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JDR Vol.12 No.3 pp. 526-535
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2017.p0526
(2017)

Paper:

Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry for Disaster Monitoring of Harbor Facilities

Ryo Natsuaki*1,†, Takuma Anahara*1, Tsuyoshi Kotoura*2, Yuudai Iwatsuka*3, Naoya Tomii*4, Hiroyuki Katayama*3, and Takeshi Nishihata*2

*1Earth Observation Research Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
2-1-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8508, Japan

Corresponding author

*2Institute of Technology, Penta-Ocean Construction Co., Ltd., Tochigi, Japan

*3Nagoya Branch, Penta-Ocean Construction Co., Ltd., Aichi, Japan

*4Satellite Applications and Operations Center, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tokyo, Japan

Received:
August 31, 2016
Accepted:
February 26, 2017
Online released:
May 29, 2017
Published:
June 1, 2017
Keywords:
synthetic aperture radar, interferometry, disaster monitoring, ALOS-2, PALSAR-2
Abstract

In this paper, we present experimental results of the disaster monitoring of harbor facilities using spaceborne synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR). The Advanced Land Observing Satellite-2 (ALOS-2 or DAICHI-2), operated by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), carries the Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar-2 (PALSAR-2). PALSAR-2 can observe disaster areas day and night, in any weather, at a resolution of approximately 3 m. ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 has been used to measure large-scale ground deformation e.g., after earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. However, its robustness for smaller targets, such as harbor facilities, has not yet been substantiated. Here, we measured the uplift of a breakwater model made of concrete armor units, and confirmed the sensor accuracy to be better than 2 cm standard deviation. We also analyzed the damage to the Nagata and Suma ports in Kobe city, Hyogo prefecture, Japan hit by the 11th Typhoon in 2014, and detected the damaged area using interferometric coherence analysis.

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Last updated on Oct. 20, 2017