Factoring Multi-Hazard Risk Perception in Risk Assessment and Reduction Measures in Landslide and Flash Flood Prone Areas – A Case Study of Sichon District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand
Indrajit Pal*, and Jessada Karnjana**
*Disaster Preparedness, Mitigation and Management (DPMM), Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)
Moo 9, Km 42 Paholyothin Highway, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
**National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA),
Pathum Thani, Thailand
This study’s purpose is to analyze the degree of risk and vulnerability involved in landslide and flash flood prone community areas in Thepparat sub-district, Sichon district, Nakhon Si Thammarat province, Thailand. It also aims to analyze and understand the socio-economic impacts on the community at the household level, and assess the community’s risk and vulnerability by examining its risk perception. The risk perception was done using focus group discussions and a questionnaire survey with key stakeholders. It mainly focused on how the risk of landslides and flash floods influences the community’s risk perceptions, which was tested in two parts: at the organizational and community levels by focusing on government officials and households, respectively. A correlation matrix was used to understand the relationship of the indicators selected. The Pearson correlation result has shown that the degree of risk awareness positively correlates with the income level, education level, and controllability, signifying that the risk of landslides and flash floods influences household risk perceptions. The qualitative assessment recommends community-level preparedness as being paramount to reduce the risk for a resilient community.
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