Practical Efforts for Post-Disaster Reconstruction in the City of Ishinomaki, Miyagi
Teppei Kobayashi*, Yasuaki Onoda**, Katsuya Hirano*, and Michio Ubaura**
*International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University
468-1 Aboba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-0845, Japan
**Department of Architecture and Building Science, Graduate School Engineering, Tohoku University
6-6-06 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan
During the UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR), discussions on “designing for a safe and secure home and community” referenced various case studies and challenges from the “Build Back Better” (hereafter “BBB”) project. This paper introduces the following achievements of the BBB projects carried out by the authors:
1) leadership from academia that established a framework of practical dialogue (conferences) – more than mere information sharing – for maturing plans,
2) creation of the master plan concepts for each project based on expert perspectives in urban planning, landscape, and architecture,
3) development of an interrelationship between local tsunami defenses, such as river and coastal levees, and community-specific contexts and damaged facilities within the framework of civic design and community-building in the aftermath of the Great East Japan Earthquake,
4) designing of reconstruction plans achievable through coordination with relevant institutions and through consensus-building with residents amid a high number of reconstruction projects,
5) advanced level of maturation of plans gained through continuous collaboration, and
6) creation of a place for community interaction as one step in recovery process and as a venue to realize the importance of public information disclosure
-  Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, UNISDR, http://www.preventionweb.net/files/43291_sendaiframeworkfordrren.pdf [accessed November 24, 2014]
-  Ibid , pp. 21-22.
-  To consider the relocation of public facilities and infrastructures to areas outside the risk range, wherever possible, in the post-disaster reconstruction process, in consultation with the people concerned, as appropriate;
-  Ishinomaki city, “The Great East Japan Earthquake, Summary of the Damage in Ishinomaki city,” http://www.city.ishinomaki.lg.jp/cont/10181000/8235/01.higai.pdf [accessed August 31, 2014]
-  K. Hirano, “Sorting out Issues Associated with Levee Development in the Tsunami Damage Sites and Their Solutions,” Conference for Architecture and Infrastracture Environment, JSCE, No.9，2013.
-  Expert: Fumihiko Imamura (Tohoku University), Yasuaki Onoda, 2011.5.15, 2012.5.22
-  Chairman: Onoda Yasuaki, from 2011.6.14-2011.11. The number of meetings is eight.
-  Expert Member: Takayuki Kishii (Nihon University), Keiji Kitahara (Hirosaki University), Masahiro Osawa(Nihon University), Katsuya Hirano (Tohoku University)
-  Expert: Yasuaki Onoda, Michio Ubaura (Tohoku University), Katsuya Hirano, Kentaro Imai (Tohoku University)
-  Chairman: Takayuki Kishi, Vice-chairman: Yasuaki Onoda, Urban WG chairman: Michio Ubaura, Peninsula WG chairman: Katsuya Hirano
-  The History of Ishinomaki, Publication The City of Ishinomaki
-  Yokohama Graduate School of Architecture
-  Model Made:Y-GSA KOJIMA KAZUHIRO Studio
-  The City of Ishinomaki officer and Miyagi Prefecture officer who are section of Embankment, Coastal levee, Road, Rehabilitaition.