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JDR Vol.14 No.1 pp. 69-79
(2019)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2019.p0069

Paper:

Improving Spatial Rainfall Estimates at Mt. Merapi Area Using Radar-Rain Gauge Conditional Merging

Roby Hambali*,†, Djoko Legono*, Rachmad Jayadi*, and Satoru Oishi**

*Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada
Jl. Grafika No.2 Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia

Corresponding author

**Research Center for Urban Safety and Security, Kobe University, Hyogo, Japan

Received:
August 3, 2018
Accepted:
December 19, 2018
Published:
February 1, 2019
Keywords:
X-band MP radar, rain gauge, merging method, Mt. Merapi
Abstract

Rainfall monitoring is important for providing early warning of lahar flow around Mt. Merapi. The X-band multi-parameter radar developed to support these warning systems provides rainfall information with high spatial and temporal resolution. However, this method underestimates the rainfall compared with rain gauge measurements. Herein, we performed conditional radar-rain gauge merging to obtain the optimal rainfall value distribution. By using the cokriging interpolation method, kriged gauge rainfall, and kriged radar rainfall data were obtained, which were then combined with radar rainfall data to yield the adjusted spatial rainfall. Radar-rain gauge conditional merging with cokriging interpolation provided reasonably well-adjusted spatial rainfall pattern.

Cite this article as:
R. Hambali, D. Legono, R. Jayadi, and S. Oishi, “Improving Spatial Rainfall Estimates at Mt. Merapi Area Using Radar-Rain Gauge Conditional Merging,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.14, No.1, pp. 69-79, 2019.
Data files:
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Last updated on Mar. 19, 2019