single-dr.php

JDR Vol.13 No.7 pp. 1207-1212
(2018)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2018.p1207

Paper:

Role of Private Sectors in Disaster Risk Reduction: Potential and Challenges

Rajib Shaw

Graduate School of Media and Governance, Keio University
5322 Endo, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 252-0882, Japan

Corresponding author

Received:
July 2, 2018
Accepted:
October 11, 2018
Published:
December 1, 2018
Keywords:
private sector, sendai framework, corporate community interface, demand-driven innovation, small and medium-sized enterprises
Abstract

The private sector is an important actor in disaster risk reduction, and its importance has been highlighted after the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction was adopted in 2015. The role of private sectors vary from corporate social responsibility activities and creating a corporate community interface to ensuring that innovative technical solutions for disaster risk reduction are a core business. This study elaborates on different models and examples of these roles. Three critical examples come from Japan, the Philippines, and Malaysia, where private organizations work closely with national governments and enter into partnership agreements, which ensure the sustainability of their involvement. Other core examples are from civil society, where the private sector works for demand-driven innovation. One challenging issue of private sector involvement is that of the small and medium-sized enterprises, which are often unregistered and need special attention during disasters and post-disaster recovery.

Cite this article as:
R. Shaw, “Role of Private Sectors in Disaster Risk Reduction: Potential and Challenges,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.13, No.7, pp. 1207-1212, 2018.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] UNISDR, “The Development of a public partnership framework and action plan for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Asia,” 2009.
  2. [2] United Nations, “International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction,” (A/RES/44/236), New York, United Nations, 1989.
  3. [3] UNISDR, “Hyogo Framework for Action 2005–2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters,” United Nations, 2005.
  4. [4] “Platforms for private sector humanitarian collaboration,” Humanitarian Futures Program, King’s College, London, 2012.
  5. [5] United Nations, “Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction: from share value to shared responsibility: the business case for disaster risk reduction,” 2013.
  6. [6] T. Izumi and R. Shaw, “Overview and introduction of private sector role in disaster management,” T. Izumi and R. Shaw (eds.), Disaster Management and Private Sectors, pp. 1-10, Springer, 2015.
  7. [7] United Nation, “Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: 2015-2030,” p. 37, 2015.
  8. [8] ARISE, “ARISE website information in UNISDR,” https://www.unisdr.org/partners/private-sector [accessed on June 25, 2018]
  9. [9] R. Shaw, “Corporate Community Interface: New Approaches in Disaster Risk Reduction,” R. Shaw (ed.), Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction, pp. 55-66, Emerald Publisher, 2012.
  10. [10] T. Miyaguchi and R. Shaw, “Corporate Sectors and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Community Focused Approach,” Shaw R. and R. Krishnamurthy (eds.), Disaster Management: Global challenges and local solutions, pp. 567-585, University Press, 2009.
  11. [11] JBP, “Japan Bosai Platform strategy note,” https://bosai-jp.org/ [accessed July 15, 2018]
  12. [12] T. Komino, “Demand-Driven Innovation: ADRRN Innovation Cases from Asia,” Poster panel: Science Technology and Enterprise Cooperation, Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017, Science Council of Japan, 2017.
  13. [13] J. Joerin, P. Kruerli, and J. Six, “A science-private sector-governance collaboration to enhance food systems resilience,” Poster panel: Science Technology and Enterprise Cooperation, Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017, Science Council of Japan, 2017.
  14. [14] J. J. Pereira, C. S. Lim, and M. Mohammed, “Partnerships for Mainstreaming and Implementing Disaster Risk Reduction in Malaysia,” Poster panel: Science Technology and Enterprise Cooperation, Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017, Science Council of Japan, 2017.
  15. [15] S. Yamaguchi, “ “Power assist” by Internet, Media and AI for disaster resilient society: Policy study consortium established in Japan,” Poster panel: Science Technology and Enterprise Cooperation, Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017, Science Council of Japan, 2017.
  16. [16] A. Perwaiz, “iPrepare Business: Towards a Resilient Business Community,” Poster panel: Science Technology and Enterprise Cooperation, Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017, Science Council of Japan 2017.
  17. [17] W. Li and S. Lee, “Enhancing and connecting disaster resilience through global supply chain,” Poster panel: Science Technology and Enterprise Cooperation, Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017, Science Council of Japan, 2017.
  18. [18] A. Loyzaga, E. Porio, and J. Bercilla, “Engineering Resilience through Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships: The Philippine National Resilience Council,” Poster panel: Science Technology and Enterprise Cooperation, Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017, Science Council of Japan, 2017.
  19. [19] A. Perwaiz, “Thailand Floods and Impact on Private Sector,” T. Izumi and R. Shaw (eds.), Disaster Management and Private Sectors: Challenges and Potentials, Springer, pp. 231-245, 2015.
  20. [20] R. Shaw and T. Izumi, “Challenges and potentials of private sector in disaster management,” T. Izumi and R. Shaw (eds.), Disaster Management and Private Sectors, pp. 333-342, Springer, 2015.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Dec. 07, 2018