The Disaster-Management Capabilities of Local Governments: A Case Study in Indonesia
Danang Insita Putra*,**, and Mihoko Matsuyuki***
*Ministry of Home Affair, Republic of Indonesia
Jl. Medan Merdeka Utara No.7, Jakarta Pusat, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
**Faculty of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University, Kanagawa, Japan
***Institute of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University, Kanagawa, Japan
The role of the municipality in disaster management is a well-researched topic, but there is an ongoing debate concerning municipal capability in handling disasters. Many researchers have argued that governmental capability is a crucial factor in ensuring effective disaster management. Thus, several studies have measured or analyzed disaster-management capabilities at the local level. However, the relationships between the related indicators have not yet been ascertained. This study addressed this research gap by examining, with a special focus on non-structural aspects, how each indicator is related to governmental capability, as well as by examining other external indicators. We also made recommendations for developing, based on municipal characteristics, the capabilities of local governments. To do this, we employed structural equation modeling (SEM) to analyze data obtained from surveys conducted in 106 municipalities in Indonesia. Our findings indicated the existence of complicated relationships between the factors that improve local governmental capabilities and the external factors that influence capabilities. We found that the “budget allocation” factor played a fundamental role in disaster management. This article thus recommends increasing “budget allocation” as a primary way to strengthen local governmental capabilities in this area.
-  M. K. Lindell, “Disaster studies,” Curr. Sociol., Vol.61, No.5-6, pp. 797-825, 2013.
-  K. Songwathana, “The Relationship between Natural Disaster and Economic Development: A Panel Data Analysis,” Procedia Eng., Vol.212, pp. 1068-1074, 2018.
-  Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB), “Rencana Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana 2015–2019,” 2014.
-  United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), “International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction: successor arrangements (E/1999/L.44),” Resolutions and decisions adopted by the Economic and Social Council at the 10th meeting of its resumed organizational session for 1999 and at its substantive session of 1999, 1999.
-  United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), “Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action for a Safer World: guidelines for natural disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation,” pp. 23-27, 1994.
-  United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), “Hyogo framework for action 2005–2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters,” 2005.
-  M. Meerpoël, “Disaster Risk Governance: The essential linkage between DRR and SDGs,” Global Sustainable Development Report, United Nations, 2015.
-  P. Rautela, “Lack of scientific recordkeeping of disaster incidences: A big hurdle in disaster risk reduction in India,” Int. J. Disaster Risk Reduct., Vol.15, pp. 73-79, 2015.
-  A. Rumbach, “Decentralization and small cities: Towards more effective urban disaster governance?,” Habitat Int., Vol.52, pp. 35-42, 2016.
-  L. Government and A. F. Team, “National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB),” No.24, 2009.
-  United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), “Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030,” 2015.
-  Kemenpu, “Buku informasi statistik,” 2017 (in Indonesian).
-  D. Pristiyanto, “Rencana Aksi Nasional Pengurangan Risiko Bencana 2006–2009,” 2009 (in Indonesian).
-  Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB), “Sinabung,” Igarss 2014, No.1, pp. 1-5, 2014.
-  R. Djalante, F. Thomalla, M. S. Sinapoy, and M. Carnegie, “Building resilience to natural hazards in Indonesia: progress and challenges in implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action,” Nat. Hazards, Vol.62, No.3, pp. 779-803, 2012.
-  N. J. Setiadi, J. Birkmann, and P. Buckle, “Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: Case Studies from South and Southeast Asia,” United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), 2010.
-  B. Kusumasari and Q. Alam, “Bridging the gaps: The role of local government capability and the management of a natural disaster in Bantul, Indonesia,” Nat. Hazards, Vol.60, No.2, pp. 761-779, 2012.
-  E. Anantasari, M. Daly, P. Glassey, E. Grace, M. Coomer, and R. Woods, “Disaster risk reduction (DRR) Capacity and Capability of Local Government in Indonesia,” Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia – Progress, Challenges, and Issues, pp. 127-155, Springer, 2017.
-  B. Kusumasari, Q. Alam, and K. Siddiqui, “Resource capability for local government in managing disaster,” Disaster Prev. Manag., Vol.19, No.4, pp. 438-451, 2010.
-  J. Bussell, A. Colligan, Z. C. Agnihotri, A. Koob, and R. Wald, “Institutional Capacity for Natural Disasters: Case studies in Africa,” The Robert S. Strauss Center for Int. Security and Law, the University of Texas at Austin, 2014.
-  S. Deen, “Pakistan 2010 floods. Policy gaps in disaster preparedness and response,” Int. J. Disaster Risk Reduct., Vol.12, pp. 341-349, 2015.
-  S. Jones, K. Aryal, and A. Collins, “Local-level governance of risk and resilience in Nepal,” Disasters, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 442-467, 2013.
-  B. J. Gerber and S. E. Robinson, “Local Government Performance and the Challenges of Regional Preparedness for Disasters,” Public Perform. Manag. Rev., Vol.32, No.3, pp. 345-371, 2009.
-  Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB), “Rencana Aksi Nasional Pengurangan Risiko Bencana 2010–2012,” 2010.
-  S. Ainuddin and J. K. Routray, “Institutional framework, key stakeholders and community preparedness for earthquake induced disaster management in Balochistan,” Disaster Prev. Manag., Vol.21, No.1, pp. 22-36, 2012.
-  B. Kusumasari, Q. Alam, and M. Dibben, “Local Government Capability in Managing Disaster: Evidence from Bantul, Indonesia,” Publication Series of UNU-EHS No.14, 2010.
-  C. J. A. M. Termeer and A. R. P. J. Dewulf, “Scale-sensitivity as a governance capability: observing, acting and enabling,” F. Padt et al. (Eds.), “Scale-sensitive governance of the environment,” Wiley-Blackwell, 2014.
-  S. Ikeda and T. Nagasaka, “An emergent framework of disaster risk governance towards innovating coping capability for reducing disaster risks in local communities,” Int. J. Disaster Risk Sci., Vol.2, No.2, pp. 1-9, 2011.
-  Bappenas, “Membangun Ketangguhan Bangsa,” 2014 (in Indonesian).
-  Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB), “Rencana Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana 2010–2014,” 2010 (in Indonesian).
-  Inter-Agency Task Force (IATF) on Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction, “Disaster Risk Reduction Tools and Methods for Climate Change Adaptation,” United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, 2004.
-  Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB), “Indeks Risiko Bencana Indonesia,” 2013 (in Indonesian).
-  Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance, “Indonesia: Disaster Management Reference Handbook,” 2018.
-  M. Hagelsteen and J. Burke, “Practical aspects of capacity development in the context of disaster risk reduction,” Int. J. Disaster Risk Reduct., Vol.16, pp. 43-52, 2016.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.