4

Special Issue on Fire and Disaster Prevention Technologies

Special Issue on Fire and Disaster Prevention Technologies

: pp. 583
Fire and Disaster Prevention Technologies
Tomonori Kawano, Kazuya Uezu, and Takaaki Kato

Itfs a great pleasure and honor to publish the special issue on gFire and Disaster Prevention Technologiesh in the Journal of Disaster Research. All of its 7 papers have been peerreviewed. We would like to extend our sincere thanks to the contributors and reviewers involved in producing these articles, especially to Dr. Masafumi Hosokawa, Chief, Planning for Community-Based Cooperation National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster, Fire and Disaster Management Agency Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications for his great support. The Research and Development center of Fire and Environmental Safety (RDFES) was established in April 2008 as a research institute within the Faculty of Environmental Engineering, the University of Kitakyushu. The RDFES is the first academic institute in Japan to contribute to environmental engineering and firefighting technology for social safety, and focuses on the environmental researches to overcome the worldwide serious firefighting problem, for example huge forest fires, and consequently contributes to create the epoch-making products for the environmental conservation and the safety of citizens. RDFES has become well known among firefighting professionals for its development of an gEnvironmentally friendly soap-based firefighting agent,h as well as new equipment that maximizes the effectiveness of the agent. This is just one example of successful collaboration between RDFES, the Kitakyushu City Fire and Disaster Management Department, a local soap company, and major firefighting enterprises in Japan. Today, RDFES is entering a new research area involving local communities and governments, which aims tomitigate and minimize the risk of fire and natural disasters. Researchers are engaged not only in the development of hardware but also in the creation of an organized social movement that could ensure more effective use of the hardware. We hope that the collaboration among industry, academia, and government will be more useful and powerful towards solving serious problems on gfire and environmental safetyh through the mediation of this special issue. And reaching out to local communities reflects the centerfs position to always welcome new partners to join our important and exciting research activities.

: pp. 584-585
Research and Development Efforts in Fire Safety and Disaster Preparedness
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Masafumi Hosokawa

: pp. 586-594
Fire Protection Analysis and Potential Improvements for Wooden Cultural Heritage Sites in Japan
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Kwang-Il Kim, Tadashi Konishi, Tomek Ziemba, Hirofumi Nonaka, Ki-Hun Nam, and Takeyoshi Tanaka

: pp. 595-603
A New Concept for Development of Quartz Crystal Microbalance Fire Prevention Sensors Modified with Nano-Assembled Thin Films
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Seung-Woo Lee

: pp. 604-612
Learning from the Eco-Toxicology of Fire-Fighting Foams in Aquatic Organisms: Altered Eco-Toxicity of Sodium Alkyl Sulfonates on Green Paramecia and Medaka Fish Maintained in Different Waters
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Kaishi Goto, Hiroshi Takaichi, and Tomonori Kawano

: pp. 613-619
Development of Firefighting Equipment for Efficient Firefighting Strategy (Development of New Hose)
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Yoshiaki Miyazato, Takumi Sasaki, Masaki Sakaguchi, and Atsushi Nakamura

: pp. 620-626
Development of Firefighting Equipment for Efficient Firefighting Strategy (Development of New Nozzle)
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Takumi Sasaki, Yoshiaki Miyazato, Junji Inamoto, Takahiro Yamamoto, and Atsushi Nakamura

: pp. 627-634
Investigating the Gap Between Actual and Perceived Distance from a Nuclear Power Plant: A Case Study in Japan
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Takaaki Kato, Shogo Takahara, and Toshimitsu Homma

: pp. 635-640
The Rise and Fall of the Kobe Economy from the 1995 Earthquake
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Yasuhide Okuyama

Regular Papers

: pp. 641-646
Compared Modeling Study of Primary Water Stress Corrosion Cracking at Dissimilar Weld of Alloy 182 of Pressurized Water Nuclear Reactor According to Hydrogen Concentration
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Omar F. Aly, Miguel M. Neto, Mônica M. A. M. Schvartzman, and Luciana I. L. Lima

: pp. 647-654
Performance Evaluation of Base-Isolated Structures
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Sarun Chimamphant and Kazuhiko Kasai

: pp. 655-666
Analysis of Radio Wave Propagation in an Urban Environment and its Application to Initial Disaster Response Support
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Youhei Kawamura, Hyongdoo Jang, Markus Wagner, Hajime Nobuhara, Ashraf M. Dewan, Bert Veenendaal, and Itaru Kitahara

: pp. 667-677
Ground Motion Estimation Using Front Site Wave Form Data Based on RVM for Earthquake Early Warning
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Yincheng Yang and Masato Motosaka

: pp. 678-686
Hazard Perception and Anchoring: A Comparison of the Three Models Explaining the Anchoring Effect
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Kazuhisa Nagaya and Kazuya Nakayachi

: pp. 687-692
Voluntary Isolation After the Disaster: The Loss of Community and Family in the Super Aged Society in Japan
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Kanako Sasaki and Miyako Sakurai

No.3

Special Issue on Adaptation Measures for Disasters due to Climate Change

Special Issue on Adaptation Measures for Disasters due to Climate Change

: pp. 403-402
Adaptation Measures for Disasters due to Climate Change
Toshimitsu Komatsu

An increase in natural hazards due to global warming has broadened the gap between natural hazards and disaster prevention. This gap has raised the possibility that unexpected major disasters occur. As chances of a natural hazard grow, appropriate and efficient adaptation is considered as a last resort for lessening disaster. In water-related disasters such as floods and debris flows, individual disaster sites have specific thresholds (limits). When a natural hazard exceeds this threshold, a serious disaster strikes us. On the contrary when it is under the limit, disaster damage is kept to be small. Flood disasters and landslides have the side of gall or nothing.h This is a characteristic of water-related disasters. Climate change is causing natural hazards to exceed this threshold easily. This makes resilient proactive adaptation very important in disaster prevention. Specific adaptation measures developed hereafter must cope with serious water and sediment disasters throughout mountainous regions, rivers, urban areas, and coastal areas that are assumed to be influenced by global warming. The Journal of Disaster Research has planned a special issue on the adaptation measures for disasters due to climate change. Having taken part in field surveys, computer simulations, and laboratory experiments and finding adaptation measures worth studying more deeply, I decided to contribute to this special issue as a Guest Editor. All of its 11 papers have been peer-reviewed. The broad topics covered range from floods, landslides, and storm surges to adaptation to the human being society. I would like to extend my sincere thanks to the contributors and reviewers involved in producing these articles, especially to Dr. Hideo Oshikawa, Assistant Professor of the Department of Urban and Environment Engineering, Kyushu University, Japan, for his great support. I look forward with great anticipation to feedback from readers regarding these articles.

: pp. 404-419
Challenges of Implementing Climate Change Adaptation Policy for Disaster Risk Reduction – Implications from Framing Gap Among Stakeholders and the General Public –
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Kenshi Baba and Mitsuru Tanaka

: pp. 420-428
Analysis of Ideal Directions of Climate Change Adaptation and Problems in Implementing Them for Local Japanese Governments
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Nobuo Shirai and Mitsuru Tanaka

: pp. 429-435
Meteorological Characteristics of Local Heavy Rainfall in the Fukuoka Plain
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Yukiko Hisada, Yuji Sugihara, and Nobuhiro Matsunaga

: pp. 436-447
Numerical Experiments on Spatially Averaged Precipitation in Heavy Rainfall Event Using the WRF Model
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Yuji Sugihara, Sho Imagama, Nobuhiro Matsunaga, and Yukiko Hisada

: pp. 448-456
Bias Correction in Typhoon and Storm Surge Projection Considering Characteristics of Global Climate Model MRI-AGCM3.2S
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Noriaki Hashimoto, Yukihiro Kinashi, Tomoko Kawashima, Masaki Yokota, Masaru Yamashiro, and Mitsuyoshi Kodama

: pp. 457-466
Evaluation of Inhibitory Effect by Adaptation Measures for Red Soil Runoff from Farmland due to Heavy Rainfall
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Noriyuki Yasufuku, Kohei Araki, Kiyoshi Omine, Kenichiro Okumura, and Kohei Iwami

: pp. 467-474
An Experimental Study on Flood Control Capability of Dry Dams Constructed in a Series
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Hideo Oshikawa, Yuka Mito, and Toshimitsu Komatsu

: pp. 475-485
Flood Control Mechanism of Multiple Dams Constructed in a Series Based on Cascade Method
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Hideo Oshikawa and Toshimitsu Komatsu

: pp. 486-494
Growth of Mangrove Forests and the Influence on Flood Disaster at Amami Oshima Island, Japan
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Akira Tai, Akihiro Hashimoto, Takuya Oba, Kazuki Kawai, Kazuaki Otsuki, Hiromitsu Nagasaka, and Tomonori Saita

: pp. 495-502
Clarification and Application of Inundation Processes in Basins with Insufficient Observation Devices Installed
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Akihiro Hashimoto, Akira Tai, and Toshimitsu Komatsu

: pp. 503-511
Compound Strategy Forward to Compound Disaster Mitigation: Lessons from Hsiaolin Village, Typhoon Morakot 2009
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Wen-Chi Lai, Yuan-Jung Tsai, and Chjeng-Lun Shieh

Regular Papers

: pp. 513-526
Applying Risk Analysis to the Disaster Impact of Extreme Typhoon Events Under Climate Change
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Hsin-Chi Li, Shiao-Ping Wei, Chao-Tzuen Cheng, Jun-Jih Liou, Yung-Ming Chen, and Keh-Chia Yeh

: pp. 527-534
Finite Element Reliability Analysis of Steel Containment Vessels with Corrosion Damage
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Xiaolei Wang and Dagang Lu

: pp. 535-550
Development of Science-Based Decision Support System for Evaluating the Safety of Evacuation Facilities in Case of Torrential Rains
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Hidetomo Miyake, Haruo Hayashi, Shingo Suzuki, and Takahiro Nishino

: pp. 551-557
Brief Report of Shaking Table Test on Masonry Building Strengthened with Ferrocement Layers
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Teddy Boen, Hiroshi Imai, Febrin Ismail, Toshikazu Hanazato, and Lenny

No.2

Selected Papers from TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata

Selected Papers from TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata

: pp. 187-188
Selected Papers from TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata
Keiko Tamura and Haruo Hayashi

TIEMS – The International Emergency Society founded in 1993 – is a global forum for education, training, certification and policy in emergency and disaster management. TIEMS is dedicated to developing a safer world by bringing the benefits of modern emergency management tools, techniques and good industry practice. The Japan Chapter of TIEMS was established in 2011 when Japan members agreed on the great worth of the Society’s mission.

The Japan Chapter organized the Oct. 20-23, 2014, TIEMS Annual Conference in Niigata. Niigata was chosen because the year 2014 had a special meaning in the history of disasters in Japan. That is, the memorials of four major disasters had memorial anniversaries in that year – the 50th anniversary of the 1964 Niigata Earthquake, the 40th anniversary of the 1974 Niigata Yakeyama Volcano eruption, and the 10th anniversaries of the 2004 Niigata-Fukushima flood and Niigata-Chuetsu earthquake. The event brought over 1,000 domestic and international participants together to discuss risk management and resilience against disasters. The event also provided many opportunities for participants to share their scientific knowledge learn about the lessons from past experience of practitioners in the disaster management field and view the industry exhibition emerging to a wide variety of experience in disaster response.

With so many experts and practitioners willing to make presentations at the Conference, the JDR has brought together selected 17 papers and other output from them. My colleagues and I am honored to make these TIEMS 2014 achievements known to the broadest possible audience, and we are assured that this will create many fruitful outcomes for our reading audience.

