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JRM Vol.35 No.3 pp. 743-750
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2023.p0743
(2023)

Paper:

Development of a Gaze-Driven Electric Wheelchair with 360° Camera and Novel Gaze Interface

Junji Kawata* ORCID Icon, Jiro Morimoto* ORCID Icon, Yoshio Kaji** ORCID Icon, Mineo Higuchi* ORCID Icon, and Shoichiro Fujisawa* ORCID Icon

*Faculty of Science and Engineering, Tokushima Bunri University
1314-1 Shido, Sanuki, Kagawa 769-2193, Japan

**Faculty of Human Life Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University
180 Nishihama, Yamashiro, Tokushima 770-8514, Japan

Received:
December 10, 2022
Accepted:
April 4, 2023
Published:
June 20, 2023
Keywords:
electric wheelchair, eye-tracking device, gaze-based user interface, 360° camera, robot operating system (ROS)
Abstract

A novel gaze-based user interface (UI) is proposed for the remote control of robots and electric wheelchairs. A task-based experiment showed that this UI is more suitable for remote control than a conventional interface. The UI was applied to the control of a commercially available low-cost electric wheelchair. By using a 360° camera and an eye tracker that can be used outdoors, the visibility of obstacles and the usability of the gaze-driven electric wheelchair were greatly improved. The gaze-driven electric wheelchair exhibited good performance in a task-based evaluation experiment.

A gaze-driven electric wheelchair

A gaze-driven electric wheelchair

Cite this article as:
J. Kawata, J. Morimoto, Y. Kaji, M. Higuchi, and S. Fujisawa, “Development of a Gaze-Driven Electric Wheelchair with 360° Camera and Novel Gaze Interface,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.35 No.3, pp. 743-750, 2023.
Data files:
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Last updated on Jul. 23, 2024