JDR Vol.12 No.3 pp. 470-477
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2017.p0470


Wave-Guided Acoustic Emission Signals of Concrete Slab Obtained by Fatigue Testing on Wheel-Load Machine

Mitsuharu Shiwa*1,†, Zhengwang Li*2, Takuya Maeshima*3, Yasuhiro Koda*3, and Yasushi Tanaka*4

*1National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, Japan

Corresponding author

*2Nippon Physical Acoustics, Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

*3Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Nihon University, Fukushima, Japan

*4Institute of industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

September 20, 2016
February 12, 2017
Online released:
May 29, 2017
June 1, 2017
acoustic emission, waveguide, reinforced concrete slab, fatigue testing, wheel load

Wave-guided acoustic emission (AE) signals of a reinforced-concrete slab were evaluated by fatigue testing on a wheel-load machine. Two resonant AE sensors, each with a frequency of 60 kHz, were installed at both ends of a reinforcement rod used as an AE waveguides. The detected AE signals indicated the transverse-wave radiation patterns of vertical and horizontal cracks located at the interface between the concrete and the waveguide. The activity of the cumulative AE energies corresponded to the live-load deflection and vertical-strain phenomena.

  1. [1] S. Matsui, “Review of researches and technologies on highway bridge decks by using wheel running machines,” Journal of Structural Engineering, A, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, 55A, pp. 1408-1419, 2009.
  2. [2] Japan Society of Civil Engineers, “Standard Specification for Concrete Structure – Maintenance,” Japan Society of Civil Engineers, pp. 215-232, 2007.
  3. [3] Y. Koda, Y. Furuyama, and I. Iwaki, “Experimental Study on Deterioration and Load-carrying Capacity of RC Deck Damaged by Chloride Attack,” Proceedings of the Japan Concrete Institute, Vol.30, No.1, pp. 813-818, 2008.
  4. [4] K. Ohno, K. Uji, and A. Ueno, “Application of Acoustic Emission and Elastic Wave to Buckle Plate Slab under Wheel Load Running Test,” Proceedings in Acoustic Emission XVII, pp. 1-6, 2014.
  5. [5] K. Ohno, K. Uji, and A. Ueno, “Application of Acoustic Emission and Elastic Wave to Buckle Plate Slab under Wheel Load Running Test,” Proceedings in Acoustic Emission XVII, pp. 1-6, 2014.
  6. [6] T. Shiotani, H. Ohtsu, S. Momoki, H. Chai, and T. Kamada, “Damage evaluation for concrete bridge deck by means of stress wave techniques, ASCE,” Journal of Bridge Engineering, Vol.17, No.6, pp. 847-856, 2012.
  7. [7] S. Matsui, “Prediction of lifetime of bridge,” Journal of Japanese Society for Safety Engineering, Vol.30, No.6, pp. 432-440, 1991.
  8. [8] U. G. Christin and M. Otsu, Acoustic Emission Testing, Springer, pp. 77-93, 2008.
  9. [9] T. Shiotani and M. Ohtsu, “Prediction of Slope Failure Based on AE Activity,” Acoustic Emission: Standards and Technology Update, ASTM-STP1353, pp. 156-172, 1999.
  10. [10] T. Shiotani, M. Ohtsu, and K. Ikeda, “Detection and evaluation of AE waves due to rock deformation,” Construction and Building Materials, Vol.15, No.5-6, pp. 235-246, 2001.
  11. [11] N. Dixion, R. Hill, and J. Kavinagh, “Acoustic emission monitering of slope instability: development of an active waveguide system,” Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Vol.156, No.2, pp. 83-95, 2003.
  12. [12] A. Smith, “Quantification of slope deformation behaviour using acoustic emission monitoring,” A Doctoral Thesis, Longhborough University, pp. 37-63, 2015.
  13. [13] T. Rikitake Physical Mathematics II, Academic Press Centre in Japan, pp. 12-17, 1980 (in Japanese).
  14. [14] K. Aki and P. Richards, Quantitative Seismology, second edition, University Science Books, pp. 37-82, 2009.
  15. [15] M. Ohnaka and M. Matsu’ura, The Physics of Earthquake Generation, University of Tokyo Press, pp. 43-52, 2002 (in Japanese).
  16. [16] M. Shiwa and T. Kishi, “Evaluation for Fracture Mode of Micro Crack in Angle Ply CFRP Laminates Based on Acoustic Emission Spherical Radiation Pattern,” Journal of the Japan Society for Composite Materials, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 99-107, 1994.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Oct. 20, 2017