single-dr.php

JDR Vol.19 No.1 pp. 182-191
(2024)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2024.p0182

Paper:

Examining the Relationship Between Disaster Scenarios and Disaster Management Behavior During Earthquakes

Kosuke Nakazawa*1,*2,† ORCID Icon, Shoji Ohtomo*3 ORCID Icon, Reo Kimura*2 ORCID Icon, Toshimitsu Nagata*4, and Masaki Ikeda*5 ORCID Icon

*1Shinkenpress
2-3-3 Kojimachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-0083, Japan

*2Graduate School of Human Science and Environment, University of Hyogo
Himeji, Japan

*3College of Interhuman Symbiotic Studies, Kanto Gakuin University
Yokohama, Japan

*4Niigata Local Meteorological Office, Japan Meteorological Agency
Niigata, Japan

*5National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience
Tsukuba, Japan

Corresponding author

Received:
March 20, 2023
Accepted:
October 24, 2023
Published:
February 1, 2024
Keywords:
earthquake disaster, disaster scenario, disaster management behavior, experience of victim, hazard map
Abstract

This study examines the effect of the recognition of various disaster scenarios on the disaster management behavior of people. It analyzes the data (n = 1,900) of the social surveys, conducted by the National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED) in seven districts of Japan (Hokkaido/Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, Kinki, Chugoku, Shikoku, and Kyushu). The study indicates that the experience of victims, recognition of earthquake occurrence in the region and of earthquake hazard maps, as well as the factors, “life threatening,” “difficulties in daily life,” and “induced disasters,” in the disaster scenarios are related to their disaster management behavior. The greater their recognition of “life threatening” and “difficulties in daily life,” the more people will adopt disaster management behaviors. This study suggests that, added to the experience of victims and the recognition of the occurrence of earthquakes and of hazard maps, the image of the damage through specific disaster scenarios affects people’s disaster management behavior. On the other hand, it has become apparent that creating images of “induced disasters” that are caused by earthquakes, with their unclear association, may lead to psychological confusion.

