JDR Vol.18 No.8 pp. 924-931
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2023.p0924


Health Literacy of the Elderly During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study

Weerayut Muenboonme*1, Pachanat Nunthaitaweekul*2,*3,†, and Bhichit Rattakul*4,*5

*1Department of Disaster and Emergency Medical Operation, Faculty of Health Science and Technology, Navamindradhiraj University
3 Khao Road, Dusit, Bangkok 10300, Thailand

*2Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University
Bangkok, Thailand

*3Risk and Disaster Management Program, Chulalongkorn University
Bangkok, Thailand

*4Asian Disaster Preparedness Center
Bangkok, Thailand

*5Thai Network for Disaster Resilience
Bangkok, Thailand

Corresponding author

July 21, 2023
October 6, 2023
December 1, 2023
health literacy, elderly, COVID-19 pandemic, disaster risk management, Thailand

This study assessed health literacy (HL) and its associated factors among the elderly during the COVID-19 pandemic, in which HL affected disaster risk management. This cross-sectional study included elderly individuals from Dusit District, Bangkok, Thailand. A total sample of 500 was obtained through simple random sampling conducted between March and October 2022. Spearman’s rank correlation and the eta coefficient were used to analyze the relationships. As for the results, the total HL of the elderly was fair (x̄ = 54.01, S.D. = 14.05). Considering each aspect, it was found that 1) access to information and health services was poor (x̄ = 11.91, S.D. = 2.97), 2) comprehension of health information was fair (x̄ = 14.01, S.D. = 3.65), 3) assessment of health information and services was fair (x̄ = 13.60, S.D. = 3.83), and 4) application of information and health services was fair (x̄ = 14.49, S.D. = 3.60). Age, education, and comorbidity were factors related to the HL of the elderly during the COVID-19 pandemic in Dusit District (p < 0.001). The results elucidate the HL of the population of this community during the COVID-19 pandemic, providing an indicator of the community’s potential for disaster risk management, including the preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery phases.

Cite this article as:
W. Muenboonme, P. Nunthaitaweekul, and B. Rattakul, “Health Literacy of the Elderly During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.18 No.8, pp. 924-931, 2023.
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Last updated on Feb. 19, 2024