The Impact of the Thai Flood of 2011 on the Rural Poor Population Living on the Flood Plain
Yukiko Tahira* and Akiyuki Kawasaki**
*Regional Network Office for Urban Safety, Asian Institute of Technology
P. O. Box 4, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
**Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
Poor and non-poor groups from two flood-prone villages in central Thailand were compared following the flood of 2011. The results showed that the damage/income ratio was higher among persons in the poor group living in old, high-pillared houses near the river. Although this group was not as well prepared and experienced less damage than the non-poor group, they had fewer resources for recovery. The study examined household history, networks, and socio-economic status, as well as the local history. The poor group’s socio-economic characteristics may limit their capacity to resettle, as they have lived in the flood-prone area for generations. Proposals to address this included improving dykes and early warning systems as well as offering compensation for lost earnings.
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