The Disaster-Management Capabilities of Local Governments: A Case Study in Indonesia
Danang Insita Putra*,**, and Mihoko Matsuyuki***
*Ministry of Home Affair, Republic of Indonesia
Jl. Medan Merdeka Utara No.7, Jakarta Pusat, DKI Jakarta, Indonesia
**Faculty of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University, Kanagawa, Japan
***Institute of Urban Innovation, Yokohama National University, Kanagawa, Japan
The role of the municipality in disaster management is a well-researched topic, but there is an ongoing debate concerning municipal capability in handling disasters. Many researchers have argued that governmental capability is a crucial factor in ensuring effective disaster management. Thus, several studies have measured or analyzed disaster-management capabilities at the local level. However, the relationships between the related indicators have not yet been ascertained. This study addressed this research gap by examining, with a special focus on non-structural aspects, how each indicator is related to governmental capability, as well as by examining other external indicators. We also made recommendations for developing, based on municipal characteristics, the capabilities of local governments. To do this, we employed structural equation modeling (SEM) to analyze data obtained from surveys conducted in 106 municipalities in Indonesia. Our findings indicated the existence of complicated relationships between the factors that improve local governmental capabilities and the external factors that influence capabilities. We found that the “budget allocation” factor played a fundamental role in disaster management. This article thus recommends increasing “budget allocation” as a primary way to strengthen local governmental capabilities in this area.
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