: pp. 189-195
Developing a Web-Based Platform to Share Disaster Risk Reduction Technology
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Young-Jai Lee

: pp. 196-203
Comparison Between the Life Recovery Processes After the Mid-Niigata Earthquake and the Chuetsu-Oki Earthquake – Results of a Random Sampled Social Survey Using the Life Recovery Calendar and GIS-Based Spatiotemporal Analysis
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Reo Kimura, Munenari Inoguchi, Keiko Tamura, and Haruo Hayashi

: pp. 204-209
Area Business Continuity Management, A New Approach to Sustainable Local Economy
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H. Baba, T. Watanabe, K. Miyata, and H. Matsumoto

: pp. 210-216
Attempt to Typify Disaster Educational Programs – Case Study of the Disaster Management Education Challenge Plan
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Kota Tomoyasu, Reo Kimura, and Haruo Hayashi

: pp. 217-224
Development of Web-Based Tabletop Emergency Earthquake Exercise System
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Bojia Zhou, Gang Sun, Xiaoyong Zhang, Jianhua Xu, Junyan Lai, Xiaoxia Du, Masafumi Hosokawa, Haruo Hayashi, Reo Kimura, and Yukihisa Sakurada

: pp. 225-230
Integration of GIS with Remote Sensing and GPS for Disaster Mitigation
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Sikander Nawaz Khan

: pp. 231-237
Dynamic Simulation Research of Overburden Strata Failure Characteristics and Stress Dependence of Metal Mine
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Kang Zhao, Zhongqun Guo, and Youzhi Zhang

: pp. 238-245
Current Issues Regarding the Incident Command System in the Philippines
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Miho Ohara and Hisaya Sawano

: pp. 246-251
Manage Everything or Anything? Possible Ways Towards Generic Emergency Management Capabilities
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Jonas Borell

: pp. 252-262
A Study on the Practical Ways of Implementing a Street-Wide BCP Exercise in the Banking Industry
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Yasutake Sayanagi and Kenji Watanabe

: pp. 263-269
Development of NERSS Training Program for Earthquake Emergency Response Capacity Building of Local Governments
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Junyan Lai, Lu Ding, Yuan Zhang, Weimin Wu, Haruo Hayashi, Reo Kimura, Masafumi Hosokawa, and Yukihisa Sakurada

: pp. 270-275
Blackout 2014 Exercise – Prague, the Capital of the Czech Republic
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Tomas Hudecek, Josef Juránek, and Jaroslav Pejcoch

: pp. 276-287
Comparative Analysis of Earthquake Emergency Response in China and Japan Based on Timeline: 311 Earthquake vs 512 Earthquake
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Xiaoxia Du, Jun Zhang, Jianhua Xu, Zhuan He, Junyan Lai, Yigang Li, Reo Kimura, Haruo Hayashi, Masafumi Hosokawa, and Yukihisa Sakurada

: pp. 288-298
Local People’s Responses to Flood Disasters in Flood Prone Areas of Northeast Bangladesh
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Naoki Yamashita and Terunori Ohmoto

: pp. 299-307
Current Relocation Practices Targeting Disaster Prone Communities in Developing Countries: Case Study San Francisco Libre, Nicaragua
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Judith Cuadra, Janet Dilling, Ralph Brower, and Malaika Samples

: pp. 308-318
Understanding Flood Risks for Better Planning and Resilience: Novel Stochastic Models and Methods for South-East Asia
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Julien Oliver, Ole Larsen, Mads Rasmussen, Erickson Lanuza, and Avinash Chakravarthy

: pp. 319-325
The Resilient Smart City (An Proposal)
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Yukio Fujinawa, Ryoichi Kouda, and Yoichi Noda

Regular Papers

: pp. 363-372
Cross-Organizational Information Sharing and Coordination in Disaster Response: The Case of the 2008 Wenchuan China Earthquake
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Enyan Wang, Dequan Zheng, and Xiangyang Li

: pp. 373-385
Improvement of Reception and Transmission Performance on Early Warning System for Multi Country with QZSS Augmentation Signal
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Daisuke Iwaizumi, Shota Iino, Hiroki Satoh, Mitsuaki Takaishi, Naoki Iso, and Naohiko Kohtake

No.1

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines

: pp. 5-7
Enhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines
Hiroshi Inoue and Renato U. Solidum, Jr.

This special issue of JDR features 18 papers and reports on an international 2010 to 2015 cooperative project entitled gEnhancement of Earthquake and Volcano Monitoring and Effective Utilization of Disaster Mitigation Information in the Philippines.h This project is being conducted under the SATREPS program (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development), cosponsored by the JST (Japan Science and Technology Agency) and JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency). The Philippines is one of the worldfs most earthquake and volcano disaster-prone countries because it is located along the active boundary between the Philippine Sea Plate and Eurasian Plate. Collisions by the two plates generate plate subductions and crustal stress that generates earthquakes and volcanic activities on the archipelago. The Philippines has experienced numerous disastrous earthquakes, the most recent being the 1990 M7.8 Luzon earthquake, which killed over 1,000 local residents. A damaging earthquake also occurred during this 5-year project, in October 2013, on Bohol Island, causing about 200 deaths when houses and other buildings collapsed. Volcanoes are another major killer in the Philippines. The largest in the last century was when the Taal volcano erupted in 1911, killing 1,300 by a base surge. The 1991 Mt. Pinatubo eruption is known as the largest volcanic event in the 20th century. The Mayon volcano is also known to be a beautiful but dangerous volcano that frequently erupts, causing lahars ? steaming moving fluid masses of volcanic debris and water ? that damaged villages at the foot of the mountain. The PHIVOLCS (Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology), a governmental agency mandated to monitor earthquakes and volcanoes, provides earthquake and volcano information and alerts to the public. It also conducts research on the mechanisms behind such natural phenomena and on evaluating such hazards and risks. The PHIVOLCSfs other mission is educating people and society on being prepared for disasters. Earthquake and volcano bulletins and alerts, research output, and educational materials and training provided by PHIVOLCS have enriched knowledge and enhanced measures against disaster. The primary target of this SATREPS project is to enhance existing monitoring networks, whose equipment has been provided by Japanese ODA (Official Development Aid). Through the SATREPS project, we have introduced the latest technology to provide the public with more accurate information more quickly. This project also promotes research for deepening the understanding of earthquakes and volcano activities in better assessing hazard and risk. Project components, tasks, and main Japanese organizations are as follows: 1) Earthquake and tsunami monitoring, NIED 1-1) Advanced real-time earthquake source information, Nagoya University 1-2) Real-time seismic intensity network, NIED 1-3) Tsunami monitoring and forecasting, NIED, JMA 2) Evaluation of earthquake generation potential, Kyoto University 2-1) Campaign and continuous GPS observation, Kyoto University, GSI 2-2) Geological and geomorphological studies of earthquake faults, Kyoto University 3) Integrated real-time monitoring of the Taal and Mayon volcanoes, Nagoya University 3-1) Seismic and infrasonic observation, Nagoya University 3-2) Continuous GPS monitoring, Kyoto University 3-3) Electromagnetic monitoring, Tokai University 4) Provision of disaster mitigation information and promotion of utilization, NIED 4-1) Simple seismic diagnosis, NIED 4-2) Tsunami victims interview manga (comic book form) and DVD, NIED 4-3) Disaster information portal site, NIED *NIED: National Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention; JMA: Japan Meteorological Agency; GSI: Geospatial Information Authority of Japan This issuefs first article by Melosantos et al., reports on results of installing a broadband seismometer network to provide seismic data used in the next two articles. Papers by Bonita and Punongbayan detail the results of SWIFT, a new earthquake source analysis system that automatically determines the location, size, and source mechanisms of moderate to large earthquakes. The report by Inoue et al. describes the development of the first instrumental intensity network system in the Philippines, followed by a report on its deployment and observation by Lasala et al. The article by Igarashi et al. describes the development of a tsunami simulation database for a local tsunami warning system in the Philippines. The next five papers represent the 2) Earthquake Generation Potential project component. Ohkura et al. detail the results of campaign GPS observations on Mindanao Island, which first delineated the detailed plate movement and internal deformation of Mindanao. Tobita et al. report the results of the first continuous GPS observations across the Philippine Fault. The next three papers describe the results of geological and geomorphological studies of the Philippine Fault on Mindanao Island by Perez et al., the 1973 Ragay Gulf Earthquake by Tsutsumi, and submarine mapping of the Philippine Fault by Yasuda et al.. These results provide insights on the recurrence and sizes of large damaging earthquakes in different areas. An electromagnetic study of the Taal volcano reported by Alanis et al. and the GPS monitoring of the Mayon volcano detailed by Takagi et al. are a part of intensive studies of these two volcanoes. Scientific research results were published in advance in other international journals by the research group concerning 3) Integrated Real-Time Volcano Monitoring of the Taal and Mayon Volcanoes. Real-time information on these volcanoes are telemetered to Manila and checked regularly as a part of standard operational procedures. Real-time earthquake and tsunami information by 1) Earthquake and Tsunami Monitoring has already been implemented in the monitoring system. The last five papers and reports cover results for 4) Provision of Disaster Mitigation Information and Promotion of Utilization. Imai et al. report on a full-scale shaking table test of typical residential Philippines houses made of hollow concrete blocks. They demonstrate the importance of following building codes. A paper by Imai et al. introduces simple seismic diagnosis for masonry houses as a practical tool for raising peoplefs awareness of housing vulnerability to earthquakes. Salcedo et al. report a dissemination strategy for the practical tools. The last two papers, by Villegas, report on video interviews made with Philippino tsunami survivors in the Tohoku area following the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake. The results are compiled and selected stories published in comic-book form as easy-to-understand educational materials on tsunami disaster awareness. Information on earthquakes and volcanoes provided by the enhanced monitoring system, research output, and educational materials obtained through the SATREPS project are provided to stakeholders to enhance measures against disasters at various levels and in different timeframes. Readers of this special issue can reference information through a newly established SATREPS project portal site, the PHIVOLCS Disaster Information Portal, at http://satreps.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/. It can also be accessed from the PHIVOLCS web page at http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/. Finally, I extend my sincere thanks to all authors and reviewers involved in this special issue.  

: pp. 8-17
Performance of Broadband Seismic Network of the Philippines
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Arnaldo A. Melosantos, Karl Vincent C. Soriano, Ponzch Colleen M. Alcones, Jose U. Pantig, Jun D. Bonita, Ishmael C. Narag, Hiroyuki Kumagai, and Hiroshi Inoue

: pp. 18-24
Regional Moment Tensor Analysis in the Philippines: CMT Solutions in 2012–2013
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Jun D. Bonita, Hiroyuki Kumagai, and Masaru Nakano

: pp. 25-34
Development and Operation of a Regional Moment Tensor Analysis System in the Philippines: Contributions to the Understanding of Recent Damaging Earthquakes
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Baby Jane T. Punongbayan, Hiroyuki Kumagai, Nelson Pulido, Jun D. Bonita, Masaru Nakano, Tadashi Yamashina, Yuta Maeda, Hiroshi Inoue, Arnaldo A. Melosantos, Melquiades F. Figueroa, Ponczh Colleen M. Alcones, Karl Vincent C. Soriano, Ishmael C. Narag, and Renato U. Solidum, Jr.

