Experience-Based Training in Earthquake Evacuation for School Teachers
Kyosuke Takahashi*,†, Hitoshi Inomo*, Wataru Shiraki**, Chikako Isouchi**, and Mari Takahashi**
*Faculty of Engineering, Kagawa University
2217-20 Hayashi-cho, Takamatsu, Kagawa 761-0396, Japan
**Institute of Education, Research and Regional Cooperation for Crisis Management Shikoku (IECMS), Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan
This study proposes experience-based training in evacuation due to earthquakes for school teachers. The purpose is for school teachers to develop their practical disaster response capabilities to save lives. Although disaster reduction education is important, conventional disaster reduction education in schools in Japan has been delivered in accordance with procedures from the education manual for disaster reduction. Conventional education materials may provide knowledge and skills in disaster reduction, but in order to take appropriate action as a disaster unfolds, it is important to develop practical capabilities by using the knowledge and skills acquired. In this study, we propose a method of training aimed at developing practical disaster response capabilities. We propose experience-based evacuation training to raise the response capabilities of school teachers. The proposed method employs a training simulator that reproduces disaster situations through a mixture of real and virtual space. An example of the training is provided to demonstrate its usefulness and that of the training simulator.
-  A. Ishigaki, H. Higashi, T. Sakamoto, and S. Shibahara, “The Great East-Japan earthquake and devastating tsunami: an update and lessons from the past great earthquakes in Japan since 1923,” The Tohoku J. of Experimental Medicine, Vol.229, No.4, pp. 287-299, 2013.
-  Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), “Survey report on cooresponenc of schools in The Great East Japan Earthquake,” 2012 (in Japanese), http://www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/kenko/anzen/1323511.htm [accessed January 30, 2017]
-  Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), “Final report of experts’ conference on disaster risk reduction education and disaster prevention management after the Great East Japan Earthquake,” 2012 (in Japanese), http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chousa/sports/012/toushin/1324017.htm [accessed April 21, 2017]
-  Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), “Survey report on seismic retrofit status of public school facilities,” 2015 (in Japanese), http://www.mext.go.jp/component/b_menu/houdou/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2015/06/02/1358428_01_1.pdf [accessed April 21, 2017]
-  Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), “School disaster prevention manual creation guide (earthquake and tsunami disaster),” 2012 (in Japanese), http://www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/kenko/anzen/1323513.htm [accessed January 30, 2017]
-  K. Takahashi, W. Shiraki, H. Iwahara, H. Inomo, and C. Isouchi, “Development of initial earthquake response training for school teachers using disaster situation reproducing units,” Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Electronics and Software Science (ICESS 2015), pp. 244-249, 2015.
-  Y. Hada, A. Sakai, H. Ichinose, and K. Ishida, “Assessment of a practical disaster exercise for students in elementary and junior high schools: results on application of the earthquake early warning,” J. of social safety science, No.26, pp. 1-8, 2015 (in Japanese).
-  Building Research Institute and National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, “Disaster education,” 2007, http://www.preventionweb.net/files/3442_DisasterEducation.pdf [accessed January 30, 2017]
-  K. Tomoyasu, R. Kimura, and H. Hayashi, “Attempt to typify disaster education programs – case study of disaster management education challenge plan,” J. of Disaster Research, Vol.10, No.2, pp. 210-216, 2015.
-  R. Nouchi and M. Sugiura, “Beneficial effects of learning with game-book on education for disaster reduction in children,” J. of Disaster Research, Vol.9, No.6, pp. 1079-1087, 2014.
-  R. Nouchi, S. Sato, and F. Imamura, “Disaster education for elementary school students using disaster reduction pocket notebook and quizzes,” J. of Disaster Research, Vol.10, No.6, pp. 1117-1125, 2015.
-  N. Kuwasawa, T. Katada, and M. Kanai “Development of a comprehensive disaster scenario simulator that considers the timeframe of the disaster,” J. of Applied Computing in Civil Engineering, Vol.16, pp. 345-356, 2017.
-  V. S. Pantelidis, “Reasons to use virtual reality in education and training courses and a model to determine when to use virtual reality,” Themes in Science and Technology Education, Vol.2, No.1-2, pp. 59-70, 2009.
-  S. Tsubota and R. Ohno, “Education activity for earthquake disaster using potable virtual reality system,” Summaries of technical papers of annual meeting Architectural Institute of Japan, pp. 485-486, 2009 (in Japanese).
-  X. Gong, Y. Liu, Y. Jiao, B. Wang, J. Zhou, and H. Yu, “A novel earthquake education system based on virtual reality,” IEICE Trans. on Information and Systems, Vol.E98-D, No.12, pp. 2242-2249, 2015.
-  J. Kawai, H. Mitsuhara, and M. Shishibori, “Tsunami evacuation drill system using smart glasses,” Procedia Computer Science, Vol.72, pp. 329-336, 2015.
-  K. Tuulikki, “Developing a pedagogical model for simulation-based healthcare education,” Lapland University Press, 2015.
-  Kagawa Prefectural Board of Education, “School disaster reduction advisers business report,” 2014 (in Japanese), http://www.pref.kagawa.jp/kenkyoui/hotai/pdf/security/25bousaiadviser/25schoolbousaiadviserhoukoku.pdf [accessed January 30, 2017]
-  K. Suezawa, S. Yamashiro, Y. Kimura, D. Hama, Y. Syoubu, S. Nakano, and A. Sato, “Educational activity for disaster reduction by using evacuation simulation game,” J. of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. F6 (Safety Problem), Vol.68, No.2, pp. I_193-I_200, 2012 (in Japanese).
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.