single-dr.php

JDR Vol.18 No.1 pp. 57-68
(2023)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2023.p0057

Paper:

Information Seeking and COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors: A Comparison Between Immigrants and the Host Population in Japan

Yuanyuan Teng*,†, Tomoya Hanibuchi**, and Tomoki Nakaya**

*Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Tohoku University
41 Kawauchi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8576, Japan

Corresponding author

**Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Received:
August 29, 2022
Accepted:
November 14, 2022
Published:
January 20, 2023
Keywords:
COVID-19, immigrants, information seeking, preventive behaviors, Japan
Abstract

Little is known about information seeking and its influence on preventive behaviors among immigrants in Japan, despite their vulnerabilities during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This study investigated information seeking about COVID-19, and examined differences with compliance with preventive measures between immigrants and the host population in Japan based on an Internet survey conducted in October 2021. We used chi-squared tests to determine the difference in information seeking and preventive behaviors between the two groups, and Poisson regression with robust standard errors to examine the association between information seeking and compliance with preventive measures. Our results show that, although the overall tendencies of information seeking and the preventive behaviors of immigrants were similar to those of the Japanese, significant differences were identified in some behavior: immigrants were more likely to acquire COVID-19 information from social networking services (SNS) and official websites in Japan, and maintain physical distance and ventilation than Japanese locals. Furthermore, immigrants’ sources of information diversified according to their sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., educational level, Japanese language skills, length of residence in Japan, and country or region of origin). Additionally, the effects of information seeking on preventive actions against COVID-19 differed according to the information sources; some information sources (e.g., SNS) had different impacts on preventive behaviors between immigrants and Japanese locals. Obtaining information from traditional media and Japanese official websites increases engagement with all five preventive measures among immigrants and four measures among the Japanese. The study highlights the importance of customized health policies for immigrants according to their behavioral tendencies.

