JDR Vol.14 No.5 pp. 829-842
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2019.p0829


An Open Dialogue Approach to Volcano Disaster Resilience and Governance: Action Research in Japan in the Aftermath of the Mt. Ontake Eruption

Hidenroi Nakamura*,†, Koshun Yamaoka**, Masae Horii**, and Ryoichi Miyamae***

*Department of Environmental and Civil Engineering, Toyama Prefectural University
5180 Kurokawa, Imizu, Toyama 939-0398, Japan

Corresponding author

**Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan

***Department of Disaster Management, Gifu Prefectural Government, Gifu, Japan

August 1, 2019
disaster, volcano, action research, open dialogue, trans-disciplinary

Applied trans-disciplinary research focusing on enabling open dialogue, volcano disaster resilience, and governance was conducted in Japan after the Mt. Ontake eruption in 2014 through a three-year project. The researchers and practitioners involved in this project aimed to develop methods to reinforce volcano disaster resilience and governance at the local level. A trans-disciplinary research method of clinical environmental studies was applied. First, it was diagnosed as insufficient for local actors to intentionally coordinate with each other, keeping in mind the whole picture of volcano disaster management and the diverse positionalities of those involved in it. “Ba” (a shared time and space for emerging relationships among individuals and groups to create knowledge) development, or study meetings and workshops, functioned step-by-step to share and collate problems first, and then to share ideas of actions after the project was prescribed and executed. It was evaluated that ba development was effective for open dialogue free from positionality, face-to-face relationship building, and capacity development for local actors involved in volcano disaster management. Action research revealed that through ba development, beliefs and value systems regarding the roles of local governments and universities, as well as the relationship between these two, will be transformed within Japan: Local governments will become facilitators, and universities will function as centers of trans-disciplinary research. Universities and researchers can function as producers, coordinators, and facilitators of ba development in collaboration with local government.