Cite this article as:
K. Nakazawa, S. Ohtomo, R. Kimura, T. Nagata, and M. Ikeda, “Examining the Relationship Between Disaster Scenarios and Disaster Management Behavior During Earthquakes,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.19 No.1, pp. 182-191, 2024.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] Tokyo Disaster Management Council, “Estimation of damage in the event of an earthquake directly hitting Tokyo,” (Announced on May 25, 2022). https://www.bousai.metro.tokyo.lg.jp/_res/projects/default_project/_page_/001/021/571/20220525/n/houkoku01.pdf [Accessed February 22, 2023]
  2. [2] Tokyo Disaster Management Council, “Estimation of damage in the event of an earthquake directly hitting Tokyo,” (Announced on April 18, 2012). https://www.bousai.metro.tokyo.lg.jp/_res/projects/default_project/_page_/001/000/401/assumption.part1-2-2.pdf [Accessed February 22, 2023]
  3. [3] National Disaster Management Council Tokyo Inland Earthquake Countermeasure Working Group, “Final report of the Tokyo Inland Earthquake Countermeasure Working Group, Assumption of Damage and Countermeasures for an Earthquake with a Vertical Root in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area (Final Report).” https://www.bousai.go.jp/jishin/syuto/taisaku_wg/pdf/syuto_wg_report.pdf [Accessed February 22, 2023]
  4. [4] The General Insurance Rating Organization of Japan, “Investigation of damage prediction methods in earthquake damage estimation for national and local governments (2021 survey).” https://www.giroj.or.jp/publication/earthquake_research/No37_0.pdf [Accessed February 22, 2023]
  5. [5] Cabinet Office, “Public Opinion Survey on Disaster Prevention,” January 10, 2023. https://survey.gov-online.go.jp/r04/r04-bousai/gairyaku.pdf [Accessed February 22, 2023]
  6. [6] Cabinet Office, “Public Opinion Survey on Disaster Prevention,” January 29, 2018. https://survey.gov-online.go.jp/h29/h29-bousai/4.html [Accessed February 22, 2023]
  7. [7] T. Katada, J. Asada, and Y. Oikawa, “River information for flood damage mitigation,” Proc. of the 1999 Annual Conf. of the Japan Society for Disaster Information Studies, No.1, pp. 159-166, 1999.
  8. [8] T. Katada, M. Kodama, and H. Saeki, “Study on Residents’ Recognition of a Flood Hazard Map and Promotion Measures of its Recognition,” Annual J. of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol.48, pp. 433-438, 2004. https://doi.org/10.2208/prohe.48.433
  9. [9] M. Siegrist and H. Gutscher, “Flooding risks: A Comparison of Lay People’s Perceptions and Expert’s Assessments in Switzerland,” Risk Analysis, Vol.26, No.4, pp. 971-979, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2006.00792.x
  10. [10] S. Ohtomo, R. Kimura, Y. Kawata, and K. Tamura, “The determinants of residents’ evacuation behaviors in the torrential rain in western Japan in 2018: Examination of survey data of victims in Okayama Prefecture,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.15, No.7, pp. 1011-1024, 2020. https://doi.org/10.20965/jdr.2020.p1011
  11. [11] H. Sawa, “A practice example of earthquake disaster prevention education in Sakata municipal elementary school and Junior high school – What is required for earthquake disaster prevention education? –,” The Association of Japanese Geographers, General Meeting of the AJG Spring, 2019. https://doi.org/10.14866/ajg.2019s.0_213
  12. [12] F. Maruyama, “Earthquake Disaster Prevention Education in High School Geology,” Regional Studies, Vol.20, pp. 155-169, 2019.
  13. [13] R. Kimura, S. Ohtomo, and N. Hirata, “A Study on the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake: Citizen’s Evaluation of Earthquake Information and Their Evacuation and Sheltering Behaviors,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.12, No.6, pp. 1117-1138, 2017. https://doi.org/10.20965/jdr.2017.p1117
  14. [14] E. L. Jackson, “Response to Earthquake Hazard: The West Coast of North America,” Environment and Behavior, Vol.13, Issue 4, pp. 387-416. 1981. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916581134001
  15. [15] T. Grothmann and F. Reusswig, “People at Risk of Flooding: Why Some Residents Take Precautionary Action While Others Do Not,” Natural Hazards, Vol.38, pp. 101-120, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-005-8604-6
  16. [16] Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Estimation of damage in the event of an earthquake directly hitting Tokyo, “Disaster Scenarios and Aspects of Damage that May Occur Around You,” (Announced on May 25, 2022). https://www.bousai.metro.tokyo.lg.jp/taisaku/torikumi/1000902/1021641/index.html [Accessed February 22, 2023]
  17. [17] A. Miura and T. Kobayashi, “Mechanical Japanese: Survey satisficing of online panels in Japan,” Japanese J. of Social Psychology, Vol.31, No.1, pp. 1-12, 2015. https://doi.org/10.14966/jssp.31.1_1
  18. [18] Y. Kawata and N. Funaki, “Survey research on university students’ awareness of disaster prevention,” J. of Disaster Information Studies, Vol.2, pp. 115-119, 2004. https://doi.org/10.24709/jasdis.2.0_115
  19. [19] T. Terashima, “Multivariate data analysis using SPSS,” Tokyo Tosho Co., Ltd., p. 78, 2018.
  20. [20] P. Weyrich, E. Mondino, M. Borga, G. D. Baldassarre, A. Patt, and A. Scolobig, “A flood-risk-oriented, dynamic protection motivation framework to explain risk reduction behaviours,” Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., Vol.20, pp. 287-298, 2020. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-20-287-2020
  21. [21] M. Siegrist and H. Gutscher, “Natural Hazards and Motivation for Mitigation Behavior: People Cannot Predict the Affect Evoked by a Severe Flood,” Risk Analysis, Vol.28, No.3, pp. 771-778, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01049.x
  22. [22] R. Satomura, “Making “Disaster Preparedness Map” by Residents and the Effects on Residents’ Behavior for Damage Mitigation in Sendai City,” Quarterly J. of Geography, Vol.58, pp. 19-29, 2006. https://doi.org/10.5190/tga.58.19

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Feb. 19, 2024