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JDR Vol.13 No.5 pp. 879-885
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2018.p0879
(2018)

Paper:

Gaps Between the Transmission and Reception of Information on Rainfall Amounts

Kan Shimazaki, Hiroko Nakajima, Naoki Sakai, and Akiko Miyajima

National Institute of Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED)
3-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0006, Japan

Corresponding author

Received:
March 26, 2018
Accepted:
July 3, 2018
Published:
October 1, 2018
Keywords:
heavy rain, amount of rain, information transmission, subjective evaluation, rain experiment equipment
Abstract

In weather forecasts, the intensity of rainfall is often expressed either as a quantitative value – the amount of rainfall per hour – or using qualitative language such as “heavy rain.” To date, however, there has been no research into the extent of rainfall that is assumed by information receivers when presented with these qualitative terms. Thus, the present study examines the correspondence between rainfall evaluation and expressions using a rainfall generator. The large-scale rainfall experiment facility owned by the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience was used to generate rainfall of 60, 180, and 300 mm h-1, and 21 experiment participants experienced this rainfall without knowing the rainfall amounts. Following this, the participants were asked to give feedback using a scale that correlated numerical expressions of rainfall amounts per hour with 10 language expressions such as “heavy rain” and “downpour.” The results revealed that rainfall rates of 60, 180, and 300 mm h-1 were evaluated by the participants as 135, 223, and 311 mm h-1, respectively. The 10 language expressions were felt to be stronger than the official criteria outlined by the Japan Meteorological Agency. In addition, there was no statistical significance among several expressions, suggesting that the qualitative language used to describe different rainfall amounts by information senders were not distinguished by information receivers.

Cite this article as:
K. Shimazaki, H. Nakajima, N. Sakai, and A. Miyajima, “Gaps Between the Transmission and Reception of Information on Rainfall Amounts,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.13, No.5, pp. 879-885, 2018.
Data files:
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Last updated on Oct. 19, 2018