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JDR Vol.19 No.1 pp. 113-123
(2024)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2024.p0113

Paper:

Literacy for Disaster Resilience from “Downstream”: A Case Study of the Nankai Trough Earthquake Countermeasures in Kochi City

Kenji Muroi

Nagoya University
Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-0801, Japan

Corresponding author

Received:
August 22, 2023
Accepted:
November 30, 2023
Published:
February 1, 2024
Keywords:
literacy for disaster resilience, vulnerability, Nankai Trough Earthquake
Abstract

Disaster resilience is an interdisciplinary area of study. Collaboration between humanities and sciences is important to approach issues in this area. However, science and engineering consider disaster resilience as minimizing the scientifically estimated damage induced by natural hazards. In contrast, disaster resilience studies in the social sciences tend to focus on societal vulnerability. The views between the two disciplines can lead to inconsistency or contradiction. This paper discussed this issue. To do so, the author uses the case study focusing on the effects of predictions on Nankai Trough Earthquake countermeasures in Kochi City, Japan. First, this study revealed that not only the revision of hazard prediction but the historical background of land use development affected the large-scale earthquake damage estimation in Kochi City. Second, the upward revision of hazard prediction resulted in strengthening of community disaster management. However, it also accelerated residential relocation associated with class disparities. As a result, ironically, marginalized social groups were unevenly located in predicted tsunami inundation areas. However, such issues are not considered in the existing disaster resilience scheme and policy. Based on this analysis, it is argued that communicating scientific knowledge on hazards to society alone is not enough. Considering the local context, the perspective of literacy for disaster resilience from downstream’ is also important.

Cite this article as:
K. Muroi, “Literacy for Disaster Resilience from “Downstream”: A Case Study of the Nankai Trough Earthquake Countermeasures in Kochi City,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.19 No.1, pp. 113-123, 2024.
Data files:
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Last updated on Jul. 19, 2024