Wide-Area Evacuation Simulation Incorporating Rescue and Firefighting by Local Residents
Toshihiro Osaragi and Takuya Oki†
Tokyo Institute of Technology
2-12-1-W8-10, O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan
This article describes the development of a comprehensive simulation model that integrates property damages (building-collapse, fire-spreading, and street-blockage) and various activities (rescue activity, firefighting activity, and wide-area evacuation activity) by local residents in the event of a large earthquake. Using this model, we analyze the effect and risk of rescue and firefighting activities carried out by local residents under the assumption that a large earthquake directly hits the Tokyo area. Furthermore, we attempt to find new knowledge on the situations where there are many fatal casualties caused by people failing to evacuate, being trapped on streets, and so on.
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