JDR Vol.12 No.5 pp. 882-890
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2017.p0882


Development of a Virtual Reality Experience System for Interior Damage Due to an Earthquake – Utilizing E-Defense Shake Table Test –

Takuzo Yamashita*,†, Mahendra Kumar Pal*, Kazutoshi Matsuzaki**, and Hiromitsu Tomozawa**

*National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED)
1501-21 Nishikameya, Mitsuda, Shijimi-cho Miki, Hyogo 673-0515, Japan

Corresponding author

**Mizuho Information and Research Institute, Inc., Chiyoda-ku, Japan

April 14, 2017
August 1, 2017
Online released:
September 27, 2017
October 1, 2017
virtual reality, earthquake damage, education for disaster prevention, E-Defense

To construct a virtual reality (VR) experience system for interior damage due to an earthquake, VR image contents were created by obtaining images, sounds, and vibration data from multiple devices, with synchronization information, in a room at the 10th floor of 10-story RC structure tested at E-Defense shake table. An application for displaying 360-degree images of interior damage using a head mount display (HMD) was developed. The developed system was exhibited in public disaster prevention events, and then a questionnaire survey was conducted to assess usefulness of VR experience in disaster prevention education.

  1. [1] M. Kaneko, H. Kumagai, and K. Okada, “Development of 3-Dimensional Large-Scale Shaking Table and 3-Dimensional Long-stroke Shaking Table,” J. of Japan Association for Earthquake Engineering, Vol.16, No.9, pp. 100-117, 2016 (in Japanese with English abstract).
  2. [2] Disaster Mitigation Research Center at Nagoya University, “No9: Vibration Experience Involving Interior Space with Five Senses – Disaster Mitigation and Experimental Laboratory –,’ [in Japanese, accessed September 20, 2017]
  3. [3] E. Sato, S. Furukawa, A. Kakehi, and M. Nakashima, “Full-Scale Shaking Table Test for Examination of Safety and Functionality of BaseIsolated Medical Facilities,” Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, Vol.40, Issue 13, pp. 1435-1453, 2011.
  4. [4] S. Furukawa, E. Sato, Y. Shi, T. Becker, and M. Nakashima, “Full-Scale Shaking Table Test of a Base-Isolated Medical Facility Subjected to Vertical Motions,” Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, Vol.42, Issue 13, pp. 1931-1949, 2013.
  5. [5] T. Nagae, K. Kajiwara, H. Fujitani, K. Fukuyama, H. Kawabe, K. Ohnishi, S. Kido, and M. Nakashima, “Test on Seismic Response of High-Rise Building Focusing on Furniture and Non-Structural Components Large Scale Test System Based on E-Defense Shaking Table,” J. of Structural and Construction Engineering (Trans. of AIJ), Vol.73, No.628, pp. 1007-1014, 2008 (in Japanese).
  6. [6] M. Yoshizawa, K. Fukuyama, T. Inoue, and K. Kajiwara, “Study on Interior Damage of Office Building by LargeScale Shaking Table Test,” J. of Structural and Construction Engineering (Trans. of AIJ), Vol.81, No.730, pp. 2013-2023, 2016 (in Japanese).
  7. [7] Website of ASEBI at E-Defense, NIED, [in Japanese, accessed September 20, 2017]
  8. [8] K. Kajiwara et al., “2015 Three-Dimensional Shaking Table Test of a 10-Story Reinforced Concrete Building on the E-Defense Part1: Overview and Specimen Design of the Base Slip and Base Fixed Tests,” Proc. 16th World Conf. on Earthquake (16WCEE), Santiago, Chile, Paper No.4012, 2017.
  9. [9] H. Ogino, T. Yamashita, M. Kaneko, and D. Isobe, “Development of a Finite Element Code to Simulate Behaviors of Furniture under Seismic Excitation,” J. of Structural and Construction Engineering (Trans. of AIJ), Vol.80, No.717, pp. 1687-1697, 2015 (in Japanese).
  10. [10] D. Isobe, T. Yamashita, H. Tagawa, M. Kaneko, T. Takahashi, and S. Motoyui, “Motion Analysis of Furniture under Seismic Excitation Using FEM,”J. of Structural and Construction Engineering (Trans. of AIJ), Vol.80, No.718, pp. 1891-1900, 2015 (in Japanese).
  11. [11] M. Ishida, M. Wada, T. Takahashi, and T. Yamashita, “Interior Damage Reproduction of 10 Story RC Experiment for Shaking Table Test Using HMD,” Summaries of Technical Papers of Annual Meeting 2017 (Structure II), AIJ, pp. 561-562, 2017 (in Japanese).
  12. [12] K. Fukuyama et al., “3-Direction Shaking Table Test of 10 Story RC Frame (2015) at E-Defense: Design of Specimen, Part2,” Summaries of Technical Papers of Annual Meeting 2016 (Structure II), AIJ, pp. 865-866, 2016 (in Japanese).
  13. [13] D. G. Lowe, “Distinctive Image Features from Scale-Invariant Keypoints,” Int. J. of Computer Vision, Vol.60, Issue 2, pp. 91-110, 2004.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Oct. 20, 2017