: pp. 35-42
Development of Seismic Intensity Meter for the Philippines
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Hiroshi Inoue, Zhengying Fan, Melchor Lasala, Robert Tiglao, Bartolome Bautista, Debbie Rivera, and Ishmael Narag

: pp. 43-50
Establishment of Earthquake Intensity Meter Network in the Philippines
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Melchor Lasala, Hiroshi Inoue, Roberto Tiglao, Zhengying Fan, Bartolome Bautista, and Ishmael Narag

: pp. 51-58
Building a Tsunami Simulation Database for the Tsunami Warning System in the Philippines
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Yohko Igarashi, Toshihiro Ueno, Kenji Nakata, Vilma C. Hernandez-Grennan, Joan L. Cruz-Salcedo, Ishmael C. Narag, Bartolome C. Bautista, and Takeshi Koizumi

: pp. 59-66
Plate Convergence and Block Motions in Mindanao Island, Philippine as Derived from Campaign GPS Observations
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Takahiro Ohkura, Takao Tabei, Fumiaki Kimata, Teresito C. Bacolcol, Yasuhiko Nakamura, Artemio C. Luis, Jr., Alfie Pelicano, Robinson Jorgio, Milo Tabigue, Magdalino Abrahan, Eleazar Jorgio, and Endra Gunawan

: pp. 67-73
Continuous GPS Observations on Mindanao
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Mikio Tobita, Hisashi Suito, Tomokazu Kobayashi, Satoshi Kawamoto, Masayuki Yamanaka, Akira Suzuki, Toshiharu Enya, Masaki Honda, Tetsuro Imakiire, Artemio Luis, Alfie Pelicano, Teresito Bacolcol, and Takahiro Ohkura

: pp. 74-82
Fault Distribution, Segmentation and Earthquake Generation Potential of the Philippine Fault in Eastern Mindanao, Philippines
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Jeffrey S. Perez, Hiroyuki Tsutsumi, Mabelline T. Cahulogan, Desiderio P. Cabanlit, Ma. Isabel T. Abigania, and Takashi Nakata

: pp. 83-90
Coseismic Displacement and Recurrence Interval of the 1973 Ragay Gulf Earthquake, Southern Luzon, Philippines
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Hiroyuki Tsutsumi, Jeffrey S. Perez, Jaime U. Marjes, Kathleen L. Papiona, and Noelynna T. Ramos

: pp. 91-98
Geometry and Structure of the Philippine Fault in Ragay Gulf, Southern Luzon
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Hirotake Yasuda, Teresito Bacolcol, Arturo Daag, Ericson Bariso, Emmanuelle Mitiam, Jaime Marjes, and Takashi Nakata

: pp. 99-105
Electromagnetic Observations at Taal Volcano
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Paul Karson Alanis, Yoichi Sasai, and Toshiyasu Nagao

: pp. 106-112
Ground Deformation of Mayon Volcano Revealed by GPS Campaign Survey
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Akimichi Takagi, Kenji Fujiwara, Takahiro Ohkura, Artemio C. Luis, Jr., Alejo V. Baloloy, Shinobu Ando, Eduardo Laguerta, and Ma. Antonia V. Bornas

: pp. 113-120
A Full-Scale Shaking Table Test on Philippine Concrete Hollow Blocks (CHB) Masonry Houses
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Hiroshi Imai, Chikahiro Minowa, Angelito G. Lanuza, Henremagne C. Penarubia, Ishmael C. Narag, Renato U. Soridum, Jr., Kenji Okazaki, Tatsuo Narafu, Toshikazu Hanazato, and Hiroshi Inoue

: pp. 121-128
Development of Practical Tools for Vulnerability and Safety Evaluation of Houses in the Philippines
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Hiroshi Imai, Akitoshi Nishimura, Angelito G. Lanuza, Henremagne C. Penarubia, Ronald S. Ison, Miriam L. Tamayo, Ishmael C. Narag, Renato U. Soridum, Jr., Hiroshi Inoue, Junzo Sakuma, and Kenji Okazaki

: pp. 129-134
Strategy for Dissemination of Practical Tools for Evaluation of Vulnerability and Safety of Houses in the Philippines
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Joan L. Cruz-Salcedo, Ma. Mylene L. Martinez-Villegas, Ester B. Garrido, Angelito G. Lanuza, Hiroshi Imai, Henremagne C. Penarubia, Hiroshi Inoue, and Renato U. Solidum, Jr.

: pp. 135-144
Filipinos in Japan: Narratives of Experience from the March 11, 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami
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Ma. Mylene Martinez-Villegas, Renato U. Solidum, Jr., Hiroshi Inoue, Hiroshi Imai, Angelito G. Lanuza, Henremagne C. Penarubia, Melcario Pagtalunan, Ma. Lynn P. Melosantos, Joan L. Cruz-Salcedo, Ishmael C. Narag, Melchor Lasala, Ma. Antonia V. Bornas, Perla J. Delos Reyes, and Bartolome Bautista

: pp. 145-149
Developing Manga-Style Tsunami Information Materials Based on the March 11, 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
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Ma. Mylene Martinez-Villegas, Lucille Rose Del Monte, Renato U. Solidum, Jr., John Paul Fallarme, Monique Realis, Melcario Pagtalunan, and Eumelia Belo

Regular Papers

: pp. 151-162
Analysis of the Banks’ Initial Reactions with the 9/11 and 3/11
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Yasutake Sayanagi and Kenji Watanabe

: pp. 163-170
Organizational Promoting Factors for SME BCP (2)
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Shinichi Okabe and Akio Nagahira

Vol.9 (2014)

No.6

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru (II)

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru (II)

: pp. 915
Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru (II)
Fumio Yamazaki, Carlos Zavala, and Miguel Estrada

With the greatest pleasure, we present the second special issue of the Journal of Disaster Research (JDR), entitled Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru. This follows the first special issue on the same theme. These special issues contain 36 articles, 15 in the first and 21 in the second. They summarize research output from the SATREPS Peru project. SATREPS is an international research program sponsored by the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). As a SATREPS project on natural disaster mitigation, our 5-year Peru project began in March 2010 with the purpose of enhancing and implementing earthquake and tsunami disaster-mitigation technology in Peru.

The joint research project provides good opportunities for Peruvian and Japanese researchers and engineers to work together exchanging opinions on their common goal of reducing loss from earthquakes and tsunamis. Within the project period, CISMID was designated as a government agency in charge of disaster-mitigation activities. Project outcomes have been introduced in national design codes and in guidelines on earthquake and tsunami risk evaluation in Peru. Our project has drawn great attention among members of Peruvian society. It has attracted hundreds of participants and scores of mass media through public seminars and symposia. We expect the project to be sustained through public awareness and dissemination activities by Peruvian organizations.

We hope this special issue will provide useful information to seismic-prone Asia-Pacific countries, especially Latin America. In closing, we sincerely thank the contributors and reviewers who have done so much to make the articles in this special issue both interesting and valuable.

: pp. 916-924
Summary Report of the SATREPS Project on Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru
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Fumio Yamazaki, Carlos Zavala, Shoichi Nakai, Shunichi Koshimura, Taiki Saito, Saburoh Midorikawa, Zenon Aguilar, Miguel Estrada, and Alberto Bisbal

: pp. 925-930
Estimation of a Source Model and Strong Motion Simulation for Tacna City, South Peru
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Nelson Pulido, Shoichi Nakai, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, and Toru Sekiguchi

: pp. 931-938
Estimation of S-Wave Velocity Profiles at Lima City, Peru Using Microtremor Arrays
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Selene Quispe, Kosuke Chimoto, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Hernando Tavera, Fernando Lazares, and Zenon Aguilar

: pp. 939-945
Development of a Seismic Microzoning Map for Lima City and Callao, Peru
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Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, Fernando Lazares, Silvia Alarcon, and Selene Quispe

: pp. 946-953
Analysis of Topographic Effects in Dynamic Response of a Typical Rocky Populated Slope in Lima, Peru
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Carlos Gonzales, Shoichi Nakai, Toru Sekiguchi, Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, and Fernando Lazares

: pp. 954-960
Tsunami Waveform Inversion of the 2007 Peru (Mw8.1) Earthquake
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Cesar Jimenez, Nabilt Moggiano, Erick Mas, Bruno Adriano, Yushiro Fujii, and Shunichi Koshimura

: pp. 961-967
Simulation of Tsunami Inundation in Central Peru from Future Megathrust Earthquake Scenarios
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Erick Mas, Bruno Adriano, Nelson Pulido, Cesar Jimenez, and Shunichi Koshimura

: pp. 968-975
Scenarios of Earthquake and Tsunami Damage Probability in Callao Region, Peru Using Tsunami Fragility Functions
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Bruno Adriano, Erick Mas, Shunichi Koshimura, Miguel Estrada, and Cesar Jimenez

: pp. 976-983
Evaluation of Tsunami Wave Loads Acting on Walls of Confined-Masonry-Brick and Concrete-Block Houses
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Gaku Shoji, Hirofumi Shimizu, Shunichi Koshimura, Miguel Estrada, and Cesar Jimenez

: pp. 984-992
Strength and Deformation of Confined Brick Masonry Walls Subjected to Lateral Forces – Review of Existing Test Data in Japan and Peru –
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Shunsuke Sugano, Taiki Saito, Carlos Zavala, and Lourdes Cardenas

: pp. 993-1000
Implementation of Database of Masonry Walls Test – Review of Existing Test Data in Peru
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Lourdes Cardenas, Roy Reyna, Lucio Estacio, and Carlos Zavala

: pp. 1001-1007
Implementation of Building Monitoring Network in Peru Under SATREPS Project
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Miguel Diaz, Patricia Gibu, Lucio Estacio, and Ricardo Proano

: pp. 1008-1014
Basic Study on Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls Without Boundary Columns Retrofitted by Carbon Fiber Sheets
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Tomoya Matsui, Taiki Saito, and Roy Reyna

: pp. 1015-1020
Current State of Masonry Properties Material on Emerging Zones in Lima City
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Luis Lavado, Jenny Taira, and Jorge Gallardo

: pp. 1021-1025
Comparison of Behaviors of Non-Engineered Masonry Tubular Block Walls and Solid Engineered Walls
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Carlos Zavala, Luis Lavado, Jenny Taira, Lourdes Cardenas, and Miguel Diaz

: pp. 1026-1031
Assessment of Seismic Performance of High-Rise Thin RC Wall Buildings in Lima, Peru Using Fragility Functions
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Luis G. Quiroz and Yoshihisa Maruyama

: pp. 1032-1041
Development of Building Inventory Data and Earthquake Damage Estimation in Lima, Peru for Future Earthquakes
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Masashi Matsuoka, Shun Mito, Saburoh Midorikawa, Hiroyuki Miura, Luis G. Quiroz, Yoshihisa Maruyama, and Miguel Estrada

: pp. 1042-1049
Development of Building Height Data in Peru from High-Resolution SAR Imagery
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Wen Liu, Fumio Yamazaki, Bruno Adriano, Erick Mas, and Shunichi Koshimura

Regular Papers

: pp. 1050-1058
Evaluation of Seismic Vulnerability of Buildings Based on Damage Survey Data from the 2007 Pisco, Peru Earthquake
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Shizuko Matsuzaki, Nelson Pulido, Yoshihisa Maruyama, Miguel Estrada, Carlos Zavala, and Fumio Yamazaki

: pp. 1059-1068
Post-Disaster Urban Recovery Monitoring in Pisco After the 2007 Peru Earthquake Using Satellite Image
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Tomoyo Hoshi, Osamu Murao, Kunihiko Yoshino, Fumio Yamazaki, and Miguel Estrada

: pp. 1069-1077
A Simulation Model for Forecasting Urban Vulnerability to Earthquake Disasters in Lima, Peru: “LIMA-UVEQ”
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Hideki Kaji, Osamu Murao, Masaki Fujioka, Hidehiko Kanegae, Fumio Yamazaki, Miguel Estrada, and Alberto Bisbal

: pp. 1079-1087
Beneficial Effects of Learning with Game-Book on Education for Disaster Prevention in Children
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Rui Nouchi and Motoaki Sugiura

: pp. 1088-1100
Flood Disaster in the Yura River in 2004 and 2013
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Shigeru Kawai and Kazuo Ashida

No.5

Special Issue on J-GRID (Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Disease)

Special Issue on J-GRID (Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Disease)

: pp. 765-767
J-GRID (Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Disease)
Sumio Shinoda

In the developed countries including Japan, malignant tumor (cancer), heart disease and cerebral apoplexy are major causes of death, but infectious diseases still responsible for high mortality in the developing countries, especially for children less than 5 years of age. World Health Statistics published byWHO indicates a high percentage of mortality from infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, measles, malaria and pneumonia in children of South and Southeast Asian and African countries (World Health Statistics 2014,World Health Organization). Many of these infectious diseases have the potential for borderless transmission and invasion to Japan.

