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JDR Vol.16 No.7 pp. 1030-1044
(2021)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2021.p1030

Paper:

Inter-Model Comparison for Tsunami Debris Simulation

Tomoyuki Takabatake*1,†, Jacob Stolle*2, Koji Hiraishi*3, Naoto Kihara*4, Kazuya Nojima*5, Yoshinori Shigihara*6, Taro Arikawa*3, and Ioan Nistor*7

*1Kindai University
3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi Osaka-shi, Osaka 577-8502, Japan

Corresponding author

*2Centre Eau Terre Environnement, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS), Québec, Canada

*3Chuo University, Tokyo, Japan

*4Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Chiba, Japan

*5Research and Development Center, Nippon Koei Co., Ltd., Ibaraki, Japan

*6Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National Defense Academy (NDA), Kanagawa, Japan

*7Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada

Received:
April 3, 2021
Accepted:
June 21, 2021
Published:
October 1, 2021
Keywords:
tsunami, debris, numerical modelling, inter-model comparison, Hackathon
Abstract

Assessing the risk of tsunami-driven debris has increasingly been recognized as an important design consideration. The recent ASCE/SEI7-16 standard Chapter 6 requires all the areas included within a 22.5° spreading angle from the debris source to consider the debris impact. However, it would be more reasonable to estimate the risks using numerical simulation models. Although a number of simulation models to predict tsunami debris transport have been proposed individually, comparative studies for these simulation models have rarely been conducted. Thus, in the present study, an inter-model comparison for tsunami debris simulation model was performed as a part of the virtual Tsunami Hackathon held in Japan from September 1 to 3 in 2020. The blind benchmarking experiment, which recorded the transport of three container models under a tsunami-like bore, was conducted to generate a unique dataset. Then, four different numerical models were applied to reproduce the experiments. Simulated results demonstrated considerable differences among the simulation models. Essentially, the importance of accurate modelling of a flow field, especially a tsunami front, was confirmed to be important in simulating debris motion. Parametric studies performed in each model and comparisons between different models also confirmed that a drag coefficient and inertia coefficient would influence the simulated debris trajectory and velocity. It was also shown that two-way coupled modelling to express the interaction between debris and a tsunami is important to accurately model the debris motion.

Cite this article as:
Tomoyuki Takabatake, Jacob Stolle, Koji Hiraishi, Naoto Kihara, Kazuya Nojima, Yoshinori Shigihara, Taro Arikawa, and Ioan Nistor, “Inter-Model Comparison for Tsunami Debris Simulation,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.16, No.7, pp. 1030-1044, 2021.
Data files:
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