single-dr.php

JDR Vol.11 No.sp pp. 780-788
(2016)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p0780

Paper:

Building Reconstruction After Large-Scale Disasters A Case Study of Ishinomaki City After the Great East Japan Earthquake

Michio Ubaura, Junpei Nieda, and Masashi Miyakawa

School of Engineering, Department of Architecture and Building Science, Tohoku University
6-6-06 Aramaki-Aoba, Sendai 980-8579, Japan

Corresponding author,

Received:
March 28, 2016
Accepted:
July 8, 2016
Online released:
September 6, 2016
Published:
September 1, 2016
Keywords:
building reconstruction, great east japan earthquake, ishinomaki city, land use change, urban formation
Abstract

In large-scale disasters and the subsequent recovery process, land usage and urban spatial forms change. It is therefore important to use this process as an opportunity to create a more sustainable spatial structure. This study considers the urban spatial transformations that took place after the Great East Japan Earthquake, their causes, and accompanying issues by investigating building construction in the recovery process. The authors discovered that individual rebuilding is primarily concentrated in vacant lots within the city’s existing urbanized areas. This is likely due to the spatial impact of the urban planning and agricultural land use planning system, the area division of urbanization promotion areas, and the urbanization restricted areas, all of which were in place prior to the disaster and which have guided development. On the other hand, there are areas severely damaged by tsunami in which there has been little reconstruction of housing that was completely destroyed. The authors concluded that building reconstruction in Ishinomaki City resulted in both the formation of a high-density compact city and also very low-density urban areas.

Cite this article as:
M. Ubaura, J. Nieda, and M. Miyakawa, “Building Reconstruction After Large-Scale Disasters A Case Study of Ishinomaki City After the Great East Japan Earthquake,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.11, No.sp, pp. 780-788, 2016.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] R. Ehrenfeucht and M. Nelson, “Planning, population loss and equity in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina,” Planning Practice and Research, Vol.26, No.2, pp. 129-146, 2011.
  2. [2] T. Kondo and Y. Karatani, “The transformation of urban build environment and spatial characteristics of new building construction after the Great East Japan Earthquake – Focus on the self-help housing reconstruction with relocation in nine municipalities in Iwate and Miyagi Prefecture,” Journal of Architecture and Planning, Vol.81, No.721, pp. 667-674, Mar. 2016 (in Japanese).
  3. [3] R. Olshansky and L. Johnson, “Clear As Mud, Planning for the Rebuilding of New Orleans,” APA Planners Press, USA, 2010.
  4. [4] M. Ubaura, “Problems of Land Use Plan in the Recovery Process Three Years after the Great East Japan Earthquake,” The Journal of the Land Institute, Vol.22, No.3, pp. 47-52, Aug., 2014 (in Japanese).
  5. [5] M. Ubaura, “Actual Situation and Problems of Recovery from Disaster: Is Formation of Compact City just a Dream?,” Shoubou Kagaku to Jouhou (Fire Defence Science and Information), No.118, pp. 15-18, Nov., 2014 (in Japanese).

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 12, 2019