Given this situation, Japan’s Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) introduced Phase I of a program “Founding Research Centers for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases,” running from fiscal 2005 to 2009 and involving 8 Japanese universities and 2 Japanese research centers. The program was established to:

1) Create of a domestic research structure to promote the accumulation of fundamental knowledge about infectious diseases,

2) Set up 13 overseas research collaboration centers in 8 countries at high risk of emerging and reemerging infections, Japanese researchers are stationed at these centers, where they conduct research in partnership with overseas instructors,

3) Develop a network among domestic and overseas research centers,

4) Develop human resources.

The program, supervised by MEXT, and managed by the RIKEN Center of the Research Network for Infectious Diseases (Riken CRNID). Dr. Yoshiyuki Nagai, Program Director (PD), heads CRNID and is organizing the program.

Phase II of the program was set up as the Japan Initiative for the Global Research Network on Infectious Diseases (J-GRID) and was established for fiscal 2010-2014.

Participating universities, institutes and countries in J-GRID are as follows:

Hokkaido University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Zambia
Tohoku University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Philippines
The University of Tokyo : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~China
Tokyo Medical and Dental University : ~~~~~~~~~~~Ghana
Osaka University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Thailand
Kobe University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Indonesia
Okayama University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~India
Nagasaki University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Vietnam
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Kenya (Associate*)
Niigata University : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Myanmar (Associate*)
National Center for Global Health and Medicine : ~~~Vietnam
National Institute of Animal Health : ~~~~~~~~~~~~~Thailand
*Two associate members were involved in 2011.

Each university and institute set up its collaborative research center in a country and conducts research on infectious diseases, especially typical regional diseases. The program’s outcome of each collaborative center is announced by the publication of various research papers or outreach programs, such as open lectures for citizens, and so on. The Asian-African Research Forum (AARF) on Infectious Disease organized by J-GRID is dedicated to reporting and discussing the research results of the collaborative research centers.

Details and activities of J-GRID can be seen at http://www.crnid.riken.jp/jgrid/. The Figs. 1 and 2 show examples of the home page indicating the countries and the collaborative research institutes involved.

J-GRID publishes the magazine entitled “Monthly CRNID,” which is available by mail upon request to “https://krs.bz/crnid/m?f=2&m=1110&t=8cdk&v=076691d2.” This publication contains various topical information on infectious diseases, such as research papers, newly announced news from WHO, overseas trip news, domestic infections, new drug developments, explanations, events, etc.

Phase II will terminate on March 2015 (the end of FY 2014), and Phase III will begin in April 2015 at the start of the new FY.

This special issue on J-GRID is being edited on the occasion of the final year of Phase II. The outlines of J-GRID and those of all the collaborative research centers are reviewed by Dr. Nagai, PD of CRNID, and the representatives of each respective collaborative center in this issue.

Finally, I extend my sincere thanks to all authors and reviewers involved in this special issue.

: pp. 768-773
About the Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Diseases (J-GRID) – An Overview
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Yoshiyuki Nagai

: pp. 774-783
Activity of Collaborative Research Center of Okayama University for Infectious Disease in India
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Sumio Shinoda, Daisuke Imamura, Tamaki Mizuno, and Shin-ichi Miyoshi

: pp. 784-792
Japan-Thailand Collaboration Research on Infectious Diseases: Promotion and Hurdles
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Shigeyuki Hamada, Naokazu Takeda, and Taroh Kinoshita

: pp. 793-800
Collaboration with China
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Aikichi Iwamoto, Zene Matsuda, Yoshihiro Kitamura, Takaomi Ishida, Kiyoko Iwatsuki-Horimoto, and Yoshihiro Kawaoka

: pp. 801-806
The Outline of the “Collaborative Study on Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases in Vietnam, Enhancement of Research Capacity”
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Tetsu Yamashiro

: pp. 807-812
Kenya Research Station and its Research Activities
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Yoshio Ichinose

: pp. 813-817
Joint Research Project on Infectious Diseases in West-African Subregion
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Eiji Ido, Takashi Suzuki, William K. Ampofo, Irene Ayi, Shoji Yamaoka, Kwadwo A. Koram, and Nobuo Ohta

: pp. 818-822
Research Activities of Hokudai Center for Zoonosis Control in Zambia
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Hideaki Higashi and Hiroshi Kida

: pp. 823-827
Research Activities and Responding to Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda): Tohoku-RITM Collaborating Research Center in the Philippines
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Mariko Saito, Mayuko Saito, Tadatsugu Imamura, Taro Kamigaki, Socorro P. Lupisan, and Hitoshi Oshitani

: pp. 828-835
Indonesia-Kobe University Collaborative Research Center for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases (CRC-ERID) J-GRID (Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Diseases)
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Toshiro Shirakawa, Kazufumi Shimizu, Takako Utsumi, Masanori Kameoka, Hak Hotta, and Yoshitake Hayashi

: pp. 836-838
Efforts Against Drug-Resistant Bacteria and Bacteremia in Vietnam
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Nozomi Takeshita, Norio Ohmagari, Teruo Kirikae, and Shinichi Oka

: pp. 839-841
Swine Influenza Surveillance in the Southeast Asia
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Takehiko Saito, Nobuhiro Takemae, Haruka Abe, and Yuko Uchida

: pp. 842-847
Influenza Project in Myanmar
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Reiko Saito, Yadanar Kyaw, Yi Yi Myint, Clyde Dapat,Go Hasegawa, and Makoto Naito

: pp. 849-857
Organizational Promoting Factors for SME BCP
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Shinichi Okabe and Akio Nagahira

: pp. 858-869
Fundamental Analysis for Flood Risk Management in the Selected River Basins of Southeast Asia
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Badri Bhakta Shrestha, Toshio Okazumi, Mamoru Miyamoto, Seishi Nabesaka, Shigenobu Tanaka, and Ai Sugiura

: pp. 870-878
Educational Merits of Lecturing and Discussion Methods in Teaching Disaster Prevention: Toward Improvement of Students’ Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior in Merapi Volcano Area Primary Schools
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Tuswadi and Takehiro Hayashi

: pp. 879-886
Lessons Learnt from Communication for Disaster Preparedness: A Study on Six Survivors from the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami 2011
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Md. Faiz Shah and Parves Sultan

: pp. 887-900
A Quantitative Estimate of Vulnerable People and Evaluation of Flood Evacuation Policy
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Karina Vink, Kuniyoshi Takeuchi, and Kelly M. Kibler

No.sp

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part III – Risk Communication –

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part III – Risk Communication –

: pp. 589
the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part III – Risk Communication –
Hideaki Karaki

Following its two special issues on the March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster, the Journal of Disaster Research is now publishing this third issue focusing on risk communication.

The earthquake and tsunami killed over 20,000 people, destroyed houses, farmlands, and communities, and led to a large amount of radioactive materials being released from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. These materials contaminated the environment and foods and forced almost 160,000 people to be evacuated from the highly contaminated district.

Ruined buildings are now being reconstructed and adversely affected farmland is being decontaminated. The victims remained concerned, however, about their future, especially those exposed to even very low-level radiation.

Chernobyl’s Legacy: Health, Environmental and Socio-Economic Impacts, a landmark report released by the Chernobyl Forum in 2005, assessed the 20-year impact of the nuclear explosion at the Chernobyl power plant in 1986. One of its important findings was that 4,000 cases of thyroid cancer, mainly in children, had occurred but that except for nine deaths, all of the children recovered and that there was no evidence of any increase in the incidence of leukemia or cancer among affected residents.
Such facts as these are not generally known, however, many health conditions have been erroneously attributed to radiation exposure and myths and misperceptions have persisted about the threat of radiation, resulting in a “paralyzing fatalism” among residents of affected areas.

The Chernobyl report recommends developing new and innovative ways of risk communication to increase knowledge about the actual health effects of radiation and providing accurate information on the incident’s physical and mental health consequences.

Over the last three years, experts in risk communication in Japan have continued working to disseminate scientifically accurate information about radiation. This issue discusses the current status and questions related to the incident.

: pp. 592-597
Short History of Risk Communication in Japan
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Tomio Kinoshita

: pp. 598-602
Risk Communication in the Food Field
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Hideaki Karaki

: pp. 603-607
Risk Communication in Chemical Sector in Connection to the Role of Risk Assessment
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Akihiro Tokai and Naoya Kojima

: pp. 608-618
Risk Communication in the Field of Radiation
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Reiko Kanda

: pp. 619-627
Risk Communication in Japan Concerning Future of Nuclear Technology
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Masaharu Kitamura

: pp. 628-637
Interdisciplinary Framework of Risk Communication as an Integral Part of Environmental Risk Analysis in Postindustrial Risk Society: Three Case Studies of the 1999 Amendment of Air Pollution Control Law, Dioxins, and the EMF Risks
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Saburo Ikeda

: pp. 638-643
Toward Mitigating Actions: Risk Communication Regarding Natural Disaster
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Kazuya Nakayachi

: pp. 644-652
Verbal Expressions of Risk Communication: A Case Study After the 3.11 Crisis
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Shinichiro Okamoto and Toshiko Kikkawa

: pp. 653-664
An Analysis of International Assistance Based on Lessons from the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Atsushi Koresawa

: pp. 665-672
Disaster Experience and Participatory Energy Governance in Post-Disaster Japan: A Survey of Citizen Willingness to Participate in Nuclear and Energy Deliberations
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Hidenori Nakamura

: pp. 673-689
Current Status and Issues of Life Recovery Process Three Years After the Great East Japan Earthquake Questionnaire Based on Subjective Estimate of Victims Using Life Recovery Calendar Method
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Reo Kimura, Kota Tomoyasu, Yutaka Yajima, Hitomi Mashima, Kensaku Furukawa, Yuki Toda, Kazuaki Watanabe, and Takeo Kawahara

: pp. 690-698
Text Mining Analysis of Radiological Information from Newspapers as Compared with Social Media on the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident
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Reiko Kanda, Satsuki Tsuji, and Hidenori Yonehara

: pp. 699-708
The Impact of Disasters on Japan’s Inbound Tourism Demand
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Lihui Wu and Haruo Hayashi

: pp. 709-718
Near-Surface Geophysical Profiling Near Former Location of K-NET Tsukidate Strong Motion Station in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan
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Mohamed Amrouche, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Kosuke Chimoto, and Yadab P. Dhakal

: pp. 719-729
Tsunami Safe Town Planning with Evacuation Simulation
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Yoshiyuki Yoshida, Takeshi Kimura, Yoshikazu Minegishi, and Tomonori Sano

: pp. 730-742
Index to Evaluate Tsunami Evacuation Potential and its Validation at Yamada, Iwate Prefecture
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Yozo Goto

Regular Papers

: pp. 743-751
Comparative Study of the Post-Tsunami Recovery Plans After the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
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Osamu Murao and Tomoyo Hoshi

: pp. 752-756
Consideration of Public Support to Enhance Private Sector’s Business Continuity Management
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Takahiro Ono

No.4

Special Issue on Enhancing Resilience to Climate and Ecosystem Changes in Semi-Arid Africa

Special Issue on Enhancing Resilience to Climate and Ecosystem Changes in Semi-Arid Africa

: pp. 411
Enhancing Resilience to Climate and Ecosystem Changes in Semi-Arid Africa
Kazuhiko Takeuchi and Edwin Akonno Gyasi

In 2011, a collaborative project focused on climate and ecosystem change adaptation and resilience studies in Africa (CECAR-Africa) with Ghana as the focal country, was initiated. The goal was to combine climate change and ecosystem change research, and to use that combination as a basis for building an integrated resilience enhancement strategy as a potential model for semi-arid regions across Sub-Saharan Africa.

The Project is being financially supported by the Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development (SATREPS), a collaborative programme of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). CECAR-Africa involves the following leading climate and ecosystems research organizations in Ghana and Japan: The University of Tokyo; Kyoto University; United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability (UNU-IAS); University of Ghana; Ghana Meteorological Agency; University for Development Studies; and United Nations University Institute for Natural Resources in Africa (UNUINRA).

CECAR-Africa has been operating fully since 2012, with a focus on three thematic areas, namely: Forecast and assessment of climate change impact on agro-ecosystems (Agro-ecosystem resilience); Risk assessment of extreme weather hazards and development of adaptive resource management methods (Engineering resilience); and Implementing capacity development programs for local communities and professionals (social institutions-technical capacity development) using the assessment results derived from work on the first two themes.

