Technology Transfer for Safe and Sustainable Road Bridge Life Cycle Management in Myanmar
Michael Henry*,†, Chika Yamasaki**, Kohei Nagai***, Koji Matsumoto***, and Hiroshi Yokota*
*Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan
**Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan
***Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
While the creation of new infrastructure has played an important role in Myanmar’s rapid economic growth, maintenance of the existing infrastructure is also necessary to ensure its continued safe development. The objective of this paper is to clarify the current practices and technologies for the maintenance and life cycle management of road bridges in Myanmar by reporting and analyzing the results of a series of surveys carried out with Myanmar’s Ministry of Construction. It was found that the maintenance cycle in Myanmar is not fully functional, as there are no standardized methods for inspection and repair, and the results of the inspections are not recorded in a database. However, efforts are under way to prepare a comprehensive manual for road bridges, and a database is being developed as part of a Japanese capacity development project. Analysis of technology transfer activities for maintenance found that the mismatch in conditions between Japan and Myanmar made it difficult to adapt the knowledge acquired in training programs to the local conditions. Furthermore, low awareness of maintenance and an inadequate maintenance budget also hinder opportunities to practice maintenance activities. To achieve sustainable transfer of maintenance technology, future activities should consider financial support for opportunities to acquire practical on-site maintenance experience in Myanmar.
-  Asian Development Bank, Asian Development Outlook 2017, Manila: Asian Development Bank, 2017.
-  Japan Infrastructure Partners, Current situation and issues of Myanmar’s bridge work, Tokyo: Japan Infrastructure Partners, 2012.
-  H. Yokota, “Structure design system under the concept of life-cycle management,” Steel Construction Today & Tomorrow, No.48, pp. 13-14, 2016.
-  K. F. Punch, “Introduction to Social Research,” London: SAGE Publications, 2005.
-  Japan Int. Cooperation Agency, Research study on review and application of the bridge engineering training center project in Myanmar final report, Tokyo: Japan Int. Cooperation Agency, 2012.
-  C.A.L. Panting, K. Nagai, E. Iwasaki, and T. Nu, “Verification of structural performance of a main tower inclined suspension bridge by simple monitoring and FE analysis,” J. of Disaster Research, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 406-414, 2017.
-  T. Waroonkun and R. A. Stewart, “Modeling the international technology transfer process in construction projects: evidence from Thailand,” J. of Technology Transfer, Vol.33, pp. 667-687, 2008.
-  R. Takim, R. Omar, and A. H. Nawawi, “Int. technology transfer (ITT) projects and development of technological capabilities in Malaysian construction industry: a conceptual framework,” Asian Social Science, Vol.4, No.8, pp. 38-46, 2008.
-  K. Sakai and T. Noguchi, “The Sustainable Use of Concrete,” Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2013.
-  I. Nonaka and H. Takeuchi, “The Knowledge Creating Company,” Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.