JDR Vol.19 No.1 pp. 124-138
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2024.p0124


Proposal for a Disaster Management Drill Program for High School Students Who Have Never Experienced a Disaster to Foster a Sense of “Awareness that Disaster Affects Everyone”

Reo Kimura*,† and Kazuki Aikawa**

*School and Graduate School of Human Science and Environment, University of Hyogo
1-1-12 Shinzaike-honcho, Himeji, Hyogo 670-0092, Japan

Corresponding author

**Sakai City Fire Bureau
Sakai, Japan

September 18, 2023
January 10, 2024
February 1, 2024
awareness that disaster affects everyone (“wagakoto-ishiki”), instructional design (ID), ADDIE model, drone, gaming teaching materials

In this study, the authors propose a disaster management drill program for high school students. The program is designed to develop, among high school students, “the awareness that disasters affect themselves,” instead of being “someone else’s problem.” The program was developed in accordance with the ADDIE model of instructional design theory. Sayo High School in Sayo Town, Hyogo Prefecture, which was severely damaged by the flood in 2009, was selected as the program target. Since this school’s disaster management activities had primarily translated into a passive disaster management drill wherein students moved to an evacuation site according to the instructions of the teachers, we set two goals: “knowing past disasters and the current situation, and understanding the risks at the time of disaster” and “knowing the problems that occur at the time of disaster and understanding what action you should take.” In order to arouse interest among high school students, the authors incorporated drones for evacuation drills and gaming teaching materials for disaster management awareness into the program. We designed and implemented a program that ended in the morning, and compared the level of achievement on 21 learning objectives before and after the program. The results revealed a statistically significant rise in all of the 21 objectives. In addition, the results of factor analysis show that the program enabled the students to develop a sense of awareness that disasters affect everyone, understand the risks their communities would face during disasters, such as earthquakes and floods, and realize what they should do to manage this risk.

Cite this article as:
R. Kimura and K. Aikawa, “Proposal for a Disaster Management Drill Program for High School Students Who Have Never Experienced a Disaster to Foster a Sense of “Awareness that Disaster Affects Everyone”,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.19 No.1, pp. 124-138, 2024.
Data files:
  1. [1] Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, “Effort Status Survey Pertaining to the Plan for Promoting School Safety (Results in 2018 (the 30th Year of the Heisei Period in the Japanese Calendar)),” 2020. [Accessed August 15, 2023]
  2. [2] M. Ikeda, T. Nagata, R. Kimura, T.-Y. Yi, and S. Nagamatsu, “Analysis of Current Disaster Prevention Education Materials Developed in Japan—The Future of Disaster Prevention Education in Relation to the Courses of Study,” J. of Social Safety Science, Vol.39, pp. 103-111, 2021 (in Japanese).
  3. [3] R. Kimura, “Psychology for Disaster and Disaster Management: The Forefront of Disaster Management Education Apply the Lessons Learned to the Future,” Hokujyu Shuppan Publishing, 2015 (in Japanese).
  4. [4] K. Suzuki, “Instructional Design for e-Learning Practices,” Japan J. of Educational Technology, Vol.29, No.3, pp. 197-205, 2006 (in Japanese).
  5. [5] T. Inagaki and K. Suzuki, “Class Design Manual Ver.2 – Instructional Design for Teachers,” Kitaohji Shobo, Co., Ltd., 2015 (in Japanese).
  6. [6] T. Nagata and R. Kimura, “Proposing a Multi-Hazard Approach to Disaster Management Education to Enhance Children’s ‘Zest for Life’: Development of Disaster Management Education Programs to Be Practiced by Teachers,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.12, No.1, pp. 17-41, 2017.
  7. [7] T. Nagata and R. Kimura, “Developing a Disaster Management Education and Training Program for Children with Intellectual Disabilities to Improve ‘Zest for Life’ in the Event of a Disaster – A Case Study on Tochigi Prefectural Imaichi Special School for the Intellectually Disabled –,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.15, No.1, pp. 20-40, 2020.
  8. [8] M. Ikeda et al., “Development of Disaster Management Education Program to Enhance Disaster Response Capabilities of Schoolchildren During Heavy Rainfall – Implementation at Elementary School in Nagaoka City, Niigata Prefecture, a Disaster-Stricken Area,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.16, No.7, pp. 1121-1136, 2021.
  9. [9] T. Nagata, M. Ikeda, R. Kimura, and T. Oda, “Development of Tsunami Disaster Risk Reduction Education Program for Children with No Experience of Earthquake Disaster – Practice and Verification at Shichigahama Town, Miyagi Prefecture,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.17, No.6, pp. 1000-1014, 2022.
  10. [10] R. Miura et al., “Radio Communication Technologies for Drones in Disasters,” J. of the Robotics Society of Japan, Vol.38, No.3, pp. 253-256, 2020 (in Japanese).
  11. [11] R. M. Gagné, W. W. Wager, K. C. Golas, and J. M. Keller, “Principles of Instructional Design,” 5th Edition, Wadsworth Publishing Co., 2004. Translation supervised by M. Iwasaki and K. Suzuki, Kitaohji Shobo, Co., Ltd., 2007 (in Japanese).
  12. [12] Japan Meteorological Agency, “Earthquake and Tsunamis – Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Efforts –,” 2013 (in Japanese). [Accessed August 15, 2023]
  13. [13] S. Yano, “Proposal of Education for Disaster Management Method using Gaming Teaching Materials,” Bachelor’s thesis, University of Hyogo, 2021 (in Japanese).
  14. [14] “[Disaster Management Game] Understand in 5 Minutes! ‘A Quartet that Helps Everyone Play Together’ (Kimura Seminar Version),” (in Japanese). [Accessed August 15, 2023]
  15. [15] Plus Arts NPO, “A Quartet that Helps Everyone Play Together,” (in Japanese). [Accessed August 15, 2023]

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 12, 2024