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JDR Vol.19 No.2 pp. 420-428
(2024)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2024.p0420

Paper:

Risk Mapping of COVID-19 to Create a Common Operating Picture Using Data from Wastewater Monitoring

Tomoko Takeda*1,† ORCID Icon, Kazushiro Yoshimori*2, Eiji Haramoto*3 ORCID Icon, Shingo Toride*2 ORCID Icon, and Masaaki Kitajima*4 ORCID Icon

*1The University of Tokyo
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

Corresponding author

*2National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience
Tsukuba, Japan

*3University of Yamanashi
Kofu, Japan

*4Hokkaido University
Sapporo, Japan

Received:
April 27, 2022
Accepted:
November 21, 2023
Published:
April 1, 2024
Keywords:
pandemic risk management, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, wastewater monitoring, common operating picture
Abstract

Monitoring wastewater quality at the inlet of a wastewater treatment plant provides an overview of the health of the community connected to the respective wastewater treatment plant. Wastewater monitoring has been increasingly recognized as a valid tool in pandemic risk management, especially during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis. However, the results of wastewater monitoring are not yet fully utilized in the decision-making process of public governance across most of the Asia-Pacific region. This study explored the potential of geographic information systems to map the results of wastewater monitoring and provide a common operating picture for swift and informed decision-making, especially in times of disasters. By creating an online dashboard tool, we found that an additional merit of mapping wastewater monitoring is that it allows overlaying various other information, such as evacuation shelters, onto the same map. As the service areas of wastewater treatment plants, or sewersheds, are not necessarily aligned with geopolitical boundaries, mapping provides opportunities for re-calculating wastewater monitoring results at the city or district levels. The potential for recalculation is also applicable to overlayed information, indicating that information from wastewater monitoring may be used to assess disaster preparedness or multi-hazard risks. The dashboard prototype was discussed with government officials and feedback was obtained. We aim to further develop the findings so that the information from wastewater monitoring can be shared on a platform, such as the shared information platform for disaster management, in the future for effective risk governance.

Cite this article as:
T. Takeda, K. Yoshimori, E. Haramoto, S. Toride, and M. Kitajima, “Risk Mapping of COVID-19 to Create a Common Operating Picture Using Data from Wastewater Monitoring,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.19 No.2, pp. 420-428, 2024.
Data files:
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