Impression of the Reconstruction and Satisfaction with Life After the Great East Japan Earthquake: Tago Nishi’s Disaster Restoration Public Housing
Shinya Tsukada*, and Tetsuo Morita**
*Maebashi City Office
2-12-1 Otemachi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8601, Japan
**Maebashi Institute of Technology, Gunma, Japan
This study aimed to evaluate life in disaster reconstruction public housing, and structurally clarify the relationship between the impression of the reconstruction from the viewpoint of the sufferers’ sense of recovery and the residents’ internal satisfaction. The target area of the study was the earthquake disaster reconstruction public housing in the Tago Nishi area, Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture. The impression of the reconstruction, as expressed by people living in disaster recovery public housing, consists of an evaluation of external environments, such as the living environment and the working environment. Moreover, the impression of the reconstruction that is evaluated in the external environment is measured through a psychological evaluation, both before and after the restoration of the residence. Further, the impression of the reconstruction affects the satisfaction with life in the reconstruction public housing. This study quantitatively clarified this relationship as a model. The impression of the reconstruction was evaluated on the basis of three items – living environment, disaster threat, and work environment – which encompass the external environment of the residents. The results are as follows. The maintenance of the work environment was rendered an important factor to improve the impression of the reconstruction. As a result of measuring the differences between the seven psychological items before and after the earthquake, the prevalence of the feelings of “Anger/Joy,” “Depression/Bright,” and “Apathy/Willingness” made it clear that the monitoring of change in the area had a strong influence on the impression of the reconstruction. In addition, satisfaction with life, which makes up the residents’ internal environment, was evaluated using the following four items: Convenience, Comfort, Safety, and Community. The results made it evident that all four items had a strong influence on life satisfaction, and, among them comfort had the greatest influence.
-  Reconstruction Agency, “Road and outlook for reconstruction from the Great East Japan Earthquake,” http://www.reconstruction.go.jp/ [accessed September 15, 2019]
-  K. Miura, N. Maki, and M. Kobayashi, “Community Change in Restoration Housings due to the Eruption of Mt. Unzen-Fugendake – Roll of Built Environment on the Social Power in the Regional Evacuation for Natural Disaster –,” Papers on City Planning, Vol.31, pp. 811-816, 1996 (in Japanese).
-  Y. Shiozaki, M. Tanaka, and Y. Horita, “Study on the Change of Characteristics of Houses/Urban Districts and the “ISOLATION” of Residents in the Devasted Urban Area: Based on the Reconstruction Project at the Tsukiji District, Amagasaki City,” Architectural Planning Institute of Japan, Vol.71, No.605, pp. 119-126, 2006.
-  J. Yamazaki, T. Tebe, and D. Kim, “Measures of Housing Recovery and Disaster Public Housing in the Stricken Area after Noto Peninsula Earthquake: In Case of Disaster Public Housing in Touge Village, Monzen Town, Wajima City,” Architectural Planning Institute of Japan, Vol.76, No.660, pp. 353-360, 2011.
-  K. Suzuki, M. Oka, and T. Akiyama, “Changes in the Living Behavior of the Displaced People in the Afflicted Areas,” Civil Engineering Planning Research Lectures, Vol.47, No.350, pp. 1-4, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  N. Nishida, M. Ogawa, and N. Matsumoto, “Studies on the Supply of Public Housing for the Earthquake and Tsunami Victims in Iwaki, Fukushima Prefecture: A focus on the Tenant Application Support in a Group Aiming for Community Formation in Toyoma,” Papers on City Planning, Vol.49, No.3, pp. 1017-1022, 2014 (in Japanese).
-  S. Usami, Y. Motoda, and K. Sasaki, “Research on Traffic and Health of Rikuzentakata Citizens since the Great East Japan Earthquake,” Civil Engineering Planning Research Lectures, Vol.50, 2014 (in Japanese).
-  K. Kadowaki, S. Usami, and Y. Motoda, “Research on Temporary Residents in Rikuzentakata City Five Years after the Great East Japan Earthquake,” Civil Engineering Planning Research Lectures, Vol.54, pp. 2418-2421, 2016 (in Japanese).
-  M. Ogawa, N. Nishida, and N. Matsumoto, “A Study on Actual Conditions of the Housing Supply of “the General Type” which is a part of the Housing Lease Program for Disaster Victims in the Great East-Japan Earthquake:Analysis based on the Case in Iwaki City of Fukushima,” J. of the City Planning Institute of Japan, Vol.51, No.1, pp. 86-93, 2016.
-  T. Morita, Y. Hosokawa, S. Tsukada, A. Yuzawa, and A. Morimoto, “A Study on Regional Structure Considering Tsunami Damage,” Social Technology Research, Vol.11, pp. 1-11, 2014 (in Japanese).
-  H. Tsukuda, K.Yamanobe, and Y. Onoda, “A Study on the Change of Housing Recovery Opinions Based on Public Housing Registration Data,” J. of Architecture and Planning, Vol.82, No.731, pp. 1-9, 2017 (in Japanese).
-  M. Ubaura, J. Nieda, and M. Miyakawa, “Building Reconstruction After Large-Scale Disasters A Case Study of Ishinomaki City After the Great East Japan Earthquake,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.11, No.sp, pp. 780-788, 2016.
-  T. Kobayashi, Y. Onoda, K. Hirano, and M. Ubaura, “Practical Efforts for Post-Disaster Reconstruction in the City of Ishinomaki, Miyagi,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.11, No.3, pp. 476-485, 2016.
-  H. Maruya and Y. Watanabe, “Efforts Toward Recovery and Reconstruction from the Great East Japan Earthquake,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.13, No.7, pp. 1247-1256, 2018.
-  A. Matsukawa, S. Sato, and S. Tatsuki, “The Study of the Effect of Choice of Temporary Housing to the Housing Recovery; Based on Two Years Data of Natori City Survey Data 2014 and 2015,” J. of Social Safety Science, Vol.30, pp. 149-159, 2017.
-  Y. Tsuchiya, I. Nakabayashi, and R. Otagiri, “The Process of Recovery and Reconstruction from the Great East Japan Earthquake from the Viewpoint of the sufferer’s Sense of Recovery – Based on Surverys of Sufferers in Ofunato city, Kesen-numa city and Shinchi town,” J. of Social Safety Science, Vol.24, pp. 253-261, 2014.
-  Sendai City Construction Public Corporation, http://www.sendai-kensetsu.or.jp/condo_applicant/danchi_miyagino/11%20tagonisi.pdf/ [accessed July 30, 2019]
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.