This special issue presents major outcomes of the Project so far. The articles featured used various techniques and methods such as field surveys, questionnaires, focal group discussions, land use and cover change analysis, and climate downscaled modelling to investigate the impacts of climate and ecosystem changes on river flows and agriculture, and to assess the local capacity for coping with floods, droughts and disasters, and for enhancing the resilience of farming communities.

We are happy to be able to publish this special issue just in time for an international conference on CECAR-Africa in Tamale, Ghana, on 6-7 August, 2014. It is hoped that the shared research outcomes will facilitate discussions on the project research themes and interactions and exchange of ideas among academics, professionals, and government officials on the way forward for the CECARAfrica Project.

We find it only appropriate to conclude by thanking the authors and reviewers of the articles, and by acknowledging, with gratitude, the local knowledge and other bits and pieces of information contributed by the many anonymous farmers and other people of northern Ghana.

: pp. 412-421
Dynamical Downscaling for Assessment of the Climate in Ghana
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Masaru Inatsu, Tsubasa Nakayama, Yoshie Maeda, and Hirotaka Matsuda

: pp. 422-431
Downscaled Climate Change Projections for Wa District in the Savanna Zone of Ghana
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Emmanuel Tachie-Obeng, Bruce Hewitson, Edwin Akonno Gyasi, Mark Kofi Abekoe, and George Owusu

: pp. 432-442
Impact of Climate Change on River Flows in the Black Volta River
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Nobuhiko Sawai, Kenichiro Kobayashi, Apip, Kaoru Takara, Hirohiko Ishikawa, Muneta Yokomatsu, Subhajyoti Samaddar, Ayilari-Naa Juati, and Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic

: pp. 443-451
Effects of Research and Development Expenditure and Climate Variability on Agricultural Productivity Growth in Ghana
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Geetha Mohan, Hirotaka Matsuda, Samuel A. Donkoh, Victor Lolig, and Gideon Danso Abbeam

: pp. 452-467
Land Use and Landscape Structural Changes in the Ecoregions of Ghana
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Effah Kwabena Antwi, John Boakye-Danquah, Stephen Boahen Asabere, Gerald A. B. Yiran, Seyram Kofi Loh, Kwabena Gyekye Awere, Felix K. Abagale, Kwabena Owusu Asubonteng, Emmanuel Morgan Attua, and Alex Barimah Owusu

: pp. 468-474
Dry Spells Occurrence in Tamale, Northern Ghana – Review of Available Information
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Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Shayibu Abdul-Ghanyu, Bizoola Zinzoola Gandaa, and Felix K. Abagale

: pp. 475-483
Cropping Systems in Some Drought-Prone Communities of the Northern Region of Ghana: Factors Affecting the Introduction of Rice
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Vincent Kodjo Avornyo, Osamu Ito, Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Osamu Saito, and Kazuhiko Takeuchi

: pp. 484-500
Impact of Farm Management Practices and Agricultural Land Use on Soil Organic Carbon Storage Potential in the Savannah Ecological Zone of Northern Ghana
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John Boakye-Danquah, Effah Kwabena Antwi, Osamu Saito, Mark Kofi Abekoe, and Kazuhiko Takeuchi

: pp. 501-515
Provisioning Ecosystem Services in Rural Savanna Landscapes of Northern Ghana: An Assessment of Supply, Utilization, and Drivers of Change
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Yaw Agyeman Boafo, Osamu Saito, and Kazuhiko Takeuchi

: pp. 516-528
Farmer-Perceived Effects of Climate Change on Livelihoods in Wa West District, Upper West Region of Ghana
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Yasuko Kusakari, Kwabena Owusu Asubonteng, Godfred Seidu Jasaw, Frederick Dayour, Togbiga Dzivenu, Victor Lolig, Samuel A. Donkoh, Francis Kwabena Obeng, Bizoola Gandaa, and Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic

: pp. 529-541
Assessing Rural Communities Concerns for Improved Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in Northern Ghana
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Subhajyoti Samaddar, Muneta Yokomatsu, Togbiga Dzivenu, Martin Oteng-Ababio, Mujeeb Rahaman Adams, Frederick Dayour, and Hirohiko Ishikawa

: pp. 542-553
Households’ Coping Strategies in Drought- and Flood-Prone Communities in Northern Ghana
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Victor Lolig, Samuel A. Donkoh, Francis Kwabena Obeng, Isaac Gershon Kodwo Ansah, Godfred Seidu Jasaw, Yasuko Kusakari, Kwabena Owusu Asubonteng, Bizoola Gandaa, Frederick Dayour, Togbiga Dzivenu, and Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic

: pp. 554-562
Framing Community Resilience Through Mobility and Gender
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Kei Otsuki, Godfred Seidu Jasaw, and Victor Lolig

Regular Papers

: pp. 563-570
Housing Renovation After the 2011 Thailand Flood in Ayutthaya
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Titaya Sararit and Tamiyo Kondo

: pp. 571-578
Differences in Subjective Estimation of Risks and Assessment for the Modified Tsunami Warning System by the Japan Meteorological Agency Among University Students Located in Damaged and Non-Damaged Prefectures Around the Period of the 2011 off Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake
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Erina Gyoba

No.3

Special Issue on Challenges of Earthquake Forecast Research Illuminated by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake

Special Issue on Challenges of Earthquake Forecast Research Illuminated by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake

: pp. 247
Challenges of Earthquake Forecast Research Illuminated by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake
Naoshi Hirata and Aitaro Kato

The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake, hereafter referred to as Tohoku-Oki earthquake, occurring off northeastern Japan’s Pacific coast on March 11, 2011 had a moment magnitude of 9.0 and generated a tsunami responsible for most of the deaths of the event’s 19,000 victims. Identifying scientifically what happened before, on, and after March 11 is one starting point for a discussion on how to reduce casualties and mitigate the impact of such natural disasters. The 14 papers in this special issue cover incidents related to pre-, co- and post-seismic phenomena, including volcanoes. Three papers discuss why and how such a large quake occurred. Three more papers go into the implications of short- and long-term crustal deformations seen in northeastern Japan. Four papers detail short- and long-term phenomena leading to the Tohoku-Oki quake. Two papers discuss real-time tsunami forecasting based on off-shore and on-shore geodetic, seismic and tsunami observation data. The last two papers explore the effects of the 2011 temblor on volcanic phenomena.

The magnitude 9.0 produced in the 2011 event is the largest historically recorded in Japan and may not necessarily have been anticipated beforehand, and the generation mechanism behind such a gigantic occurrence is not yet completely understood. Even so, preparations should be made for such earthquakes in other parts of Japan and in other countries. The Nankai trough is an example of areas that require our attention.

A national project for observation and study for earthquake prediction is now being integrated into a new program, Earthquake and Volcano Hazards Observation and Research Program (2014-2019). Studies presented in this special issue are also being supported in part by this program.

We are certain that readers will find that this special issue will contribute much to our understanding of gigantic earthquakes and at least some of the measure to be taken in preparation for such natural phenomena. Finally, we extend our sincere thanks to all of the contributors and reviewers involved with these articles.

: pp. 248-251
The Largest Earthquakes We Should Prepare for
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Toru Matsuzawa

: pp. 252-263
What Caused the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake? : Effects of Dynamic Weakening
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Bunichiro Shibazaki and Hiroyuki Noda

: pp. 264-271
Modeling Earthquakes Using Fractal Circular Patch Models with Lessons from the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake
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Satoshi Ide and Hideo Aochi

: pp. 272-280
Review: Source Models of the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake and Long-Term Forecast of Large Earthquakes
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Kenji Satake and Yushiro Fujii

: pp. 281-293
Radiation and Generation of Short- and Long-Period Ground Motions from the 2011 Off Tohoku, Japan, Mw9.0 Earthquake
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Takashi Furumura

: pp. 294-302
Pre-, Co-, and Post-Seismic Deformation of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake and its Implication to a Paradox in Short-Term and Long-Term Deformation
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Takuya Nishimura

: pp. 303-310
Precursory Phenomena Possibly Related to the 2011 M9.0 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake
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Toshiyasu Nagao, Yoshiaki Orihara, and Masashi Kamogawa

: pp. 311-316
Slow Slip Transients Before the 2011 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake
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Aitaro Kato

: pp. 317-329
Contribution of Slow Earthquake Study for Assessing the Occurrence Potential of Megathrust Earthquakes
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Kazushige Obara

: pp. 330-338
Recent Issues Affecting Forecast of Subduction Zone Great Earthquakes in Japan Through Paleoseismological Study
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Masanobu Shishikura

: pp. 339-357
Review on Near-Field Tsunami Forecasting from Offshore Tsunami Data and Onshore GNSS Data for Tsunami Early Warning
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Hiroaki Tsushima and Yusaku Ohta

: pp. 358-364
Real-Time Tsunami Inundation Forecast for a Recurrence of 17th Century Great Hokkaido Earthquake in Japan
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Yuichiro Tanioka, Aditya Riadi Gusman, Kei Ioki, and Yugo Nakamura

: pp. 365-372
Quasi-Static Stress Change Around Mount Fuji Region Due to Tohoku Mega-Thrust Earthquake
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Eisuke Fujita, Tomofumi Kozono, Norio Toda, Aiko Kikuchi, and Yoshiaki Ida

: pp. 373-380
Volcanic Subsidence Triggered by Megathrust Earthquakes
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Youichiro Takada and Yo Fukushima

Regular Papers

: pp. 381-399
Data Model of the Strategic Action Planning and Scheduling Problem in a Disaster Response Team
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Reza Nourjou, Pedro Szekely, Michinori Hatayama, Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany, and Stephen F. Smith

No.2

Special Issue on “Urban Resilience” for Mega Earthquake Disasters

Special Issue on “Urban Resilience” for Mega Earthquake Disasters

: pp. 107
“Urban Resilience” for Mega Earthquake Disasters
Haruo Hayashi and Shingo Suzuki

Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake and Nankai Trough Earthquakes predicted to hit Japan in the near future makes it urgent that the impact of urban earthquake disasters be reduced by every means possible.

To promote research to this end, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan launched a Special Project for Reducing Vulnerability for UrbanMega Earthquake Disasters in 2012 as a five-year R&D effort embracing three academic disciplines – earth and physical sciences, structural engineering, and social sciences. This project in turn consists of three subprojects – Subproject on the earthquake hazard mechanism and risk evaluation of southern Kanto region, Subproject to develop rapid damage assessment and recovery technology of urban function, and Subproject to develop resilient society improving disaster management competence.

This special issue features findings and achievements from this last subproject, whose goal is to enhance society’s resilience based on the experiences and lessons of the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Disaster that crippled Kobe, the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster that prostrated Japan’s northeastern Pacific coast and other such disasters.

Concretely speaking, by integrating the wisdom of disaster management researchers nationwide and collaborating with other subprojects, this subproject proposes disseminating disaster information technologies and training methodologies to build up disaster preparedness. This, in turn, is aided by improving disaster literacy and competence among both the general public and disaster management personnel.

Focusing on the three major metropolitan areas of Tokyo, Nagoya, and Osaka, where two-thirds of Japan’s population and three-fourths of the nation’s total assets are concentrated, Web-based disaster information management and dissemination services are being proposed and examined for effectiveness through demonstration experiments and social implementation.

In this issue of JDR, we are introducing 11 papers and reports from researchers involved in this subproject to present initial interim findings and progress during the first half of this five-year effort. In doing so, the authors and editors of this issue gratefully acknowledge the generous financial support of MEXT in these studies.