Cite this article as:
Y. Teng, T. Hanibuchi, and T. Nakaya, “Information Seeking and COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors: A Comparison Between Immigrants and the Host Population in Japan,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.18, No.1, pp. 57-68, 2023.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] The Japan Times, “Japan adopts measures against COVID-19 seventh wave,” July 15, 2022. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2022/07/15/national/covid19-panel-seventh-wave-proposals/ [Accessed August 5, 2022]
  2. [2] R. J. Griffin, S. Dunwoody, and K. Neuwirth, “Proposed model of the relationship of risk information seeking and processing to the development of preventive behaviors,” Environ. Res., Vol.80, No.2, pp. S230-S245, 1999. https://doi.org/10.1006/enrs.1998.3940
  3. [3] G. Godin and G. Kok, “The theory of planned behavior: A review of its applications to health-related behaviors,” Am. J. Health Promot., Vol.11, No.2, pp. 87-98, 1996. https://doi.org/10.4278/0890-1171-11.2.87
  4. [4] I. Ajzen, “The theory of planned behavior,” Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process., Vol.50, No.2, pp. 179-211, 1991. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978(91)90020-T
  5. [5] X. Zhao and S. J. Tsang, “Self-protection by fact-checking: How pandemic information seeking and verifying affect preventive behaviours,” J. Contingencies Crisis Manag., Vol.30, No.2, pp. 171-184, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-5973.12372
  6. [6] P. L. Liu, “COVID-19 information seeking on digital media and preventive behaviors: The mediation role of worry,” Cyberpsychol. Behav. Soc. Netw., Vol.23, No.10, pp. 677-682, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2020.0250
  7. [7] J. Li and H. Zheng, “Online information seeking and disease prevention intent during COVID-19 outbreak,” Journal. Mass. Commun. Q., Vol.99, No.1, pp. 69-88, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077699020961518
  8. [8] J. Lee, K. Kim, G. Park, and N. Cha, “The role of online news and social media in preventive action in times of infodemic from a social capital perspective: The case of the COVID-19 pandemic in South Korea,” Telemat. Inform., Vol.64, 101691, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2021.101691
  9. [9] W.-K. Moon, L. Atkinson, L. A. Kahlor, C. Yun, and H. Son, “U.S. political partisanship and COVID-19: Risk information seeking and prevention behaviors,” Health Commun., Vol.37, No.13, pp. 1671-1681, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1080/10410236.2021.1912948
  10. [10] T. Kusama et al., “Information usage and compliance with preventive behaviors for COVID-19: A longitudinal study with data from the JACSIS 2020/JASTIS 2021,” Healthcare, Vol.10, No.3, 521, 2022. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10030521
  11. [11] N. Puri, E. A. Coomes, H. Haghbayan, and K. Gunaratne, “Social media and vaccine hesitancy: New updates for the era of COVID-19 and globalized infectious diseases,” Hum. Vaccines Immunother., Vol.16, No.11, pp. 2586-2593, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2020.1780846
  12. [12] C. Feng, K. Umaier, T. Kato, and Q. Li, “Social media: New trends in emergency information,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.16, No.1, pp. 48-55, 2021. https://doi.org/10.20965/jdr.2021.p0048
  13. [13] L. D. Richardson and M. Norris, “Access to health and health care: How race and ethnicity matter,” Mt. Sinai J. Med., Vol.77, No.2, pp. 166-177, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1002/msj.20174
  14. [14] T. H. Laz and A. B. Berenson, “Racial and ethnic disparities in internet use for seeking health information among young women,” J. Health Commun., Vol.18, No.2, pp. 250-260, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730.2012.707292
  15. [15] N. Bhala, G. Curry, A. R. Martineau, C. Agyemang, and R. Bhopal, “Sharpening the global focus on ethnicity and race in the time of COVID-19,” Lancet, Vol.395, No.10238, pp. 1673-1676, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31102-8
  16. [16] S. Sze et al., “Ethnicity and clinical outcomes in COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis,” eClinicalMedicine, Vol.29, 100630, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100630
  17. [17] C. Rijken, “Balancing public health and economic interests whilst creating new opportunities for labor migrants,” E. Aarts, H. Fleuren, M. Sitskoorn, and T. Wilthagen (Eds.), “The new common: How the COVID-19 pandemic is transforming society,” pp. 197-202, Springer, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65355-2_28
  18. [18] G. Valeriani et al., “Addressing healthcare gaps in Sweden during the COVID-19 outbreak: On community outreach and empowering ethnic minority groups in a digitalized context,” Healthcare, Vol.8, No.4, 445, 2020. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8040445
  19. [19] Immigration Services Agency of Japan, “Survey results report for basic survey of foreign residents (FY2021),” 2022 (in Japanese). https://www.moj.go.jp/isa/content/001377400.pdf [Accessed August 16, 2022]
  20. [20] World Health Organization, “Managing the COVID-19 infodemic: Promoting healthy behaviours and mitigating the harm from misinformation and disinformation,” 2020. https://www.who.int/news/item/23-09-2020-managing-the-Covid-19-infodemic-promoting-healthy-behaviours-and-mitigating-the-harm-from-misinformation-and-disinformation [Accessed August 10, 2022]
