The School Education to Improve the Disaster Response Capacity : A Case of “Kamaishi Miracle”
Toshitaka Katada† and Masanobu Kanai
Research Center for Disaster Prevention in the Extended Tokyo Metropolitan Area, Gunma University
1-5-1 Tenjin-cho, Kiryu, Gunma 376-8515, Japan
Many people died in the Great East Japan Earthquake. However, children in Kamaishi City survived by taking advantage of what they learned from disaster prevention education. It was called the “Kamaishi Miracle,” and the story spread around the world. In this study, the disaster prevention education that made possible the appropriate evacuation of the children is examined and future education possibilities are discussed. First, it should be pointed out that most disaster prevention education conducted before the earthquake took the form of “threatening disaster prevention education” or “knowledge-oriented disaster prevention education.” To solve the deficiencies in these programs, “attitude-oriented disaster prevention education” with a focus on children’s independence is proposed. In addition, three educational guidelines regarding evacuation from tsunamis are discussed. We also study the current status of disaster prevention education in Japan after the earthquake and show that when it puts an emphasis on life and community it have far-reaching effect.
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