: pp. 108-120
Modification and Validation of an Assessment Model of Post-Earthquake Lifeline Serviceability Based on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster
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Nobuoto Nojima and Hiroki Kato

: pp. 121-127
Development of Damage Functions on Road Infrastructures Subjected to Extreme Ground Excitations by Analyzing Damage in the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake
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Gaku Shoji and Tomoharu Nakamura

: pp. 128-138
Development of Urban Resilience GeoPortal Online for the Better Understanding of Disaster Scenarios
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Shingo Suzuki, Haruo Hayashi, and Masafumi Hosokawa

: pp. 139-148
Implementation of Prototype Mobile Application Operated on Smartphones for Micromedia Service
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Munenari Inoguchi, Keiko Tamura, Satomi Sudo, and Haruo Hayashi

: pp. 149-160
Macro Analysis of Initial Responses from Yabuki Municipal Government After the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake
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Muneyoshi Numada and Kimiro Meguro

: pp. 161-175
Are Cash for Work (CFW) Programs Effective to Promote Disaster Recovery? Evidence from the Case of Fukushima Prefecture
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Shingo Nagamatsu

: pp. 176-187
Systematization and Sharing of Disaster Management Literacy by DMLH
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Reo Kimura, Haruo Hayashi, Shingo Suzuki, Kosuke Kobayashi, Kenshin Urabe, Satoshi Inoue, and Takahiro Nishino

: pp. 188-197
Development of Training System for Building Damage Assessment Using Actual Buildings
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Satoshi Tanaka and Kishie Shigekawa

: pp. 198-205
How Can We Collect and Summarize Information About Emergency Response Operations?
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Norio Maki

: pp. 206-215
A Fundamental Study of Efficiency of Information Processing in Emergency Operations Center
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Fumiaki Ichinose, Yuji Maeda, Naoko Kosaka, Mitsuhiro Higashida, Masahiro Sugiyama, Hideki Takeda, Tomomi Yamamoto, and Haruo Hayashi

: pp. 216-236
Practice on an Education and Training Program to Development of Response Literacy to Earthquake Disaster in a Central Business District in Japan
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Yoe Masuzawa, Yoshiaki Hisada, Masahiro Murakami, Jun Shindo, Masamitsu Miyamura, Hitoshi Suwa, Satoshi Tanaka, Kaoru Mizukoshi, and Yosuke Nakajima

No.1

Regular papers

Regular Papers

: pp. 3-16
Next Generation of Soil-Structure Interaction Models for Design of Nuclear Power Plants
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Alexander G. Tyapin

: pp. 17-26
Estimation of the Dynamic Properties and Seismic Response of a Populated Slope in Lima, Peru
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Carlos Gonzales, Shoichi Nakai, Toru Sekiguchi, Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, and Fernando Lazares

: pp. 27-34
Post-Disaster Local Collaboration on Residential Power Saving in Japan: Citizen Networks and Linkage with Local Government and the Workplace
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Hidenori Nakamura

: pp. 35-41
Risk Measuring Model on Public Liability Fire and Empirical Study in China
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Guo-Xue Gu and Shang-Mei Zhao

: pp. 42-47
Typhoon Economic Loss Prediction in China by Applying General Regression Neural Network and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis
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Bo Cheng, Ling Cheng, and Lingmin Jiang

: pp. 48-54
Secular Changes in the Tidal Amplitude and Influence of Sea-Level Rise in the East China Sea
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Akira Tai and Kaori Tanaka

: pp. 55-68
Development of an Integrated Decision-Making Method for Effective Flood Early Warning System
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Mamoru Miyamoto, Rabindra Osti, and Toshio Okazumi

: pp. 69-77
Uncertainty Estimation During the Process of Flood Risk Assessment in Developing Countries – Case Study in the Pampanga River Basin –
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Toshio Okazumi, Mamoru Miyamoto, Badri Bhakta Shrestha, and Maksym Gusyev

: pp. 78-85
New Development of Functions of a Dry Dam for an Adaptation to Climate Change
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Akira Tai, Hideo Oshikawa, and Toshimitsu Komatsu

: pp. 86-91
Local Dialysis Disaster Relief During Two Torrential Downpours on Amami-Ohshima Island
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Hiroaki Nishimura, Ichiro Kagara, Satoru Inokuchi, Hideki Enokida, Hiroshi Hayami, and Masayuki Nakagawa

Vol.8 (2013)

No.6

Special Issue on Wind Disasters

Special Issue on Wind Disasters

: pp. 1033
Wind Disasters
Yukio Tamura

Increasing numbers of devastating weather events such as Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines and tornadoes in the US and Japan are suggesting that nature’s destructive power is having a growing worldwide impact.

These events follow the occurrence of such disasters as Cyclone Sidr in 2007 in Bangladesh and Cyclone Nargis in 2008 in Myanmar, especially in the alarming numbers of deaths and injuries and concomitant property loss.

The wind engineering community has taken the initiative in globally promoting wind hazard research and education over the last several decades and is continuing to devote its efforts and energy to producing and providing techniques in advanced wind hazard mitigation to developing countries prone to typhoons and cyclones.

Mitigating the effects of wind hazards on a global plane has thus become a top priority because most of the economic and other loss due globally to natural disasters is caused by extreme wind and water events. Calamitous tropical cyclones generally bring with them high waves, storm surges, heavy rain, flooding, landslides and lightning.

This ongoing process underscores the pressing need to pool expertise and cooperation in reducing such loss. The loss of lives and related financial loss and waste due to such disasters is continuing to increase significantly. It has therefore been hypothesized that global warming and climate change are potentially exacerbating such scenarios as the intensity of weather-related disasters grows.

This special issue of the Journal of Disaster Research focusing on wind-induced disasters is thus both meaningful and timely. As the Guest Editor, I am most pleased to have this opportunity to present and share the latest in knowledge, information and resources on wind damage mitigation to all those working in mitigation efforts and to society as a whole.

Finally, I extend our sincere thanks to all of the contributors and reviewers involved with these articles.

: pp. 1034-1041
Development of the EF-Scale for Tornado Intensity
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Kishor C. Mehta

: pp. 1042-1051
Structural Damage Under Multiple Hazards in Coastal Environments
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Megan C. McCullough, Ahsan Kareem, Aaron S. Donahue, and Joannes J. Westerink

: pp. 1052-1060
Characteristics of Damages of Severe Local Storms Based on Field Surveys in Bangladesh
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Yusuke Yamane, Masashi Kiguchi, Taiichi Hayashi, Ashraf M. Dewan, and Toru Terao

: pp. 1061-1067
Residential Damage Patterns Following the 2011 Tuscaloosa, AL and Joplin, MO Tornadoes
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David B. Roueche and David O. Prevatt

: pp. 1068-1070
Investigation of the Ferry Disaster Incident of Assam (India) on April 30, 2012
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Kalyan Kumar Das

: pp. 1071-1077
Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Features of Tornadic Storms Occurred in Kanto, Japan, on May 6, 2012
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Fumiaki Kobayashi and Mika Yamaji

: pp. 1078-1083
Tornado Disaster 2012 in Northern Kanto and the Features of Tornado Disasters in Japan
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Junji Maeda and Eriko Tomokiyo

: pp. 1084-1089
Critical Equivalent Wind Speeds for Overturning and Roof Blow-off of 2-StoryWooden Houses
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Rei Okada, Yukio Tamura, Masahiro Matsui, and Akihito Yoshida

: pp. 1090-1095
Wind Speed of Tornado to Make a Road Damage
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Minoru Noda and Fumiaki Nagao

: pp. 1096-1102
Statistical Summary and Case Studies of Strong Wind Damage in China
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Shuyang Cao and Jin Wang

Regular Papers

: pp. 1103-1113
Wind Resistance of Vented Vinyl and Aluminum Soffit Panel Systems
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C. L. Alexander, F. J. Masters, M. J. Morrison, and S. Bolton

: pp. 1114-1119
Missile Impact Resistant Test of Glasses According to ISO 16932
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Takashi Maruyama, Hiromasa Kawai, Hiroaki Nishimura, and Mayuko Hanatani

No.5

Special Issue on Strong Ground Motion Prediction and Seismic Hazard Assessment

Special Issue on Strong Ground Motion Prediction and Seismic Hazard Assessment

: pp. 847
Strong Ground Motion Prediction and Seismic Hazard Assessment
Hiroyuki Fujiwara

We have been conducting seismic hazard assessment for Japan under the guidance of the Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion of Japan since the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake, and have made National Seismic Hazard Maps for Japan for use in estimating strong ground motion caused by future earthquakes.

This special issue reviews the results of these efforts. Such work includes the development of seismic hazard assessment methodology for Japan, highly accurate prediction techniques for strong seismic ground motion and modeling underground structures for evaluating strong ground motion. Related research on utilization initiatives and risk assessment based on hazard information has also been conducted. An open Web system – the Japan Seismic Hazard Information Station (J-SHIS) – has even been developed to provide information interactively.

The 2011 Mw9.0 Great East Japan Earthquake was the largest such event recorded in the history of Japan. This megathrust earthquake was not considered in National Seismic Hazard Maps for Japan. But efforts toward revising seismic hazard assessment in Japan are progressing based on lessons learned from this earthquake.

Hazard assessment is currently being reviewed in relation to the large earthquakes anticipated to occur in the near future based in the Sagami Trough and the Nankai Trough in the waters of offshore Japan. This assessment, which considers earthquakes larger than those assumed to have occurred in the past, is being reviewed as of this writing.

In light of these pressing circumstances, studies are now being implemented to evaluate the long-period ground motion accompanying these large earthquakes.

The knowledge that has been cultivated in Japan in terms of seismic hazard assessment has reached a high level, and it is important to expand such knowledge both internationally and domestically. This is just one of the reasons that efforts here in Japan are being made to help improve the level of seismic hazard assessment in the Asian region and throughout the entire world.

It is expected that this special issue will help contribute to the further development of strong ground motion prediction and seismic hazard assessment now and in the future.

Finally, I extend our sincere thanks to all of the contributors and reviewers involved with these articles.

: pp. 848-860
Seismic Hazard Assessment for Japan: Reconsiderations After the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake
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Hiroyuki Fujiwara, Nobuyuki Morikawa, and Toshihiko Okumura

: pp. 861-868
Exposure Analysis Using the Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Maps for Japan
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Nobuoto Nojima, Satoshi Fujikawa, Yutaka Ishikawa, Toshihiko Okumura, Hiroyuki Fujiwara, and Nobuyuki Morikawa

: pp. 869-877
Development of J-SHIS and Applications Using API
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Hiroki Azuma, Shinichi Kawai, and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

: pp. 878-888
A New Ground Motion Prediction Equation for Japan Applicable up to M9 Mega-Earthquake
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Nobuyuki Morikawa and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

: pp. 889-903
Modeling of the Subsurface Structure from the Seismic Bedrock to the Ground Surface for a Broadband Strong Motion Evaluation
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Shigeki Senna, Takahiro Maeda, Yoshiaki Inagaki, Haruhiko Suzuki, Hisanori Matsuyama, and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

: pp. 904-911
Nationwide 7.5-Arc-Second Japan Engineering Geomorphologic Classification Map and Vs30 Zoning
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Kazue Wakamatsu and Masashi Matsuoka

: pp. 912-925
Finite-Difference Simulation of Long-Period Ground Motion for the Nankai Trough Megathrust Earthquakes
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Takahiro Maeda, Nobuyuki Morikawa, Asako Iwaki, Shin Aoi, and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

: pp. 926-940
Finite-Difference Simulation of Long-Period Ground Motion for the Sagami Trough Megathrust Earthquakes
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Asako Iwaki, Nobuyuki Morikawa, Takahiro Maeda, Shin Aoi, and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

: pp. 941-961
Seismic Risk Evaluation on Building Damage of Municipalities Based on the Seismic Activity Model in National Seismic Hazard Maps for Japan
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Masatsugu Wakaura, Yasushi Komaru, Satoshi Shimizu, Hiroyuki Fujiwara, and Nobuyuki Morikawa

: pp. 962-973
Development of Earthquake Risk Evaluation Method for Individual Buildings Intended for Utilization in Local Communities
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Ippei Kondo, Ryo Wakabayashi, Kaoru Mizukoshi, Akihiro Kusaka, Hiroyuki Fujiwara, and Nobusuke Hasegawa

: pp. 974-980
Case Study for Local Municipal Program for Seismic Risk Assessment
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Nobusuke Hasegawa

: pp. 981-989
Prototype of a Real-Time System for Earthquake Damage Estimation in Japan
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Hiromitsu Nakamura, Shin Aoi, Takashi Kunugi, Wataru Suzuki, and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

: pp. 990-1000
Development and Testing of a Mobile Application for Recording and Analyzing Seismic Data
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Shohei Naito, Hiroki Azuma, Shigeki Senna, Mutsuhiro Yoshizawa, Hiromitsu Nakamura, Ken Xiansheng Hao, Hiroyuki Fujiwara, Yoshiharu Hirayama, Noboru Yuki, and Minoru Yoshida

: pp. 1001-1007
Recent Destructive Earthquakes and International Collaboration for Seismic Hazard Assessment
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Ken Xiansheng Hao and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

: pp. 1009-1017
Effectiveness of Disaster-Based School Program on Students’ Earthquake-Preparedness
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Wignyo Adiyoso and Hidehiko Kanegae

: pp. 1018-1024
Indirect Economic Loss Estimation due to Seismic Highway Transportation System Disruption in “5.12” Wenchuan Earthquake
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Yan Shi and Shaoyu Wang

No.sp

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part II

Special Issue on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part II

: pp. 729
the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster: Part II
Haruo Hayashi

The Journal of Disaster Research (JDR), published bimonthly in English since 2006 as a Japan-based academic journal, promotes multidisciplinary research on disaster reduction due to all hazards – natural, unintended and intended.

