Risk Narratives for Enhancing Regional Resilience: Constructing Evidence-Based Flood Disaster Response Scenarios
Tadashi Nakasu*1,, Shiro Nonaka*2, Sutpratana Duangkaew*3, Kullachart Prathumchai*1, Akira Kodaka*4, and Mamoru Miyamoto*5
Visid Prachuabmoh Building Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
*2National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED), Tsukuba, Japan
*3Mahidol University, Nakhonpathom, Thailand
*4Keio University, Yokohama, Japan
*5International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management under the auspices of UNESCO (ICHARM),
Public Works Research Institute (PWRI), Tsukuba, Japan
Literature exists on business continuity; however, little exists on the complied experience, especially flood risk. The research also does not cover industrial complex areas using integrated perspectives. Most studies on major business continuity disasters focus on event impacts and the short-term responses and recovery process of enterprises. Some evaluate the underlying causes of vulnerability, but few follow up to evaluate the consequences of the business continuity process because of restrictions on information disclosure regarding these activities. The objective of this study is to improve understanding of the influence that business continuity narratives have had on how decisions and actions are undertaken to continue business after a flood disaster, and what long-term influence this has had, in turn, on the industrial complex area from integrated perspectives, especially applying the lessons learned. This research drew on insights from in-depth studies of Japanese enterprises to maximize the findings based on abundant field data: (1) disaster responses in the flood risk situation; (2) the challenges faced by enterprises in the area before, during and following the 2011 floods; and (3) lessons that led to new consideration for the flood risk in the areas following the 2011 flood. This study identified alternative narratives on the purpose and means of business continuity with implications for flood risk by constructing scenarios for practical use. The findings of this study provide new insights and will improve the performance of business continuity management, both existing and planned, and, ultimately, support more climate-resilient development in this area.
-  T. Nakasu et al., “Finding the Devastating Economic Disaster’s Root Causes of the 2011 Flood in Thailand: Why did Supply Chains Make the Disaster Worse?,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.15, No.5, pp. 556-570, 2020.
-  Asian Disaster Reduction Center, “Thailand: Flood (July. 2011-Jan. 2012),” https://www.adrc.asia/nationinformation.php?NationCode=764&Lang=en&NationNum=09 [accessed March 12, 2019]
-  H. E. V. Futrakul, “Thailand’s Economy Afterthe Great Flood,” BLL Seminar Handout, Research Institute of Economy, Trade & Industry, March 23, 2012.
-  A. Termpittayapaisith, “Thailand’s Future Development and Water Management Plans,” Seminar Matrial, March 8, 2012.
-  T. Nakasu, T. Okazumi, and Y. Shimizu, “Establishment of Industrial Areas and New Risk Management: Chain Reactions of Economic Damage Caused by 2011 Thailand Chao Phraya River Flood Disasters and Local Societies,” J. of Urban Social Studies, No.5, pp. 159-169, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  T. Okazumi and T. Nakasu, “Lessons Learned from Two Unprecedented Disasters in 2011 – Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in Japan and Chao Phraya River flood in Thailand,” Int. J. of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol.13, pp. 200-206, 2015.
-  Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO), “Special Topics: Information on Thai Flood Disaster Recovery, Tokyo,” http://www.jetro.go.jp/world/asia/th/flood/ [accessed June 20, 2012]
-  Tokyo Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co. Ltd., “Lesson Learned from 2011 Thai Flood: Water Related Disaster Risk Countermeasures Points for Overseas Offices,” Tokyo Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Co. Ltd., 2011.
-  T. Nakasu, “Natural Disasters and Disaster Management in Thailand: Status, Risks, and Trends,” Proc. of 13th Int. Conf. on Thai Studies, 2017.
-  D. Marks and L. Lebel, “Disaster Governance and the Scalar Politics of Incomplete Decentralization: Fragmented and Contested Responses to the 2011 Floods in Central Thailand,” Habitat Int., Vol.52, pp. 57-66, 2016.
-  M. Haraguchi and U. Lall, “Flood Risks and Impacts: A Case Study of Thailand’s Floods in 2011 and Research Questions for Supply Chain Decision Making,” Int. J. of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol.14, Part 3, pp. 256-272, 2015.
-  International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management under the auspices of UNESCO (ICHARM), “Lessons Learned from the Flood Disaster in Industrial Estates/Parks/Zones in Thailand – Based on the Experience of the 2011 Flood –,” Technical Note of PWRI No.4322, ICHARM Publication, No.30, 2016.
-  Y. Tamada, K. Hoshikawa, and T. Funatsu (Eds.), “The 2011 Great Flood: Records and Lessons. In Thai 2011 Great Flood,” IDE-JETRO, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  Y. Hagiwara, D. Kuribayashi, T. Okazumi, and T. Nakasu, “Characteristics of the Chain-Reaction Damage of the Japanese Firms Affected by the 2011 Thai Flood,” Advances in River Engineering, Vol.20, pp. 397-402, 2014 (in Japanese).
-  N. Singkran, “Flood Risk Management in Thailand: Shifting from a Passive to a Progressive Paradigm,” Int. J. of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol.25, pp. 92-100, 2017.
-  S. Pathak and M. M. Ahmad, “Flood Recovery Capacities of the Manufacturing SMEs from Floods: A Case Study in Pathumthani Province, Thailand,” Int. J. of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol.18, pp. 197-205, 2016.
-  S. Pathak and M. M. Ahmad, “Role of Government in Flood Disaster Recovery for SMEs in Pathumthani Province, Thailand,” Natural Hazards, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 957-966, 2018.
-  K. Yamori, S. Kikkawa, and T. Aziro, “Risk Communication Through Disaster Prevention Games: An Invitation to Crossroads,” Nakanishiya Shuppan, 2005 (in Japanese).
-  Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), “Scenario Four: Hurricane/Flood,” https://www.fema.gov/sites/default/files/2020-10/fema_scenario_4-hurricane-01102020.pdf [accessed November 27, 2021]
-  Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, “Business Continuity Plan.” http://www.bousai.go.jp/kyoiku/kigyou/keizoku/sk.html (in Japanese) [accessed March 21, 2019]
-  Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), “Regional Resilience Enhancement Through Establishment of Area-BCM at Industry Complexes in Thailand: Enhance Regional Resilience Through Visualization of Disaster Risks with Industry, Government and Academia Collaboration,” SATREPS (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development), https://www.jst.go.jp/global/english/kadai/h2908_thailand.html [accessed March 20, 2019]
-  M. Kon, “Practical BCP Formulation Manual – Basics of Business Continuity Management,” Ohmsha, 2009 (in Japanese).
-  M. Kon, “Easy BCP You Can Make – It Will Surely Be Useful for Any Company,” Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun, Ltd., 2010 (in Japanese).
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.