  21. [21] X. Chen, H. Gao, Y. Zou, and F. Lin, “Changes in psychological wellbeing, attitude and information-seeking behaviour among people at the epicentre of the COVID-19 pandemic: A panel survey of residents in Hubei province, China,” Epidemiol. Infect., Vol.148, e201, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0950268820002009
  22. [22] S. D. Lambert and C. G. Loiselle, “Health information—seeking behavior,” Qual. Health Res., Vol.17, No.8, pp. 1006-1019, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732307305199
  23. [23] Y. Choi and K.-N. Kwon, “Testing the role of ethnicity and health consciousness in preventive health behaviors,” OMNES J. Multicult. Soc., Vol.10, No.1, pp. 30-56, 2020. https://doi.org/10.14431/omnes.2020.01.10.1.30
  24. [24] Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, “Visualizing the data: Information on COVID-19 infections.” https://covid19.mhlw.go.jp/en/ [Accessed August 10, 2022]
  25. [25] Y. Teng, T. Hanibuchi, and T. Nakaya, “Does the integration of migrants in the host society raise COVID-19 vaccine acceptance? Evidence from a nationwide survey in Japan,” J. Immigr. Minor. Health, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-022-01402-z
  26. [26] World Health Organization, “Advice for the public: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19).” https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public [Accessed July 25, 2021]
  27. [27] G. Zou, “A modified Poisson regression approach to prospective studies with binary data,” Am. J. Epidemiol., Vol.159, No.7, pp. 702-706, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwh090
  28. [28] Y. Ibuka, G. B. Chapman, L. A. Meyers, M. Li, and A. P. Galvani, “The dynamics of risk perceptions and precautionary behavior in response to 2009 (H1N1) pandemic influenza,” BMC Infect. Dis., Vol.10, 296, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-10-296
  29. [29] H. Karaki, “Population density and regional differences determine the probability of COVID-19 infection,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.17, No.1, pp. 61-64, 2022. https://doi.org/10.20965/jdr.2022.p0061
  30. [30] Y. S. Oh and N. K. Song, “Investigating relationships between health-related problems and online health information seeking,” Comput. Inform. Nurs., Vol.35, No.1, pp. 29-35, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1097/cin.0000000000000234
  31. [31] D. Bhandari et al., “Cancer information seeking and scanning behavior among Nepalese migrants in Japan and its association with preventive behavior,” PLOS ONE, Vol.15, No.6, e0235275, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0235275
  32. [32] M. Takaku, S. Ichikawa, and N. Kaneko, “A quantitative analysis of information-seeking behaviors regarding medical institutions with Spanish language support among South American Spanish-speaking migrants in Aichi Prefecture, Japan,” Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi (Jpn. J. Public Health), Vol.62, No.11, pp. 684-693, 2015 (in Japanese). https://doi.org/10.11236/jph.62.11_684
  33. [33] M. Yıldırım, E. Geçer, and Ö. Akgül, “The impacts of vulnerability, perceived risk, and fear on preventive behaviours against COVID-19,” Psychol. Health Med., Vol.26, No.1, pp. 35-43, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2020.1776891
  34. [34] M. Torensma et al., “Contextual factors that shape uptake of COVID-19 preventive measures by persons of Ghanaian and Eritrean origin in the Netherlands: A focus group study,” J. Migr. Health, Vol.4, 100070, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmh.2021.100070
  35. [35] A. Liem et al., “Knowledge and awareness of COVID-19 among Indonesian migrant workers in the Greater China Region,” Public Health, Vol.197, pp. 28-35, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2021.05.029
  36. [36] P. Mondal et al., “The influence of sociodemographic heterogeneity on the perceptions of COVID-19: A countrywide survey study in the USA,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, Vol.18, No.17, 8922, 2021. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18178922
  37. [37] H. Yi et al., “Health equity considerations in COVID-19: Geospatial network analysis of the COVID-19 outbreak in the migrant population in Singapore,” J. Travel Med., Vol.28, No.2, taaa159, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1093/jtm/taaa159
  38. [38] S. Neely, C. Eldredge, and R. Sanders, “Health information seeking behaviors on social media during the COVID-19 pandemic among American social networking site users: Survey study,” J. Med. Internet Res., Vol.23, No.6, e29802, 2021. https://doi.org/10.2196/29802
  39. [39] Subcommittee on Countermeasures for COVID-19, “Urgent Recommendations for the Seventh Wave,” 2022 (in Japanese). https://www.cas.go.jp/jp/seisaku/ful/taisakusuisin/bunkakai/dai17/7thwave_teigen.pdf [Accessed August 13, 2022]
  40. [40] D. S. Massey, “Challenges to surveying immigrants,” R. Tourangeau, B. Edwards, T. P. Johnson, K. M. Wolter, and N. Bates (Eds.), “Hard-to-Survey Populations,” pp. 270-292, Cambridge University Press, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139381635.017
  41. [41] I. Etikan, S. A. Musa, and R. S. Alkassim, “Comparison of convenience sampling and purposive sampling,” Am. J. Theor. Appl. Stat., Vol.5, No.1, pp. 1-4, 2016. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajtas.20160501.11

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Feb. 01, 2023