Since the Great East Japan Earthquake disaster on March 11, 2011, we have worked as our duty to provide a forum for all stakeholders and researchers in the world to describe what happened scientifically in terms of human and property damage and in subsequent social and economic damage by this unprecedented occurrence, including the incident involving Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.

As one contribution, JDR is publishing special annual issues for the next five years on the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster – with NO PAGE CHARGES TO CONTRIBUTORS. This effort began in 2012.

The purpose of these special issues is to record, communicate and share the lessons learned from this disaster.

In our second special issue, 16 papers were submitted and we are proud to introduce 11 papers touching on different aspects of the Great East Japan Earthquake disaster. We are sure you will find these papers interesting and informative.

We also look forward to receiving contributions for the third special issue, which will be published in the summer of 2014.

: pp. 730-736
A Study on Social Responsibility of Engineers and Managers
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Kiyoshi Sato

: pp. 737-745
The Six Principles of Recovery: A Guideline for Preparing for Future Disaster Recoveries
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Takaaki Kato, Yasmin Bhattacharya, Hiroshi Sugata, and Rie Otagiri

: pp. 746-755
Evidence-Based Analysis of Search and Rescue Operations Following the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Atsushi Koresawa

: pp. 756-761
A Study on Internal Radiation Exposure due to 137Cs Caused by Fukushima Daiichi NPP Accident
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Tomoyuki Furutani, Masaharu Tsubokura, Keisuke Uehara, Masahiko Nihei, and Yu Sakuma

: pp. 762-772
Consumer Awareness and Attitude on Radiocesium Food Contamination Following Fukushima Incident
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Hiromi Hosono, Yuko Kumagai, and Tsutomu Sekizaki

: pp. 773-780
Significant Factors for Implementing BCP
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Shinichi Okabe and Akio Nagahira

: pp. 781-791
Long-Period Ground Motions Observed in the Northern Part of Kanto Basin, During the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake, Japan
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Seiji Tsuno, Andi Muhamad Pramatadie, Yadab P. Dhakal, Kosuke Chimoto, Wakana Tsutsumi, and Hiroaki Yamanaka

: pp. 792-801
Study on the Changes in People’s Consciousness Regarding the Earthquake Early Warning Before and After the Great East Japan Earthquake – Analysis Based on Regular Disaster Information Survey Results –
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Miho Ohara and Atsushi Tanaka

: pp. 802-813
Foreigners’ Evacuation Behavior in the Great East Japan Earthquake: A Case of Iwaki City in Fukushima Prefecture
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Md. Faiz Shah and Osamu Murao

: pp. 814-825
The Emergence of Food Panic: Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Oscar A. Gómez S.

: pp. 826-834
Survival of Shrines from the 2011 Great Tsunami
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Takaaki Uda and Kazuya Sakai

No.4

Special Issue on the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami
Special Issue on Dual Use

Special Issue on the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami

: pp. 547-548
the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami
Tomoyuki Takahashi and Nobuo Shuto

An unprecedented M9.0 earthquake occurring at 14:46 local time on March 11, 2011, off of northeast Japan’s Pacific Ocean generated a huge tsunami which had a run-up of over 40 m at the highest point and nearly 20,000 lives were lost. The tsunami demonstrated the need to drastically readdress current tsunami countermeasures.

“Guidebook for Tsunami Preparedness in Local Hazard Mitigation Planning” published prior to the March 11 tsunami had already estimated, as one of the cases of tsunami assumptions, that the tsunami could be generated by the largest earthquake near off the Sanriku Coast predicted by the recent seismology. The seismotectonics had predicted that off the Sanriku Coast consisted of three independent blocks, which could conceivably cause an M8.6 earthquake at the largest. However, three blocks were not independent and they moved continuously to yield an earthquake of M9.0.

The Guidebook had recommended a combination of three approaches for handling such a tsunami; Construction of defense structures, Tsunami-resilient town development, and Disaster prevention systems – defense structures were not expected to completely prevent every tsunami but only reduce its effect. Caissons forming part of Kamaishi Port’s tsunami breakwaters and registered in Guinness World Records, were overturned but reduced the tsunami height from 14 m outside the port to 8 m inside. Many coastal dikes were also destroyed, even though three surfaces – fore slope, top slope, and rear slope – had been protected using concrete and other means. Such phenomena pinpoint the importance of toe protection against erosion.

Since 2004, tsunami inundation hazard maps have been distributed to communities in Japan as an aid to public education and as part of the country’s nationwide disaster prevention system. Unexpectedly, these maps had a negative effect in many places where residents living outside inundation areas mentioned on the hazard maps believed they were safe under all condition. Many did not in fact keep track of the actual tsunami rising in front of their very eyes and not evacuate, thus losing their lives.

The tsunami hitting the coast of the Fukushima Prefecture had a run-up height almost double that designed in defense plans. The Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Plants of the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) located on ground 4.8 m above sea level were immerged and a concurrent electric system failure led to total plant shutdown.

The Fukushima nuclear disaster itself has become well known worldwide. The effects of the tsunami, however, are less so, despite damage such as fires, railroad destruction and drifting ships caused by the tsunami. With the nuclear incident overshadowing such effects, we are concerned that these results might be overlooked.

To better prepare against potential future tsunami disasters, we must understand clearly what sort and how such diverse damage has been generated by the 2011 tsunami. This special issue focuses on the various types of tsunami-induced damages, emphasizing the valuable data and modeling obtained from field investigations in the tsunami-devastated areas. It will be more than worth publication if this special issue contributes in whatever way to furthering tsunami disaster research.

Finally, we extend our sincere thanks to all of the contributors and reviewers involved with these articles.

(written by Nobuo Shuto and Tomoyuki Takahashi)

: pp. 549-560
Lessons from the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami Disaster
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Shunichi Koshimura, Satomi Hayashi, and Hideomi Gokon

: pp. 561-572
The 2011 Tohoku Tsunami Flow Velocity Estimation by the Aerial Video Analysis and Numerical Modeling
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Satomi Hayashi and Shunichi Koshimura

: pp. 573-583
Risk Evaluation of Drifting Ship by Tsunami
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Yusuke Suga, Shunichi Koshimura, and Ei-ichi Kobayashi

: pp. 584-593
Tsunami Fires After the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Akihiko Hokugo, Tomoaki Nishino, and Takuya Inada

: pp. 594-604
Damage in Ports due to the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami
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Takashi Tomita, Taro Arikawa, and Tadashi Asai

: pp. 605-611
Estimation of Wave Force Acting on Bridge Superstructures due to the 2011 Tohoku Tsunami
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Shojiro Kataoka and Masahiro Kaneko

: pp. 612-625
Damages to Shore Protection Facilities Induced by the Great East Japan Earthquake Tsunami
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Fuminori Kato, Yoshio Suwa, Kunihiro Watanabe, and Satoshi Hatogai

: pp. 626-634
The Damage and Recovery Measures of Sewage Treatment Systems Caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Hiroaki Morita

: pp. 635-642
Railway Structure Damage to the East Japan Railway Company by the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake Tsunami
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Susumu Mafune, Hiroto Suzuki, Torajiro Fujiwara, and Shin-ichiro Nozawa

Special Issue on Dual Use

: pp. 643
Dual Use
Hiroshi Yoshikura

“Dual use” can be defined as potential use of science and technology for destructive purpose as well as for constructive purposes. While the history of the dual use is long (such as, debate on atomic energy), after the anthrax incident in the wake of the terrorist attack of World Trade Center in New York on September 2001, “dual use” issue surfaced as the matter of “biosecurity.” The debate on biosecurity was further ignited by the US National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity’s recommendation on the publication of experiments dealing with the host range expansion of the avian influenza virus H5N1.

The present special issue deals with the “dual use” mainly from the “biosecurity” view point, including the bioweapon and its history, biosecurity negotiation in the Biological Weapon Convention, regulatory framework of use of pathogens and its implementation, ethical issues, education of the “dual use” issues for life scientists, the feasibility of direct application of the published data to the dual use and the recent progress of synthetic biology and its biosecurity implication.

The present guest editor wishes that these articles will stimulate debate on “dual use” issues in various branches of science and technology, as he realizes that “dual use” issue is becoming prominent not only in microbiological researches but also in other activities, such as, IT, robotics, neuroscience, psychology, economics, etc. He extends his sincere thanks to all of the contributors and reviewers involved with these articles.

: pp. 644-653
Biosecurity, Dual Use and Research Ethics
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Hiroshi Yoshikura

: pp. 654-666
Bioweapons and Dual-Use Research of Concern
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Nariyoshi Shinomiya, Masamichi Minehata, and Malcolm Dando

: pp. 667-673
Dual-Use Issues in the Life Sciences: Outcomes of the Seventh Review Conference of the Biological Weapons Convention
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Kiwako Tanaka

: pp. 674-685
Promoting Education of Dual-Use Issues for Life Scientists: A Comprehensive Approach
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Masamichi Minehata, Judi Sture, Nariyoshi Shinomiya, Simon Whitby, and Malcolm Dando

: pp. 686-692
Japanese Regulatory Space on Biosecurity and Dual Use Research of Concern
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Tomohiko Makino

: pp. 693-697
Dual Use Research of Concern Issues in the Field of Microbiology Research in Japan
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Masayuki Saijo

: pp. 698-704
Synthetic Biology and Dual Use
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Daisuke Kiga

: pp. 705-713
Dual-Use Research and the Myth of Easy Replication
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Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

: pp. 714-716
Dual Use in Pathogen Research
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Takashi Okamoto

No.3

Special Issue on 2011 Thailand Flood

Special Issue on 2011 Thailand Flood

: pp. 379
2011 Thailand Flood
Keiichi Toda

Numerous global water disasters have devastated many regions, and some may be due to climate change. Severe water disasters not only may inflict heavily damage on industry but may also leave many persons dead or seriously injured.

The 2011 Thailand flood is a typical example of such disasters. In it, a wide area of the Chao Phraya River basin, where Bangkok is located, was inundated for a long period. Damage by the flood affected not only the domestic scene but also economies and industries all over the world. Many academicians and researchers have executed field surveys from various academic aspects and have studied flood disasters to clarify what actually occurred and to consider what must be done to mitigate such flood events in the future.

The Journal of Disaster Research has planned a special issue on this severe flooding in Thailand. Having participated in field surveys and found the flood worth studying more deeply, I decided to contribute to this special issue as a Guest Editor.

This special issue contains 9 articles, 7 papers and 2 reports, all of which have been peer-reviewed. The broad topics covered range from a detailed field survey to flood and inundation simulation.

