JDR Vol.17 No.5 pp. 754-767
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2022.p0754


Conduit Flow Dynamics During the 1986 Sub-Plinian Eruption at Izu-Oshima Volcano

Tomofumi Kozono*1,*2,†, Hidemi Ishibashi*3, Satoshi Okumura*4, and Takahiro Miwa*2

*1Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University
6-3 Aramaki Aza-Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578, Japan

Corresponding author

*2National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED), Tsukuba, Japan

*3Department of Geoscience, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University, Shizuoka, Japan

*4Department of Earth Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

January 12, 2022
June 7, 2022
August 1, 2022
mafic eruption, Izu-Oshima, conduit flow model, conduit geometry

We investigated conduit flow dynamics during the 1986 sub-Plinian eruption of Izu-Oshima volcano, Japan, using a 1-D steady conduit flow model. Following observations that the magma plumbing system beneath Izu-Oshima, characterized by the feeding of a dyke, generated a fissure-type sub-Plinian eruption, we considered a dyke-like conduit geometry by applying a pseudo-dyke conduit with an ellipsoidal horizontal cross-section. Under appropriate parameter settings constrained by geological, petrological, and geophysical observations, we identified a conduit geometry that enables steady solutions of a conduit flow that generates the sub-Plinian eruption. A dyke-like conduit geometry allows us to widen the range of geometric parameters of the solution. We found that the distribution of magma overpressure in the conduit strongly depends on conduit geometry. When the conduit geometry is composed of deeper and shallower dykes with large and small aspect ratios, respectively, localized overpressurization occurs in the region before magma fragmentation. This overpressurization in the dyke-like conduit may induce a characteristic crustal deformation similar to that caused by a vertical tensile fault. It is crucial to consider the effects of conduit flow with a dyke-like geometry on deformation for precise monitoring of eruption sequences based on geodetic signals in future eruptions at Izu-Oshima volcano.

Cite this article as:
T. Kozono, H. Ishibashi, S. Okumura, and T. Miwa, “Conduit Flow Dynamics During the 1986 Sub-Plinian Eruption at Izu-Oshima Volcano,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.17, No.5, pp. 754-767, 2022.
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Last updated on Aug. 05, 2022