Participatory Multi-Stakeholder Platforms in Disaster Management in South Africa
Nosiphiwe P. Ngqwala*, C. Sunitha Srinivas*, Roman Tandlich*,†, Desmond M. Pyle**, and Rene Oosthuizen**
*Environmental Health and Biotechnology Research Group/
Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Division of Pharmacy Practice,
Faculty of Pharmacy, Rhodes University
P.O. Box 94, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
**School of Disaster Management, Stenden South Africa, Port Alfred, South Africa
South Africa is a country that is prone to droughts, earthquakes and other disasters. In this environment, non-governmental stakeholders often provide a substantial part of the relief in affected areas. Non-governmental stakeholders have the experience needed to address the various disaster management challenges currently facing South Africa. This is especially true in the context of local disasters. Therefore an attempt is made in this report to investigate the relevant legal framework, which allows for the formalization of the involvement of non-governmental stakeholders in official disaster management activities in South Africa. Parts of the basic disaster management legislation, i.e. the Disaster Management Act no. 57/2002, contain definitions and requirements for the establishment of the relevant multi-stakeholder crisis management platforms, i.e. the “disaster management advisory forums.” This legislation is analysed in relation to the Hyogo Framework for Action and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Disaster management systems from two cities in the Western Cape Province of South Africa, i.e. Knysna and Cape Town, were identified as models for the potential practical execution of these multi-stakeholder platforms at the local government level. Importance of additional aspects of the legal framework, e.g. the role of traditional leaders, are also outlined.
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