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JDR Vol.18 No.5 pp. 485-491
(2023)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2023.p0485

Survey Report:

Establishment of Training System to Cope with Mental Health and Social Issues in Disaster Recovery Public Housing After the Great East Japan Earthquake

Masatsugu Orui*,**,† ORCID Icon

*Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Tohoku University
2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8573, Japan

**Sendai City Mental Health and Welfare Center
Sendai, Japan

Corresponding author

Received:
September 16, 2022
Accepted:
June 13, 2023
Published:
August 1, 2023
Keywords:
Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), human-resource development, mental health, life support advisor, disaster recovery public housing
Abstract

This study aimed to establish a training system for non-mental health professionals to cope with the mental health and social issues of impacted residents in disaster recovery public housing after more than 10 years since the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). In September 2021, a group interview was conducted with seven life support advisors (LSAs) in charge of providing continuous support for impacted residents. These advisors possess a good understanding of the situation of impacted residents in disaster recovery public housing. Isolation emerged as an apparent issue, especially during the COVID-19 outbreak in which interactions among residents were reduced. Then, a training program for coping with isolation, as well as other issues identified through the interviews, such as delusions, troublesome behaviors, alcohol-related issues, wandering, suicidal ideation, and social withdrawal, was developed. For infection prevention and ease of obtaining training opportunities, this program was distributed online. Eleven participants were trained to use the developed program and were subsequently asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire. Results showed a considerable increase in the participants’ comprehension in addressing the impacted residents’ mental health issues. Although further investigation is warranted given that the representativeness and validity of our findings are somewhat limited, this study revealed the current situation of impacted residents in disaster recovery public housing following the GEJE. It also established a mental health training system for non-mental health professionals that addresses the identified issues. The developed training system for advisors would contribute to preparedness and risk reduction for future disasters.

Cite this article as:
M. Orui, “Establishment of Training System to Cope with Mental Health and Social Issues in Disaster Recovery Public Housing After the Great East Japan Earthquake,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.18 No.5, pp. 485-491, 2023.
Data files:
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Last updated on May. 28, 2024