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JDR Vol.11 No.6 pp. 1112-1127
(2016)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2016.p1112

Paper:

The 2015 Flood Impact due to the Overflow and Dike Breach of Kinu River in Joso City, Japan

Naoko Nagumo, Miho Ohara, Daisuke Kuribayashi, and Hisaya Sawano

International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management, Public Works Research Institute
1-6 Minamihara, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Corresponding author,

Received:
June 21, 2016
Accepted:
October 25, 2016
Published:
December 1, 2016
Keywords:
flood risk, Kinu River, inundation depth, Joso City
Abstract

Heavy rainfall in September 2015 inundated the Kinu River basin and caused an overflow and dike breach of the river in the eastern part of Joso City, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. The area, which is bounded by the Kinu and Kokai Rivers, experienced deep inundation of more than 2.5 m, which continued for more than 3 days at the maximum level. Although the estimated maximum inundation depth and duration were basically related to the elevation and distribution of topographic surfaces, strong flood flow washed buildings away near the overflow and dike breach sites and caused deep inundation even though these sites were located on a relatively higher natural levee. In addition, serious damages such as interruption of emergency transportation routes and deep inundation over floor level occurred, isolating evacuation centers and important facilities including a municipal hall and hospitals. Few residents utilized the pre-prepared flood hazard map or understood the local geography, and evacuation orders were not fully transmitted to the local residents, which might have increased the flood’s impact.

Cite this article as:
N. Nagumo, M. Ohara, D. Kuribayashi, and H. Sawano, “The 2015 Flood Impact due to the Overflow and Dike Breach of Kinu River in Joso City, Japan,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.11, No.6, pp. 1112-1127, 2016.
Data files:
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Last updated on Dec. 11, 2018