Development of Tsunami Fragility Functions for Ground-Level Roads
Yoshihisa Maruyama† and Osamu Itagaki
Department of Urban Environment Systems, Chiba University
1-33 Yayoi-cho, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8522, Japan
In exploring the relationship between ground-level road damage ratios and tsunami inundation depths following the 2011 Pacific Coast Tohoku earthquake in Japan, we focused on road damage components, excluding elevated roads, bridges, and tunnels. The damage ratio is defined as the number of damage incidents per kilometer. We used the damage dataset compiled by the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. We propose four fragility function zones for ground-level roads based on differences in topographical features. We studied these zones based on numerical simulation results of tsunami propagation.
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