Evacuation from Tsunami and Social Capital in Numanouchi Ward, Iwaki City
Michimasa Matsumoto*, and Kaori Madarame**
*International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University
6-6-11-901-2 Aoba, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan
**MINDSHARE Inc., Tokyo, Japan
This study investigates the relationship among peacetime human relations, that is, formation of networks, social capital accumulated as a result of human relations, and group evacuation (in units of neighborhood groups, Tonari-gumi) in Numanouchi ward. Located in Iwaki City, in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan, Numanouchi ward was partially destroyed by the Great East Japan Earthquake. The study found that there are differences in the formation of networks, social capital, and group evacuation between the Numanouchi and Suwahara areas. The study also found that there is a (slight) difference in the processes followed in group evacuation and the factors influencing the choice of processes in both areas.
-  M. Matsumoto, “Preliminary considerations of local knowledge forming in community and evacuation from tsunami: a case of Coastal Region in Fukushima pref.,” J. of Social Safety Science, 21, pp. 119-128, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  M. Matsumoto, “Local Knowledge of Disaster and Tsunami Evacuation Formed in Local Communities: A Case of Coastal Area in Iwaki City,” Tohoku Association on Urbanology Annual report, Vol.15, No.16, pp. 101-117, 2016 (in Japanese).
-  T. Ichiko, “A Discussion for ‘self-active Tunami Evacuation’ in the Great East Japan Earthquake: Comparative analysis between Yamada Town and Ishinomaki City,” J. of JAEE, Vol.15, No.5, pp. 5_31-5_40, 2015 (in Japanese).
-  T. Katada, H. Yamaguchi, and H. Kanzawa, “Research on the Evacuation Activities of Elderly and the Social Support for Elderly During River Flood Disasters,” JAIS, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 17-26, 2002 (in Japanese).
-  M. Akaike and M. Tsukai, “A study on community member’s assistance for the other’s evacuation under a flood disaster,” Toshi Keikaku Rombunshu, Vol.49, No.3, pp. 339-344, 2014 (in Japanese).
-  Y. Murosaki and M. Koda, “Disaster prevention capability hollowing out by municipal merger,” Minerva Shobo, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  N. Imai and K. Nakamura, “Problems of Dwelling Life at Apartments of Housing and Urban Development Corporation in the Disaster Stricken Areas of Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (Part 1),” JHEJ, Vol.49, No.6, pp. 687-698, 1998 (in Japanese).
-  Tokyo Metropolitan Government Disaster Prevention Website, http://www.bousai.metro.tokyo.jp/taisaku/1000061/1000368.html [accessed December 30, 2017]
-  T. Yamamura, “Sprit of “Kin-jyo”,” Kinzai Institute for Financial Affair, Inc., 2012.
-  K. Madarame, M. Matsumoto, and T. Sugiyama, “An effect of community relations in Numanouchi on tsunami evacuation,” Japan Society for Urbanology Annual Report, Vol.51, pp. 285-294, 2018 (in Japanese).
-  Y. Ito, N. Kamiyama, N. Katoh, and A. Takizawa, “A Heuristic for Quickest Transshipment Problem and its Application to Evacuation Planning,” Summaries of Technical Papers of Annual Meeting 2014 (Urban Planning), pp. 1079-1080, 2014 (in Japanese).
-  J. Urata and E. Hato, “Local Interaction Based Model To Understand Household Evacuation Behavior In A Heavy Rain Situation,” J. JSCE, Ser.D3, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 24-39, 2017 (in Japanese).
-  Y. Kawawaki, “Does Social Capital in the Community Promote Residents’ Mutual Aids after Disasters?: The Empirical Analysis based on Local Residents’ Survey in the Areas Affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake,” The Nonprofit Review, Vol.14, No.1+2, pp. 1-13, 2014 (in Japanese).
-  T. Fujimi, R. Kakimoto, F. Yamada, K. Matsuo, and M. Yamamoto, “Effects of social capital on public awareness of disaster prevention,” J. of Japan Society for Natural Disaster Science, Vol.29, No.4, pp. 487-499, 2011 (in Japanese).
-  R. Kakimoto and F. Yamada, “Analysis of the Factors in Stimulating Evacuation Behavior on Flood: The Evacuation Behavior Survey in Tatsuta Area, Kumamoto City in the Northern Kyushu Torrential Rain July 2012,” Toshi Keikaku Rombunshu, Vol.48, N.3, pp. 945-950, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  M. A. Meyer, “Social Capital in Disaster Research,” H. Rodríguez, W. Donner, and J. Trainor (eds), Handbook of Disaster Research, Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research, Springer, pp. 263-286, 2018.
-  N. Yoshihara, “‘Existing but not real’ community, Breakaway from Town of ‘Genpatsu-sama’: Community in the Future from a perspective of Okuma Town,” Iwanami Shoten, pp. 73-98, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  M. Matsumoto, “Perception, Participation, and Effect of Nuclear Emergency Response Drills,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.11, No.3, pp. 517-534, 2016.
-  K. Madarame, M. Matsumoto, and T. Sugiyama, “Character of each neighborhood association in Numanouchi,” Tohoku Association on Urbanology Annual Report, Vol.15-16, 2018 (in Japanese).
-  J. W. Van Deth, “Measuring social capital: Orthodoxies and continuing controversies,” Int. J. of Social Research Methodology, Vol.6, pp. 79-92, 2003.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.