JDR Vol.18 No.8 pp. 877-883
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2023.p0877


Building Quality-Oriented Societies in Asia Through Effective Water-Related Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation

Mikio Ishiwatari*1,*2,† ORCID Icon, Firdaus Ali*3 ORCID Icon, Guillermo Q. Tabios III*4 ORCID Icon, Joo-Heon Lee*5 ORCID Icon, and Hirotaka Matsuki*6

*1The University of Tokyo
5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8563, Japan

*2Japan Water Forum
Tokyo, Japan

*3Ministry of Public Works and Housing
South Jakarta, Indonesia

*4University of the Philippines
Quezon, Philippines

*5Joongbu University
Goyang-si, Korea

*6National Institute for Land Infrastructure Management, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
Tsukuba, Japan

Corresponding author

May 4, 2023
August 22, 2023
December 1, 2023
Kumamoto Declaration, finance, governance, science and technology

Asia-Pacific countries are facing growing risks from water-related disasters that are being exacerbated by climate change, urbanization, population growth, and development activities. Effective disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) are crucial for building quality-oriented societies. This study proposes approaches to DRR and CCA by examining cases and approaches from a special session at the 9th International Conference on Flood Management. This session was held to follow up on the Kumamoto Declaration adopted at the 4th Asia-Pacific Water Summit in Kumamoto in April 2022, and demonstrated the determination of heads of states and governments to resolve water issues in the region. The recent disaster cases in Pakistan, the Republic of Korea, the Philippines, and Indonesia highlight the unprecedented scale of water-related disasters. These countries have developed integrated structural and non-structural measures as fundamental solutions, including planning supported by scientific evidence, institutional reforms, and capacity building. However, there is a need to prioritize and strengthen urban planning and land use regulations for effective DRR and CCA. The Kumamoto Declaration emphasized three critical approaches: science and technology, finance, and governance, while the session clarified the effectiveness of these approaches. Leveraging science and technology can help societies develop and implement effective strategies to mitigate climate risks and safeguard vulnerable populations and ecosystems. However, there is a significant investment gap for flood protection, estimated at USD 64 billion per year. Thus, financial arrangements must be established. Meanwhile, good governance is essential for collaboration between local bodies, national governments, and international assistance. Such governance can leverage green infrastructure as a key solution and promote disaster resilience that is both locally driven and nationally relevant.

Cite this article as:
M. Ishiwatari, F. Ali, G. III, J. Lee, and H. Matsuki, “Building Quality-Oriented Societies in Asia Through Effective Water-Related Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.18 No.8, pp. 877-883, 2023.
Data files:
  1. [1] Secretariat of the 4th Asia-Pacific Water Summit (Eds.), “The 4th Asia Pacific Water Summit, Implementation Report,” 2022. [Accessed September 15, 2023]
  2. [2] 4th Asia-Pacific Water Summit: Water for Sustainable Development, “Kumamoto Declaration,” 2022. [Accessed September 15, 2023]
  3. [3] Asian Disaster Reduction Center, “2021 Annual Report,” 2022. [Accessed September 15, 2023]
  4. [4] F. K. S. Chan, C. J. Chuah, A. D. Ziegler, M. Dabrowski, and O. Varis, “Towards resilient flood risk management for Asian coastal cities: Lessons learned from Hong Kong and Singapore,” J. of Cleaner Production, Vol.187, pp. 576-589, 2018.
  5. [5] M. Ishiwatari, “What are crucial issues in promoting an integrated approach for flood risk management in urban areas?,” Japan Social Innovation J., Vol.6, No.1, pp. 15-26, 2016.
  6. [6] T. D. N. Le, “Climate change adaptation in coastal cities of developing countries: Characterizing types of vulnerability and adaptation options,” Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol.25, No.5, pp. 739-761, 2020.
  7. [7] W. L. Filho et al., “Assessing the impacts of climate change in cities and their adaptive capacity: Towards transformative approaches to climate change adaptation and poverty reduction in urban areas in a set of developing countries,” Science of the Total Environment, Vol.692, pp. 1175-1190, 2019.
  8. [8] Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED), “2021 disasters in numbers,” 2022. [Accessed September 15, 2023]
  9. [9] Ministry of Climate Change, Government of Pakistan, “National climate change policy,” 2021. [Accessed September 15, 2023]
  10. [10] B. Ro and G. Garfin, “Building urban flood resilience through institutional adaptive capacity: A case study of Seoul, South Korea,” Int. J. of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol.85, 103474, 2023.
  11. [11] Asian Disaster Reduction Center, “Natural Disaster Databook 2021: An Analytical Overview,” 2022. [Accessed September 15, 2023]
  12. [12] M. J. Ahmad, G.-H. Cho, and K. S. Choi, “Historical climate change impacts on the water balance and storage capacity of agricultural reservoirs in small ungauged watersheds,” J. of Hydrology: Regional Studies, Vol.41, 101114, 2022.
  13. [13] E. Lestari, C. A. Makarim, and W. A. Pranoto, “Zero run-off concept application in reducing water surface volume,” IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol.508, 012019, 2019.
  14. [14] T. Sano and T. Oki, “Future population transgress climatic risk boundaries of extreme temperature and precipitation,” Environmental Research Communications, Vol.4, No.8, 081001, 2022.
  15. [15] M. Ishiwatari and D. Sasaki, “Bridging the gaps in infrastructure investment for flood protection in Asia,” JICA-RI Working Paper, No.202, 2020.
  16. [16] M. Ishiwatari and D. Sasaki, “Investing in flood protection in Asia: An empirical study focusing on the relationship between investment and damage,” Progress in Disaster Science, Vol.12, 100197, 2021.
  17. [17] M. Ishiwatari, “Climate change and flood risk reduction measures,” R. Shaw (Ed.), “Handbook on Climate Change and Disasters,” pp. 43-55, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022.
  18. [18] High-Level Experts and Leaders Panel on Water and Disasters, “Principles on investment and financing for water-related disaster risk reduction,” 2019. [Accessed September 15, 2023]
  19. [19] K. Shiohara, “Factors influencing climate change adaptation investment by local government units in the Philippines,” M. Ishiwatari and D. Sasaki (Eds.), “Financing Investment in Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: Asian Perspectives,” pp. 71-87, Springer, 2022.
  20. [20] J. Klomp, “Economic development and natural disasters: A satellite data analysis,” Global Environmental Change, Vol.36, pp. 67-88, 2016.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 12, 2024