Higher Education and Destination of the Youth in the Republic of the Marshall Islands: Implication for Climate-Induced Migration
Nagisa Yoshioka*,, Irene Taafaki**, and Yolanda McKay**
*The Ocean Policy Research Institute, Sasakawa Peace Foundation
1-15-16 Toranomon, Minato, Tokyo 105-8524, Japan
**Marshall Islands Campus, The University of the South Pacific, Majuro, Republic of the Marshall Islands
Little is known about the extent to which climate change drives migration from the Pacific atoll nation of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). How and to what extent the youth of RMI aspire to migrate to other countries was investigated through a survey of 106 students at the Marshall Islands Campus of the University of the South Pacific (RMI-USP). While 44% of respondents indicated an aspiration to move abroad either for study or employment, and most students were well aware of the adverse effects of climate change, climate change was not cited as the primary reason or motivation for migration. Analysis of data in a second study explored the University’s tracking data of Foundation Year graduates from the RMI-USP Joint Education Program. This analysis found that students who have studied abroad are more likely to have the opportunity to either stay abroad or to migrate at some time after their studies.
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