Formalizing the Concept of “Build Back Better” Based on the Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017 WG4
Keiko Tamura*,, Irina Rafliana**, and Paul Kovacs***
*Risk Management Office, Niigata University
8050 Ikarachi-Nino-cho, Nishi-ku, Niigata 950-2181, Japan
**Indonesian Institute of Science, Research Center for Oceanography (LIPI), Jakarta Utara, Indonesia
***Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction, Ontario, Canada
This paper outlines the process of formalizing Priority Action 4, “Build Back Better,” in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction in Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. We propose this formalization by introducing the background and existing framework of recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction, a case-study of Post-War Japan, and the outcome of discussions implemented in the Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017 held at the Science Council of Japan in Tokyo on November 23–25, 2017. This paper also summarizes the results of discussions regarding further development of Priority Action 4.
-  Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), “The Four Phases of Emergency Management, “MODULE A UNIT 3” FEMA Training Program,” https://training.fema.gov/emiweb/ [accessed in June 30, 2018]
-  The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), “Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2013,” https://www.unisdr.org/files/43291_sendaiframeworkfordrren.pdf [accessed in June 30, 2018]
-  United Nations General Assembly 2016, Report of the Open-Ended Intergovernmental Expert Working Group on Indicators and Terminology Relating to Disaster Risk Reduction, 71st Session, Item 19(c), A/71/644, 2016.
-  Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Memorial Association, “Summary and verification of 5 year-reconstruction of Kobe city,” Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Reconstruction J., Vol.5, pp. 644-653, 2000.
-  H. Hayashi, “Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience,” Annuals of Disaster, Prev. Res. Inst., Kyoto Univ., No.59A, pp. 34-45, 2016.
-  T. Okada, “Critical Examination of Creative Reconstruction,” Modern Thought, March 2012 Issue, pp. 147-151, Aokosha, 2012.
-  Chair of Ministerial Roundtable, “Reconstructing after disasters: Build back better,” UN World Conf. on Disaster Risk Reduction, p. 2, 2015.
-  Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, “Building Back Better in Post Disaster Recovery,” https://www.gfdrr.org/sites/default/files/2017-09 [accessed in June 30, 2018]
-  WHO, “Constitution of the World Health Organization, Basic Documents,” 45th edition, Supplement, p. 40, 2006.
-  M. Cimons, “New Approach to Natural Disaster Recovery Suggests Focusing on Well-Being,” Nexus Media, 2018.
-  The World Commission on Environment and Development, UN, “Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development - Our Common Future,” General Assembly, p. 300, 1983.
-  Science Council of Japan, Global Forum on Science and Technology for Disaster Resilience 2017, http://wci.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/ResilienceForum2017/ [accessed in June 30, 2018]