Policies of Disaster Management in Japan for Preparation for Nankai Megathrust Earthquake
Faculty of Safety Science, Kansai University
7-1 Hakubai-cho, Takatsuki-shi, Osaka 569-1098, Japan
If the Nankai Megathrust Earthquake should occur, it is clear that the disaster would become a national catastrophe. To avoid the decline of Japan caused by such earthquake first of all the proactive measures, improvement of prevention, and the reactive ones, strengthening of recovery, have to be taken by means of Disaster Resilience. Looking back on the history of Japan, we can easily understand that Japan is a lucky country, because it has never experienced the disturbances of war or huge disaster leading to a collapse of the country. However, it has become obvious that if the Nankai Megathrust Earthquake should occur, it would trigger the decline of Japan. Therefore, the Ministry of Disaster Management should be established to prevent a disaster as national catastrophe and collapse of the country. For this reason the main objectives and responses of the Ministry of Disaster Management are clarified in this paper. Especially in the phases of initial response and life rebuilding making use of the experiences of the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake and recognizing that the Tokai Earthquake cannot be predicted, the issuance of the emergency information of the Nankai Megathrust Earthquake and its problems are discussed and summarized.
-  Y. Kawata, “Catastrophic compound disasters and their disaster reduction strategies,” Research Report of Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(S), 2012, https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/ja/file/KAKENHI-PROJECT-19101007/19101007seika.pdf (in Japanese) [accessed May 29, 2021]
-  Y. Kawata, “The worst disaster damage scenarios resulting national crisis and reduction,” Research Report of Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(S), 2017, https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/ja/file/KAKENHI-PROJECT-24221010/24221010seika.pdf (in Japanese) [accessed May 29, 2021]
-  Y. Kawata and Y. Hayashi, “Another collapse of safety myth – The worst damage scenario of the Tokaido Shinkansen at the moment of earthquake,” Faculty of Safety Science, Kansai University (Ed.), “Societal safety and sciences for accident prevention,” pp. 246-264, Minerva Shobo, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  Y. Kawata, “Disaster prevention, reduction and resilience in disaster-prone era, Societal safety and sciences for accident prevention,” North Intersection, Hokkaido Road Management Engineering Center, pp. 2-9, 2015 (in Japanese).
-  “On the measure of huge disasters as national crisis,” Technical Report on Disaster Resilience, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, 76pp., 2018 (in Japanese).
-  “Study on how our government systems should be – Proposal of establishment,” Technical Report of the Union of Kansai Governments, 2015, http://www.kouiki-kansai.jp/data_upload01/1503446032.pdf (in Japanese) [accessed August 1, 2018]
-  Japan Cabinet Office, “Damage estimation of Nankai Megathrust Earthquake: Second report,” 2015, http://www.bousai.go.jp/jishin/nankai/nankaitrough_info.html (in Japanese) [accessed August 1, 2018]
-  Japan Cabinet Office, “Damage estimation of Nankai Megathrust Earthquake: Final report,” 2015, http://www.bousai.go.jp/jishin/nankai/taisaku_wg/index.html (in Japanese) [accessed August 1, 2018]
-  Japan Cabinet Office, “Final report of working group on emergency measure and support on daily life,” 2018, http://www.bousai.go.jp/updates/h280414jishin/h28kumamoto/okyuseikatu_wg.html (in Japanese) [accessed August 1, 2018]
-  T. Sagiya, “On the leveling at the 1944 To-Nankai Earthquake,” Investigation Subcommittee Report on the Predictability of Large Scale Earthquake Along Nankai Trough, Cabinet office, 2012, http://www.bousai.go.jp/jishin/nankai/yosoku/3/pdf/sagiya.pdf (in Japanese) [accessed May 29, 2021]
-  Japan Cabinet Office, “Final report of working group on disaster response on the basis of earthquake observation and estimation,” 2018, http://www.bousai.go.jp/jishin/nankai/taio_wg/pdf/h290926honbun.pdf (in Japanese) [access August 1, 2018]
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.