Evaluation of Diverse Values of Hydropower
Water Resources Research Center, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University
Gokasyo, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
Japan is suitable for hydropower generation because of its varying topology and abundant water resources. The use of natural energy resources has recently gained importance in Japan, and as such the subject of small- and medium-scale hydropower generation has drawn much attention. However, new developments have not advanced significantly. Hydropower has various advantages over other natural energy sources; it provides stable power output, and if construction and maintenance are implemented appropriately, it can provide electricity at low costs and over long timescales. Further, hydropower is environmentally friendly, and can protect and improve the environment when implemented in harmony with natural and social factors. Moreover, it has social benefits; it contributes to aspects such as regional revitalization, local attractiveness, and disaster prevention. The possibilities of hydropower are not fully understood, and methods have not yet been established for its comprehensive practical utilization. Hydropower in Japan has not been in full-scale development for a while. Therefore, there are currently only a few experts on hydropower development. Accordingly, technologies and institutions for the development of small- and medium-scale hydropower generation while ensuring harmony with the natural and social environment are required. Further, a system is also needed to allow experts to promote and support such technologies and institutions in a cross-sectional way.
-  M. Inoue, “Research on Valuation of Hydropower as a Renewable Energy Source and Strategy for Promotion of Development,” The river foundation, 2015 (in Japanese).
-  M. Inoue and M. Kamogawa, “The Need to Change the Concept of Water-related Disaster Prevention,” Science & Technology Trends – Quarterly Review, No.44, pp. 3/8-25, 2012.
-  World Enenrgy Council, “2007 Survey of Energy Resources,” 2007.
-  Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, “Hydropower Capability,” http://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/category/electricity_and_gas/electric/hydroelectric/database/energy_japan006/ [accessed January 15, 2018]
-  New Energy Foundation, “Report on Basic Survey of Guidance Projects for the Promotion of Small-Scale Hydropower Development (Survey on Technically Exploitable Capability of Power Generation Using Untapped Heads),” 2009 (in Japanese).
-  S. Mitsuishi, M. Okamoto, H. Takahashi, and H. Imai, “Promotion of Hydropower Generation by Making Maximum Use of Existing Dams,” Dam Nippon, No.778, pp. 13-26, 2008 (in Japanese).
-  Ministry of the Einvironment, “Entrusted Work Concerning the Development and Disclosure of Basic Zoning Information Concerning Renewable Energies and Study on Actual Performance Pertaining to the Introduction of Renewable Energy Systems,” http://www.env.go.jp/earth/ondanka/rep/data/sumup/city.pdf [accessed January 15, 2018]
-  Foundation of Electric Power Companies of Japan, “Electric power statistics,” http://www.fepc.or.jp/library/data/tokei/ [accessed January 15, 2018]
-  E. Imamura and K. Nagano, “Evaluation of Life Cycle CO2 Emissions of Power Generation Technologies: Update for State-of-the-art Plants,” Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Report No.Y09027, 2010 (in Japanese).
-  IPCC, “Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation,” Special Report, 2011.
-  M. Inoue, ”Promotion of Field-verified Studies on Sediment Transport Systems Covering Mountains, Rivers, and Coasts,” Science & Technology Trends – Quarterly Review, No.33, pp. 89-108, 2009.
-  T. Fujimoto, K. Minada, and Y. Shimatani, “Community Based Small-Scale Hydro power in Chugoku Area, Contributions and Challenges to the Sustainable Community,” Bulletin of the Shimane Prefecture Mountainous Region Research Center, No.8, Jul. 2012 (in Japanese).
-  T. Okida, I. Yoshioka, and S. Ichihara, “Summary of the Construction Work of the Shintaisyaku-river Hydropower plant,” Electric Power Civil Engineering, No.309, pp. 98-101, Jan. 2004 (in Japanese).
-  Water Resource Environment Center, “Selected 100 dam lakes, Japan,” http://www.wec.or.jp/library/100selection/content/shinryu.html [accessed January 15, 2018]
-  “Omachi dam, Takase dam,Nanakura dam, Nagawado dam, Midono dam, Inekoki dam, Control of Water Rising at Lower Reach by Using five Hydroelectric Dams at Heavy Rain on July, 2006,” Award for Crisis Management on dams, 2008 (in Japanese).
-  “Restructuring of omachi dam,” (in Japanese) http://www.hrr.mlit.go.jp/chikuma/jimusho/dam/damsaihen.pdf [accessed January 15, 2018]
-  M. Inoue and E. Shiraishi, “Hydropower as a Renewable Energy Source in a New Era,” Science & Technology Trends – Quarterly Review, No.36, pp. 79-100, 2010.
-  National Hydropower Association, https://www.hydro.org/ [accessed January 15, 2018]
-  Hydro Power Development Research Institute (HDRI), http://www.hdri.jp/ [accessed January 15, 2018]
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.