single-dr.php

JDR Vol.18 No.4 pp. 436-446
(2023)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2023.p0436

Paper:

Practicing Rescue Plans of Vietnamese Firefighters: Situation and Solutions

Hung Le Tien*,**, Nam Pham Van*, and Takaaki Kato**,† ORCID Icon

*The University of Fire Prevention and Fighting
243 Khuat Duy Tien, Thanh Xuan, Ha Noi, Vietnam

**The University of Kitakyushu
Kitakyushu, Japan

Corresponding author

Received:
October 15, 2022
Accepted:
March 7, 2023
Published:
June 1, 2023
Keywords:
firefighter, rescue plan, emergency response exercise, Vietnam
Abstract

Practicing rescue plans is an important training method to improve the rescue capacity of firefighters, yet the status of such practice has rarely been reported in international journals. Vietnamese firefighters expanded the types of rescue plans to be practiced in 2012, but this activity remains limited and inadequate. This study aims to identify the causes of the current limitations in the practice of rescue plans and proposes solutions to improve the ability of Vietnamese firefighters to practice rescue plans. To identify the characteristics of rescue practice activities in Vietnam, 200 rescue plans and 100 rescue practice videos were analyzed. A survey of 196 officers from 16 provincial fire departments was conducted to identify reasons for these limitations. Officers’ responses from eight provincial fire departments with good performance in 2020 were compared with those of officers from other fire departments. The responses were also compared across the four groups of officials with different work experiences. The method of practicing rescue plans in Vietnam was compared with that proposed by the US Department of Homeland Security. This study suggests that Vietnam should apply less expensive exercises and not depend too much on hypothetical incident scenes. The same recommendation applies to other Southeast Asian countries.

Cite this article as:
H. Tien, N. Van, and T. Kato, “Practicing Rescue Plans of Vietnamese Firefighters: Situation and Solutions,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.18 No.4, pp. 436-446, 2023.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] R. Pawlak, J. L. Clasey, T. Palmer, T. B. Symons, and M. G. Abel, “The effect of a novel tactical training program on physical fitness and occupational performance in firefighters,” J. Strength Conditioning Res., Vol.29, No.3, pp. 578-588, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000663
  2. [2] L. Xu, Y. Wang, and J. Chen, “Analysis of characteristics of fire incident on 24 July 2021 in Jilin Province, China,” Safety, Vol.8, No.3, 65, 2022. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety8030065
  3. [3] K. Takemoto, Y. Motoya, and R. Kimura, “A proposal for effective emergency training and exercise program to improve competence for disaster response of disaster responders,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.5, No.2, pp. 197-207, 2010. https://doi.org/10.20965/jdr.2010.p0197
  4. [4] N. T. To, T. Kato, M. Imai, M. Taninobu, K. Kohriyama, and S. Ito, “Developing a time-based evaluation method for functional exercises of emergency medical operations,” Safety, Vol.5, No.3, 49, 2019. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety5030049
  5. [5] N. T. To and T. Kato, “Characteristics and development of policy and institutional structures of emergency response in Vietnam,” Int. J. Disaster Risk Reduct., Vol.31, pp. 729-741, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.07.016
  6. [6] Department of Homeland Security, “Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP),” Washington D.C.: Department of Homeland Security, 2020. https://www.fema.gov/emergency-managers/national-preparedness/exercises/hseep [Accessed October 14, 2022]
  7. [7] B. Jurriaan, E. Mol, B. Visser, and F. D. H. W. Monique, “The physical demands upon (Dutch) fire fighters in relation to the maximum acceptable energetic workload,” Ergonomics, Vol.47, No.4, pp. 446-460, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1080/00140130310001643283
  8. [8] S. N. Kales, E. S. Soteriades, C. A. Christophi, and D. C. Christiani, “Emergency duties and deaths from heart disease among firefighters in the United States,” N. Engl. J. Med, Vol.356, No.12, pp. 1207-1215, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa060357
  9. [9] Socialist Republic of Vietnam, “Decree on regulation on Rescue operation by fire departments,” No.83/2017/N/DJ-CP, 2017 (in Vietnamese).
  10. [10] The University of Fire Prevention and Fighting, “Textbook of Basics of Rescue,” Hanoi: The University of Fire Prevention and Fighting, 2017 (in Vietnamese).
  11. [11] Vietnam Fire and Rescue Police Department, “Summary of work in 2016-2021,” Hanoi: Vietnam Fire and Rescue Police Department, 2016-2021.
  12. [12] Laos Fire Prevention and Fighting Police Department, “Summary of work in 2016-2020,” 2016-2020.
  13. [13] Cambodia Fire Prevention and Fighting Police Department, “Summary of work in 2016-2021,” 2016-2021.
  14. [14] Lao People’s Democratic Republic, “Law on Fire Prevention and Fighting,” No.09/QH, 2007.
  15. [15] The Minister of Peace and Security of Lao People’s Democratic Republic, “Agreement on the organization and activities of the Police Department for Prevention and Fire Prevention,” No.184/Paks, 2009.
  16. [16] Kingdom of Cambodia Nation Religion King, “Law on Fire Prevention and Fire Fighting,” NS/RKM/0613/007, 2013.
  17. [17] Royal Government of Cambodia, “Sub Degree on the Organization and Functions of the Ministry of the Interior,” No.109, 2015.
  18. [18] General Statistics Office of Vietnam, Area, Population and Population Density by Locality. https://www.gso.gov.vn/ [Accessed September 23, 2022]
  19. [19] W. G. Green III, “Exercise Alternatives for Training Emergency Management Command Center Staffs,” Universal-Publishers, 2000.
  20. [20] R. Renger, A. Jansen, E. Peacock, A. Cimetta, and J. Surdam, “Using evaluation theory to augment the Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) guidance for evaluating operations-based exercises,” J. Emerg. Manag., Vol.6, No.3, pp. 45-52, 2008.
  21. [21] L. C. McCormick, L. Hites, J. F. Wakelee, A. C. Rucks, and P. M. Ginter, “Planning and executing complex large-scale exercises,” J. Public Health Manag. Pract., Vol.20, pp. S37-S43, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1097/PHH.0000000000000068

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Apr. 22, 2024