JDR Vol.11 No.2 pp. 306-314
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0306


Panic and Crowd Disaster in Underground Space

Naoya Sekiya

The Center for Integrated Disaster Information Research (CIDIR),
The Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies (III), the University of Tokyo
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

September 3, 2015
December 11, 2015
Online released:
March 18, 2016
March 1, 2016
panic, crowd disaster, collective phenomenon, collective behavior
In this paper panic and crowd disaster are discussed. In order to prevent heavy casualties in an underground space, it is crucial to determine whether panic escape behavior as a collective phenomenon would occur at the time of an earthquake, flood, and fire, etc. in such a space.
There has yet to be an occurrence of collective panic in an underground space. Panic escape behavior and crowd disaster have the characteristic that despite the low rate of incidence they may cause many casualties, once they happen. Therefore, it is crucial that the measures are taken against panic and crowd surge in the underground in the urban area, although they never occurred in the past.
Cite this article as:
N. Sekiya, “Panic and Crowd Disaster in Underground Space,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.11 No.2, pp. 306-314, 2016.
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