JDR Vol.17 No.6 pp. 913-922
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2022.p0913


COVID-19 Impact on Tourism Business Continuity in Indonesia: A Preliminary Systematic Review

Alfan Kurnia Yudha*, Jing Tang**,***, and Natt Leelawat*,***,†

*Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University
254 Phayathai Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand

Corresponding author

**International School of Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

***Disaster and Risk Management Information Systems Research Unit, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand

December 25, 2021
August 26, 2022
October 1, 2022
COVID-19 impact, Indonesia, systematic review, tourism, tourism

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused a major shake-up in the global tourism industry, causing people from all over the world to self-isolate and avoid travel. Indonesia is one of the largest archipelago countries in the world, consisting of five major islands and thousands of small islands, making it a prime global tourism destination. However, due to the pandemic, the tourism industry in the country has been deeply affected, and many of the tourism businesses in Indonesia have had to shut down. This article discusses the COVID-19 impact on tourism in Indonesia through a systematic review of research articles from the ScienceDirect database for 2019–2022. This study aims to explore the pandemic’s impact on various tourism industries throughout Indonesia and the recovery strategy of the affected areas. Accordingly, this study reviewed the literature on this issue, focusing on the post-recovery strategy for the tourism industry and the impact of COVID-19 on various branches of the tourism industry, such as the hotel, geoparks, and halal industries. Connecting the gap between policies and demographic characteristics is a crucial strategy for tourism recovery that can lay a foundation for future studies in similar fields.

