Development of Multi-Parameter Phased Array Weather Radar (MP-PAWR) and Early Detection of Torrential Rainfall and Tornado Risk
Nobuhiro Takahashi*1,, Tomoo Ushio*2, Katsuhiro Nakagawa*3, Fumihiko Mizutani*4, Koyuru Iwanami*5, Akihiko Yamaji*6, Takeshi Kawagoe*7, Masahiko Osada*8, Takehiro Ohta*9, and Masaki Kawasaki*10
Furo-cho, Chikusaku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan
*2Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan
*3National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, Tokyo, Japan
*4Toshiba Infrastructure Systems and Solutions Corporation, Kanagawa, Japan
*5National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience, Ibaraki, Japan
*6Japan Weather Association, Tokyo, Japan
*7Railway Technical Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan
*8Saitama University, Saitama, Japan
*9Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi, Japan
*10National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management, Ibaraki, Japan
This paper is an overview of a project concerned with “Early warning for torrential rainfall/tornado” under “Enhancement of Societal Resiliency against Natural Disasters,” which is one of eleven themes of the SIP (Cross-ministerial Strategic Innovation Promotion Program under the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation, the Cabinet Office, Government of Japan). The characteristics of the project are the development of a multi-parameter phased array weather radar (MP-PAWR) that enables the accomplishment of an accurate three-dimensional model of precipitation over 30 s within a 60 km radius. Various products developed ducts using MP-PAWR and other observations, and numerical predictions, are also discussed, with a demonstration experiment to provide early warnings for torrential rainfall and related disasters. For end users such as local governments and general citizens, the final goal of this project is the social implementation of these products.
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