JDR Vol.15 No.2 pp. 212-225
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2020.p0212


Questionnaire Survey on the Difficulty of Attending Work for Commuters After the 2018 Osaka Earthquake

U Hiroi*, Naoya Sekiya**, Shuntarou Waragai***, and Fusae Kukihara***

*Department of Urban Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan

**Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

***Social Information Department, Survey Research Center Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

September 6, 2019
November 25, 2019
March 20, 2020
difficulty of attending work for commuters, the 2018 Osaka earthquake, questionnaire survey

This paper presents the results of a questionnaire survey conducted on those who had difficulty commuting after the 2018 Osaka earthquake. As with the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, serious traffic congestion occurred in downtown Osaka following the 2018 disaster. Based on the questionnaire survey on those who had difficulty commuting, which is considered to be a factor of traffic congestion, it was found that 60–70% commuted as usual after the earthquake; about half of the commuters who usually take the train changed their method of commuting, one-quarter of whom used automobiles; there were very few who experienced problems in their work because they had not gone to work or their workplace had closed down for the day; and many felt that it would be better to receive instructions on work attendance in the aftermath of an earthquake. The present study points out the need for companies and society to adopt rules so that those who find it difficult to commute will refrain from going to work and remain in their local communities to help others, except for those in certain occupations or positions.

Cite this article as:
U. Hiroi, N. Sekiya, S. Waragai, and F. Kukihara, “Questionnaire Survey on the Difficulty of Attending Work for Commuters After the 2018 Osaka Earthquake,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.15 No.2, pp. 212-225, 2020.
Data files:
  1. [1] Fire and Disaster Management Agency, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication, Government of Japan, “Damage caused by the 2018 Osaka Earthquake and the response of firefighting agencies (No.32),” August 20, 2019 (in Japanese).
  2. [2] The Yomiuri Shimbun, “Governor of Osaka also stranded in crowded road, traffic congestion 7 times due to earthquake,” September 17, 2018 (in Japanese).
  3. [3] Jiji Press, “Delayed recovery due to traffic congestion, negative chain,” June 24, 2018 (in Japanese).
  4. [4] U Hiroi, N. Sekiya, R. Nakajima, S. Waragai, and H. Hanahara, “Questionnaire Survey concerning Stranded Commuters in Metropolitan Area in the East Japan Great Earthquake,” J. of Social Safety Science, Vol.15, pp. 343-353, 2011 (in Japanese).
  5. [5] U Hiroi, “Questionnaire Survey Concerning Stranded Commuters in Metropolitan Areas by The Approach of Bomb Cyclone on April 3, 2012,” J. of Architecture and Planning (Trans. of AIJ), Vol.80, No.714, pp. 1853-1861, 2015 (in Japanese).
  6. [6] Council on Support for Stranded Commuter, “Guidelines for Measures to Control Simultaneous Return to Home by Office,” Osaka Prefectural Government, 2018 (in Japanese).
  7. [7] Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, “Review Meeting on Companies and Disaster Prevention (1st Meeting Minutes),” 2012 (in Japanese).
  8. [8] Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Hyogo Prefecture Disaster Response Headquarters, “Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake 1995 – 1 Month Record in Hyogo Prefecture–,” 1995 (in Japanese).
  9. [9] Kobe City Fire Department, “Record of Firefighting Activities after the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake 1995 (Kobe city area),” Kobe City Disaster Prevention Corporation, 1995 (in Japanese).
  10. [10] Kobe City Fire Department, “Overview of Kobe City’s Damage and Firefighting Activities in the 1995 Southern Hyogo Prefecture Earthquake,” Traffic Science Research Group Earthquake Special Report, 1995 (in Japanese).
  11. [11] D. Nakagawa and H. Kobayashi, “A Study on the Measures to Address Traffic Issues in the Event of an Earthquake Disaster: Lessons from the Hanshin Awaji Earthquake,” Journal of JSCE: Division D, Vol.62, No.1, pp. 187-206, 2006 (in Japanese).
  12. [12] The Asahi Shimbun, “JR West is fully restored, Osaka Monorail is suspended,” June 18, 2018 (in Japanese).
  13. [13] The Sankei Shimbun, “Osaka City considers instituting an “Emergency Declaration” system,” September 14, 2018 (in Japanese).
  14. [14] “Section 6.2. Spatial Movement after the Damage and its Issues,” Editorial Committee for the Report of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Disaster (Ed.), “Report of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Disaster: General Issues Volume 3 – Function and Structure of Urban Safety System Against Earthquake Disaster,” pp. 370-386, Architectural Institute of Japan, 1999 (in Japanese).

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 12, 2024