Formation of Third Place by Evacuees from Nuclear Accident: Case Study of Wide Area Residents’ Association of Tomioka Town, Futaba County, Fukushima Prefecture
International Research Institute of Disaster Science (IRIDeS), Tohoku University
6-6-11-901-2 Aoba, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan
This paper conducted a questionnaire survey of evacuees (residents of public-funded rented housing, home buyers, etc.) from Tomioka Town, who were displaced because of the nuclear accident in Fukushima in 2011. It aimed to understand the characteristics of the wide area residents’ associations as the “Third Place” by examining the relationship among the neighborhood association before and after the disaster, the neighborhood association at the evacuation district, and wide area residents’ associations. It was revealed that wide area residents’ associations could function as a relative Third Place, because the evacuees had a weak connection with the places they live in after evacuation, although they continue to have strong links with the neighborhood associations in the places where they lived before the disaster.
-  M. Matsumoto, “Evacuees from Tomioka Town and Role of their Network Association at the Next Step for Choosing their Residence, Records of ‘Restoration’ of the Victims’ Refugee Lives in the Great East Japan Earthquake,” N. Yoshihara, K. Nitagai, and M. Matsumoto (eds.), pp. 248-273, Rikka Press, 2017 (in Japanese).
-  M. Matsumoto, “Aspect of Long-term Evacuee’s Community and its Leader: A Case of Naraha and Tomioka Town in Fukushima, Records of the Victims’ Refuge Lives in the Great East Japan Earthquake,” N. Yoshihara, Y. Nihei, and M. Matsumoto (eds.), pp. 341-392, Rikka Press, 2015 (in Japanese).
-  R. Oldenburg, “The great good place,” Marlowe & Company, 1989.
-  A. Katayama and N. Ishiyama, “Case study of the roles and effects of the third places in local communities,” J. for Regional Policy Studies, Vol.9, pp. 73-86, 2017 (in Japanese).
-  M. Nishikido and S. Harada, “The Municipality’s Correspondence and Support to the Evacuees by the Great East Japan Earthquake: the Case of Saitama Prefecture,” The Hosei J. of Humanity and Environment, Vol.14, No.1, pp. 1-26, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  M. Nishikido and S. Harada, “The present of evacuees of from Fukushima prefecture and its support in Saitama prefecture,” The Hosei J. of Humanity and Environment, Vol.15, No.1, pp. 69-103, 2014 (in Japanese).
-  M. Takahashi, “The nuclear refugees fleeing to Okinawa and the refugee support network (1) The strength of weak ties,” J. of the Literary Society of Yamaguchi University, Vol.63, pp. 79-97, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  M. Takahashi, “The nuclear refugees fleeing to Okinawa and the refugee support network (2) The strength of weak ties,” J. of the Literary Society of Yamaguchi University, Vol.65, pp. 1-16, 2015 (in Japanese).
-  N. Yoshihara, “Breakaway from Town of “Genpatsu-sama”: Community in the Future from a perspective of Okuma Town,” Iwanami Shoten, 2013 (in Japanese).
-  N. Yoshihara, “Despair and hope: Victims and communities in Fukushima,” Sakuhin-sha, 2016 (in Japanese).
-  J. Onuma and N. Yoshihara, “Reconstruction? Tie?: Current status of Fukushima,” Kaiho Publishing, 2018 (in Japanese).
-  W. Takahashi, T. Taguchi, and K. Matsui, “Nuclear Accident Evacuation and Emergent Support,” Honnoizumisha, 2016 (in Japanese).
-  K. Matsui, “Hometown Loss and Time of Regeneration: Sociology of Evacuation from Nuclear Accident and support in Nigata Pref.,” Toshindo, 2017 (in Japanese).
-  M. Matsumoto, “Forms of Wide Area Community Association by Evacuees from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident and Actual Situation: A Case of Tomioka Town Fukushima, Records of the Victims’ Refuge Lives in the Great East Japan Earthquake,” N. Yoshihara, Y. Nihei, and M. Matsumoto (eds.), pp. 469-499, Rikka Press, 2015 (in Japanese).
-  D. P. Aldrich, “Building Resilience: Social Capital in Post-Disaster Recovery,” The University of Chicago Press, 2012.
-  T. Fujimi, R. Kakimoto, F. Yamada, K. Matsuo, and M. Yamamoto, “Effects of social capital on public awareness of disaster prevention,” J. of Japan Society for Natural Disaster Science, Vol.29, No.4, pp. 487-499, 2011 (in Japanese).
-  T. Furutani, K. Uehara, and J. Murai, “A Study on Community-Based Reconstruction from Nuclear Power Plant Disaster – A Case Study of Minamisoma Ota Area in Fukushima,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.7 No.sp, pp. 432-438, 2012.
-  M. Matsumoto, “Perception, Participation, and Effect of Nuclear Emergency Response Drills,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.11 No.3, pp. 517-534, 2016.
-  J. Kingston ed., “Natural Disaster and Nuclear Crisis in Japan: Response and recovery after Japan’s 3/11,” Routledge, 2012.
-  G. Yoshizawa, “Anticipatory and Participatory Governance: Revisiting Technology Assessment on Nuclear Energy in Japan,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.7, No.sp, pp. 511-516, 2012.
-  J. Sand, “What Can Japan’s Early Modern Capital of Edo Teach Us About Risk Management?,” G. Motet and C. Bieder (eds.), The Illusion of Risk Control, Springer, pp. 87-105, 2017.
-  S. Bennett, “The March, 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Disaster – A Foreseeable System Accident?,” A. J. Masys and L. S. F. Lin (eds.), Asia-Pacific Security Challenges, Springer, pp. 123-137, 2018.
-  M. Matsumoto, “The trajectory of the disbanded wide area residents’ association: a case of “Sakura-kai in Kashiwazaki”,” the 2016 Report of the Grants-in-aid for Scientific Research, pp. 45-66, 2017 (in Japanese).
-  A. Imai, “Municipal reconstruction: Nuclear Plant Accident Evacuation and ’moving village’,” Chikuma-shobo, 2014 (in Japanese).
-  M. Okada, “A Proposal of ‘Dual Registration System’: For Protection of the Rights of Nuclear Accident Evacuees to Choose His/Her Domicile and to Return to Hometown,” Trends in the Sciences, Vol.22, No.4, pp. 80-83, 2017 (in Japanese).
-  N. Yoshihara, “Substratum of Community for disaster prevention,” Ochanomizu-shobo, 2011 (in Japanese).