I would like to extend sincere thanks to all of the contributors and reviewers involved in producing these articles. Especially, I would especially like to express my gratitude to Dr. Hiroshi Takebayashi, Associate Professor, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Japan, for his great support. I look forward with great anticipation to any feedback that readers may be able to provide regarding these articles.

: pp. 380-385
2011 Thailand Flood
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Sanit Wongsa

: pp. 386-396
Field and Interview Surveys of the Flood of 2011, Thailand
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Hiroshi Takebayashi, Keiichi Toda, Hajime Nakagawa, and Hao Zhang

: pp. 397-405
Impacts of Mid-Rainy Season Rainfall on Runoff into the Chao Phraya River, Thailand
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Shunji Kotsuki and Kenji Tanaka

: pp. 406-414
Approach to Estimate the Flood Damage in Sukhothai Province Using Flood Simulation
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Anurak Sriariyawat, Kwanchai Pakoksung, Takahiro Sayama, Shigenobu Tanaka, and Sucharit Koontanakulvong

: pp. 415-423
Development of a Flow Routing Model Including Inundation Effect for the Extreme Flood in the Chao Phraya River Basin, Thailand 2011
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Supattana Wichakul, Yasuto Tachikawa, Michiharu Shiiba, and Kazuaki Yorozu

: pp. 424-431
Investigation Report on the Flooding Condition in the Midstream Area of Chao Praya River During the Thai Flooding in 2011
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Kohei Fujii, Kenichi Tsukahara, Hironori Hayashi, Yasuhiro Mitani, Hiro Ikemi, Cham Tau Chia, and Yukihiro Shimatani

: pp. 432-446
Application of the Probability Evaluation for the Seasonal Reservoir Operation on Flood Mitigation and Water Supply in the Chao Phraya River Watershed, Thailand
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Daisuke Komori, Cherry May Mateo, Akane Saya, Shinichiro Nakamura, Masashi Kiguchi, Phonchai Klinkhachorn, Thada Sukhapunnaphan, Adisorn Champathong, Kimio Takeya, and TaikanOki

: pp. 447-455
Study of Flood Control Capability and Advanced Application of Multiple Dams Constructed in Series
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Hideo Oshikawa, Yuka Mito, and Toshimitsu Komatsu

: pp. 456-464
Solid Waste Management in Bangkok at 2011 Thailand Floods
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Hirofumi Nakayama, Takayuki Shimaoka, Kiyoshi Omine, Maryono, Plubcharoensuk Patsaraporn, and Orawan Siriratpiriya

Regular Papers

: pp. 465-472
Options for the Treatment of Uncertainty in Seismic Safety Assessment of Nuclear Power Plants
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Tamas Janos Katona

: pp. 473-483
Difference in Typhoon Damage Report Data
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Shinya Shimokawa and Takahiro Kayahara

: pp. 484-494
Development of Disaster Knowledge Magazine Using Disaster Knowledge Transmission and Practical Study on its Evaluation
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Ryoga Ishihara and Nobuhiko Matsumura

: pp. 495-507
From Temporary to Permanent: Mississippi Cottages After Hurricane Katrina
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Elizabeth Maly and Tamiyo Kondo

: pp. 508-511
Psychological Challenges Among Older Adults Following the Christchurch Earthquakes
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Michael Annear, Tim Wilkinson, and Sally Keeling

: pp. 512-518
The Construction of a Flood Monitoring System with Alert Distribution Using Google Earth and 3D GIS
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Yili Chan and Masatoshi Mori

: pp. 519-525
Use of a Phase-Oriented Management System Against an Outbreak of Infectious Gastroenteritis in an Evacuation Center After the Great East Japan Earthquake
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Seisuke Okazawa, Hayato Yamauchi, Tomomi Ichikawa, Ryuji Hayashi, Koichiro Shinoda, Maiko Obi, Takuro Arishima, Akinori Wada, and Kazuyuki Tobe

: pp. 526-533
Shaking Table Test on Seismic Response Properties of “Shicras,” Stones Wrapped in Vegetable Fiber Bags
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Hiroshi Fukuyama, Masami Fujisawa, Akio Abe, Toshikazu Kabeyasawa, Zen Shirane, Taiki Saito, and Zenon Aguilar

No.2

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru

Special Issue on Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru

: pp. 223
Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru
Fumio Yamazaki and Carlos Zavala

Natural disasters are major threats worldwide, with earthquakes and tsunamis presenting major obstacles to sustainable development, especially in Asia-Pacific countries. Natural hazards must be understood and social resilience improved to reduce the risks of disaster. Because earthquakes and tsunamis are rare but devastating events, data must be collected on a global scale, making international collaboration is inevitable for reducing loss due to these events.

A new international research program called the Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development (SATREPS) started in 2008 jointly sponsored by the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). Our proposal, entitled Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru, was designated as one of the projects in the field of natural disaster prevention in April 2009. Since this project officially started in March 2010, the research program has been promoted by five groups – seismic motion and geotechnical, tsunami, buildings, spatial information database and damage assessment, and disaster mitigation planning – through the strong collaboration of Peruvian and Japanese researchers and stakeholders.

Midway through the project, we decided to publish our research results in the form of English technical papers so that a wide and global range of researchers and practitioners could take advantage of our findings.

This special issue of the Journal of Disaster Research contains 15 articles – an overview of the project and its progress and 14 peer-reviewed papers covering aspects ranging from earthquake and tsunami hazards to risk reduction.

We extend our sincere thanks to all of the contributors and reviewers involved with these articles. We would further deeply appreciate feedback from readers on these papers to prepare for a second special JDR volume on this project within the next two years.

: pp. 224-234
SATREPS Project on Enhancement of Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster Mitigation Technology in Peru
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Fumio Yamazaki and Carlos Zavala

: pp. 235-242
Strong Motion Simulation of the M8.0 August 15, 2007, Pisco Earthquake; Effect of a Multi-Frequency Rupture Process
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Nelson Pulido, Hernando Tavera, Zenon Aguilar, Shoichi Nakai, and Fumio Yamazaki

: pp. 243-251
Preliminary Analysis for Evaluation of Local Site Effects in Lima City, Peru from Ground Motion Data by Using the Spectral Inversion Method
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Selene Quispe, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Zenon Aguilar, Fernando Lazares, and Hernando Tavera

: pp. 252-258
Estimation of Deep Shear-Wave Velocity Profiles in Lima, Peru, Using Seismometers Arrays
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Diana Calderon, Zenon Aguilar, Fernando Lazares, Toru Sekiguchi, and Shoichi Nakai

: pp. 259-265
Evaluation of Surface Soil Amplification for Wide Areas in Lima, Peru
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Toru Sekiguchi, Diana Calderon, Shoichi Nakai, Zenon Aguilar, and Fernando Lazares

: pp. 266-273
Seismic Source of 1746 Callao Earthquake from Tsunami Numerical Modeling
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Cesar Jimenez, Nabilt Moggiano, Erick Mas, Bruno Adriano, Shunichi Koshimura, Yushiro Fujii, and Hideaki Yanagisawa

: pp. 274-284
Tsunami Inundation Mapping in Lima, for Two Tsunami Source Scenarios
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Bruno Adriano, Erick Mas, Shunichi Koshimura, Yushiro Fujii, Sheila Yauri, Cesar Jimenez, and Hideaki Yanagisawa

: pp. 285-295
An Integrated Simulation of Tsunami Hazard and Human Evacuation in La Punta, Peru
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Erick Mas, Bruno Adriano, and Shunichi Koshimura

: pp. 296-304
Experimental Study on Flexural Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Walls
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Sergio Sunley, Koichi Kusunoki, Taiki Saito, and Carlos Zavala

: pp. 305-311
Experimental Study on Dynamic Behavior of Unreinforced Masonry Walls
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Taiki Saito, Luis Moya, Cesar Fajardo, and Koichi Morita

: pp. 312-319
Cyclic Behavior of Low Ductility Walls Considering Perpendicular Action
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Carlos Zavala, Patricia Gibu, Luis Lavado, Jenny Taira, Lourdes Cardenas, and Luis Ceferino

: pp. 320-327
Diagnosis for Seismic Vulnerability Evaluation of Historical Buildings in Lima, Peru
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Carlos Cuadra, Taiki Saito, and Carlos Zavala

: pp. 328-345
Extraction of Urban Information for Seismic Hazard and Risk Assessment in Lima, Peru Using Satellite Imagery
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Masashi Matsuoka, Hiroyuki Miura, Saburoh Midorikawa, and Miguel Estrada

: pp. 346-355
Development of Earthquake-Induced Building Damage Estimation Model Based on ALOS/PALSAR Observing the 2007 Peru Earthquake
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Masashi Matsuoka and Miguel Estrada

: pp. 356-364
Urban Recovery Process in Pisco After the 2007 Peru Earthquake
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Osamu Murao, Tomoyo Hoshi, Miguel Estrada, Kazuya Sugiyasu, Masashi Matsuoka, and Fumio Yamazaki

No.1

Extreme Weather and Water-Related Disasters: A Key Issue for the Sustainability and Survivability of Our Society

Extreme Weather and Water-Related Disasters: A Key Issue for the Sustainability and Survivability of Our Society

: pp. 3
Extreme Weather and Water-Related Disasters: A Key Issue for the Sustainability and Survivability of Our Society
Kaoru Takara

1. Extreme Weather and Water-Related Disasters

Extreme weather events frequently take place in many parts of the world, causing various kinds of water-related disasters such as windstorms, floods, high tides, debris flows, droughts, and water-quality issues. This is a key issue for the sustainability and survivability of our society.

The Asian and Pacific region is one of the most disaster-prone areas in the world. It is very adversely affected by natural hazards such as cyclones and typhoons and tsunami caused by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions under the sea. These natural hazards bring severe disasters to all countries in the region where social change, in terms of population and economic growth, is the most dynamic in the world.

Growth in this region of the world has not, however, led to advances in disaster risk management. The situation is getting worse because infrastructure development cannot keep up with growth. Policies for poverty reduction and alleviation are insufficient and the difference between being rich and being poor is increasing.

Vulnerable populations are often those hit worst by hazards and disasters. As the world’s cities expand to occupy ever greater portions of the world’s flood plains, riversides and shorelines, the risk of flooding will continue to outpace both structural and nonstructural mitigation efforts.

“A natural hazard strikes when persons lose their memory of the previous one.” This quotation is from Dr. Torahiko Terada (1878-1935), a former Professor of the University of Tokyo who influenced many Japanese persons as an educator, physicist and philosopher. Persons tend to forget bad memories if they do not experience a similar event for a long time. This lack of experience and ignorance increases the vulnerability of society to disasters.

: pp. 7-17
The Development of Micromedia Transmitting the Disaster-Related Information Against Torrential Rains and Guerrilla Rains
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Satomi Sudo, Go Urakawa, and Haruo Hayashi

: pp. 18-27
The Potential of Fijian Traditional Housing to Cope with Natural Disasters in Rural Fiji
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Ayako Fujieda and Hirohide Kobayashi

: pp. 28-36
Japan-Egypt Hydro Network: Science and Technology Collaborative Research for Flash Flood Management
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Tetsuya Sumi, Mohamed Saber, and Sameh Ahmad Kantoush

: pp. 37-47
A High-Resolution, Precipitable Water Vapor Monitoring System Using a Dense Network of GNSS Receivers
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Kazutoshi Sato, Eugenio Realini, Toshitaka Tsuda, Masanori Oigawa, Yuya Iwaki, Yoshinori Shoji, and Hiromu Seko

: pp. 48-56
An Experimental Data Handling System for Ensemble Numerical Weather Predictions Using a Web-Based Data Server and Analysis Tool “Gfdnavi”
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Shigenori Otsuka, Seiya Nishizawa, Takeshi Horinouchi, and Shigeo Yoden

: pp. 57-68
Radar Echo Population of Air-Mass Thunderstorms and Nowcasting of Thunderstorm-Induced Local Heavy Rainfalls Part 1: Statistical Characteristics
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