JDR Vol.17 No.6 pp. 1000-1014
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2022.p1000


Development of Tsunami Disaster Risk Reduction Education Program for Children with No Experience of Earthquake Disaster – Practice and Verification at Shichigahama Town, Miyagi Prefecture

Toshimitsu Nagata*1,*2,*3,†, Masaki Ikeda*4, Reo Kimura*2,*4, and Takashi Oda*3,*4

*1Niigata Local Meteorological Office, Japan Meteorological Agency
1-2-1 Misaki-cho, Chuo-ku, Niigata, Niigata 950-0954, Japan

Corresponding author

*2Faculty and Graduate School of Human Science and Environment, University of Hyogo, Himeji, Japan

*3Graduate School of Education, Miyagi University of Education, Sendai, Japan

*4Disaster Resilience Research Division, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED), Tsukuba, Japan

March 22, 2022
August 15, 2022
October 1, 2022
Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami, disaster risk reduction education, instructional design (ID), ICT education

In this study, we developed a tsunami disaster risk reduction (DRR) education program for children with little or no memory/experience of the Great East Japan Earthquake. The objective was to strengthen their disaster response capacity and enable them to think and act to protect their lives from tsunami disasters. The development of this program employed the ADDIE model of Instructional Design in learning theory. Based on the GIGA school concept promoted by Japan, information and communications technology (ICT)-based education and DRR education were integrated into the program from a geographical perspective. Using the ICT-based teaching materials, YOU@RISK Tsunami Disaster Edition, empirical learning was introduced. The town of Shichigahama in Miyagi Prefecture, which was devastated by the tsunami during the Great East Japan Earthquake, was selected as the study target. The study implemented and verified the program with local elementary school students to assess its effectiveness.

