JRM Vol.35 No.5 pp. 1203-1212
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2023.p1203


Analysis of Separation Efficiency Focusing on Particle Concentration and Size Using a Spiral Microfluidic Device

Mitsuhiro Horade* ORCID Icon, Syunsuke Mukae*, Tasuku Yamawaki*, Masahito Yashima* ORCID Icon, Shuichi Murakami**, and Tsunemasa Saiki***

*Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, National Defense Academy of Japan
1-10-20 Hashirimizu, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 239-8686, Japan

**Osaka Research Institute of Industrial Science and Technology
2-7-1 Ayumino, Izumi, Osaka 594-1157, Japan

***Hyogo Prefectural Institute of Technology
3-1-12 Yukihira, Suma, Kobe, Hyogo 654-0037, Japan

March 20, 2023
June 15, 2023
October 20, 2023
micro-fluidic device, component separation, centrifugal force, centrifugal separation, high-speed vision

This study discusses component separation using a microfluidic device. Based on the separation principle, a method was adopted to generate an external force due to centrifugal force in a spirally designed channel. In this study, four types of polystyrene particles with different diameters ranging within 1–45 µm were used, and the separation performance was evaluated for each particle size. The centrifugal force increased as the flow velocity in the channel increased; however, this time, the test was conducted with the flow rate, which is an input parameter fixed at 100 µL/min. The results of the micro-channel observation using a high-speed camera indicated that the particle density might be a factor in the decrease in separation efficiency. Therefore, by conducting tests at three different particle densities, we were able to experimentally investigate the change in separation efficiency based on the particle size and density. In this study, we considered the separation efficiency due to the size and density of the particle diameter along with its application to an onsite-type separation device.

Image of particle sorting using a spiral microfluidic device

Image of particle sorting using a spiral microfluidic device

Cite this article as:
M. Horade, S. Mukae, T. Yamawaki, M. Yashima, S. Murakami, and T. Saiki, “Analysis of Separation Efficiency Focusing on Particle Concentration and Size Using a Spiral Microfluidic Device,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.35 No.5, pp. 1203-1212, 2023.
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Last updated on May. 19, 2024