JDR Vol.16 No.4 pp. 547-555
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2021.p0547

Survey Report:

Landslide Investigation Results in Sapa Town, Lao Cai Province, Vietnam in December 2019

Nguyen Van Thang*1,†, Go Sato*2, Akihiko Wakai*1, Hoang Viet Hung*3, Nguyen Duc Manh*4, Takashi Kimura*5, Takanari Yamasaki*2, Shinichi Tosa*6, Kazunori Hayashi*7, Akino Watanabe*1, Takatsugu Ozaki*1, Nobuyuki Asai*8, and Nanaha Kitamura*1

*1Gunma University
1-5-1 Tenjin, Kiryu, Gunma 376-8515, Japan

Corresponding author

*2Teikyo Heisei University, Tokyo, Japan

*3Thuyloi University, Hanoi, Vietnam

*4University of Transport and Communications, Hanoi, Vietnam

*5Ehime University, Ehime, Japan

*6Japan Conservation Engineers & Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

*7Okuyama Boring Co., Ltd., Miyagi, Japan

*8Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, Tokyo, Japan

November 30, 2020
January 10, 2021
June 1, 2021
landslide survey, landslide distribution, field experiments, terraced field landslide, Sapa

Every year, especially in the rainy season, landslides occur quite often in Lao Cai – a northern mountainous province of Vietnam. Specifically, in the year 2019, several landslides were observed to occur near the Sapa Ancient Rock Field in Hau Thao commune, Sapa town, Lao Cai province. In December 2019, a landslide investigation was conducted to examine the mechanism and possible causes of the landslides. Besides that, as the landslide distribution in this area is still unclear, this study will also aim to show the landslide denseness in a 700 m × 700 m square map as well as survey results in 2019 of two main landslides in such map. According to the survey, the landslide is the main phenomenon of geomorphological development in this area, being a combination of multiple different landslides with varying sizes and dissimilar triggers. The first survey landslide is about 50 m wide and 350 m long and has still been going on in recent years, with annual horizontal displacement being around 0.8 m. Meanwhile, the second one is a typical flash-landslide caused by rainfall. Despite being quite small in scale, about 15 m × 40 m, its characteristics indicate a dangerous implication in the future. This information will be the basis for further ongoing studies.

Cite this article as:
Nguyen Van Thang, Go Sato, Akihiko Wakai, Hoang Viet Hung, Nguyen Duc Manh, Takashi Kimura, Takanari Yamasaki, Shinichi Tosa, Kazunori Hayashi, Akino Watanabe, Takatsugu Ozaki, Nobuyuki Asai, and Nanaha Kitamura, “Landslide Investigation Results in Sapa Town, Lao Cai Province, Vietnam in December 2019,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.16, No.4, pp. 547-555, 2021.
Data files:
  1. [1] D. T. Bui, T. A. Tuan, N.-D. Hoang, N. Q. Thanh, D. B. Nguyen, N. V. Liem, and B. Pradhan, “Spatial prediction of rainfall-induced landslides for Lao Cai area (Vietnam) using a hybrid intelligent approach of least support vector machines inference model and artificial bee colony optimization,” Landslides, Vol.14, No.2, pp. 447-458, 2017.
  2. [2] T. V. Tran, V. H. Hoang, H. D. Pham, and G. Sato, “Use of Scoops3D and GIS for the Assessment of Slope Stability in Three-Dimensional: A Case Study in Sapa, Vietnam,” Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Innovations for Sustainable and Responsible Mining, Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, Vol.108, pp. 210-229, 2020.
  3. [3] T. V. Tran, M. T. Trinh, G. Lee, S. Oh, and T. H. V. Nguyen, “Effect of Extreme Rainfall on Cut Slope Stability: Case Study in Yen Bai City, Viet Nam,” J. of the Korean Geo-Environmental Society, Vol.16, No.4, pp. 23-32, 2015.
  4. [4] T. V. Tran, D. Alkemab, and R. Hack, “Weathering and deterioration of geotechnical properties in time of groundmasses in a tropical climate,” Engineering Geology, Vol.260, Article 105221, 2019.
  5. [5] N. B. Duan, D. T. Hai, D. V. Minh, and L. T. T. Hien, “Studying to determine causes of landslide in the area of the Mong Sen bridge, Lao Cai province,” Vietnam J. of Earth Sciences, Vol.33, pp. 164-174, 2011 (in Vietnamese).
  6. [6] C. V. Ngoi and N. T. T. Ha, “Assessment of landslide hazards along the national road 4D focusing on the relationship between geologic structures and topology,” Vietnam J. of Earth Sciences, Vol.305, pp. 1-8, 2008 (in Vietnamese).
  7. [7] D. M. Nguyen and Q. H. Tran, “Features of large-scale landslide at Hau Thao area, Sa Pa town, Lao Cai province,” Geotechnics for Sustainable Infrastructure Development, pp. 917-922, 2019.
  8. [8] P. H. Giao and B. X. Hanh, “Analysis of post-landslide electric imaging data at a site in Sapa, Vietnam,” Conf. Proc., EAGE-GSM 2nd Asia Pacific Meeting on Near Surface Geoscience and Engineering, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 1-5, 2019.
  9. [9] B. P. My and N. V. Hoanh (Eds.), “Geological and Mineral Resources Map of Viet Nam on 1:200.000, Kim Binh – Lao Cai zone (F-48-VIII&F-48-XIV),” Department of Geology and Minerals of Viet Nam, Ha Noi, 2005.
  10. [10] M. Kottek et al., “World Maps of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification; Version March 2017,” [accessed October 12, 2020]
  11. [11] Climate-Data.Org, “Sa Pa Climate (Vietnam),” [accessed October 12, 2020]
  12. [12] “Rain gauges in Laocao, Vietnam,” (in Vietnamese) [accessed November 1, 2020]
  13. [13] “Landslide in Sapa: One person was buried dead,” [accessed September 15, 2020]
  14. [14] T. Danjo and T. Ishizawa, “Quantitative Evaluation of the Relationship Between Slope Gradient and Infiltration Capacity Based on a Rainfall Experiment Using Pit Sand,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.15, No.6, pp. 745-753, 2020.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jun. 22, 2021