The Reality of Disaster Mitigation Activities for Companies in Tokyo’s Central Business District: A Case Study on Support for Stranded Commuters in the Initial Period in Chuo-Ku
U Hiroi*,, Jun Shindo**, Tsuyoshi Kurome**, Takeshi Toratani**, and Sakurako Miyata**
*The University of Tokyo
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
**Sompo Risk Management Inc., Tokyo, Japan
In this study, the Council of Policy for Stranded Commuters in Chuo-ku, Tokyo, is considered as an example of local disaster mitigation activities through mutual aid for companies. The process of the activities during the initial period is described, and the points necessary to “establish and maintain the disaster mitigation activities by multiple companies” are summarized. The efforts of the council have led to the development of a community in which various disaster mitigation measures are not limited to those for stranded commuters but include responses to the sick and wounded; these disaster mitigation measures within companies are discussed. As a result, four points are derived as important factors, namely, grasping the local characteristics, forming an organization where the consensus can be built smoothly together with administrative bodies and academics, formulating local behavioral rules, and stipulating the principles behind the activities and the future prospects. The efforts for the local disaster mitigation activities taken up mainly by the residents of communities have been reported in many studies. However, there are few studies on the disaster mitigation activities conducted for companies; as such, only a case study of the measures for stranded commuters in Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo has been reported . This is a case study that reports the process of the establishment of disaster mitigation activities for companies; based on the case study of Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, this study takes into consideration the characteristics of Chuo-ku, Tokyo, which has no terminal station.
-  J. Shindo, M. Murakami, and Y. Hisada, “Study on Emergency response by regional alliances and standardization in the Central Business Area around Shinjuku Station,” J. of Japan Association for Earthquake Engineering, Vol.6, No.5, pp. 5_159-5_176, 2016 (in Japanese).
-  Central Disaster Management Council in Japan, Special Committee on Countermeasures for Earthquakes under the Tokyo Metropolitan Area, “Report of the Special Committee on Countermeasures for Earthquakes under the Tokyo Metropolitan Area,” 2005 (in Japanese).
-  Central Disaster Management Council in Japan, Expert Committee on Evacuation Measures for Earthquakes under the Tokyo Metropolitan Area, “Report of the Expert Committee on Evacuation Measures for Earthquakes under the Tokyo Metropolitan Area,” 2008 (in Japanese).
-  U. Hiroi, N. Sekiya, R. Nakajima, S. Waragai, and H. Hanahara, “Questionnaire Survey concerning Stranded Commuters in Metropolitan Area in the East Japan Great Earthquake,” J. of Social Safety Science, No.15, pp. 343-353, 2011 (in Japanese).
-  T. Osaragi, “Estimating the Number of People Returning Home on Foot under The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Ordinance,” J. of Architecture and Planning, No.81, No.721, pp. 705-711, 2016 (in Japanese).
-  U. Hiroi, T. Oomori, and H. Shinkai, “Evacuation Simulation in Metropolitan Area and Risk Maps of Heavy Traffic and Crowd in Catastrophic Disaster,” J. of Japan Association for Earthquake Engineering, Vol.16, No.5, pp. 111-126, 2016 (in Japanese).
-  U. Hiroi and A. Nakano, “This is the only thing you need to deal with Stranded Commuters Q&A,” Seibunsha, Co., Ltd. Publishers, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  Council of Countermeasures for Stranded Commuters after the Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake, “Council of Countermeasures for Stranded Commuters after the Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake Final Report,” 2012 (in Japanese).
-  Liaison and Coordination Conference on Measures for Stranded Commuters after the Tokyo Metropolitan Earthquake, “Guidelines for Temporary Accommodation for Stranded Commuters (Revised February 2015),” 2015.
-  Shinjuku Station Area Disaster Prevention Council, “Efforts of the Shinjuku Station Area Disaster Prevention Council,” 2018, https://www.city.shinjuku.lg.jp/anzen/kikikanri01_000109.html (in Japanese) [accessed September 6, 2019]
-  U. Hiroi, T. Kurome, and J. Shindo, “Study about Development of Stranded Commuter Management Game, Special Papers on the Great East Japan Earthquake,” J. of Social Safety Science, 2015 (in Japanese).
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.