Cite this article as:
T. Nagata, M. Ikeda, R. Kimura, and T. Oda, “Development of Tsunami Disaster Risk Reduction Education Program for Children with No Experience of Earthquake Disaster – Practice and Verification at Shichigahama Town, Miyagi Prefecture,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.17, No.6, pp. 1000-1014, 2022.
Data files:
  1. [1] Cabinet Office, “White Paper on Disaster Management 2019,” (in Japanese) [accessed March 1, 2022]
  2. [2] Cabinet Office, “Five-Year Acceleration Measures for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation and National Land Stewardship,” 2020, (in Japanese) [accessed March 1, 2022]
  3. [3] Reconstruction Agency, “Report on the status of recovery from the Great East Japan Earthquake (December 11, 2020),” 2020 (in Japanese).
  4. [4] Y. Watanabe, S. Sato, and F. Imamura, “Understanding the Usage Status of the Disaster Memorial Ficilities of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Suggestions for Effective Utilizatioon: Focusing on the Purpose of Visitors and the Effect Behavioral Modification of Disaster Preparedness,” J. of Social Safety Science, Vol.39, pp. 267-277, 2021 (in Japanese).
  5. [5] S. Sasaki, K. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Roles and Possibilities of Storytellers as an Inhheriting Method in Areas without Disaster Remains: A Case Study of Kamaishi City after the Great East Japan Earthquake,” Papers on Environmental Information Science, Vol.34, pp. 49-54, 2020 (in Japanese).
  6. [6] T. Oda, “3/11 Disaster Lore and Disaster Prevention Education: For Improving Literacy to Protect Lives,” J. of Earthquake Science, Vol.13, pp. 96-105, 2019 (in Japanese).
  7. [7] Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, “Final Report of Council on Disaster Education and Disaster Management after the Great East Japan Earthquake,” 2012 (in Japanese).
  8. [8] Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, “Reference Materials for Disaster Management at School – Development of Disaster Management Education to Foster ‘Zest for Life’,” 2013 (in Japanese).
  9. [9] Iwate Prefectural Board of Education, “Education for Reconstruction and Disaster Prevention in Iwate,” 2022, (in Japanese) [accessed March 1, 2022]
  10. [10] Miyagi Prefectural Board of Education, “Miyagi Disaster Prevention Education Supplementary Reader ‘Mirai eno Kizuna’,” 2017 (in Japanese).
  11. [11] Fukushima Prefecture Board of Education, “Fukushima Prefecture’s Disaster Prevention Education and Disaster Prevention Education Guidance Materials for Developing the Ability to Survive (3rd Edition),” 2022,, (in Japanese) [accessed March 1, 2022]
  12. [12] H. Mitsuhashi, “Trends of Disaster Educational Research in Social Studies Education: After the Great East Japan Earthqauake,” The J. of Social Studies, No.119, pp. 100-110, 2013 (in Japanese).
  13. [13] M. Shibata et al., “Present Situation and Problems of Disaster Reduction Education in Japanese Schools,” Research J. of Disaster Education, Vol.1 No.1, pp. 19-30, 2020 (in Japanese).
  14. [14] T. Nagata, “Development of Disaster Management Education Programs to Enhance Children’s ‘Zest for Life’ in Collaboration with Stakeholders,” Annual Bulletin of Japan Academic for Educational Policy, No.28, pp. 25-39, 2021 (in Japanese).
  15. [15] Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, “Realization of the GIGA School Concept,” (in Japanese) [accessed March 1, 2022]
  16. [16] Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, “Guide to the Informatization of Education (Supplementary Edition),” 2020 (in Japanese).
  17. [17] Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, “StuDX Style,” (in Japanese) [accessed March 1, 2022]
  18. [18] Geography Education Subcommittee, Science Council of Japan, “Utilization of Open Data in Geography Education and Development of Cartographic Skills/GIS Skills (Proposal),” 2014 (in Japanese).
  19. [19] T. Hotta, “Thinking about ICT and Active Learning,” Toyokan Publishing, 2016 (in Japanese).
  20. [20] H. Mitsuhara et al., “Case Studies of ICT-based Evacuation Drill that Promotes Participants to think,” JSiSE Research Report, Vol.31, No.7, pp. 65-72, 2017 (in Japanese).
  21. [21] Y. Sun et al., “Can Smartphone Apps Motivate Tsunami Evacuation?,” Trans. of Information Processing Society of Japan, Vol.58, No.1, pp. 205-214, 2017 (in Japanese).
  22. [22] S. Tajima et al., “The Development of a Creation System for a Disaster-Avoidance Map Using a Smartphone and the Evaluation of Educational Practice,” Japan J. of Educational Technology, Vol.41, No.Suppl., pp. 85-88, 2017 (in Japanese).
  23. [23] Y. Hayashida et al., “A Study on the Issues of Existing Video Teaching Materials for Disaster Prevention Education in Schools,” Bulletin of Miyagi University of Education Graduate School for Teacher Training, Vol.2, pp. 73-78, 2021 (in Japanese).
  24. [24] T. Itamiya, “AR disaster simulation application,” J. of Disaster Information Studies, Vol.16, No.2, pp. 149-152, 2018 (in Japanese).
  25. [25] K. Suzuki, “Instructional Design for e-learning Practices,” Japan J. of Educational Technology, Vol.29, No.3, pp. 197-205, 2006 (in Japanese).
  26. [26] T. Inagaki and K. Suzuki, “Class Design Manual Ver.2 – Instructional Design for Teachers,” Kitaohji Shobo, 2015 (in Japanese).
  27. [27] R. M. Gagné et al. (K. Suzuki and S. Iwasaki [Supervisor of Translation]), “Principles of Instructional Design,” Kitaohji Shobo, 2007 (in Japanese).
  28. [28] R. Kimura et al., “Systematization and Sharing of Disaster Management Literacy by DMLH,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.9, No.2, pp. 176-187, 2014.
  29. [29] T. Higashino and N. Yoshimoto, “Creating an e-Learning Course for Elementary School Teachers on Cloud Observations,” JSSE Research Report, Vol.33, No.7, pp. 33-36, 2019 (in Japanese).
  30. [30] M. Ikeda et al., “Development of Disaster Management Education Program to Enhance Disaster Response Capabilities of Schoolchildren During Heavy Rainfall – Implementation at Elementary School in Nagaoka City, Niigata Prefecture, a Disaster-Stricken Area,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.16, No.7, pp. 1121-1136, 2021.
  31. [31] A. Umeno and Y. Asada, “Reviewing the Wide-scale Disaster Simulation Training to Improve Using an Instructional Design,” Japanese J. of Occupational Medicine and Traumatology, Vol.63, No.6, pp. 378-384, 2015 (in Japanese).
  32. [32] T. Ogasawara, “Support of learning by Instructional Design: Effective and Efficient and Attractive Learning Environment Development,” J. of Assisting Dialogue and Communication Studies, Vol.4, pp. 75-87, 2017 (in Japanese).
  33. [33] K. Ishii, M. Nakano, and M. Mizutani, “Development of Management and Career Design Program in a Liberal Arts Curriculum,” J. of JSEE, Vol.65, No.2, pp. 21-25, 2017 (in Japanese).
  34. [34] T. Nagata and R. Kimura, “Case Study Research in Disaster Management Education to Develop ‘a Zest for Life’ of Children Using Earthquake Early Warning System – The Way of the Cooperation of Local Meteorological Observatory –,” J. of Social Safety Science, No.21, pp. 81-88, 2013 (in Japanese).
  35. [35] T. Nagata and R. Kimura, “Proposing A Multi-Hazard Approach to Disaster Management Education to Enhance Children’s ‘Zest for Life’: Development of Disaster Management Education Programs to Be Practiced by Teachers,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.12, No.1, pp. 17-41, 2017.
  36. [36] Japan Meteorological Agency, “Tsunami Disaster Prevention Awareness Video ‘Dodging Tsunamis’,” (in Japanese) [accessed March 1, 2022]
  37. [37] Sendai Regional Headquaters, Japan Meteorological Agency, “Disaster Prevention Education Page,” (in Japanese) [accessed March 1, 2022]

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Dec. 01, 2022