Action Research on Bosai Map Cycle –Communications and Interactions Among Stakeholders Involved in Mapmaking Activities–
Natsumi Okada*, and Katsuya Yamori**
*Department of Social Informatics, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University
Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
**Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI), Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
In recent years, participatory bosai (disaster prevention) map creation activities have been gaining ground for the effective promotion of community-based disaster management. The participation of school-going children and local residents is a key feature of this map creation activity. Engagement is important for promoting ownership and the effective use of bosai maps. However, there still remains a “just make and complete” problem, even when a bosai map is successfully created in a participatory manner. In order to solve this issue, it is important to focus not only on the map, but also on the preparation process and the period after its completion. This study conceptualizes the entire process of bosai mapmaking as a “bosai map cycle.” The research was implemented in the manner of action research to deal with the practical issues we faced during school disaster education of bosai mapmaking, and is aimed at overcoming potential issues by activating the “bosai map cycle.” Consequently, diverse people were involved in bosai mapmaking, including local residents who were not previously involved in the process. It is important to carry out bosai map creation activities as a cycle of pre- and post-creation.
-  Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI), “Hazard Map,” https://www.gsi.go.jp/hokkaido/bousai-hazard-hazard.htm (in Japanese) [accessed February 13, 2020]
-  J. C. Gaillard and M. L. C. J. D. Pangilinan, “Participatory Mapping for Raising Disaster Risk Awareness Among the Youth,” J. of Contingencies and Crisis Management, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 175-179, 2010.
-  The General insurance Association of Japan, “Up to now “Elementary School Children’s Bosai Map Contest”,” 2018, https://www.sonpo.or.jp/about/efforts/reduction/bousai/archive/index.html (in Japanese) [accessed February 13, 2020]
-  Sompo Japan Nipponkoa, ““Survey on flood preparedness” results,” 2019, https://www.sjnk.co.jp//media/SJNK/files/topics/2019/20190719_2.pdf (in Japanese) [accessed February 13, 2020]
-  The Sankei News, “Flood hazard maps: 70% answered “I have never seen” or “I have not confirmed”,” August 10, 2018, https://www.sankei.com/life/news/180810/lif1808100013-n1.html (in Japanese) [accessed February 13, 2020]
-  Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), “Guide for Creating personalized Bosai Maps and Disaster Prevention Plans,” 2011, https://www.kkr.mlit.go.jp/himeji/iin/gouu_higai/pdf/tebiki.pdf (in Japanese) [accessed February 13, 2020]
-  R. Chambers, “Revolutions in Development Inquiry,” Earthscan, 2018.
-  Y. Toyoda and H. Kanegae, “A Study on Effects of Participatory Disaster Map Making to Community-based Disaster Risk Reduction,” Institute of Int. Relations and Area Studies (IIRAS), Vol.35, pp. 25-43, 2012 (in Japanese).
-  P. Blaikie, T. Cannon, I. Davis, and B. Wisner, “At Risk: Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability, and Disasters,” Routledge, 2004.
-  M. Ushiyama, “Resident participation type disaster prevention activities as a “place” for interdisciplinary disaster prevention research,” 45th Symp. on Natural Disaster Science Lecture Paper, pp. 51-52, 2008 (in Japanese).
-  M. Ushiyama, S. Abe, M. Kaneda, and F. Imamura, “Basic materials on regional disaster prevention map making workshop,” Tsunami Engineering Research Report, No.21, pp. 83-91, 2004 (in Japanese).
-  R. Satomura, “Making “Disaster Preparedness Map” by Residents and the Effects on Residents’ Behavior for Damage Mitigation in Sendai City,” Quarterly J. of Geography, Vol.58, No.1, pp. 19-29, 2006 (in Japanese).
-  Y. Enomura, “Study on Measures to Enhance Resident’s Recognition and Understanding of Flood Hazard Map,” J. of Japan Society of Civil Engineers Ser. D3, Vol.68, No.5, pp. I_103-I_110, 2012 (in Japanese).
-  T. Katada and M. Kanai, “The School Education to Improve the Disaster Response Capacity: A Case of “Kamaishi Miracle”,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.11, No.5, pp. 845-856, 2016.
-  A. Sakurai and T. Sato, “Promoting Education for Disaster Resilience and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.11, No.3, pp. 402-412, 2016.
-  Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, “Page of disaster prevention information: Working group on the Nankai Trough huge earthquake countermeasures study,” 2012, http://www.bousai.go.jp/jishin/nankai/nankaitrough_info.html (in Japanese) [accessed February 13, 2020]
-  Shimanto Town, “Shimanto tsunami evacuation plan,” 2013, https://www.town.shimanto.lg.jp/download/?t=LD&id=1630&fid=9794 (in Japanese) [accessed February 13, 2020]
-  S. Chijiwa, “Practice and evaluation for disaster prevention education from a long-term perspective –A case study in Okitsu, Shimanto-town of Kochi prefecture–,” Master Thesis, Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, 2017 (in Japanese).
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.