Cite this article as:
H. Nakamura, K. Yamaoka, M. Horii, and R. Miyamae, “An Open Dialogue Approach to Volcano Disaster Resilience and Governance: Action Research in Japan in the Aftermath of the Mt. Ontake Eruption,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.14 No.5, pp. 829-842, 2019.
Data files:
  1. [1] A. Stirling, “Risk at a turning point?” J. Environ. Med., Vol.1, pp. 119-126, doi:10.1002/1099-1301(199907/09)1:3<119::AID-JEM20>3.0.CO;2-K, 1999.
  2. [2] A. Stirling, “Risk, precaution and science: Towards a more constructive policy debate – Talking point on the precautionary principle,” EMBO Rep. Vol.8, No.4, pp. 309-315, doi:10.1038/sj.embor.7400953, 2007.
  3. [3] Future Earth, “Future Earth Initial Design: Report of the Transition Team,” Paris: Int. Council for Science, 2013.
  4. [4] A. Oliver-Smith, I. Alcántara-Ayala, I. Burton, and A. Lavell, “Forensic Investigations of Disasters (FORIN): A Conceptual Framework and Guide to Research,” Beijing: Integrated Research on Disaster Risk, 2016.
  5. [5] M. Murase, “International efforts toward robustness of flood management,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.11, No.6, pp. 1202-1210, doi:10.20965/jdr.2016.p1202, 2016.
  6. [6] S. Emori and N. Saegusa, “Kokusai kenkyu puroguramu Future Earth he no Nihon no taio (Japanese response to Future Earth, an international research program),” Chikyu Kankyo Kenkyu Senta Nyusu (Newsletter of Center for Global Environmental Research), Vol.24, No.7, pp. 6-8, 2013 (in Japanese).
  7. [7] R. Inglehart and C. Welzel, “Changing mass priorities: The link between modernization and democracy,” Per. Polit., Vol.8, No.2, pp. 551-567, doi:10.1017/S1537592710001258, 2010.
  8. [8] R. Wike and K. Simmons, “Global Support for Principle of Free Expression, but Opposition to Some Forms of Speech: Americans especially likely to embrace individual liberties,” Pew Research Center, 2015.
  9. [9] H. Pan, P. Shi, T. Ye, W. Xu, and J. Wang. “Mapping the expected annual fatality risk of volcano on a global scale,” Int. J. Disast. Risk. Re., Vol.13, pp. 52-60, doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2015.03.004, 2015.
  10. [10] Kisho Cho (Japan Meteorological Agency), “Ontakesan (Mt. Ontake),” [accessed March 10, 2018]
  11. [11] T. Fujii, “Kazan bosai kyogi kai ni kitai suru koto (Expectations for volcano disaster management committee),” Presentation at symp., “Chubu chiho de kazan bosai wo kangaeru (Thinking about volcano disaster management in Central Japan region),” 2018 (in Japanese).
  12. [12] Kisho Cho (Japan Meteorological Agency), “Katsu kazan ni tsuite (On active volcanoes),” [accessed March 10, 2018] (in Japanese)
  13. [13] Monbu Kagaku Sho (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology), “Jisedai kazan kenkyu – jinzai ikusei sogo purojekuto (Integrated program for next generation volcano research and human resource development),” [accessed March 10, 2018] (in Japanese)
  14. [14] K. Yamori, “Akushon Resachi: Jissen Suru Ningen Kagaku (Action Research: Humanities in Action),” Shin-yo Sha, 2010 (in Japanese).
  15. [15] S. Watanabe, T. Nakatsuka, and T. Oh, “Rinsho Kankyo Gaku (Clinical Environmental Studies),” The University of Nagoya Press, 2014 (in Japanese).
  16. [16] H. Kato, H. Shimizu, N. Kawamura, Y. Hirano, T. Tashiro, H. Yamashita, K. Tomita, M. Tomiyoshi, and K. Hagihara, “A prospect toward establishment of basic and clinical environmental studies by ORT (On-Site Research Training),” H. Shimizu and A. Murayama (Eds.), “Basic and Clinical Environmental Approaches in Landscape Planning,” Springer, pp. 133-143, 2014.
  17. [17] K. Ishihara (Ed.), “Tojisha Kenkyu no Kenkyu (Research on Research by Problem Owners),” Igaku Shoin, 2013 (in Japanese).
  18. [18] K. Ishihara, “Learning from tojisha kenkyu: Mental health ‘patients’ studying their difficulties with their peers,” T. Shakespeare (Ed.), “Disability Research Today: International Perspectives,” Routledge, 2015.
  19. [19] I. Nonaka, N. Konno, and R. Toyama, “Emergence of ‘ba’: A conceptual framework for the continuous and self-transcending process of knowledge creation,” I. Nonaka and T. Nishiguchi (Eds.), “Knowledge Emergence: Social, Technical, and Evolutionary Dimensions of Knowledge Creation,” Oxford University Press, pp. 13-29, 2001.
  20. [20] Kisho Cho (Japan Meteorological Agency), “Kazan (Volcanoes),” [accessed October 2, 2018] (in Japanese)
  21. [21] Bosai Kagaku Gijutu Kenkyu Jo (National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience), “Rinsho kazan gaku no shuho wo oyo shita kazan bosai ni okeru kadai kaiketu ho no kaihatu (Development of problem solution method in volcano disaster management as a methodological application of clinical environmental studies),” [accessed March 13, 2018] (in Japanese)
  22. [22] K. Yamaoka, “Genba kara kangaeru rinsho kazan bosai gaku (Clinical volcano disaster management studies from the viewpoint of the onsite),” Gakujutsu no Doko (Trends in the Sciences), Vol.23, No.3, pp. 3_88-3_90, 2018.
  23. [23] Nihon Gakujutsu Kaigi (Science Council of Japan), “Saigai keigen to jizoku kano na shakai no keisei ni muketa kagaku to shakai no kyodo–kyoso no suishin (Cooperation and co-creation by science and society for reduction of disasters and formation of sustainable society),” [accessed April 10, 2018] (in Japanese)
  24. [24] C. O. Scharmer, “Theory U: Leading from the Future as It Emerges,” Berrett-Koehler Publishers, 2009.
  25. [25] P. M. Senge, “The Fifth Discipline: The Art & Practice of the Learning Organization,” Doubleday Business, 1990.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 12, 2024