Control of Liver Tissue Reconstitution in Mesenteric Leaves: The Effect of Preculture on Mouse Hepatic Progenitor Cells Prior to Transplantation
Nobuhiko Kojima and Yasuyuki Sakai
Institute of Industrial Science (IIS), The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan
Our objective is to control the reconstitution of liverlike tissues at extrahepatic sites using hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) and in vitro preculture prior to transplantation. We prepared cell-based hybrid grafts by culturing HPCs isolated from fetal E14.5 mouse livers on biodegradable, highly porous 3-dimensional poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) scaffolds for 1 week in basal medium (the basal condition) or 10 mM nicotinamide (NA) and 1% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) supplemented conditions (the ND-positive condition) prior to implantation. Sections of hybrid grafts cultured for 1 week showed that HPCs grew and spread on the surface of scaffolds under both basal and ND (+) conditions. Most of these cells were albumin (+) and CK18 (+). CK19 (+) cells were also present under the basal condition but not the ND (+) condition. Cultured hybrid grafts were implanted into the mesenteric leaves of mice and removed after 1 month. Transplanted tissues cultured under the basal condition consisted of albumin (+) hepatocyte-like and CK19 (+) biliary epithelial cell (BEC)-like cells organized in duct-like structures. In contrast, integrated tissues cultured under the ND (+) condition alone had differentiated albumin (+) hepatocyte-like cells and were relatively larger than those under the basal condition. Hepatocyte-like cells of transplanted hybrid grafts cultured under both conditions were periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining-positive and expressed transcription factors, hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF) 4 and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) α. These findings suggest that combining progenitor cells and in vitro preculture may potentially regulate liverlike tissues at extrahepatic sites.
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