Cite this article as:
A. Yudha, J. Tang, and N. Leelawat, “COVID-19 Impact on Tourism Business Continuity in Indonesia: A Preliminary Systematic Review,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.17, No.6, pp. 913-922, 2022.
Data files:
  1. [1] S. Pramana et al., “Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on tourism in Indonesia,” Current Issues in Tourism, Vol.25, No.15, pp. 2422-2442, 2021.
  2. [2] K. Saengtabtim et al., “Consequences of COVID-19 on health, economy, and tourism in Asia: A systematic review,” Sustainability, Vol.14, No.8, Article No.4624, 2022.
  3. [3] N. Leelawat et al., “Comparison of the initial overseas evacuation operations due to COVID-19: A focus on Asian countries,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.16, No.7, pp. 1137-1146, 2021.
  4. [4] World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), “Impact assessment of the COVID-19 outbreak on international tourism,” [accessed October 12, 2021]
  5. [5] J. Darlak et al., “Factbox: Airlines suspend flights due to coronavirus outbreak,” Reuters, March 10, 2020, [accessed October 12, 2021]
  6. [6] E. Anzolin, J. Mason, and M. Nikolaeva, “Canceled booking, empty rooms: Coronavirus takes toll on tourism,” Reuters, March 5, 2020, [accessed October 12, 2021]
  7. [7] K. Meechang et al., “The acceptance of using information technology for disaster risk management: A systematic review,” Engineering J., Vol.24, No.4, pp. 111-132, 2020.
  8. [8] M. R. Davahli et al., “The hospitality industry in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic: Current topics and research methods,” Int. J. of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol.17, No.20, Article No.7366, 2020.
  9. [9] C. King, W. Iba, and J. Clifton, “Reimagining resilience: COVID-19 and marine tourism in Indonesia,” Current Issues in Tourism, Vol.24, No.19, pp. 2784-2800, 2021.
  10. [10] Y. Suteja et al., “Stranded marine debris on the touristic beaches in the south of Bali Island, Indonesia: The spatiotemporal abundance and characteristic,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol.173, Part A, Article No.113026, 2021.
  11. [11] European Commission, Joint Research Centre, A. Birkun et al., “Marine strategy framework directive: Task group 10 report: Marine litter,” Publication Office, 2010.
  12. [12] D. Adyasari et al., “Anthropogenic impact on Indonesian coastal water and ecosystems: Current status and future opportunities,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol.171, Article No.112689, 2021.
  13. [13] A. Langford et al., “Price analysis of the Indonesian carrageenan seaweed industry,” Aquaculture, Vol.550, Article No.737828, 2022.
  14. [14] A. Langford et al., “Monitoring the COVID-19-affected Indonesian seaweed industry using remote sensing data,” Marine Policy, Vol.127, Article No.104431, 2021.
  15. [15] N. Stacey et al., “Developing sustainable small-scale fisheries livelihoods in Indonesia: Trends, enabling and constraining factors, and future opportunities,” Marine Policy, Vol.132, Article No.104654, 2021.
  16. [16] P. L. K. Mustika et al., “Marine megafauna bycatch in artisanal fisheries in Gorontalo, northern Sulawesi (Indonesia): An assessment based on fisher interviews,” Ocean & Coastal Management, Vol.208, Article No.105606, 2021.
  17. [17] C. King, W. Iba, and J. Clifton, “Reimagining resilience: COVID-19 and marine tourism in Indonesia,” Current Issues in Tourism, Vol.24, No.19, pp. 2784-2800, 2021.
  18. [18] H. S. Cahyadi and D. Newsome, “The post COVID-19 tourism dilemma for geoparks in Indonesia,” Int. J. of Geoheritage and Parks, Vol.9, No.2, pp. 199-211, 2021.
  19. [19] D. A. Sari et al., “Evaluating policy coherence: A case study of peatland forests on the Kampar Peninsula landscape, Indonesia,” Land Use Policy, Vol.105, Article No.105396, 2021.
  20. [20] M. Rahman et al., “The impact of tourists’ perceptions on halal tourism destination: A structural model analysis,” Tourism Review, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 575-594, 2020.
  21. [21] H. Han et al., “Exploring halal-friendly destination attributes in South Korea: Perceptions and behaviors of Muslim travelers toward a non-Muslim destination,” Tourism Management, Vol.71, pp. 151-164, 2019.
  22. [22] D. Suhartanto et al., “Tourist experience in Halal tourism: What leads to loyalty?,” Current Issues in Tourism, Vol.24, No.14, pp. 1976-1990, 2021.
  23. [23] D. Suhartanto et al., “Holistic tourist experience in halal tourism evidence from Indonesian domestic tourists,” Tourism Management Perspectives, Vol.40, Article No.100884, 2021.
  24. [24] Y. Y. Sun et al., “Who are vulnerable in a tourism crisis? A tourism employment vulnerability analysis for the COVID-19 management,” J. of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Vol.49, pp. 304-308, 2021.
  25. [25] A. Japutra and R. Situmorang, “The repercussions and challenges of COVID-19 in the hotel industry: Potential strategies from a case study of Indonesia,” Int. J. of Hospitality Management, Vol.95, Article No.102890, 2021.
  26. [26] J. Loehr et al., “Safer destinations, healthier staff and happier tourists: Opportunities for inclusive water, sanitation and hygiene in tourism,” Tourism Management Perspectives, Vol.40, Article No.100883, 2021.
  27. [27] D. Hartono et al., “Effect of COVID-19 on energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions in Indonesia,” Sustainable Production and Consumption, Vol.28, pp. 391-404, 2021.
  28. [28] A. R. Anugerah, P. S. Muttaqin, and D. A. Purnama, “Effect of large-scale social restriction (PSBB) during COVID-19 on outdoor air quality: Evidence from five cities in DKI Jakarta Province, Indonesia,” Enviromental Research, Vol.197, Article No.111164, 2021.
  29. [29] R. Djalante et al., “Review and analysis of current responses to COVID-19 in Indonesia: Period of January to March 2020,” Progress in Disaster Science, Vol.6, Article No.100091, 2020.
  30. [30] D. Gandasari and D. Dwidienawati, “Content analysis of social and economic issues in Indonesia during the COVID-19 pandemic,” Heliyon, Vol.6, No.11, Article No.e05599, 2020.
  31. [31] T. Sontayasara et al., “Twitter sentiment analysis on Bangkok tourism during COVID-19 pandemic using support vector machine algorithm,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.16, No.1, pp. 24-30, 2021.
  32. [32] M. Malahayati, T. Masui, and L. Anggraeni, “An assessment of the short-term impact of COVID-19 on economics and the environment: A case study of Indonesia,” EconomiA, Vol.22, No.3, pp. 291-313, 2021.
  33. [33] B. Liu-Lastres et al., “Can post-disaster tourism development improve destination livelihoods? A case study of Aceh, Indonesia,” J. of Destination Marketing & Management, Vol.18, Article No.100510, 2020.
  34. [34] G. I. Bhaskara and V. Filimonau, “The COVID-19 pandemic and organisational learning for disaster planning and management: A perspective of tourism businesses from a destination prone to consecutive disasters,” J. of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Vol.46, pp. 364-375, 2021.
  35. [35] Y. Kristiana, R. Pramono, and R. Brian, “Adaptation strategy of tourism industry stakeholders during the COVID-19 pandemic: A Case Study in Indonesia,” The J. of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, Vol.8, No.4, pp. 213-223, 2021.
  36. [36] L. Dewi, “Resilience ecotourism in Papua amid COVID-19 pandemic,” E-J. of Tourism, Vol.7, No.2, pp. 250-264, 2020.
  37. [37] P. Pahrudin, C.-T. Chen, and L.-W. Liu, “A modified theory of planned behavioral: A case of tourist intention to visit a destination post pandemic Covid-19 in Indonesia,” Heliyon, Vol.7, No.10, Article No.e08230, 2021.
  38. [38] Z. Rozaki, “Food security challenges and opportunities in Indonesia post COVID-19,” M. J. Cohen (Ed.), “Advances in food security and sustainability,” Vol.6, pp. 119-168, Elsevier, 2021.
  39. [39] T. A. Kurniawan et al., “Reforming MSWM in Sukunan (Yogjakarta, Indonesia): A case-study of applying a zero-waste approach based on circular economy paradigm,” J. of Cleaner Production, Vol.284, Article No.124775, 2021.
  40. [40] N. A. Brown et al., “An integrative framework for investigating disaster resilience within the hotel sector,” J. of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Vol.36, pp. 67-75, 2018.
  41. [41] Statista Research Department, “Contribution of the tourism industry to the gross domestic product (GDP) in Indonesia from 2016 to 2019,” Statista, October 27, 2021, [accessed August 8, 2022]

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Dec. 01, 2022